Saturday, September 25, 2021

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

Selective Reporting Inflates Effectiveness for Psychotherapy Depression Treatments

0
Researchers find that lack of pre-registration combined with selective data reporting bias the research literature on psychotherapy.

Psychosis Associated with Childhood and Health Care-Related Traumas

3
A new study finds that people with psychosis connect the onset of their symptoms with trauma in childhood and in treatment settings.

New Leaders in American Psychiatry Embrace Social Determinants Approach to Mental Illness

2
The editors of The Lancet highlight a shift in American psychiatry toward a more thorough appreciation of the social determinants approach.

Antipsychotics Increase Risk of Dementia; New Research Illuminates Why

4
In JAMA psychiatry, researchers outline new theories connecting antipsychotic use in people with schizophrenia and increased dementia risk.

A Zero Suicide Goal Requires a Reimagining of Inpatient Care

4
A new article suggests that the goal of Zero Suicide calls for a radical reimagining of inpatient care to ensure privacy and autonomy.

Incorporating Indigenous Medicine into Global Mental Health

0
International health researchers reflect on the role of traditional healing in addressing the global mental health treatment gap.

Conflicts of Interest in Medical Commentaries Undermine Credibility of Major Journals

1
Researchers note that clinical trial sponsors and authors of trial commentaries often have financial associations.

How Pharma Pushes New, Less Effective Drugs on the Market

4
Researchers lay out the tactics pharma companies use to push "lemons" through regulators and onto the market.

Conflicts of Interest Linked to “Unduly Favorable” Editorials

0
A new study looks at biased editorials in top medical journals and the conflicts of interest held by their authors.

Open Dialogue Approaches Involve Families in Mental Health Recovery

2
Collaboration between families, providers, and clients in treatment has been shown to be beneficial to the recovery process.

Mental Health Crisis Response Teams May Reduce Incarceration Risks

0
New research on police-mental health co-response teams suggests mental health workers can help reduce the short-term risk of incarceration.

Ethical Concerns Over Telehealth Screenings for Psychiatric Hospitalizations

2
Researchers and policymakers raise ethical issues with the use of remote mental health assessments during the pandemic.

How to Address the Undermining of Drug Regulators by Pharma

6
Researchers recommend a new drug approval pathway for increasing consistency from regulators and transparency from pharma companies.

Close Attention to the Experience of Schizophrenia Reveals Need for Social Treatments

7
A phenomenological approach to psychiatry and schizophrenia reveals that these experiences are fundamentally social and intersubjective.

Newborn Babies Go Through Antidepressant Withdrawal

2
A new study finds that newborn babies experience antidepressant withdrawal after birth if their mothers take SSRIs when pregnant.

For Sexual Minorities, Health Disparities Persist Late in Life

1
A new study finds that lesbian, gay, and bisexual elders often face disparities in health and reduced access to care.

Psychiatric Drugs may Reduce Social and Emotional Capacities

7
Research finds that social cognition and emotional processing abilities can be disrupted by psychiatric drugs.

Tapered Antipsychotic Withdrawal Mitigates Risk of Psychotic Symptoms

15
Research suggests that slowly tapering off an antipsychotic reduces the risk of withdrawal psychosis compared to abrupt discontinuation.

UK Psychologists see Psychosis as a Potentially Transformational Experience

2
Study finds that some UK psychologists shun a purely biological approach to understanding psychosis.

“Relapse” in Antidepressant Trials Likely Caused by Sudden Withdrawal

3
A new study investigates how antidepressant withdrawal effects often get confounded with depression relapse in clinical trials.

75% of Pharma Companies Fail Basic Transparency Measures

2
Researchers find that larger pharma companies tend to perform better on transparency inventories than smaller companies.

Toward Heterotopia? Service User Collaboration in Mental Health Research

0
Researchers explore the challenges and possibilities of collaborative research with service users in psychiatry and mental health.

Psychiatric Diagnoses a “Convenient Fiction,” Complex Systems Approach Needed

29
Psychologist Eiko Fried proposes studying mental disorders as systems, not syndromes.

Stigmatizing Language in Medical Records Impacts Patient Care

4
A new study explores physicians’ use of positive and negative language in medical records and the implications for patient care.

Sudden Antipsychotic Withdrawal—Not Low Dose—Leads to Relapse

12
A new article in Lancet Psychiatry debunks past studies claiming that those on low doses of antipsychotics are more likely to relapse.

Lead Exposure in Childhood Impacts Personality and Mental Health

2
A study of over 1.5 million people in Europe and the US links the development of less adaptive personalities with childhood lead exposure.

Philosophy Can Help Replace a Reductionist Model of Mental Health

12
A new article argues that enactive philosophy can help clarify and integrate the disconnected pieces of the biopsychosocial model.

