Thursday, December 3, 2020

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

Study Reveals a Lack of Consensus on ‘Mental Disorders’ Among US Mental Health Professionals

Research led by Awais Aftab finds that mental health trainees in the US endorse complicated and contradictory conceptualizations of mental disorders.

Medical Students in India Push for Greater LGBT Acceptance

Study finds that medical students in India are pushing for greater LGBT acceptance, but knowledge gaps and discrimination remain.

Virtual Learning Boosted Wellbeing for Some Students, Study Finds

For students struggling with anxiety and connectedness, COVID-19 shutdowns and virtual learning options have improved well-being.

Suicide Rates Did Not Decrease When Antidepressant Drugs Were Introduced

Researchers investigate the claim that the introduction of antidepressant drugs led to decreases in suicide rates internationally.

Models of Madness Neglect the Role of the Social World in Delusions

Cognitive models of psychosis commonly ignore ample evidence for the role of social processes in delusions.

New Addiction Framework to Empower Patients and Reduce Stigma

Philosopher Hanna Pickard's "Responsibility without Blame" model interrogates common assumptions about addiction and offers a new way forward.

Making Meaning of Panic Symptoms Reduces Distress, Study Finds

Psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral therapies facilitate the reinterpretation of bodily sensations and help make meaning of panic symptoms, reducing their severity.

LGBT Elders at Higher Risk for Cognitive Decline Due to Minority Stress

Study finds long-term exposure to discrimination and stress is associated with brain aging in LGBT elders, contributing to health disparities.

“Psychiatry’s Myopia:” How Psychiatry Contributes to Worsening Mental Health Outcomes

In a viewpoint article in JAMA Psychiatry, researchers lay the blame for worsening mental health outcomes at the feet of clinical psychiatry.

Reimagining the “Addict” Identity Important for Recovery

Philosopher Hanna Pickard examines the role that self and social identity play in perpetuating substance abuse and aiding with recovery efforts.

How the Public Gets Sold a Flawed Understanding of Mental Health Research

Writing in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry, researchers argue that the public is being misled to see mental health issues as biological.

Loneliness is Often Over-Medicalized and Misunderstood

A new issue of Transcultural Psychiatry calls for an anthropology of loneliness that goes beyond individual psychology.

What Psychoanalysis Can Tell Us About the Symbolic Meanings of Psychiatric Drugs

Psychoanalytic researchers examine the different symbolic meanings that individuals can attach to psychotropic drugs.

Increasing Numbers of Children Prescribed Multiple Psychiatric Medications

According to researchers, children are being increasingly prescribed multiple different psychiatric medications.

Bystander Training to Prevent Bullying Improves Student Mental Health

Short-term training for middle school students who witness incidents of bullying improves student mental health.

Confusion Surrounds the Association Between Social Media and Mental Health in Adolescents

The connection between social media and mental health in youth must be interpreted cautiously as research is limited by serious conceptual issues.

Psychotherapy Effective Where Medication Fails, Study Finds

Researchers find psychotherapy is an effective treatment for patients with anxiety and depression who do not benefit from psychiatric drugs.

Psychology Professor Discusses Her Own Experiences Facing Mental Health Stigma

Professor Lisa Whitten recounts the stigma and inaction she experienced during a mental health crisis and offers recommendations to better support those in crisis.

Promising Preliminary Results from a Small Study of Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy

A new study offers promising results for psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy for depression.

Moving Toward a Social Justice Approach to Suicide Prevention

A new understanding of social justice and suicide prevention is needed to better address rising suicide rates in the United States.

Emerging Digital Mental Health Technologies Raise Legal and Ethical Issues

Inadequate legal and regulatory structures allow for abuses with digital mental health technologies.

How the UK Mental Health Act Uses Psychiatric Discourse to Justify Rights Restrictions

A study of the UK’s 2007 Mental Health Act finds that the debate was framed in terms of experts and “patients” in need of professional intervention.

Researchers: Antidepressant Use in Children Increases Suicide, No Evidence of Benefit

Noted antidepressant researcher, Michael Hengartner, summarizes the latest research on the use of antidepressants in children and adolescents.

Involuntary Psychiatric Detentions on the Rise, Raising Ethical Questions

Americans are increasingly being held against their will in psychiatric detentions, according to a new study published today.

Can Digital Mental Health Interventions Help Support Youth?

