Saturday, November 27, 2021

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

Research Reveals Mental Health Professionals’ Participation in Rape Culture

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Standard clinical practices often enforce anti-blackness, rape culture, and sanism, normalizing sexual violence and misogyny.

Cultural Trauma as a Driver of Health Disparities

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The cultural trauma of marginalized groups blocks access to resources and causes deep psychological and physical injuries.

Newspapers Diminish Youth Climate Change Activists, Help Adults Avoid Action

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Existential psychology offers a framework for understanding how anxiety and guilt about climate change play out in public narratives.

Esketamine Failed in Five of its Six Efficacy Trials

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The remaining esketamine trial showed a statistically significant effect that did not meet clinical significance.

Philosophically Informed Approaches to Mental Health Can Limit Overdiagnosis of Children

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A new article argues that a robust and philosophical approach to mental health can act against the pressure to diagnose children.

Indigenous Healing Poses a Challenge and Opportunity for Global Mental Health

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Similarities in the therapeutic process may reconcile apparent differences between Global Mental Health and indigenous healing practices.

The Hypocrisy of Shared Decision Making Research that is Not Inclusive

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While research on shared decision making in psychiatry has the potential to improve treatment there is a need for more inclusive practices.
Top view of locked old prison cell for one person with bed,

“Grave Disability” and the Path Between Prison and Involuntary Psychiatric Care

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Are more screenings for ‘grave disability’ and involuntary psychiatric treatment really a solution for US jails and prisons?

Researchers Push to End Placebo Run-in Periods in Antidepressant Studies

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Meta-analysis finds that the placebo run-in methodology reduces the placebo effect and finds antidepressants to be less useful.

Addressing Indigenous Health Requires Respecting Land Rights

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New work explores the impacts of settler colonialism and land rights on the health of American Indian and Alaskan Native Youth.

Experiences of Prejudice and Discrimination in Mental Healthcare

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Researchers examine the many ways that people experience prejudice and discrimination in mental healthcare.

Patients and Providers Understand Psychosis Differently

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A new review examines service-user and mental health professionals’ causal beliefs about psychosis and how those beliefs may affect treatment.

Withdrawal Symptoms Cloud Findings of Antidepressant “Relapse” Trial

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Leading researchers point out that a new antidepressant study in NEJM failed to account for withdrawal symptoms, casting doubt on the results.

Epistemic Injustice in Clinical Mental Health Encounters

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A new article evaluates claims of epistemic injustice in mental healthcare with people experiencing delusions and with young people.

Why We Need a ‘Syndemic’ Framework to Study Psychosis

5
Approaching psychosis as emerging from a syndemic of multiple adversities has important implications for health policy.

Essentialist Thinking May Drive Stigma Against People Diagnosed with Schizophrenia

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Researchers find that both psychological and biological essentialism result in stigma against people diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Mental Health Literacy Does Not Reduce Stigma, Psychosocial Approaches More Promising

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Psychosocial explanations of distress reduce stigma for people with mental disorders, whereas biogenetic explanations do not.

Researchers Claim That Women with PTSD Symptoms May be On Their Period

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Based on a small study that included no women with PTSD, researchers suggest that women have worse PTSD symptoms at the start of menstruation--and that this might explain why they are more vulnerable to PTSD than men.

Global Capitalism is a Social Determinant of Health

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A new article in Social Science & Medicine argues that global capitalism may be the greatest social determinant of health worldwide.

Meta-analysis of Psychotherapy in Children Finds Lackluster Long Term Results

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Existing research on psychotherapy for depression finds that many therapies are not providing a long-term benefit for children.

Updates to Current Understandings of Psychosis and Schizophrenia

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Drawing on research on epigenetics and structural determinants, researchers offer an updated and nuanced understanding of psychosis.

Researchers Provide Guidance for Reducing and Stopping Psychiatric Drugs

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New guidance on how to taper and discontinue from psychiatric drugs from leading researchers Mark Horowitz and David Taylor.

The Underappreciated Role of Compassionate Nurses in Mental Healthcare

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Qualitative research from Europe reveals the important role that empathic mental health nurses play for adults in suicidal crisis.

Evidence-Based Practices Are Often Required but Impractical in Financially Strained Community Mental Health Services

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Researchers draw on Maslow's hierarchy of needs to explore why evidence-based services often make little sense in financially stepped community mental health settings.

Questioning the Underpinnings of Psychiatric Classification Systems

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A new review of psychiatric nosology by Aftab and Ryznar highlights how diagnoses emerge from particular conceptual frameworks.

