Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Comments by Sa

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  • “what if we took individuals who are experiencing emotional crises…..and offered them safe spaces of respite? What if, the therapist was more of a guide and support, allowing the person to go through their experience and helping them to make meaning of it in the process? What if interventions….. focused on ensuring that the person feels safe, supported, heard, and understood? What if people who had gone through the experience themselves were to teach others……….What if???”

    My answer: If only!!! This is what we have tried to do to support our loved one….and we always think ‘If only, if only, if only’ our society and systems were set up to support this type of approach.

  • I am at a point of our journey where I am stepping away from commenting for various reasons, although still eagerly reading all these blogs and comments.

    I did, however, want to make a brief comment here about how grateful I am, Sandra, that you are willing to bring up and discuss involuntary care.

    Our own experience, is that involuntary care (both ‘lack of informed consent’ as well as situations of ‘force when there was ‘no consent’); completely changed things so that we ended up on a much more severe path.

    The worry and threat of possible involuntary care kept us living in a state of hyper – vigilance. and made it unbelievably MORE difficult to access services and to provide the healing environment we needed to provide to promote recovery.

  • Thank you for your informative and respectful response here; in spite of having some critical reactions to your post.

    I have not heard of ‘avatar therapy’ and wonder if more about that will be posted on MIA.

    I really like your final comment about the importance of being able to change our minds in the face of new information, and I echo Sandra Steingard’s point that Whitaker should have been treated with great respect for being able to discover and bring such important new information to light; rather than be vilified, as he has, by so many psychiatrists.

  • Shook

    This is my response to your response way above. The burden of proof of whether a treatment WORKS should fall on the doctors who force treatment. (We shouldn’t have to ‘prove’ it doesn’t work in order to not be forced medicated. ) Doctors should not be able to force treatment on people if it MIGHT make the recovery worse. (That is what informed consent is about.) Where is your proof that the use of antipsychotic medications shortens the length of psychosis as compared to say sleep medication, and being in a safe supportive environment? (eg. Similar to the ‘Soteria approach’ rather than the ‘locking them in a room’ scenario which seemed to be what you thought to be the only alternative to prescribing antipsychotic medication) Some people report good responses to antipsychotic medication in the short term, while others seem to have worsening symptoms and terrible side effects even in the short term (within the first few months for sure and maybe much sooner too). For a person who does not respond well to a low dose of antipsychotic medication, their fate seems to be to be given increasing dosages. There are many people who are not recovered, many who are severely ill who are left on antipsychotics. I wonder how many ‘brief’ psychotic attacks have been changed into chronic illness due to bad reactions or poor tolerance to antipsychotic medication. I noticed you did not address my point that you find the severely affected in state hospitals as well as on the street.

  • Shook,
    Your comments remind me of the “good, modern” treatment that I witnessed at a very respected hospital. The biggest problem I have with your comments (and the treatment at that hospital) is the lack of humility and uncertainty that leads to justification for forced medication. You cite extreme examples of horrific behaviours which also could have been prevented by providing other kinds of support or ‘forced safety’ (eg. humane confinement). Prescribing antipsychotics without informed consent, when it is not known whether or not it will worsen someone’s condition, is negligent.
    We heard this kind of faulty reasoning repeatedly. (e.g. medication is not proven to work, but if the patient gets worse than we have to use the medication (that is not proven to work). We was similar faulty reasoning that worked to always protect the idea that’current best practice’ is best. (e.g. “people get sicker in the hospital after being medicated because the disease is progressing” etc.
    You also say “I’ve met people who never took medications and the disease process was so severe that they were constantly preoccupied with voices and paranoia. They didn’t talk or interact with anyone, including their own family. Do you know what happens to those people? Look to the streets.” What about also “looking to” state hospitals where people like that,drugged with neuroleptics, sit and ‘don’t talk or interact with anyone, including their own families”?” Dr. Torrey talks of these patients in his books. I think the medical community refer to these people as ‘treatment resistant’, yet they keep them on neuroleptics anyways, probably killing any chance they have of getting better in the future.

    Some people who are in a severe state do seem to get better after a number of years and finding the key to how to improve the chances for more and more severely distressed people, is going to require the humility and openness that most psychiatrists seem to lack. In 25 years from now, what parts of ‘current best practice’ will the more thoughtful psychiatrists be apologizing for? Given all the uncertainty of treatment, the best ‘good’ psychiatrists can do at this time is to provide information about the uncertainty of treatment, provide full consent for treatment, fight against the current coersive aspects of ‘treatment’ that exists in the system and work with the wider helping community to ensure safe, humane spaces for people in extreme distress to be until they can move forward.

