Saturday, December 3, 2022

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

An archive of research reports on psychiatric drugs can also be found here. 

“Talking With Voices” Therapeutic Approach Shows Promise

0
The survivor-informed dialogic approach, "Talking with Voices," may signal a major shift in the treatment of voice-hearing and schizophrenia.

Anti-Discrimination Policies Reduce Binge Drinking for LGBTQ Youth

0
Study provides new evidence that state-level pro-LGBTQ policies are associated with lower odds of binge drinking among sexual minority youth.

Gradual Tapering Recommended for Antidepressant Discontinuation

6
A new literature review reinforces the need to “down-titrate” or taper antidepressants, especially drugs like Celexa and Paxil.

Social Belongingness Protects Against Anxiety and Depression for Ethnic Minorities

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Meta-analysis suggests that social belongingness among ethnic minorities and migrants protects against psychological distress.
A photo of various medical instruments on a red background with the word "ketamine" in white in the center

Ketamine for Depression Poses “Significant Risk to the Public”

7
Researchers: The evidence serves to “raise substantial questions about both safety and effectiveness of ketamine and esketamine for psychiatric disorders.”

Successful Therapy Requires Bond with Therapist, Makes Life More Meaningful

25
Clients finding more meaning in life is an important way that the therapeutic alliance effectively decreases psychological distress.
Diverse happy kids stacking empty square boards

History of ADHD Research Reveals Our Flawed Thinking About Mental Disorders

30
Stephan Schleim examines the history of ADHD to demonstrate the limits of our biological understanding of mental disorders.
Close up of a blurred young woman covering her face

Sexual Violence in Adolescence Associated with Increased Risk of Suicide, Self-harm, and Psychological Distress

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Women experience a disproportionate amount of sexual violence and associated adverse mental health outcomes.
tired professor walking down hallway

Peer Review Unfairly Favors Famous Names, Study Finds

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Submitting articles for peer review with a Nobel Prize laureate's name attached increases acceptance rates.
Psychoanalysis, young female character studying their own subconscious, stars and comets inside a dark silhouette

Voice-Hearers Unfairly Perceived as Unreliable Reporters of Their Own Experiences

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Safe spaces where voice-hearers are accepted and believed may help decrease distress arising from experiences of epistemic injustice.

Higher Psychosis Rates in Transgender Population Likely Due to Minority Stress and Clinician Bias

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The research on psychosis among transgender and gender non-conforming individuals highlights the impacts of discrimination and clinical bias.

Mindfulness as Effective as Lexapro for Anxiety

9
Evidenced-based mindfulness practices prove to be just as effective for anxiety symptoms as the popular SSRI escitalopram.

Drug Samples Increase Healthcare Costs and Compromise Patient Safety

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Researchers present a compelling case against the pharmaceutical industry's practice of providing drug samples to providers.

Lithium Use Leads to Chronic Kidney Disease

7
New evidence suggests that lithium, commonly prescribed for bipolar disorder, can increase the risk of chronic kidney disease.

Therapists Who “Don’t See Color” Mistreat Clients

1
A new study finds that colorblind therapists, who claim they "don't see color," are likely to pathologize minoritized clients.

Racism and Coercion in First Episode Psychosis Treatment Fuels Loneliness and Mistrust

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A qualitative study of young Black men in psychosis treatment illustrates pervasive police involvement and lack of patient autonomy.

Anti-Government Beliefs Associated with Decreased Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic

4
Research finds a complex relationship between neoliberalism and well-being with anti-government beliefs associated with worse health outcomes.

Capitalism is Destroying our Collective Mental Health

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In a new chapter, epidemiologists spell out the mounting evidence of the sickening effects of capitalism on mental health.

The Post-Lockdown Suicide Tsunami That Never Came

6
Data reveals that the suicide epidemic that was predicted to follow the COVID-19 lockdown never happened. Why not?

Facebook Negatively Impacted College Students’ Mental Health from the Start

3
Researchers track the impact of the launch and spread of Facebook in 2004 and find declining mental health in its wake.

Peer Interventions Show Promise for Recent Onset Psychosis

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A study from Hong Kong finds peer-facilitated recovery groups outperform treatment as usual for psychosis.

Despite More Treatments for Depression, Prevalence Doesn’t Decrease—Why?

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Perhaps depression treatments are not as effective as biased clinical trials lead us to believe, particularly for real-life patients.

Nursing Textbooks Treat Medicalization of Mental Health as Objective Fact

6
Nursing textbooks fail to present the contested nature of mental health issues, reinforcing medicalization as scientific fact.
Dibujo de Ignacio MartĂ­n-BarĂł

Without Liberation Psychology, Therapy Reinforces the Status Quo

4
Liberation psychology, inspired by MartĂ­n-BarĂł, argues for a more politically engaged psychology to disrupt the status quo.

Antidepressant Withdrawal Linked to Suicide Attempt in Case Study

0
Researchers suggest that antidepressant withdrawal can be a possible precipitant of suicide.

ADHD Diagnosis Leads to Worse Quality of Life, Increased Self-Harm in Kids

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When comparing kids with the same symptoms who were either diagnosed with ADHD or not, those who received the diagnosis had worse outcomes.

Recovery Language in Substance Use Treatment Experienced as Oppressive Without Input of Service Users

2
New research in rural settings suggests that the dominant recovery from substance addiction language can exclude and oppress service users.