Coping with Trauma Communally Reduces PTSD Risk

3
Results suggest that Black and Latina women who cope with trauma by engaging with their community experience less severe PTSD symptoms.

Psychedelic Research Leaves Out People of Color

0
Trials of psychedelic drugs are mostly white. This exclusion can lead to negative drug experiences for people of color.
Photo of a man in a suit wearing a mask at a desk with a computer and a tall pile of paperwork

BMJ: 20% of Health Research Is Fraudulent

16
Richard Smith argues that “the time may have come to stop assuming that research actually happened and is honestly reported, and assume that the research is fraudulent.”

Black Canadians More at Risk of Coercive Treatment

0
With coercive treatment on the increase in Canada, a study finds that Black Canadians are more likely to be forcibly treated than whites and non-Black minorities.

Collective Action a Remedy for Depression Among LGBT Individuals

1
Hong Kong researchers shed light on how collective action can promote better mental health for LGBT individuals in less democratic societies.

Psychedelic Research Has a Racist Past

3
Researchers investigate the history of abuse and exploitation of people of color and other marginalized groups during the first wave of Western psychedelic research in the US.

When it Comes to Medication, Providers Violate Values of Recovery-Oriented Practices

4
A new study finds that practitioners often ignore the principles of the recovery movement when it comes to the use of psychiatric drugs

Professionals and Service Users Struggle As Research Collaborators

2
A new article examines the power and relational dynamics in research co-produced by mental health professionals and service users.
A paper with a question mark on it rests between some pills and a man's hands on a table

Researchers Debate the FDA’s Controversial Alzheimer’s Drug Approval

1
A debate between advisory committee members and FDA officials reveals the controversy at the core of the FDA’s approval of Biogen’s Alzheimer’s drug aducanumab.
Photo of a hand throwing pills in the trash

Why Do People Choose Medication-Free Mental Healthcare Treatment?

14
A mixed-method study explores service users’ accounts of why they chose to be treated in a medication-free treatment center in Norway.

Medical Debt Is a Significant Social Determinant of Health

3
Medical debt can lead to significant adverse mental health effects as well as financial and economic disadvantage.
photo of a black chess piece being painted white

Researchers Concerned About Whitewashing of Psychedelic-Assisted Mental Health Research

48
As psychedelic therapy trials approach FDA approval, researchers express the urgent need to ensure effectiveness and accessibility to communities of color.
Photo of medicine vials and syringe

Researchers Debate Benefits of Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotics

26
Researchers critique an analysis in Lancet Psychiatry that included poorly designed studies and was written by pharma-employed authors.
a vintage compass on an archaic map

Critical Psychiatrists Argue for Decolonizing Medical Curricula in Psychiatry

4
Experts argue that critical thinking is needed to decolonize the medical curriculum and dismantle racism in psychiatry.
a woman indicating "no" to a handful of pills

FDA’s “Accelerated Approval” Process Leaves Ineffective Drugs on the Market

7
A BMJ investigation found that almost half (112) of the drugs approved this way don't have evidence for benefit, but only 16 drugs have ever been withdrawn.

Psychology’s own Ethical Standards Demand Prison Abolition

6
New work takes a closer look at psychology's troubling relationship with the criminal justice system and outlines a path toward abolition.

Preventing Psychiatric Rehospitalization with Person-Centered Care

0
By listening to service users, researchers aim to prevent psychiatric rehospitalization and improve patient-centered approaches to recovery.
Road To Recovery Green Road Sign with dramatic clouds and sky.

Study Examines Perspectives on Psychosis Recovery 20 Years Later

3
Interviews with service users 20 years after first-episode psychosis shed light on how to improve recovery-oriented mental health services.
Castaway businessman in a sea of papers and files

Long Hours and Low Psychosocial Safety at Work Can Make You Depressed

2
Research finds that people who work long hours at stressful jobs are three times more likely to meet criteria for depression after one year.

Why not Diagnose Social Conditions Instead of Individual Symptoms?

7
A new analysis of mental health data in the UK finds that clinicians rarely use ICD codes related to social determinants.
Cartoon illustration of a man laying on a gap between two cliffs

How Does Professionalization Impact Lived Experience Work in Mental Health?

2
Researchers examine the benefits and drawbacks of the move toward professionalizing lived experience work in mental health settings.

Antipsychotic Adherence Research Overlooks Key Information

17
Researchers argue for a shift away from a focus on antipsychotic adherence toward understanding service users’ diverse patterns of use.

New Guidelines for Supervisors of Peer Support Workers

0
A new set of guidelines were developed to inform supervisors of peer support workers in mental health services.