  • I am grateful that you can both see and admit to mistakes about how you understood schizophrenia, and the damage caused by antipsychotics.

    To me the next obvious obligation would be for you to try and ‘undo’ some of the damage caused by the misguided beliefs of your profession by speaking out against forced treatment, and by speaking for ‘informed consent. ….Will you? People in acute states can be kept safe without forcing them to take antipsychotics. No person should be forced to take drugs that have such terrible side effects and have not been proven to be more effective in the long run.

  • Thank you for this article. I also believe hope and humility are the key ingredients to providing support to people in extreme states. Passion and caring are important too, which made me very annoyed with the statement that professional said to you that you were “too passionate to be able to critically analyze [your] ideas”. This statement seems to me just another way to undermine a narrative different than the dominant narrative; even if it is phrased in a more ‘positive’ way ( probably because the person also likes and respects you). I personally have never seem any professional critically analyze their ideas more than you have over the course of your journey. I , for one, hope you keep blogging even after you stop working.

  • Dr. Gold,
    In case you are aware of this article and are reading these responses to try and better understand why people have the reactions to psychiatry that you describe, I thought I would add this comment. You seem like a well- meaning person, but you do not seem to understand the ‘humility’ and ‘uncertainty’ that is so necessary that would enable you to approach your patients in a truly helpful and respectful way, in a way that would ensure that you did not add any harm to very vulnerable people

    I will just use one example (from the many I saw) from your article, that demonstrated this lack of humility and uncertainty in regards to what is ‘best treatment’ for your patients. You write “And, without understanding the therapeutic benefit of engaging in connections with others on the unit, it can feel restrictive to have visiting hours and not be able to have a significant other or family member spend the night.” It is such an arrogant position that you take here, particularly given the very limited training in counselling that many psychiatrists seem to have. I think it is pretty established by now, that stress and fear (and lack of sleep) exasperate the situation of a person who is in extreme distress. You assume, from this statement, that the surface connections that a person might develop and engage in during the limited time of an inpatient stay, are more effective than the patient’s deep trusting relationships, to help him/her through such a terrifying, fearful time of troubling thoughts and strange feelings. I think you should let the patient let YOU know how he/she feels the most safe and what would be most helpful. I know when my loved one was experiencing very confused thinking, a terrifying night spent alone in an inpatient unit resulted in staying awake all night and a much worsened condition. The response from staff? “It is very common for people to get worse once they come to hospital”. (My thoughts about that response: “No Wonder”).

    I hope I have been able to clearly express to you, why, as a family member, I don’t think you ‘completely get it’. If you are serious about wanting to be an ally to patients, why not read the blogs on MIA of psychiatrist Sandra Steingard , who has worked for decades in this area and who advocates ‘slow psychiatry’. She is always responsive to emails from all, so I am sure you could get a lot of guidance from her.

    If anyone from MIA is posting directly to Dr. Gold’s article, could you let her know there are responses to her article over here on MIA?

  • Wonderful! Such a hopeful new direction. Thanks for all involved in creating this program.

    On another note…. I wanted to draw people’s attention to the petition that is going around for Reid Bertino (who recently wrote the blog ‘I am insane’. ). Details can be found in the ‘Support for Reid’ post in the organizing forum. It would be great if he got a bunch of signatures on his petition


  • Hi travailler-vous,

    I only have just now (a year and a half later) seen this wonderful, heartfelt response you wrote! (I guess I saw the first comment and still I don’t use the ‘notify me’ button that is available on this site very efficiently.) I am not sure if you will ever see this reply, but I realized that I haven’t seen you commenting much anymore and just wanted you to know that I hope all is going well, and I too wish you the very best!

  • I appreciate the above discussion about the importance of compassion and of avoiding simplistic judgements.

    For me, however, the main problem with ‘blame’ is when ‘outsiders’ (in particular those outsiders who are in a position of power such as therapists and psychiatrists), generalize their experience or observations to assign ‘inaccurate blame’ based on theoretical constructs (even theoretical constructs that have a lot of value). This is why I appreciate so much the following paragraph in this article:

    “A better approach is for professionals to be uncertain about what happened to cause the psychosis and what is going on now, and to support everyone in exploring possible viewpoints or understandings, in a way that supports taking personal responsibility for mistakes but also seeks to avoid inaccurate or excess attributions of blame or responsibility.”

