Sunday, August 14, 2022

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

Panoramic view of Santiago de Chile

State Sponsored Biomedical Psychiatry Impedes Movements of People with Psychosocial Disabilities

0
Chilean researchers highlight the harms of the biomedical model in groups led by people with psychosocial disabilities.
the psychologist is recording data obtained from patient interviews and prepare medical steps.

How Diagnostic Interviews Translate Situational Behavior Into Pathology

4
Study finds that, in diagnostic interviews, clinician interpretations of context-specific behaviors lead to personality disorder diagnoses.

Neoliberal Values Connected to Increased Stigma and Suicidal Ideation

0
Neoliberalism breeds an obsession with individual success and failure, fostering suicidal thoughts.

Nobody Knows What “Serious Mental Illness” Means

17
The lack of a single definition of "serious mental illness" negatively affects policy-making, research, and clinical practice.
Sad looking woman sitting at the table

Study Contradicts Diathesis-Stress Model of Psychosis

20
A new study found that as people experience more traumatic events, genetic risk becomes less important in explaining psychosis.

Social Defeat, Psychosis, and Suicidality Linked in Sexual Minority Youth

0
A cross-sectional study examines the associations between psychotic experiences and suicidal behaviors among sexual minority college students.
Teenage girl crying on sofa during therapy session

Young People Often Feel Invalidated by Mental Health Emergency Service Providers

7
A study highlights the experiences of young people during mental health emergency service encounters and presents an alternative approach.
Health care justice concept with the clenched hands of an elderly hospital patient wearing arm wrist tags with the scales of equality for patients rights on a blue sky as a symbol of medical law in regards to abuse and neglect.

Researchers Champion Human Rights Based Approach to Psychosocial Disability

4
Even as countries ratify the CRPD, many policies are still in direct opposition to the human rights standards for psychosocial disability.

Universal Mental Health Intervention in Schools Fails, Worsens Outcomes

5
The Climate Schools intervention, rolled out across 18 schools, had no effect on anxiety and depression, but worsened the primary outcome of “internalizing problems.”

How Do Science Journalists Choose Which Studies to Report?

4
A new study suggests that science journalists often rely on a narrow range of factors to evaluate studies for reporting, leading the public astray.

The Holocaust, Biological Psychiatry and a Shift Toward a More Humane Psychiatry Today

11
Understanding the legacy of Nazi murders of psychiatric patients is essential when building more humane services today.

Rejecting the Madness as “Darkness” Discourse

3
Feminist theorists highlight how racialized metaphors of madness bolster White claims of sanity and reinforce racism in mental health.
Upset driver After Traffic Accident

Does Widespread use of Psychotropic Medications Increase Traffic Accidents?

3
Research finds that psychotropic medications are associated with a small increase in traffic accident risk.

No Evidence Low Serotonin Causes Depression

10
After decades of public misperception, a major review finally lays the chemical imbalance theory of depression to rest.

Addressing Racism-Related Stress and Trauma in Psychotherapy

2
Researchers provide an antiracist and liberatory approach to psychotherapy for marginalized clients.

Are People with Psychosocial Disabilities Welcomed in Public Spaces?

3
Current infrastructure and biased attitudes deny equal access to people with psychosocial disabilities.

Psychologists Grapple with Limits to Reproductive Justice in the Wake of Dobbs Ruling

11
In the wake of the Dobbs v. Jackson ruling, psychologists push for a reproductive justice framework that challenges systemic issues.

Universities Often Rely on Police for Emergency Mental Health Transfers, Despite Known Harms

37
Clinicians recognize the harmful impacts of police involvement in mental health transfers but continue to justify the practice.
Doctor Talking To Unhappy Teenage Patient In Exam Room

Screening for Depression in Adolescents Does Not Prevent Hospitalizations or Suicide Attempts

24
Screening teenagers for depression doesn't lead to better results and may expose many to unnecessary treatments.

How Does Spiritual Voice Hearing Compare to Psychosis?

18
Researchers compared the experiences of people who understand their voice-hearing to be spiritual and those who experience psychosis.

For Queer and Gender Diverse Youth, Biomedical Model of Mental Health May Reduce Stigma...

2
Research on the lived experiences of queer and gender diverse youth explores how they make sense of their mental health distress.

Treatment Pathways for Psychosis Vary by Race

7
A new study explores ethnoracial disparities present in access to treatment in youth experiencing first-episode psychosis.
Close-up of woman athlete feet and shoes while running in park.

Exercise Associated with 25% Lower Risk for Depression, Researchers Say

6
A new meta-analysis in JAMA Psychiatry finds that the equivalent of just two and half hours of walking reduces the risk of depression by 25%.

Leadership Needed to Forward Culturally-Responsive Global Mental Health Policies

6
Support has grown for Global Mental Health over the past decade, but political tensions and the lack of a shared vision continue to get in the way of new policies.

How Young People Can Change the Power Dynamic in Climate Justice

3
Researchers look at a series of actionable leverage points youth can use to level the playing field at climate justice negotiations.

Pharma’s “Evergreening” Patent Tactics Mean High Costs and Low Benefits for Consumers

3
“Evergreening” practices, like slightly tweaking drugs, create large profits for companies with little innovation or benefit for patients.