More Exercise and Less Screen Time Improves Teen Mental Health

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A new international study explores the connections between adolescent wellbeing, physical activity, and screen time.

Alzheimer’s Drug Controversy Continues

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What can we learn from the FDA’s controversial approval of aducanumab, the Alzheimer’s drug that failed its clinical trials?

Meta-Analysis Finds No Support for Dopamine Hypothesis of Schizophrenia

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A new meta-analysis of data from individuals at high risk for schizophrenia finds no evidence for the dopamine hypothesis.

Political Conservatism Linked to Increased Bullying and Mental Health Concerns for LGBTQ+ Students

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Research finds less teacher intervention for bullying and greater psychological distress for LGBTQ+ students in conservative districts.

Coercion and Dehumanization in Mental Healthcare

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Researchers discuss how experiences with psychiatric coercion influence the patient/provider relationship and involuntary psychiatric care.

Screening for Depression in Primary Care Does Not Improve Outcomes

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Research fails to show that screening primary care patients for depression leads to improvements in patient outcomes.

Climate Anxiety and Government Distrust Pervasive Among Young People Worldwide

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Young people worldwide experience negative emotions over climate change and their government’s refusal to take steps to address the crisis.

Psychiatry Concerned it Will be ‘Marginalized’ in Push for Rights-Based Mental Health

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A new report responds to psychiatrists who are concerned that their field will be 'marginalized' within the new WHO QualityRights initiative.

The Imposition of Western Psychology as Colonialism

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New scholarship explores how eurocentric ideas inherent in western psychology reproduce colonialism and impact the Global South.

Has the Internet Led to a Rise in Mental Disorders?

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Prominent researcher suggests that the internet led to new mental disorders and exacerbated others without increasing their total prevalence.

Manufacturer of Tardive Dyskinesia (TD) Drugs Finds TD Emotionally Devastating

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“Patients expressed feeling unaccepted by society or uncomfortable in their own skin… A few indicated that they would rather be dead than have tardive dyskinesia.”

Antipsychotics Linked to Increased Breast Cancer Risk

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Long-term exposure to prolactin-increasing antipsychotics increases the odds of developing breast cancer.

Regulations Needed to Protect Privacy and Autonomy from Digitalized Psychiatric Tools

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Researchers bring attention to the threats posed by neuromarketing and digital phenotyping in psychiatric systems worldwide.

New Rating Tool for Tapering Antidepressants and Antipsychotics

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Researchers developed a rating scale to better assess service users’ experiences tapering antidepressant and/or antipsychotic medication.

Antidepressant Effects on Serotonin Plateau at the Minimum Recommended Dose

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Brain imaging studies show little benefit to increasing antidepressant doses and support hyperbolic tapering for discontinuation.

Selective Reporting Inflates Effectiveness for Psychotherapy Depression Treatments

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Researchers find that lack of pre-registration combined with selective data reporting bias the research literature on psychotherapy.

Psychosis Associated with Childhood and Health Care-Related Traumas

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A new study finds that people with psychosis connect the onset of their symptoms with trauma in childhood and in treatment settings.

New Leaders in American Psychiatry Embrace Social Determinants Approach to Mental Illness

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The editors of The Lancet highlight a shift in American psychiatry toward a more thorough appreciation of the social determinants approach.

Antipsychotics Increase Risk of Dementia; New Research Illuminates Why

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In JAMA psychiatry, researchers outline new theories connecting antipsychotic use in people with schizophrenia and increased dementia risk.

A Zero Suicide Goal Requires a Reimagining of Inpatient Care

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A new article suggests that the goal of Zero Suicide calls for a radical reimagining of inpatient care to ensure privacy and autonomy.

Incorporating Indigenous Medicine into Global Mental Health

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International health researchers reflect on the role of traditional healing in addressing the global mental health treatment gap.

Conflicts of Interest in Medical Commentaries Undermine Credibility of Major Journals

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Researchers note that clinical trial sponsors and authors of trial commentaries often have financial associations.

How Pharma Pushes New, Less Effective Drugs on the Market

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Researchers lay out the tactics pharma companies use to push "lemons" through regulators and onto the market.

Conflicts of Interest Linked to “Unduly Favorable” Editorials

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A new study looks at biased editorials in top medical journals and the conflicts of interest held by their authors.

Open Dialogue Approaches Involve Families in Mental Health Recovery

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Collaboration between families, providers, and clients in treatment has been shown to be beneficial to the recovery process.