    For me – this point cannot be emphasized enough given the wide variability that exists with people who extreme states -and given the terrible things that have happened in the past (and that continue to happen) both to the people who experience extreme states, and also to their families. The answers need to come from within the person’s particular story: ‘what happened to you’, NOT what others tell you has happened to you. Another quote of Ron’s that I have alway appreciated is when he says something like – ‘people can break their ankle from a big accident, but also from stepping off the curb’. We must not make people feel that their ‘reasons’ aren’t ‘significant enough’ or ‘bad enough’ to warrant such an extreme reaction.

    That being said, it makes complete sense (and there is lots of research to support the position), that the more adversity you face, the bigger the chance you have of a extreme reaction; so I know it is also important to not lose sight of that, nor to lose sight of the importance of creating environments that allow a person to freely talk/explore ‘what happened to them’.

  • What a great, practical initiative. If there is any positive response from ‘Navigate’ to ‘updating’ the Family Education manual, I wonder if they would consider using “The British Psychological Society Report on Psychosis” as a resource manual – I am not hearing very much about that report any more.

    This is so discouraging – all the new information that I think must be slowly getting ‘out there’, and then hearing about such a backward manual.

  • Extremely well written and important critique. I find that the ‘changing face’ of psychiatry (e.g. the anti-stigma campaigns, the inclusion of personal stories such as in this documentary, the introduction of ‘open dialogue’ type interviews in some inpatient units); masks the more fundamental problems of mainstream psychiatry that are ongoing (lack of informed consent for treatment, simplification of complex issues, the psychiatrist as ‘director’ rather than `consultant’, lack of information about other routes to recovery).

  • I had wanted to also say that having a huge wealth of data like this from families (which could include recording drug use, resulting behaviours etc. ) could also help with finding answers to questions such as which people in extreme distress (and when) might benefit from the short term use of neuroleptics, and which people in extreme distress are further harmed by using these drugs, EVEN in the SHORT term.

  • I also love this post and love the initiatives. I too think a “family” bucket is so important for the reasons rossaforbes describes. In addition, I think that there is such a wealth of information that the families of people going through extreme states carry, that is not being tapped and which could go a long way towards providing information about the different ways, different people go through extreme states, and what recovery can look like (with and without drugs). If there was some kind of anonymous, online way for families to provide detailed information about, say, the progression of the participation in simple daily life activities, and different things tried, etc., etc, it could (after years) eventually provide great help, hope and information for future families. Of course this kind of information is most powerful coming from the survivors themselves, in their personal narratives; but I am talking about something a little bit different than that. I am talking about recording things that could be compiled to provide objective data, for all sorts of things. I am also talking about recording things during the times when people are so out of contact they are not yet speaking for themselves. This could provide quite a different narrative that is currently provided by the mainstream psychiatric community.(You know all those gloomy predictions about what it means if ‘the state of ‘psychosis’ lasts for 6 months’ etc.) To give just one example: If one knew about other people who had remained lying down in bed pretty motionless for about 21 hours each day, and that this went on for months, and yet the person then recovered from that state without being forced to take the drugs (which seemed to have preceded so many of the problems in the first place), one would be able to function with much less stress when supporting a loved one in extreme distress.)

  • HI Ron,

    Thanks so much for including the video on the application of the compassion for voices approach. The 5 minute video of compassion for voices is something we have watched a lot, and this lecture from Dr. Charile Heriot -Maitland was very helpful to me as a support person. I like how he talked about developing one’s ‘soothing system’ and how important it is -it may me feel so hopeful about how the environment we are trying to maintain in our home may be allowing our loved one to eventually work through things. I liked his humbleness, and how much he believes in the brain’s ability to heal itself. There was even some very simple practical suggestions (a breathing app which has a visual to help someone slow down their breathing) that we thought might be useful to show our loved one.

    I wonder if there is any way that Dr. Heriot-Maitland and Robert Whitaker could add this (the 5 minute video and the lecture) to the ‘education’section of MIA so more people would realize it was out there?

  • Hi Oldhead,

    I do know what you mean about ‘psychosis’ being the word for the most extreme form of “mental illness” and have experienced first hand how that word changes everything in the eyes of both the mental health system and society. This reminds me of Noel Hunter’s articles about when she has tried to press psychologists who ‘treat’ dissociative disorders to describe how ‘dissociation’ is different from ‘psychosis’, and how the professionals’ responses indicated how uncomfortable they felt about there being any connection between dissociation and psychosis. I think I am going to be more careful in the future to talk about ‘extreme distress’ or extreme states so as not to push my loved one further into that ‘box’. Perhaps not having a ‘word’ can help us look at ‘individual situations’ as per the open dialogue approach.

