Tuesday, January 26, 2021

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

How Human Memory is Fundamentally Cultural

A new review of psychological research explores how culture permeates and shapes human memory—what we remember, recall, and forget.

Researchers: “Antidepressants Should Be Avoided in Bipolar Depression”

New research finds that antidepressants are not effective for bipolar disorder and can worsen symptoms of mania.

Do We Underestimate the Potential Harms of Mindfulness Interventions?

Researchers argue that flawed methodologies underestimate the potential harms of mindfulness-based stress reduction interventions.

The Politics of Emotion in Psychotherapy During a Global Pandemic

A therapist reflects on feelings evoked by the pandemic, their political meanings, and how psychotherapy might facilitate social change.

Moving Toward a Preventative Approach to Youth Mental Health

Responsive intervention is currently prioritized over prevention in mental health care. How can the field move toward prevention?

Pharma Payments to Physicians Increase Prescriptions and Medicare Expenditures

Pharma payments change prescribing behaviors for rarely used drugs with problematic safety and efficacy profiles.

How Police Surveillance Can Undermine Harm Reduction Drug Policies

Harm reduction approaches to policing allow for dignity, respect, and increased access to treatment for marginalized persons who use drugs.

Facebook Groups Provide Psychiatric Drug Withdrawal Help When Doctors Don’t

A new study looks at how online communities provide information and support for patients experiencing psychiatric drug withdrawal.

Racial Justice Requires Ending the War on Drugs, Experts Say

Leading researchers, bioethicists, and allied professionals for drug reform call for the legalization and regulation of recreational drugs.

How Racism and Structural Disadvantage Impact Psychosis Treatment

New research identifies significant barriers to successful treatment of early psychosis related to cultural and economic issues.

Global Mental Health Peer Network Calls for Universal Healthcare

Those with lived experience of mental health treatment in the Global Mental Health Peer Network advocate for universal healthcare.

Pandemic Responses Underscore the Need to Decolonize Global Health

Researchers put forward an agenda to repoliticize and rehistoricize global health in order to address structural oppression.

Why Psychology is Not Viewed as a Science

Researcher explores why the public, scientists, and policymakers question the scientific status of psychology.

New Study: No Genes to Predict “Mental Illness”

A new study of about 50,000 people failed to find any genes that influenced “mental illness.”

Researchers Attempt to Use Facebook Data to Predict the Diagnosis of Schizophrenia and Mood...

Using Facebook data, machine learning algorithms attempt to predict whether people will be diagnosed with schizophrenia and mood disorders.

LGBT Communities Request Informed Psychiatric Care Without Stigma

A review of qualitative research identifies the specific mental health needs of LGBT communities.

Parent Engagement in Student Achievement and How Schools Can Help

Learning that happens at home improves student achievement. New research suggests how schools can help parents promote learning.

The Future of Public Mental Healthcare Post Pandemic

Researchers examine the impact of COVID-19 on public mental healthcare and explore how these systems are likely to be transformed post-pandemic.

Giving People Money is More Effective for Mental Health Than Brief Therapy

A new study found that direct payments improved psychological well-being for those in poverty, while five weeks of therapy did not.

What Intensive Fitness Classes and Zombie Apocalypse Fears Reveal About American Culture

Anthropologist argues that aggressive fitness regimens framed as apocalypse preparation provide a window into elite white American's minds.

Why Psychiatry Fails to Implement Shared Decision-Making

Shared Decision-Making in healthcare has grown in popularity but long-held beliefs in psychiatry create barriers to implementation.

Climate Change, Income Inequality, and Rising Mental Health Problems

Shifting conceptions of “madness” account for some of the increase in mental disorders, but young people also face distressing environments.

Overwork and Exploitation Linked to Psychological Distress

Researchers connect economic exploitation, overwork, and wage theft to increased rates of mental disorders.

How Unexamined Assumptions in Western Science Lead to Epistemological Violence

Critical psychologist Thomas Teo argues that assumptions in Western Science perpetuate stereotypes and reinforce neoliberal values through epistemological violence.

Medscape Article Reviews the Fatal Flaws of the DSM

Leaders in psychiatry urge doctors to ignore the specific criteria in the DSM and suggest that the manual may actually impede good medicine.

Digital Health Technologies Threaten Human Rights, Experts Warn

Global health experts argue that any gains from digital health technologies will be offset by violations of human rights.

