Monday, September 21, 2020

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

“I Found My Lion’s Roar”: Ro Speight on Combining Peer Support and Open Dialogue

MIA's Ana Florence interviews recovery advocate Ro Speight about her journey from receiving Peer Support to working as a facilitator in Peer Partnered Open Dialogue.

Why We Need More Protections for LGBT Refugees

A moral case for prioritizing LGBT refugee admissions from a human rights framework.

Do Mental Health Professionals Disclose Their Own Struggles at Work?

A new review examines the factors that both contribute to and prevent mental health professionals from self-disclosing in the workplace.

Learning From People with Lived Experience of Mental Health Challenges Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic

Listening to people with lived experience of mental health challenges can help us build a more equitable post-COVID world.

Autism Screening in Toddlers: 82% of Positive Tests are False

Autism screening in toddlers likely results in a huge number of false positives.

Lessons on Contemporary Politics from Erich Fromm’s ‘Psychosocial’ Perspective

Psychosocial thinking championed by 20th-century psychoanalyst Erich Fromm may serve a new purpose in the analysis of extremist movements.

Indigenous Approaches to Suicide Prevention May Offer Advantages Over Mainstream Models

Native Hawaiian suicide prevention practices center the lived experience and the life narrative of the suicidal person.

Decolonizing Research Methods Can Improve Psychological Treatments

Psychologist Joseph Gone demonstrates how decolonizing research in psychology could help reclaim American Indian therapeutic traditions.

COVID-19 and the Telepsychology Boom

A new study captures the magnitude of the shifts to telepsychology among licensed psychologists practicing in the US during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Tapering Strips Help People Stop Using Antidepressants, Study Finds

A new study by Peter Groot and Jim van Os investigated whether tapering strips can help people stop using antidepressants.

Patient Experiences of Medication-Free Treatment for Psychosis

People experiencing psychosis who were presented with treatment options felt greater autonomy and less skepticism about therapies.

Rethinking Our Concepts of Disability to Meet Our Changing Social Worlds

Philosophers suggest that new ways of thinking about disability and enhancement are needed to meet people’s needs across our hyperconnected and ever-changing landscapes.

Insufficient Protections Available for Patients Forced to Take Neuroleptic Drugs

New study shows that even when there are mechanisms in place to question forced medication treatment, power imbalances remain favoring mental health professionals.

Very Slow Taper Best for Antipsychotic Discontinuation

An article in JAMA Psychiatry advises very slow tapering for best results when discontinuing antipsychotic drugs.

International Data Suggests LGBT Acceptance is Major Factor in Country Suicide Rates

New study provides empirical evidence that LGBT acceptance in a country’s population is associated with the suicide rate.

Neoliberalism and Individualism Lead to Poor Mental Health Among Young People

Young people highlight how neoliberal policies and increased pressure to perform are a leading cause of poor mental health.

Culturally Informed Family Group Therapy for ‘Schizophrenia’

Incorporating cultural values and family members into group therapy for people diagnosed with ‘schizophrenia’ may prove beneficial.

Psychotherapy Studies Frequently Spin Results, Analysis Finds

Randomized trials of psychotherapy often include "spin" to look more positive and use unethical research practices like outcome switching.

Western Conceptions of Depression and the Colonization of Women’s Emotions Worldwide

Scholar-activist Bhargavi Davar argues that narrow Western psychological understandings of emotions have misconstrued women’s experiences worldwide.

‘ADHD’ Like Behaviors Associated with Entrepreneurial Activities

A new study examines how sleep issues and ADHD-like tendencies may together promote the inclination to venture out and start something new professionally.

How Increasing Temperatures Contribute to Growing Suicide Rates

Suicide is a complex event with many social and environmental determinants, including increasing temperatures resulting from climate change.

Madness, Sex, and Risk in Residential Mental Health Settings

Understanding how sex and sexuality are governed through the discourse of risk in long-stay mental health facilities.

Anthropologists Question the Legitimacy of Mental Disorders

Biological anthropologists propose moving away from a purely biological approach to psychiatry considering its failure to deliver discoveries or improved treatments.

Psychiatry and the Selves We Might Become: An Interview with Sociologist Nikolas Rose

MIA’s Ayurdhi Dhar interviews the well-known sociologist of medicine, Nikolas Rose, about the role psychiatry plays in shaping how we manage ourselves and our world.

