The following is parts of a paper I’ve been working on. I have included a few quotes and references. I am at this time reading (The Globalization of Addiction) by Bruce K. Alexander I suggest taking a look at it! ” “The genius of a successful culture is that it provides adequately for individual autonomy and social belonging at the same time–a balancing act of the greatest virtuosity, since the needs often conflict with each other.” Quote from Bruce K Alexaander: With (my additions). “The crucial flaw of globalizing” (free market federal reserve banking) “society is that the balance has shifted so far in favor of individualism” (under global banking elite ownership systems)” that it is now extremely difficult to recover equilibrium because of the catastrophic damage–environmental, social, psychological, and spiritual–that this imbalance has already caused. The remedy for this imbalance is not a shift to the other extreme of all-encompassing collectivism, but re-establishment of the balance, if this is still possible”. “Perhaps the vacuous and simplistic nature of contemporary political rhetoric reflects a loss of faith that the essential balancing act can be achieved. Imagine a pair of circus acrobats who have just tripped and fallen off a high wire in the middle of their performance, one on the left side of the wire and the other on the right side. As they hurtle downwards, they can be heard bombastically arguing about whether it is more intelligent and graceful to be on the right or left of the wire. In reality, of course, only the act of balancing itself has any intelligence and grace. The absurdity of the dispute becomes more and more evident as the disputants approach the ground”! (Until our politics returns to its stated mission to “protect and defend” our Country aka the same responsibility in the balancing act the United States was founded upon, we will stay divided, and we become more easily enslaved and or addicted to the elites and global economic power structures that are designed to enslave and addict us.) Just think about this simple example: We are flooded by unsafe in potency opioids aka fentanyl and the safe in potency opioids are restricted and the citizens are legally prosecuted for their use. While we are told the problem is a disorder or brain disease rather than it being a failure of our unbalanced federal and state governments to protect us from despotism as they create that despotism through our own healthcare!) ” Addictum addictum è evolutione An evolutionary concept of addiction Addiction is from, of and too evolution. The meaning of the word addiction (2), the root word addict comes from the Latin word addictus (past tense), which means “to devote, sacrifice, sell out, betray or abandon.” In the Roman law, an addiction was a person that became enslaved through a court ruling. Habit forming is an evolutionary trait “Darwin’s book “On the Origin of Species” published in 1859. In his book, Darwin describes how organisms evolve over generations through the inheritance of physical or behavioral traits” (1), that in my opinion we see there are genetic (physical stasis and changes), biological (memory formation and the physical), psychological (emotions, feelings, moods) aspects whereby some behavioral traits enhance the survival of the individual, species and other behavioral traits, over time, decrease or end the survival of the individual, species. From NIDA, the National Institute of Drug Abuse and the DSM, Diagnostic Statistical Manual of mental illness. An Addiction is: “ a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. “ From the DSM, addiction is: “a chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking, continued use despite harmful consequences, and long-lasting changes in the brain. It is considered both a complex brain disorder and a mental illness.“ The DSM in 1994 had Over 100 different substance related disorder or subcategories for 12 different classes of drugs. Dependence was now a “syndrome” involving compulsive use, tolerance or withdrawal” To digress back to Darwin, I conclude that some habits that form in an individual and or species that enhance the survival of both are positive for centuries or on a particular occasion or time frame but end up decreasing the survival rate of an individual or species as the environment changes. The habits that decrease the survival of the individual and species are now called addiction when the environment changed! In a philosophical view in a search to connect all the sciences or modeling of addiction into a combined theory rather than a divisive one, I have come to a conclusion that ((addiction appears to be more like a process of natural selection in evolutionary theory)) than a “brain disease” (NIDA) or a disorder (DSM). What if how we are looking at what is being called addiction, is completely wrong! What if addiction isn’t a brain disease, a moral flaw or something that can be diagnosed as a disorder at all? I propose a different view. A view of what modern humanity is calling addiction as being a process of evolution, not a medical or psychiatric model or disorder. It is a state