Friday, June 18, 2021

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

The Consequences of Historical Racism in Psychiatric Publications

Peer-reviewed journals in psychiatry continue to host articles promoting racist theories in their archives.
Teenage boy meeting with female psychologist

Bringing Rights-Based Approaches to Mental Health to College Counseling

The University of Florida’s Counseling Center is beginning to integrate the rights-based approach to mental health promoted by the UN and WHO.
Doctor and patient

Barriers to Shared Decision Making in the Prescription of Antipsychotics

Researchers push for a renewed focus on true shared decision-making for patients diagnosed with psychosis.

Study Finds No Genetic Correlations with Suicide Risk

A new study of over 3,500 people found no evidence for a genetic component to suicide risk.

We Need Qualitative Research in Psychology to Understand Recovery

A qualitative approach to mental health is needed to understand how recovery is achieved and experienced in different cultural contexts.
Teenage girl talking about emotions in front of a group

Qualitative Study Highlights the Meaning and Impact of Hearing Voices Groups

Service users in the Netherlands describe what is meaningful about participating in Hearing Voices Groups.

How do we Balance Individual Agency and Social Factors in Depression?

Emphasizing individual accountability in depression exacerbates blame but a sole focus on social factors diminishes agency.

No, the FDA’s Black Box Warning Did not Increase Suicides

Researchers again debunk the claim that the FDA black box warnings on antidepressants led to more suicides.

Social Stigma Affects Young People’s Experiences of Hearing Voices

Interviews of young people who identify as hearing voices find that social stigma negatively affects these experiences.

LGBTQ Mental Health Impacted by Pandemic Measures Separating Them From Accepting Communities

A new international study finds negative mental health effects in LGBTQ+ youth confined at home during the pandemic.

Hype Trumps Rigorous Science in Social Science Publications

Nonreplicable studies in psychology, economics, and social science journals are more likely to be cited than replicable ones.

Minimal Medication Alternatives for Psychosis Needed

Researchers question the long-term use of antipsychotics and suggest increased research and investment in psychosocial interventions.

Psychosis in US Inseparable from Racism and Structural Inequality, Researchers Argue

A new study examines how a legacy of structural racism in the US shapes the social conditions that lead to a greater risk for psychosis.

Psychotherapy Can Prevent Relapse When Discontinuing Antidepressants

“Short and simple psychological programs can prevent people from relapsing when they stop their antidepressants.”

Philosophical Approach to Loneliness Yields new Insight into Treatments

Valeria Motta argues for a phenomenological philosophical approach to studying loneliness that focuses on in-depth lived experience.

Psychologists Attempt to Unify Different Approaches to Therapy

Psychologists propose a method for bringing together different theoretical schools of psychotherapy.

Can Performative Counter-Storytelling Facilitate Critical Social Change?

A new study examines how theater and storytelling can shift dominant perspectives on marginalized groups.

Disentangling the Link Between Inflammation and Depression

New research finds little difference in inflammation between people with and without a diagnosis of depression.

Black and Minority Youth More Likely to Face Forced Psychiatric Hospitalization

A new study examines disparities in forced psychiatric hospitalization in children and adolescents and offers guidance for future research.

“Colorblindness” and Liberal Racism in Mental Health

A new article argues that “colorblindness” perpetuates racism within mental health institutions, from diagnosis to recovery.

Psychiatric Survivors as Therapists Negotiate Difficult Spaces in Mental Health Activism

Research explores how psychiatric survivors who become therapists navigate their dual-identity in the mental health system.

Mental Health Recovery Frameworks Often Marginalize Personal Narratives

While recovery frameworks challenge traditional psychiatric discourse, this research too often limits lived experience perspectives.

We Need Clear Thinking About Biomarkers in Psychiatry to Avoid Bioreductionism

Philosophical psychiatrists caution against simplified views of biomarkers that reify psychiatric diagnoses and promote bioreductionism.

Allen Frances Takes on the Over-Prescription of Antidepressants

The prominent psychiatrist explores why antidepressants remain highly overprescribed and offers solutions to the problem.

Anticholinergic Medications Linked to Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia

Researchers have found further evidence that the anticholinergic effect of psychiatric drugs can lead to cognitive impairments.

