Thursday, April 9, 2020

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

Supporting the Mental Health of COVID-19 Healthcare Workers

Supporting healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic is key to preventing negative mental health outcomes.

Founder of Positive Psychology Reflects on the Field and Responds to Critics

Martin Seligman reflects on the history of Positive Psychology as a field emphasizing well-being.

Antidepressant Use Continues to Climb Among Youth on Medicaid

New study finds that Medicaid enrolled youth were 14 times more likely to be on an antidepressant in 2014 than in 1987.

Machine Learning and Brain Scans Fail to Identify Psychosis

Machine learning algorithms and brain scans are no better than chance at identifying first-episode psychosis, study finds.

COVID-19 School Closures Increase Food Insecurity for Children

Increasing school closures caused by the COVID-19 global pandemic threaten food security for low-income children in the US.

How the Global South Could Transform Global Mental Health

Social psychiatrist Vincenzo Di Nicola argues that honest engagement with the Global South could transform the assumptions and practices of the Global Mental Health Movement.

Legalizing Gay Marriage Decreases Suicides But Discrepancies Remain

Even as the legalization of gay marriage has led to decreased suicide rates, research shows that same-sex couples remain at heightened risk.

Researchers Find Paroxetine Harms Developing Brain

Researchers at Johns Hopkins test paroxetine on developing brain cells and discover numerous neurotoxic effects.

Gratitude Interventions Insufficient to Reduce Anxiety and Depression

Reframing one’s perspective alone is not enough to relieve distress.

Living Near Others from Same Place of Origin Protects Immigrants Against Psychosis

Researchers find that immigrants living in areas with a high density of people from their own region are at reduced risk of being diagnosed with psychosis.

Pharma Spent $6 Billion on Lobbying Politicians in the Last 20 Years

New research suggests that Big Pharma and "well-resourced drug industry groups" exert considerable political influence through lobbying and campaign contributions.

Using Open Dialogue to Reform Psychiatry in Vermont

The Collaborative Action Network in Vermont implements Open Dialogue principles to create positive change in the mental health system.

Moving Away From a Biomedical Model for Global Mental Health

A new special issue of Transcultural Psychiatry identifies challenges in Global Mental Health amid the shift away from a biomedical model.

PHQ-9 “Substantially Overestimates Depression Prevalence”

Researchers found that Pfizer’s PHQ-9 was twice as likely to diagnose depression as a structured clinical interview (SCID).

How to Mitigate the Effects of COVID-19 Home Confinement on Children

Researchers offer solutions for lessening the negative impacts of recent school closures in reaction to COVID-19.

Anticipating the Psychological Consequences of COVID-19 Quarantines

How to address the negative psychological impacts of necessary public health interventions like quarantine in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

We Need to Address the Impact of COVID-19 on the Homeless Population

Public health experts discuss the unique challenges faced by homeless people in light of COVID-19.

How China Moved Mental Health Online During COVID-19 Outbreak

The recent COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a need for increased availability of online mental health services.

New Research Letter Supports Amsterdam and McHenry Against GlaxoSmithKline

Psychiatrist Edward Tobe offers support to Amsterdam and McHenry's whistleblower complaints against GlaxoSmithKline for research misconduct.

Hollywood to Test Radical Mental Health System Modeled After Trieste

A pilot study of a community-centered approach to mental health, modeled after Trieste, Italy, slated to begin in early 2021.

Does Longer Duration of Untreated Psychosis Cause Worse Outcomes?

New research counters the long-held assumption that a longer duration of untreated psychosis is associated with worse outcomes.

Co-Production: Collaborative Approach to Mental Health Improves Outcomes

International study reveals that inclusive and collaborative approaches to the co-production of mental health services increase equality and improve outcomes.

Acetaminophen Use in Pregnancy Linked to ADHD and Autism

Using more acetaminophen (Tylenol) while pregnant is associated with an increased risk of ADHD or autism spectrum disorder in children.

Increasing the Minimum Wage Decreases Suicide, Researchers Find

A new study finds that increasing the minimum wage by as little as $1 significantly reduces suicide rates among low-wage workers in the United States.