between the physical and the mind trying to adapt. Addictum as a universal natural law where the mind can only exist because of the physical. To live is to be addicted. As a natural law, humans are a product of what was, trying to adapt to what is, that can survive in what will be! All the new advances in technology, for good or bad, humans are trying to adapt and evolve to new technology at a very fast rate. We see new and more potent substances that make casual use, abuse and so called addiction less survivable. It’s no wonder that psychology, physicians, society and individuals are struggling with negative habitual use with new and fast changing technology, ideology, substances etc. because it takes time in an evolutionary view to adapt. Evolution as in adapting to a constant fast paced change makes it even harder for individuals and a species to form successful habits without in increase in the past, present and future traits of habit forming being seen as addiction or unsuccessful. Addiction is the inability to adapt/evolve from what was and is to what will be. I’ve adapted and evolved from past inabilities where I can and am, without repeating destructive out of control substance, behavior and emotional responses be prescribed medications for pain. Evolving can be difficult for a singularity in a species, that repeating what fails seems more survivable than adapting! When birds that migrate each year to reproduce and find sustenance for their offspring and themselves, have the environment they migrate to change into one that cannot provide that sustenance, they either change where they migrate to or die off. Those that repeat the same migration would therefore be addicted to an action. Would that be considered a “brain disease”? Would that be considered a moral failing? No, the birds that changed their migration destination survived and those that didn’t perish! It’s evolution! I’m not in any way saying that people who struggle and cannot cope and are stranded in a “time loop” of repetitive destructive behavior shouldn’t find help from others in our species, that’s part of how we adapt and evolve. But to diagnose “brain diseases, moral failings and medical as well as psychiatric models is not a reality in an evolutionary construct. This may apply to some, many or all psychiatric conditions. Will this concept help expand the industry into a better way to help those in distress understand what’s happening and increase and improve outcomes? This understanding has freed me from the insanity of addiction specialists addicted to their modeling saying they can help me with addiction. A hypocrisy I know many trying to stop, change or cure themselves is obvious. We also have to admit one of the many obvious paradoxes that works for some with distress in an evolutionary concept: There can be a religious aspect to adapting and evolving that happens in the evolution of the human species just like using parts of all the psychiatric methods in addiction science. In mathematics the common denominator is found. In physics, they search for the theory of everything. The lowest common denominator and the theory for everything when applied to addiction is evolution! Can heard immunity be reached in addiction? In short, addiction is a failure or part of the process of adapting. Recovery is the process of adapting, recovered is the outcome. To adapt, evolve! It has to be true that for the mind to exist to create thought etc. Biology exists for the mind to work. Therefore, the mind is addicted to biology that destroys the mind. Humans are products of evolution which has the biology to have a mind. The paradox of consciousness. For science to say that addiction is a brain disease, or a mental disorder is to say that the mind addicted to biology is a disease. Are we all a disease! Science is a disease. Evolution is a disease unless the mind can live forever. Addiction is natural, it is not a disease! I know this because I exist or as someone that might read this after I’m dead I once existed in balance with addiction! Although, if I believe the possibly of theology, I still can exist in the bliss of heaven, if I believe, which is the theological solution to the addictive state between mind and biology! Thank you Jesus? Through evolution the mind was created to help the body adapt and evolve to survive and reproduce. But in the end, the body always dies and so does the mind. The mind, by definition is addicted to your biological existence. So, what is addiction if everyone has it? First of all, look at the numbers who have died due to (ideological addiction)! Estimations about the total number of people to have died in the history of war have ranged from 150 million to 1 billion. 