The Harms of De-Pathologizing Some Mental Health Conditions

9
Critics have consistently pointed to the harms of pathologizing our mental health, but can de-pathologizing some conditions also do harm?

High Rates of Mental Health Concerns Demonstrate Lasting Impacts of Flint Water Crisis

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Years after the water crisis, the people of Flint, Michigan, are left on their own with the psychological fallout.

Can Network and System Science Save the Psy-Disciplines?

6
The psy-disciplines can't advance as a science built on diagnosis and biological reductionism—can system science provide a way forward?

Pharma Execs Rarely Charged When Their Companies Break the Law

5
“The government has not exercised the full scope of its authority to prosecute corporate officials responsible for the illegal behavior of the drug and device companies they run.”

Peer Support Effective for Clinical and Personal Recovery

3
A recent meta-analysis of peer support interventions shows that they are effective for clinical and personal recovery from a variety of mental health issues.

Psychodynamic Therapy Beats DBT for Improved Reflective Functioning

56
In a study with patients diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder, psychodynamic therapy proved superior to DBT.
Teen boy behind fence confinement, boarding school restrictions, broken future

Troubled Teen Industry Packages Abuse as Treatment

3
The study highlights how "troubled teens" are abused under the guise of “treatment” within therapeutic boarding schools.

Cash Payments to Families Lead to Long Term Improvements in Child Mental Health

3
For the US to address the mental health crisis, research suggests that policies must target poverty and inequality.

Lithium for Suicide Prevention Not Supported by Evidence

2
A new meta-analysis shows that the evidence does not support the claim that lithium prevents suicide.

California “CARE Court” Forces Unhoused People into Treatment

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ACLU responds to “Care Court,” stressing that people deserve dignified care, not forced treatment.

Long Term Antidepressant Use Associated With Increased Morbidity and Mortality

0
A study finds that commonly prescribed antidepressants are associated with the development of diabetes, hypertension, and other diseases.

Antidiscrimination Litigation May Prevent Bullying for LGBT Youths

2
A quasi-experimental study found reduced rates of homophobic bullying in schools that faced anti-harassment and anti-discrimination litigation.

Mental Health Stigma Varies by Diagnosis, Driven By Fear and Misunderstanding

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A new study finds varying levels of stigma for different mental health diagnoses. But, stigma is consistently driven by fearful attributions.
Illustration of a shape of a baby crawling made out of various types of pills, on a black background

Health Risks to Babies When Antidepressants Used During Pregnancy

4
Babies born to mothers taking antidepressants during pregnancy were more than six times as likely to have neonatal withdrawal syndrome—including breathing problems, irritability/agitation, tremors, feeding problems, and seizures—than those born to mothers taking other types of drugs.
A small flower growing through a crack in the pavement

How Do We Define Recovery? An Exploration of Co-Option, Normalization, and Universalism Within Recovery...

14
Former service-user and researcher Diana Rose intertwines personal reflection and critical discourse analysis to shed light on dominant discourses within recovery literature.

Reducing Over-Prescription of Antipsychotic Drugs for Foster Youth

1
Policy changes in California reduced antipsychotic prescriptions for foster youth by 56.3%, but 82.5% of newly prescribed youth did not receive screening for metabolic harms, despite it being required by the policy.
Blue light flasher atop of a police car. City lights on the background.

Police Say They Are Willing to Help the “Mentally Ill”—But Still Seek to Avoid...

14
Police in Spain report more feelings of sympathy and willingness to help those with a mental health diagnosis, but still seek to avoid them, associate them with more danger, and endorse isolation and involuntary treatment.
Photo of a female runner at sunset

Exercise Just as Good as Antidepressants for Moderate Depression

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A new meta-analysis found exercise to be just as good as antidepressants for treating mild-to-moderate depression.
Four African-American young adults on a couch. In the center, a woman wearing yellow and looking sad is being comforted by a man and a woman on either side.

Social Support Reduces Thoughts of Suicide Among Black and Latinx New Yorkers

0
Suicide rates for Black and Latinx Americans have been increasing. A new study finds that having more social support decreased suicide ideation for Black and Latinx New York City residents.
A map of the world constructed entirely out of pills, on a blue background.

Academics in the Global South, This Is Your Sign to Decolonize Psychology

3
“Radical alternatives that question the dominant paradigm on issues of power dynamics, exploitation and subordination, politics and inequalities are encouraged for interrogating the underlying assumptions of mainstream research in psychology,” writes psychologist Mvikeli Ncube.
Photo of a number of empty and full pill bottles with a colorful variety of pills piled all over

Strategies to Enhance Deprescribing in Long-Term Care Facilities

2
Researchers conducted group forums with relevant stakeholders to discover strategies to enhance deprescribing practices in long-term care facilities.
Close-up of the wood top of a desk. On it: money (bills), a calculator, a notebook, and prominently featured, a black business card reading in white text, underlined, "copayment."

Eliminating Copayments Doubles Psychologist Visits, Decreases Suicide in Young Adults

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Abolishing co-payments doubles the amount of 18- to 21-year-olds receiving psychotherapy. This was also associated with a 25% reduction in suicide attempts.
A boy and a girl, about 5 years old, sit on a couch, slightly out of focus. On the right, two hands enter frame: one holds a tall glass full of water; the other holds a bunch of colorful pills.

No Evidence for Long-Term Safety or Efficacy of Mental Health Treatment in Children

3
"There is no convincing evidence that interventions for the most common childhood disorders are beneficial in the long term," the researchers write.