You are ignoring Bippyone’s valid point that trauma needs treatment not just an educational approach. We can have different opinions on the modalities and context for such treatment, but very very few people will recover from trauma just through education and changes in external circumstances. In part because the brains functioning is changed by trauma experiences – and that is a fact. If we ignore the brain, why not ignore the rest of the physical form as well? Obviously this is a ridiculous idea. A whole person view of mental and physical health must include the physical form the ‘being’ lives in, it’s lived history and cultural/environmental contexts. This is not a statement against a SPIEL model, rather a recognition that it won’t alone fit all requirements for healing and growth.