Industry Sponsorship of “Cost Effectiveness Analyses” Produces Biased Results

3
New evidence shows how pharma affects “Cost-Effectiveness Analyses” to sell the public on their drugs.

Psychology’s “Winning Streak” Is a Failure of Science, Not Success

20
The scientific method depends on the revision and rejection of failed theories--somehow psychology researchers always find a positive result.
Rooted down concept with an aging rocket ship being held down by growing tree roots

Researchers: Study of Schizophrenia Held Back by “Cult-Like” Belief System

37
Leading researchers complain that psychiatry refuses “to enter the moral era of medicine” and clings to an outdated view of schizophrenia.

Coercive Psychiatric Practice Goes Beyond Seclusion and Restraint

5
Mad activist and survivor-researcher Indigo Daya highlights the coercive practices that are often built into mental health care.

Doctors Renew Campaign Against Overdiagnosis and Overmedication

16
The editor of The BMJ supports a "campaign against too much medicine" but urges a focus on the harm caused rather than financial costs.

Less Than a Quarter of Those with Depression Respond to Treatment in Real Life

70
In a real-world setting, less than a quarter of patients diagnosed with depression improved with medication, hospitalization, and therapy.

Does Humanistic Psychology Support the Capitalist Status Quo?

9
A new paper argues that Buddhist psychology and psychoanalysis have more potential for social resistance than humanistic approaches.

Brazilian Psychiatric Survivors Struggle for Liberation Impeded by Medical Model

16
Fernando Freitas: “The Brazilian experience of psychiatric reform is an exemplar of the limits imposed by post-asylum psychiatry.”

Peer Workers Aid in Suicide Safety Planning in Emergency Care

2
Peer-based safety planning may be a feasible and acceptable service in Emergency Department care for patients experiencing suicidal thoughts.
Whistle is protected by a metal shield on the ground

Pharmaceutical Industry and FDA Use Mob Tactics to Silence Whistleblowers

10
Peter Gøtzsche argues that we should consider allowing whistleblowers to publish anonymously for their safety.

Psychiatric Drugs Do Not Improve Disease or Reduce Mortality

54
Nassir Ghaemi: “Most psychiatric medications are purely symptomatic, with no known or proven effect on the underlying disease. They are like 50 variations of aspirin, used for fever or headache, rather than drugs that treat the causes of fever or headache.”

Why Some Therapists Consistently See Better Results with LGBTQ Clients

5
Overall therapy outcomes for LGBTQ clients are comparable to their heterosexual peers but some therapists consistently see better results.
Woman fighting with ocd symptoms with cleaning products.

Can Secure Attachment Reduce Death Anxiety and Obsessive Compulsions?

8
Secure attachment can buffer against death anxiety in "psychologically robust" populations. Now researchers are testing the effect on OCD.

Social Interventions for “Serious Mental Illness” Show Promise But Face Resistance

4
A review of community-based social interventions for "severe mental illness" examines their effectiveness and barriers to implementation.
Man closely examing instructions on prescription medications

Antidepressant-Induced Serotonin Syndrome a Danger for the Elderly

1
Researchers found that 25% of elderly patients taking antidepressants had serotonin syndrome, which is potentially life-threatening.
Woman hugging her friend at home

Treating Grief with Addiction Drug Jeopardizes Social Connections

0
A new article critiques a movement in psychiatry to understand complicated grief as an addiction and treat it with naltrexone.
Two Boys Sitting On Bench In Mall Taking Selfie

Encouraging Healthy Masculinities Can Protect Against Discrimination and Bullying

6
Psychologists point out that current cultural expectations for “being a real man” can lead to isolation, pain, and even hatred.
Homeless man ask for donation in midtown Manhattan.

Racism, Poverty, Inequality: Social Ingredients for Psychosis, Depression & More

2
A new study of adult recipients of NY state mental health services reveals the disproportionate prevalence of low educational attainment, criminal-legal systems involvement, unemployment, and homelessness.

How Are White Parents Reckoning With Racism in the Wake of George Floyd?

3
A study of White mothers reveals how the ongoing racial reckoning in America is shaping parenting practices and racial socialization.

Industry Corruption in Systematic Review for Injectable Antipsychotics

1
Researchers highlight how systematic reviews are compromised by pharmaceutical industry ties by exposing a study of injectable antipsychotics.

Stimulants Don’t Improve Academic Performance in Kids with ADHD

6
“Efforts to improve learning in children with ADHD should focus on obtaining effective academic instruction rather than stimulant medication.”

The Insidious Impact of Structural Racism on the Intergenerational Transmission of Depression

1
The study explores how depression is passed down intergenerationally due to the compounding impact of historical trauma and structural racism.
A 45 caliber handgun and ammunition resting on a folded flag against the United States constitution.

US Gun Culture Connected to Elevated Youth Suicide Rates

7
Suicide rates have declined in other wealthy countries over the last decade but increased in the US alongside rates of gun ownership.

Undoing the Healthcare-to-Prison Pipeline with Abolitionist Practice

4
New work envisions the “positive project” of an abolitionist public healthcare system.