Antipsychotics Associated with Severe COVID-19 and Fatal Outcomes

A new study has found a strong association between antipsychotic drugs and higher rates of severe cases of COVID-19.

Researchers: MRI Studies Unreliable, Not Suitable for Research

In an important new analysis, researchers found that MRI brain scan studies are too unreliable to be useful for research.

Children’s Perspectives on Healthy Spaces and Communities

Swedish study elicits children’s perspectives on what makes healthy spaces in their communities.

How Community and Sports Play a Critical Role in the Mental Health Recovery Process

A new study looking at the role of social recovery highlights the importance of community when dealing with difficult life situations.

Psychosocial Interventions Reduce Suicidality in Psychosis

A new meta-analysis finds that psychosocial interventions can significantly reduce and prevent suicide in people with psychosis.

Peer Support Reduces Disparities in Minority Youth Mental Health Treatment

Study suggests that peer support can help reduce racial disparities in mental health treatment for minority youth.

Social Inequalities Drive Increased Mental Distress Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

Researchers point out that mental distress in a post-COVID-19 world is related to social determinants and not the virus itself.

Genetics May Predict About 0.5% of “Schizophrenia”

Researchers find that genetic factors explain about 0.5% of whether a person will meet the criteria for the diagnosis of schizophrenia.

Four Strategies for COVID-19 Stigma Mitigation

Drawing on experiences treating HIV, researchers propose solutions for mitigating COVID-19 stigma.

The Dangers of Standardizing Mental Health Measures

Researchers warn that an initiative to standardize mental health measures may have unintended negative consequences.

Smartphone Apps for Mental Health Fall Short of Psychiatrists’ Lofty Expectations

A review of smartphone use in mental health care reveals a range of concerns ranging from over-optimism to a lack of ethical oversight.

Lancet Psychiatry Position Paper on COVID-19 Met With Criticism

In response to criticism of COVID-19 position paper, Lancet Psychiatry editors promise a new approach to global mental health.

Disproven Chemical Imbalance Theory Leads To Worse Depression Outcomes

A new study finds that biological explanations for depression, including the disproven “chemical imbalance” theory, lead to poor expectations of improvement and more depressive symptoms after treatment.

Conclusions From Brain Scan Studies are “Problematic if Not Unsubstantiated”

Experts on MRI brain scan technology chastise psychiatry and neuroscience journals for allowing unsubstantiated statements about MRI findings.

What Does a Common-Factors Approach Reveal About Psychedelic Therapy?

The unique challenges of studying psychedelic-assisted research may be better understood by examining the social conditions of learning that account for effectiveness across psychological treatments.

Short Term Psychodynamic Therapy Effective for Bipolar and Depression

Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP) was found to be effective for treating major depression, bipolar disorder, and so-called treatment-resistant affective disorders.

Strategies for Tapering and Discontinuing Antidepressants

A new review of strategies to support both patients and practitioners through the process of discontinuing antidepressants.

How to Know What We Don’t Know: An Interview with Psychologist and Novelist Jussi...

MIA's Gavin Crowell-Williamson interviews the neuropsychologist and novelist Jussi Valtonen about how novels can lead us to see the limits of our understanding.

Genetic Testing May Explain Less Than 1% of Mental Health Issues

Despite a lack of evidence for genetic causes of mental health issues, researchers told people that pathological genes caused their distress.

How Climate Change and Eco-Degradation Impact Our Genes and Mental Health

Medical anthropologist explores how the human genome responds to environmental changes and how climate change impacts mental health.

Pharma Influences Patient Groups in Sweden But Shows Less Interest in Mental Health Orgs

Research on pharma funding in Sweden shows comparatively less funding for mental health groups than in the US.

Professional Training Aims to Reduce Overprescription to Foster Children

A critical educational training targets mental health professional's beliefs about the overprescription of psychiatric drugs in foster care.

Understanding Psychology Through the Science of Complex Systems

Researchers use complex systems theory to trace how psychopathology emerges from different social and psychological interactions.

Mental Health Apps Rarely Evidence-Based

Mental health apps are rarely evidence-based, according to a new study published in JNCN in Advance.

Latest UN Report Calls for Global Paradigm Shift in Mental Health Care

UN representative Dainius Pūras argues that it is time to shift to a human rights-based approach to mental health.

Service-User Knowledge Helps Researchers Develop Psychiatric Drug Tapering Approaches

New strategies for tapering psychiatric drugs achieved by acknowledging withdrawal symptoms and valuing service-users’ first-hand knowledge.