The Importance of Preserving Youth Agency in Mental Healthcare

Young people with unusual experiences and beliefs are especially vulnerable to threats to their sense of epistemic agency.

Intense Exercise Most Likely to Improve Health for Busy Youth

Kids and teens need better diets, less screen time, and more sleep, but they especially need more exercise, study finds.

Empathic Phone Calls Reduce Depression and Anxiety in Older Adults Amid the Pandemic

A new study finds that layperson-delivered phone calls reduced loneliness, depression, and anxiety during the COVID-19 lockdown.

Ethical Issues Raised Over FDA Collaboration with Biogen on Failed Drug

The FDA collaborated with Biogen to conduct repeated re-analyses of aducanumab for Alzheimer's and FDA committee members are raising concerns.

Pandemic and Lockdown not Leading to Increased Suicides, Study Finds

A new study in Lancet Psychiatry finds that the COVID-19 pandemic has not led to increased suicide rates in middle and high-income countries.

Encouraging Men to Talk about Suicide can Miss the Point

A new qualitative study suggests that a sole emphasis in suicide prevention on encouraging men to ‘talk’ can be ineffective.

How Enactive Philosophy Can Transform the Treatment of Chronic Pain

Attending to individual experiences of pain with enactive philosophy could provide an antidote to reductive and fragmented approaches.

How COVID-19 Precautions Impact Family Functioning

Researchers explore the many ways COVID-19 public health interventions in the US impacted family dynamics.

Psychiatry Residents Need More Training in LGBT Issues, Survey Finds

A new study finds that psychiatry residents training in the US is failing to teach LGBT cultural competence.

How Cultural Frames Shape our Experience of Mental Disorders

Leading researchers in cultural psychiatry explain how different cultural frames influence our perceptions, attitudes, and experiences of mental distress.

Study Confirms Overdiagnosis of ADHD in Children and Teens

Medical researchers present evidence that ADHD is overdiagnosed in children and teens, which can lead to significant harm.

Viewing Mental Differences on a Continuum Reduces Stigma

New research finds that a continuum model of mental health and mental illness can reduce stigma by decreasing notions of difference.

Racial and Gender Discrimination Impacts PTSD Severity

Researchers find differences in PTSD symptom severity between veterans along gender, racial, and ethnic lines.

Antidepressants Not Clinically Useful for Back Pain

While professional guidelines recommend antidepressants for back pain, researchers point out the lack of evidence for their usefulness.

Cochrane Review Calls for More Research on Antidepressant Withdrawal

Researchers find a lack of current literature on safe, effective ways to manage antidepressant withdrawal and make suggestions for future research.

The Mental Health App Marketplace is a Mess, Researchers Find

Harvard psychiatrists perform a comprehensive analysis of the mental health apps marketplace and find misinformation.

Social Security and Asylum: How States Produce Negative Affect to Stigmatize and Deter

A new paper reveals the role that State-sponsored “affective technologies” play in producing negative feelings toward welfare and immigration.

Can a Harry Potter-Themed Wellbeing Program Help Middle Schoolers Cope?

A school-based, Harry Potter-themed and CBT-informed program for middle schoolers enhances wellbeing and reduces suicidality.

Misreporting Results and Publication Bias Common in Psychiatry Research

Research audit finds biased outcome reporting and publication bias in clinical trials for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Financial Debt Predicts Poor Mental Health Outcomes

A new study finds that difficulty repaying debt is associated with increased instances of common mental disorders.

Mental Health Professionals and AI Tools Fail to Predict Suicide

Attempts to predict suicide risk using clinical judgment or machine learning algorithms are not useful in clinical practice.

Inflammatory and Neurological Changes Connected to Childhood Poverty

Findings illuminate the impact of childhood poverty on inflammation and neurological responses to threats and rewards.

Transparency is Not Enough to Stem Tide of Pharma Influence on Medicine

Mandated disclosure has not stopped pharma industry influence on physicians or prevented the pernicious effects on public health.

Can the HiTOP Diagnostic Paradigm Improve Psychotherapy Research and Practice?

HiTOP, an alternative psychiatric taxonomy from the DSM, can generate psychotherapy research across orientations.

Stimulant Prescribing Patterns for ADHD Not Impacted by Scientific Evidence

The article suggests that research challenging the evidence for ADHD drugs does not lead to changes without public campaigns.