27 million people died in Russia alone during WWII. Why is there war in Ukraine right now? “Since life first appeared on Earth some 3.8 billion years ago, it has been estimated that more than 99.9% of all species have gone extinct.) You, me, everyone, are all addicted to the same thing. Our minds are addicted to the death of our biology and vice versa! Most find homeostasis with this and others constantly strive to be free and just cannot come to grips with it! I’m not saying that some can’t benefit from assistance or treatment with their distress which isn’t a disorder and I think so called treatment would have more positive outcomes from not claiming disorder or disease. So, what is addiction if everyone has it? That’s the point! Calling addiction a disorder is a social construct, and society isn’t all that sane unless you decide to live within the addiction it creates that in many cases is counter to freedom! Why was the Declaration of Independence created? To free people from addiction, tyranny, despotism under the king of England! Addiction as a disorder is a modern construct and as they say a Bio, Psycho, Social disorder! Bio and psycho – the mind striving to be free from it’s biology and Social, the mind striving to be free from the constraints of for example was once a one page Constitution which is now a law library! As far as a genetic link, well, that is due to genetic evolution and so is the positive and negative behaviors of all species! Treatment? Well, in the conversations I have with many others who have struggled with distress in there lives, they find there freedom, homeostasis not just from the modern concept of addiction, but from the those who try to addict them to the cult of AA and the classification of having a disorder. That is why in my case, I can take an opioid for the distress of physical pain without the craving of wanting more that is out of control. To treat addiction all the specialists should focus more on how to live in homeostasis with the minds addiction to a dying biology! To call it a disorder is actually to addict. Addictus! The modern construct of addiction and treatment came from classifying addiction as a brain disease now a disorder, to fund treating the modern construct of addiction. I can accept this and so can those I discuss addiction in other places, even my Mother, who has seen my struggles for a lifetime says this makes more sense than a disorder. Those who struggle to accept this, are the ones who have a career in treating a disorder or are addicted to looking to modern healthcare to solve there loved one’s distress played out by using a substance and the society that has been addicted to the modern construct of addiction! I’ve had some conversations with others in a Religious aspect to what I’m saying and they see how it fits when the serpent enticed or beguiled to bite the apple of knowledge! Sin = Addiction in this way! I’ve been trying to in so many ways to see an answer or definition to addiction that works, or is understandable. Addiction of the mind to a dying body and the pain, (distress) of that existence with the addictive constraints of society and the lack of personal freedom in society and trying to find homeostasis explains why I tried illicit drugs in the first place. Hindsight is 20/20! “There is an innate desire for freedom within each and every one of us. For some of us it manifests grossly as the desire to achieve some temporary goal like a new car or a better job.” ((Or, the freedom drugs can temporarily provide!)) That’s what craving is. It’s not for a drug, it’s for freedom! It’s the one addiction everyone has. Now what to do with it is the answer to everyone’s addiction! https://www.thebrightpath.com/en/articles/desire-freedom/“ As I wrote what I see in the current definition of addiction as to ambiguous to digest! In evolutionary terms, it’s good and bad or positive and negative, life sustaining and ending! The current application of the word addiction, needs a “meaning change”! Though temptation is not a sin in and of itself (Hebrews 4:15), impure thoughts and immoral actions are both wrong. Apart from God, we have no power to stand against these forces. In the world of psychiatry, they now say that temptations aka addiction is a disorder! A flaw, a “brain disease” NIDA or an OUD DSM! Temptation/craving is not the problem, the action is! While the idea to treat it becomes an ideological addiction in the sense that to control addiction aka society should be without opioids for pain, prohibition of alcohol! Or as it has been written “the epidemic will not end until this generation dies off”! Die due to evolutionary behavioral trait formation that didn’t work in an individual or society! Is there a treatment for evolution? Oh yes, let’s call it a disorder. I will just add one personal thing here. The idea of diagnosing addiction kept me from being allowed to find medical treatment for cluster headaches and other illnesses! Getting drugs from the street is why I am alive! Without out illicit drugs, I would have blown my brains out due to physical pain. Today, I take a prescribed opioid for pain and don’t have problems from it. This was due to the failure of the healthcare industry keeping some things ANONYMUS! In other words, they didn’t treat physical pain and because I saved my life on the streets, I was thus an addict! Negative and positive behavior becoming habitual will never end. Besides, to quote a psychologist, “You can get addicted to anything”. Now there’s an industry to treat being an evolving/adapting human!