The research on digital mental health interventions for children and adolescents is new and spotty, leaving many unknowns.

Why We Need to Study Behavior to Understand the Brain

Princeton neuroscientist Yael Niv argues that we need more behavioral research, not neuro studies, to unlock the secrets of the brain.

How Black Lives Matter Principles Can Transform Health Psychology

By integrating Black Lives Matter principles into psychology, interventions can dignify cultural values and improve health.

Web-Based Video Resource Highlights the Importance of Peer Support in Psychosis Recovery

A new project creates web resources that harness the power of lived experience and peer support for a youth psychosis recovery program.

What Would Anti-Racist Mental Health Care Look Like?

A new article in Lancet Psychiatry outlines steps that mental health practitioners can take to move toward anti-racist treatment.

Anticholinergic Drugs Increase Risk of Cognitive Decline

A new study finds that anticholinergic drugs, like antidepressants and antipsychotics, are associated with mild cognitive decline.

Researchers: It’s Time to Stop Recommending Antidepressants for Depression

Researchers review a new synthesis of the existing evidence and conclude that the harms of antidepressants outweigh any benefits.

Digital Psychiatry Transforms How We Think About Mental Health

The emerging field of digital psychiatry uses our online data to search for evidence of mental health issues in each of us.

Understanding Self-Harm as Embodied Communication

Rather than an exclusively private “symptom of mental illness,” self-injury may be a form of deeply embodied and complex communication.

Mental Wellness Tied to Social Justice Policies, Study Finds

Data from the European Union suggests that countries with greater concern for social justice initiatives have happier and more satisfied citizens.

Mental Health Apps Fail to Protect Privacy, Harming Users

A new empirical review finds that mental health apps fail to protect user privacy, which can lead to exploitation and social consequences.

How Teachers Manage Emotions Impacts Student Well-being

A new study explores the influence of teacher emotion regulation, life satisfaction, and burnout on student well-being.

Polygenic Risk Score: What Is It Good For?

Despite large-scale research, the polygenic risk score, as yet, has shown no clinical utility in psychiatry.

Sexual Minorities Over-Diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder

Study finds that sexual minority individuals are more likely to be diagnosed with borderline personality disorder with conventional diagnostic methods.

Limited Evidence and Unknowns in Teletherapy

Teletherapy has not yet been investigated by clinical research, leaving mental health professionals to operate in the dark.
antipsychotic drugs

Antipsychotic Augmentation Increases Risk of Death

A new study finds that adding an antipsychotic to existing antidepressant treatment is associated with a 45% increased risk of early death.

Can We Move Toward Mindful Medicine? An Interview with Integrative Psychiatrist Natalie Campo

MIA's Madison Natarajan interviews Natalie Campo about integrative psychiatry and holistic approaches to drug tapering and withdrawal.

Greater Exposure to Antipsychotics Associated with Worse Long-Term Outcomes

A new study finds adverse long-term consequences associated with the increased use of antipsychotics in first-episode psychosis.

Pairing Psychiatric Residents with Service Users to Reduce Dehumanization

A “co-produced” educational course between psychiatry residents and service users may help reduce dehumanization in the field.

Researchers Call on Global Mental Health Movement to Address Racism

Following the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, scholars of global mental health begin to reckon with racism in their field.

Disability and Mental Health Discrimination in Artificial Intelligence Systems

Mental health care recipients disproportionately bear the brunt of AI-enabled human rights infringements.

Psychiatry’s Top Experts Acknowledge Lasting Harms of Antidepressant Withdrawal

Royal College of Psychiatrists’ former president demands support for patients coming off antidepressants.

How Young Adults Understand the Impact of COVID-19 on Their Own Lives

A new qualitative study explores the effects and implications of COVID-19 containment measures from the perspective of young people impacted.

Further Results Confirm Antidepressants Increase Risk of Violent Crime By 26%

Taking an SSRI antidepressant was associated with a 26% increased risk of violent crime conviction.

Using AI to Find Vocal Biomarkers of ‘Mental Illness’ is Likely to Deepen Bias

Efforts to improve screening of vocal biomarkers through technology may deepen rather than mitigate bias in psychiatric diagnosis.

Discussing Racial Stress with Black Youth Can Improve Mental Health and Create Systemic Change

Researchers explore the relationships between racial stress, critical consciousness, and social action and activism.