Thank you for this review. The closing sentences concerning Pete Earley’s introduction mimic my own view, as a parent who had similar experiences with his son. There is no care. Medication alone is not treatment and not care. As an earlier commenter wrote, this is “tricky.” When a person brandishes a knife or acquires a gun, it’s a game changer for a loved one or friend. What is in a person’s head? What will they do? What’s the proper course of action? My son was acquiring a gun. We discovered what was happening. We knew of two possibilities. Neither were we certain of. His temporary detention was a very close call in the judgement of law enforcement, experts, and the judicial system. In his prior history he had assaulted officers and resisted arrest while intoxicated. He had tried to commit suicide multiple times by different means. He had no job, was living at home, in a small town, and had just fulfilled parole in another state, where he had a diagnosis and was receiving treatment. We were requested to come get him. He had great difficulty coping with voices and thought disorders. Yet, he managed to convince a judge that he had acquired the gun for target practice. Technically, he had a right to the gun when he was released. He was very mad at us for contacting CIT and the involuntary commitment. The experience further hurt our relationship. Honestly, I was scared. Had I been a poor father? We did not know this person who we were living with. He was committed again. This time for a longer period. Seven days. This judge was less lenient. His commitment was all his doing, we literally made no comment during his hearing, other than we loved our son and were doing our best. After this release, he was worse than when he entered. At NAMI Family Support Group meetings, I had heard this routinely, weekly, for four years now. I now co-faciliate the group. I have friends who endure odd and thought disorders. Know many, many families. Our son has been stable, but super-isolated for two years now. He has no money. No longer drinks. Smokes and vapes during stressful periods, like holidays. Will not apply for SSDI, nor give us medical power of attorney. We’re his family and caregivers. He lives upstairs in our house. We have rarely seen him. All communication is very soft and through e-mail. He has done tasks for people remotely, quite expertly. His written communication is flawless. I do not believe his brain has atrophied. He is 27 now. All began at 21. I have come to accept that he might be right. Medication is wrong for him. It is his life and he did not ask for this life experience. Recreational drugs and alcohol abuse did not help him in his earlier years and may well have exacerbated his condition. He has expressed this sentiments to us. Therapists, doctors, medication, and hospitalization were not the answer for him. In NAMI, you typically hear otherwise. But, it is a good group, where people earnestly care for and about one another. We need a place to express ourselves as family members and peers. There is no one answer. I believe it is folly to think we will ever fully understand the mind. Not in this century. Yet, we are led by media and scientists in this direction. Science will figure it out and brain study is the key. I am a lay person. Not an expert. I am a father. Not a doctor. My background is biology and chemistry. I have heard many scientific presentations and read indecipherable papers. I know the difference between a good study and bad one. There are always at least two views and they compete for audiences and funding. And, it’s quite possible that neither is truth or fact, for long. What I do believe is that we have neglected a community-centric care orientation for the past century. Society moves at breakneck pace of expectation and achievement. Our level of human acceptance is very low. People deserve the right to live peacefully and be protected from harm. They should be encouraged to assemble freely and care for one another. Softly, lightly, gently. Objectives can still be set. I did not always think this way, but experience with mental illness does this to a person, family. We have neglected the social, cultural, and spiritual side of our human existence. The way we live and care about and for one another. I gravitate toward Soteria, Fairweather Lodge, self-managed care, and anything that limits the requirement for and the use of outside man-made agents, but maximizes coaching. We need coaches, support. Very labor intensive. Like Open Dialogue, which is brilliant. Personally, I am working on something called Hope Village, with five other families. We are just started. Our foundation is cohousing, where families form a neighborhood with the intention of looking after one another. A place of acceptance. I have been looking at different models for over three years now. We imagined a blend. For the first time I have begun to believe it will happen. Some college MBA students just finished a study for us. In their final presentation to us, you could see how touched they were at the opportunity to learn and study a complex situation from scratch. We simply have to do something different in our society. And, we can. We have to stop beating on one another politically. It does not solve anything. We have to find a way to channel resources into real projects, some maybe social experiments that will fail, that will examine and try community and co-existence. Again, what I have leaned out of six years of tragedy is that their is tremendous personal value to be realized for human beings. We do it every day. What’s missing, from my perspective, is community. We need more doctors of community.