Saturday, June 6, 2020

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

Researchers Call for Youth Exercise Programs in Inpatient Mental Health

Researchers explore the preliminary evidence for physical activity and diet-oriented interventions in inpatient mental health facilities for youth.

Young People Transform Meanings of Psychiatric Diagnoses

A new study explores how young people interact with and make alternative meanings of psychiatric diagnoses.

Researchers Find Lack of Evidence, Call for Halt to ECT

A new review highlights the problems with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) research and calls for its immediate suspension.

Review Documents Severe Withdrawal Effects of Psychiatric Drugs

Researchers find that most psychiatric drugs cause severe withdrawal despite attempt s to gradually decrease the dosage.

New Analysis: Antidepressants Still Linked to Suicide

“This is remarkable for drugs that are used to treat depressive symptoms,” write the researchers.

Integrating Psychodynamic Approaches with CBT Improves Therapy Outcomes

New evidence suggests that combining psychodynamic therapy principles improves skill-based therapies like CBT for the treatment of anxiety.

Considerations for Research With Marginalized Communities During COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic poses challenges to research with marginalized communities and increases health disparities.

Bringing Human Rights to Mental Health Care: An Interview with UN Envoy Dainius Pūras

MIA's Ana Florence interviews United Nations Special Rapporteur Dainius Pūras about his own journey as a psychiatrist and the future of rights-based approaches to mental health.

Study Reveals How Psychiatric Staff Rationalize Coercion with Children

Coercion in psychiatric care is perceived as permissible by authority figures when children are viewed as “incomplete human beings."

New Algorithms Fail to Predict Antidepressant Treatment Outcomes

Researchers suggest that because most antidepressant “success” is due to the placebo effect, they may never find a way to predict outcomes.

Researchers Question Validity of Treatment Resistant Depression

Treatment resistant depression erroneously focuses on patient characteristics and ignores efficacy of treatment (or lack thereof).

Applying Open Dialogue to Social Work with Children and Families

A new pilot study tests Open Dialogue principles, hinging on active listening, in the development of assessment procedures in a London-based social work program.

Minority Stress Model Connects Autism and Mental Health

Exploring the negative social factors allows for a nuanced understanding of both autism and mental health.

How Mental Health Syndromes Arise From Social Change

A new theory describes how mental health syndromes arise out of complex social and ecological situations.

No Good Evidence That Antidepressants Prevent Relapse

Trials of antidepressants for relapse prevention are confounded by withdrawal effects caused by the drugs.

When Psychology Speaks for You, Without You: Sunil Bhatia on Decolonizing Psychology

MIA’s Ayurdhi Dhar interviews Sunil Bhatia about decolonizing psychology, confronting the field’s racist past, colonial foundations, and neoliberal present.

Self-Compassion Interventions Promising for Eating Disorders

Being aware of negative emotions and being compassionate towards oneself reduces symptoms of eating disorders, study finds.

Neuropsychological Tests Reveal Consequences of Polypharmacy

Neuropsychological assessments reveal the cognitive, occupational, and social impact of polypharmacy in psychiatry.

Mindfulness Interventions May Improve Psychosis Outcomes

A new study suggests the use of mindfulness-based interventions during inpatient hospitalizations for psychosis reduces readmission rates.

Why Artificial Intelligence is Not Ready for Healthcare

Researchers explain that healthcare companies have not adopted artificial intelligence algorithms because they do not work well and fail to show results.

Exploring Ethical Dilemmas in Multicultural Medicine

A new study offers an approach to ethics in medicine that attends to the humanity and the context and culture of the individual.

Researchers Find Industry Bias in Medical Education for Binge Eating Disorder

The latest study documenting the impact of the pharmaceutical industry on medical education courses finds biased drug promotion for binge eating disorder.

Why We Need to Rethink Personhood to Understand Disability and Technology

Research in anthropology on how technology augments disability reveals holes in Western theories of personhood.

Almost Everyone Meets Criteria for ‘Mental Illness’

A study following over one thousand people across 45 years finds that nearly nine out of ten people meet the criteria for a mental illness at some point in their lives.

Who’s the Ideal Client? How Implicit Bias Affects Care of Ethnic Minorities

The mental health system continues to prioritize the “ideal client,” leading to worse treatment for ethnic minorities.

