Thursday, February 23, 2017

Substance Abuse/Addiction

Do Some Trauma Survivors Cope by Overworking?

From The Atlantic: Like other addictions, workaholism may be a response to trauma. Overworking is the way that some trauma survivors cope with hypervigilance, grief, and...

Viewing Addiction as a Brain Disease Promotes Social Injustice

From Nature: There is virtually no scientific evidence indicating that addiction is a disease of the brain. Yet, the disease model of addiction is used...

Quitting Smoking May Help with Depression

A new study suggests that smoking cessation is related to depressive symptom improvement, but that depression may also make it harder to quit.

Acute Respiratory Failure More Likely in COPD Patients Prescribed Antipsychotics

Researchers recommend that healthcare professionals be vigilant regarding the signs of respiratory failure among patients with COPD who are receiving antipsychotics, especially during the initial treatment phase.

“Whitewashing a Black Box Warning: The Chantix Story That Didn’t get Told”

"The decision to remove the Chantix black box warning had its roots in a study known as the EAGLES trial, which was mandated by...

Study Finds Excess Pills Prescribed for Post-Operative Pain

Researchers find that patients are prescribed more pills than necessary after common surgical procedures

“A River of Lost Souls Runs Through Western Colorado”

The Washington Post investigates the epidemic of suicide and the overuse of psychiatric drugs that is sweeping through towns in Colorado.

Study Finds High Risk for Suicide Following Psychiatric Hospitalization

Patients are at an increased risk for suicide during the three months immediately following discharge from an inpatient psychiatric hospital.

CDC Advises Nonopioid Treatments for Chronic Pain

Primary care clinicians and mental health providers face a particular set of challenges when treating individuals with chronic pain. These problems are compounded by...

“Overprescribing of Drugs for Adult ADHD Causing ‘Trail of Misuse, Addiction and Death'”

An investigative report finds that the over-prescription of ADHD drugs is causing “a trail of misuse, addiction, and death.” “At morgues in Florida, a...

“The DEA Is Placing Kratom and Mitragynine On Schedule I”

The US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) is moving to place Kratom, a southeast Asian plant often used in teas, on the schedule 1 banned...

“What if Addiction Is Not a Disease?”

For The Chronicle of Higher Education, David Schimke reports on how debate erupted at a substance abuse conference over whether or not addiction should...

Study Examines Experience of Long-Term Antidepressant Use

The use of antidepressants has increased substantially in recent years, yet relatively few studies have asked patients about their experiences with these drugs. A...

“Is Addiction Really a Disease?”

Neuroscientist and psychologist Marc Lewis, author of “The Biology of Desire: Why Addiction Is Not A Disease,” suggests in the Guardian that treating addiction as...

Most People with Common ‘Mental Disorders’ Get Better Without Treatment, Study Finds

A new study suggests that most people diagnosed with depressive, anxiety, and substance abuse disorders recover without treatment within a year of diagnosis. “This...

“War, on Drugs”

Historian Peter Frankopan delves into the use of drugs to fuel combat “from berserkers to jihadis.” “Of the US pilots who took part in...

“The New Eugenics: Why Genetic Theories of Mental Illness and Addiction Are a Damaging...

For The Influence, addiction expert Stanton Peele criticizes our current genetic and biological “brain disease” approaches to addiction and mental health. Article →

New York Times Hosts Debate on Psychiatric Institutionalization

In the Room for Debate section of this weekend's New York Times, specialists in ethics, psychiatry, social work, addiction, and human rights hash out their...

“‘You Want a Description of Hell?’ OxyContin’s 12-Hour Problem”

A new LA Times investigation finds that Purdue Pharma’s claims that OxyContin, a chemical cousin of heroin, could relieve pain for twelve hours led some...

“The Drugs That Built a Super Soldier”

"During the Vietnam War, the U.S. military plied its servicemen with speed, steroids, and painkillers to help them handle extended combat,” Lukasz Kamienski writes...

Amphetamines Have Long-Term Effects on Adolescent Brain, Study Finds

A new study published in the journal Neuroscience finds that rats given regular doses of amphetamines during adolescence have brain and behavioral changes in adulthood....

Young Transgender Women Burdened with High Rates of Psychiatric Diagnoses

New research published in JAMA Pediatrics reveals that transgender women have more than double the prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses than the general US population. The study found that the women, who had been assigned male at birth and now identified as female, had a high prevalence of suicidality, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, generalized anxiety and major depressive disorder.

“Cashing in on Addiction to Alcohol and Illicit Drugs”

For AlterNet, Evelyn Pringle and Martha Rosenberg reveal how addiction psychiatry is becoming big business.  Addiction is thought of “like often-cited diabetes and hypertensive...

“A Child’s First Eight Years Critical for Substance Abuse Prevention”

This week, the National Institute of Health (NIH) released a summary of new research on the effects of early childhood on substance abuse and...

“Study Links Mobile Device Addiction to Depression and Anxiety”

A study published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior found that addictions to mobile devices are linked to anxiety and depression in college students....

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