Care Farming: Using Restorative Spaces to Address Traumatic Grief

A new study explores the importance of care farming, using therapeutic spaces to treat individuals impacted by traumatic grief.

Benzodiazepines Linked to More Emergency Department Visits

Recent research implicates benzodiazepines as being involved in a high rate of emergency department visits in the US.

Suicide Warning on Antidepressant Label is Justified, Researchers Say

Researchers confirm that the suicide warning for antidepressants is justified by the evidence and that claims that the warning is harmful lack support.

Evidence-Based Practice in Psychotherapy Lacks Conceptual Consistency

Researcher criticizes the tripartite model of evidence-based practice in psychotherapy as underdeveloped and “scientocentric.”

Traditional Dang-Ki Healing in Singapore Challenges Western Psychology

Researchers examine the transformation of self by studying the traditional healing practice of dang-ki healing in Singapore.

How Mental Health Professionals Undermined LGBTQIA+ Rights in India

Researchers critique the lack of a rights-based approach to LGBTQIA+ issues by mental health professionals in India and call for a move toward advocacy.

What Does Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) Add to Psychiatry?

The National Institute of Mental Health’s RDoC initiative draws from different classical schools of psychiatry in its effort to reform psychiatry toward localized brain functioning.

Risk of Medical Error Doubles if You Have a Psychiatric Diagnosis

More than 40 million people a year experience adverse effects from medical error.

Can Psychiatry Incorporate Traditional Healing Practices?

A new systematic review explores the potential for collaboration between western biomedical and traditional healing practices.

We Need a More Nuanced Understanding of Loneliness

Recent ethnographic research highlights an alternative, holistic approach to the study of loneliness on a global scale.

Decolonizing Global Mental Health through Jamaican Psychiatry

Jamaican psychiatry has made considerable contributions to the decolonization of Global Mental Health in the Caribbean.

Largest Survey of Antipsychotic Experiences Reveals Negative Results

A new survey exploring antipsychotic user experience finds that more than half of the participants report only negative experiences.

What Are We Telling Children About ADHD?

European researchers find that books for children overwhelmingly focus on biomedical treatment of ADHD, with little to no mention of therapy, behavior change, or the lack of clear biomarkers.

Review Explores First-Person Experiences of People Taking Antipsychotics

A new systematic review finds that patients report reduced symptoms but also loss of self and agency while taking antipsychotics.

Training in Open Dialogue Transforms Clinicians’ Identities

Clinicians who train in Open Dialogue struggle with professional identities related to dominant bio-medical narratives of mental illness and treatment.

Physical Restraints Have Lasting and Harmful Psychological Impact, Study Finds

The use of physical restraint in emergency departments is associated with dehumanization, loss of self-determination, and mistreatment.

Changing the Definitions of Disease Can Harm Patients

Researchers write that medical diagnostic categories for disease are often broadened over time in ways that may be harmful to patients.

Building an Intersectional Psychology of Economic Class

Innovative research methods and interventions could address socioeconomic disparities in academic achievement.

How Does Mindfulness Work?

A new study explores how mindfulness impacts self-compassion and meaning in life to increase mental health and wellbeing.

Hearing Veteran Narratives is Key to Suicide Prevention

Current suicide assessment practices of the VA are reductive and do not allow for the individual’s narrative to be heard.

The P-Value Problem in Psychiatry

Stanford researcher writes that readers should check the effect size of results instead of looking at the p-value.

Can a Conceptual Competence Curriculum Bring Humility to Psychiatry?

Training for conceptual competence in psychiatry provides a new way forward to address theoretical and philosophical issues in mental health research and practice.

How Dissenting Voices are Silenced in Medicine

Researcher criticizes the many ways opposing viewpoints and dissenting voices are squashed in the field of medicine.

Nuanced History of Asylums Shows Context Matters

A bottom-up approach to understanding the history of asylums allows us to learn from past successes and failures in the mental health system.

School Discipline is Racially Biased and Increases Misbehavior

School discipline that punishes minor misbehavior may increase adolescents’ misconduct and lead to racial inequalities in school discipline.

Transgender Children Development Consistent with Current Gender, Not Sex Assigned at Birth

Transgender children show strong identification and preferences stereotypically associated with their current gender identities, not their sex assigned at birth.