An Educational Alternative to the Medical Model of Mental Health

Researchers propose a model of addressing mental health issues or “problems of living” as an alternative to the psychiatric medical model.

Researchers Explore Factors Related to Mass Hysteria Outbreaks in Nepal

Cross-cultural psychologists investigate the outbreak of a mass psychogenic illness or mass hysteria among children in Nepal.

Stanford Algorithm Fails to Deliver Appropriate Healthcare

Stanford used an algorithm to distribute the COVID-19 vaccine and it prioritized senior faculty over front-line workers.

Pharmaceutical Industry Payments Influence Physician Prescribing Decisions, Study Finds

Researchers find that payments from the pharmaceutical industry to doctors lead to increased prescriptions and are a threat to patient care.

New Study Finds Mental Health Effects of Common Hair Loss Drug

A new study reviews the negative psychological side-effects associated with a commonly used hair loss drug finasteride.

Mental Health Research Funding is Insufficient and Inequitable

Vikram Patel charts the disconnect between the current allocation of mental health research funds and global needs.

Heavy Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis and Cognitive Deficits

Researchers find significant correlations between early, chronic, heavy use of cannabis and psychosis-related phenomena as well as deficits in cognitive functioning.

“It Gets Better” Media Campaigns Increase Feelings of Empowerment and Solidarity in LGBQ+ Youth

A study of media campaigns intended to decrease LGBTQ+ youth suicide finds positive impacts and room for improvement.

Listening to the Patient Voice: The Antidepressant Withdrawal Experience

Patient advocates join with researchers and service users to present first-hand experiences of antidepressant withdrawal.

Trial Supports Parent Training for Children with ADHD-Type Behaviors

A small randomized trial reduced child ADHD traits through parent training using the Nurtured Heart Approach.

Allostatic Load Associated with Poorer Health Outcomes

Allostatic load and overload may connect the psychosocial and biological determinants of health.

How Intersectionality Theory Can Transform Health Research

Health researchers discuss how intersectionality theory improves qualitative research and advances health equity through social justice.

Genetic Testing Clinically Useless for Predicting Psychiatric Diagnoses

A new study in JAMA Psychiatry demonstrates that the contribution of genetic factors to psychiatric diagnoses is minuscule.

Police Involvement a Major Racial Justice Issue in Psychiatry

A new article in Psychiatric Services calls for reducing police and law enforcement involvement in psychiatry and mental health crisis work.

Has Critical Psychiatry Won the Debate on Reductionism?

Psychiatrist and Mad Studies scholar Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed argues that critical psychiatry has pushed the field away from reductionism.

What the Enactive Embodied Approach Reveals About ‘Schizophrenia’

Richard Gipps proposes a view of schizophrenia and “ego boundaries” through the lens of enactive and embodied philosophy.

Study Reveals a Lack of Consensus on ‘Mental Disorders’ Among US Mental Health Professionals

Research led by Awais Aftab finds that mental health trainees in the US endorse complicated and contradictory conceptualizations of mental disorders.

Medical Students in India Push for Greater LGBT Acceptance

Study finds that medical students in India are pushing for greater LGBT acceptance, but knowledge gaps and discrimination remain.

Virtual Learning Boosted Wellbeing for Some Students, Study Finds

For students struggling with anxiety and connectedness, COVID-19 shutdowns and virtual learning options have improved well-being.

Suicide Rates Did Not Decrease When Antidepressant Drugs Were Introduced

Researchers investigate the claim that the introduction of antidepressant drugs led to decreases in suicide rates internationally.

Models of Madness Neglect the Role of the Social World in Delusions

Cognitive models of psychosis commonly ignore ample evidence for the role of social processes in delusions.

New Addiction Framework to Empower Patients and Reduce Stigma

Philosopher Hanna Pickard's "Responsibility without Blame" model interrogates common assumptions about addiction and offers a new way forward.

Making Meaning of Panic Symptoms Reduces Distress, Study Finds

Psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral therapies facilitate the reinterpretation of bodily sensations and help make meaning of panic symptoms, reducing their severity.

LGBT Elders at Higher Risk for Cognitive Decline Due to Minority Stress

Study finds long-term exposure to discrimination and stress is associated with brain aging in LGBT elders, contributing to health disparities.