Racial Microaggressions Increase Symptoms of Traumatic Stress

Research finds that frequent exposure to racial and ethnic microaggressions takes its toll on mental health.

Community Supports Decrease Substance Use in LGBTQ Youth

New research finds that investment in LGBTQ community programs and events is associated with decreased substance use among LGBTQ youth.

Gene Sequencing Not Relevant for Schizophrenia

A new gene sequencing study finds no genetic variants to be significant predictors of schizophrenia.

Attempts to Address Mental Health in Schools Must Include Student Voices

A recent systematic review illuminates the importance of inclusion in the success of school-based mental health initiatives.

FDA Inspections Revealing Research Misconduct Hidden from Public View

In a new viewpoint article published in the top-tier medical journal JAMA, researchers urge the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to publicly release inspection reports.

The Controversy Over the Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome Diagnosis

Researchers trace the history of the controversy over ‘Psychosis Risk Disorder’ and ‘Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome’ that culminated in the DSM-5 debates.

How do Mindfulness Teachers Come to Embody the Practice?

A new study takes a closer look at journeys that teachers take on the road to embodying a mindfulness practice.

Antidepressant Misinformation Promoted on Popular Websites

A new study indicates that popular online resources do not accurately present the scientific evidence on the risks and benefits of antidepressants.

Moving Mental Health Recovery Toward Meaningful Participation

Mental health recovery involves not only finding employment but also holistic and meaningful participation in communal life.

Three Examples of Industry Sponsorship Bias in Clinical Trials

Nordic Cochrane researcher Tom Jefferson discusses how industry sponsorship impacts clinical trials, creating misleading results.

Where Western Medicine Meets Indigenous Healing: An Interview with Anthropologist Ian Puppe

MIA's Micah Ingle interviews the anthropologist Ian Puppe on how the imposition of psychiatric treatments can lead to harmful iatrogenic effects with Indigenous peoples.

Guidelines for Decolonizing Psychotherapy in Australia

Psychologists outline a decolonizing framework to increase the wellbeing of indigenous groups in Australia.

Open Dialogue and Intentional Peer Support: Experiences of Parachute NYC Enrollees

New study finds that mental health service-users had positive experiences with the Parachute program in New York City, which combined Open Dialogue and Intentional Peer Support.

Mortality Gap Remains for People with Psychiatric Diagnosis

Studies on life expectancy find a mortality gap—people with a psychiatric diagnosis die earlier on average than people without a diagnosis.

Antipsychotic Trials Show Increasing Placebo Response and Declining Drug Response

A new review of antipsychotic trials conducted over the last 24 years finds that the placebo response rate is steadily increasing, and drug response is decreasing.

Supporting the Mental Health of COVID-19 Healthcare Workers

Supporting healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic is key to preventing negative mental health outcomes.

Founder of Positive Psychology Reflects on the Field and Responds to Critics

Martin Seligman reflects on the history of Positive Psychology as a field emphasizing well-being.

Antidepressant Use Continues to Climb Among Youth on Medicaid

New study finds that Medicaid enrolled youth were 14 times more likely to be on an antidepressant in 2014 than in 1987.

Machine Learning and Brain Scans Fail to Identify Psychosis

Machine learning algorithms and brain scans are no better than chance at identifying first-episode psychosis, study finds.

COVID-19 School Closures Increase Food Insecurity for Children

Increasing school closures caused by the COVID-19 global pandemic threaten food security for low-income children in the US.

How the Global South Could Transform Global Mental Health

Social psychiatrist Vincenzo Di Nicola argues that honest engagement with the Global South could transform the assumptions and practices of the Global Mental Health Movement.

Legalizing Gay Marriage Decreases Suicides But Discrepancies Remain

Even as the legalization of gay marriage has led to decreased suicide rates, research shows that same-sex couples remain at heightened risk.

Researchers Find Paroxetine Harms Developing Brain

Researchers at Johns Hopkins test paroxetine on developing brain cells and discover numerous neurotoxic effects.

Gratitude Interventions Insufficient to Reduce Anxiety and Depression

Reframing one’s perspective alone is not enough to relieve distress.

Living Near Others from Same Place of Origin Protects Immigrants Against Psychosis

Researchers find that immigrants living in areas with a high density of people from their own region are at reduced risk of being diagnosed with psychosis.