  • Hi Truth In Psychiatry,
    Your comment highlights exactly my own concerns about this discussion, and I think it is a crucial ‘addendum’ to have with the article! I do think it is important to consider all the risks and factors that may play a role in an emotional breakdown, but unless professionals or other helping people approach any specific situation with a great deal of humility, and without preconceived ideas about what has happened, they run the risk of doing great harm. This is so especially true for something like psychosis that seems to have so many different causes both physical and emotional. (Like Paris says things such as heavy metal posioning, but there could also be other physical reasons that we haven’t yet figured out) That is why I also believe that the open dialogue approach is such an important approach to take.

    I also think that it is so important to so careful when writing about theories, and to always be careful not to overstate theories, I actually feel more concerned about the lack of ‘accuracy’ than about whether something sounds ‘parent blaming’ or not. For example a statement such as “so much of the trauma that shows up in psychosis is actually preverbal experience contained in the body”, is overstated, in my opinion. It might be or it might not be, and though there can be great value in working through plausible theories, one must be always aware that they are theoretical, and treat ideas related to theory with the necessary humility. Likewise although I found this idea interesting and think it could have some truth “….if some terrible trauma happens later in life they’re less likely to develop psychosis due to having a stronger foundation (they might develop PTSD or mood problems instead)”, I don’t think it is NECESSARILY true, It could be that people’s bodies react in different ways to trauma.
    If writers could be really careful about how they state theories and how they talk about ’causes’, then maybe we could avoid these kind of back and forth comments, and discuss the content of the article more freely.

    Otherwise I really appreciate this article and commend both Paris and Matt for their work!
    ps I have tried to send a comment about this 3 times and I never see it so hopefully multiple comments wont be posted!

  • Truth in Psychiatry,
    You have described perfectly my own concerns about this discussion . I too appreciate very much the work of both Paris and Matt, but I feel your comment here is a very necessary addendum to this article.

    Paris and Matt , Thank you so much for this article. I am so sorry to hear about the New Zealand health care system. I hope, Paris, you will be able to continue your good work in some capacity that will lead to more positive changes there.
    About the ‘names’. I really agree with what someone said on this comment thread that saying someone is ‘going through psychosis’, sounds much different and better to me then describing someone as ‘psychotic’. Saying someone is psychotic sounds more like a ‘character trait’ rather than a hopefully temporary state they are going through. It also lends itself (in popular culture) to being used interchangably with other terms such as ‘psycho’ or ‘psychopath’.

  • I also could not believe the effects I witnessed in my loved one when Olanzapine was introduced. I always wonder how much of the terrible time they had afterwards was due to drug withdrawal vs symptoms of distress (for lack of a better word). I often think in our case if it was both-that the drug use and withdrawal fueled the distressed responses into something unmanagable. I was curious if you experienced all these horrible symptoms after ‘tapering slowly’, or if you were forced to stop more suddenly, and how long your symptoms went on for.

  • “The anti psychotics certainly work short term during crisis periods”…I was reading over my response and just wanted to add that although anti psychotics are reported to to help some people in the short term, in our case I truly believe that is what set things off on a much more serious course for our loved one. I can’t stress enough how important I think it is to ‘WAIT” (for at least 6 months if not a year) after a first episode before even considering drugs because of this possibility, and in order to try and figure out ‘what’s what’ in terms of the ‘2 continuums’ model. I think Sandra Steingard’s ‘slow psychiatry’ speaks to this by saying ‘hold off for as long as possible with drugs.

  • Knowledgeispower, as a family member, I want to thank you so much, for your comment; and I completely agree with what both you and Matt say.

    I think the open dialogue model is so powerful as it doesn’t presuppose any particular cause. Instead, as least how I understand it, issues and factors come forth through the discussion of the person with their community. If the decision making power is in the hands of the individual, then hopefully his/her community could also exclude any relationships that the person felt were too abusive to include. If the way forward with healing comes from the indivudual circumstances of the person, like in Open Dialogue, then the community is protected from ‘theory driven’ therapies (e.g. the schizophrenic mother as you describe above) that can so severely damage the individual and his community.

    I often think of going into psychosis ( from my simple ‘family member’ perspective) as being a result of two continuums. One is ‘vulnerability’ to psychosis (which would include all the possible medical, genetic , hormonal, diet, physical environmental toxins, a person’s individual body ‘response’ to stress, etc., etc, which may or may not be turn out to be things that can contribute to psychosis). The other continuum would be all the adverse ‘psychological’ events that a person may experience (jtrauma, abuse, social issues, bullying, things happening at critical developmental times etc.) If you have enough of ‘one’ continuum (eg. drug toxicity as described in Katinka’s article about the `drugs that steal`), you don`t necessarily need anything from the other continuum to make you go into psychosis. If you are a person who suffered severe abuse or trauma, it is amazing if you don`t go into psychosis.

    As a family member I look back at the pre-psychosis time, and think that there were certainly ways I could have been different (if I had understood more ) to better support the extremely sensitive, ethical and creative soul I had been entrusted with. However, more heart breaking for me, is how I reacted during the time of the break down. The way my loved one was being, was so exactly similar to the adolescent angst that èveryone`talks about. I had no idea that the depths of the suffering might have been much greater. Then, extreme anxiety set in as I did not want my love one to have the symptoms that could be so hurtful to them, and that are so full of stigma in our society (..spoiler alert …if you try to ignore or suppress them – they don`t go away). (Just as an aside – I was anxious about how the stigma would affect my loved one’s life- not about any concern about stigma for me as a family member.) Finally Rossa Forbes has spoken so eloquently about how a family`s treatment of a loved one can change as a result of the way a person in psychosis starts to act and be towards others. Those early days when I tried to ‘criticize or cry`in order to reach my loved one, and to bring them back to be the person I thought I knew so well, will also be always burned into my memory.

    Imagine if I had instead being enveloped into a supportive, accepting community which could have guided me through my reactions to my loved one`s extreme distress. Imagine what a better support I could have been and what a difference that might have made to my loved one.

  • Hi Circuscats,
    Thanks for your comment. I am so happy this article is reaching such a wide audience. it is so important to be having this discussion with people who have different opinions about the value of psychiatric medication rather than “preaching to the choir”, so to speak.

    Katrina’s response to Kate below seems to speak to some of your concerns. I just wanted to add that I have been reading MIA for a few years now, and I find that people here do not argue against an individual’s experience, or individual choices with drugs. Some people who post here take psychiatric medications. However, what a great many people, including myself, have a problem with, is when people have not given ‘informed consent’ before taking these drugs. `Informed’ consent means knowing all the possible risks of taking these drugs, and also being given an honest ‘evaluation of the literature in terms of any drug’s effectiveness. When you suggest that Katrina should not publicize her experience because other people might not take medications, you are, in my humble opinion, supporting that people should not be given informed consent. This is what the psychiatric community has been doing for decades, and I think is one of the major reasons why we can’t get to the truth of what helps and what does not help. Also I think it is important to realize that Katrina’s story is not just about a ‘drug company’ cover up , it is about psychiatrists not believing and not being able to see that drugs were causing her symptoms. This is very serious indeed and povides very strong support as to why Katrina’s story should be spread widely and loudly.

  • Thank you so much for this article which is sure to bring a lot of attention to the dangers of psychiatric drugs. What will be so convincing to people about your story is how quickly you returned to health after stopping the drugs. Your symptoms seem to be entirely related to psych drug use.

    There are also many other people who suffer from psychosis, severe apathy (unable to dress), etc. independent of psych drug use. However, I believe there could be many of these people whose condition is made worse by psych drug use. If symptoms can be ‘created’ by drug use as in your case, it only makes sense that these same symptoms could also be ‘made worse’ in vulnerable people. I get so irritated when I hear psychiatrists argue about when, or whether ‘relapses’ are due to ‘illness’ rather than ‘medication’ , as if it is necessarily an either/or situation. So called ‘treatment resistant’ people are often left for years on drugs, never getting the chance to see what would happen if they had years to slowly recover without the psych drugs, drugs that could very likely be hindering their recovery. In the pre- drug area, there are stories of people recovering after years of languishing in mental institutions. I wonder if one ever hears these kind of stories now about people who have spent years on psych drugs in mental institutions.

  • Hi Selena,

    I just came back to this post and saw this request you have made for ongoing support from a group of people in terms of an online forum. I just went to the forum and saw that there were no responses to your posts and that you have stopped posting. I wonder if it is because, like me, people commented on Reid’s post and then moved on so never saw your request. The other thing I wondered about is whether those of us who do not feel it is safe to post publicly, feel leery of signing up to another site that requires your name and email.

    I for one would love to enter into discussions with you and hear your updates about Reid. I know exactly what you mean when you say that your world becomes very small in terms of who is willing to listen on an ongoing basis to your situation. And just so you know, reading your comments and hearing about how Reid is so concerned about your well being , makes me think that you are exactly the type of person I would like to discuss these things with.
    Do you think that you could open a forum for Reid on the MIA site ? I would certainly be there very regularly and believe it would support me as much as it would support you.

  • I didn’t see in this article anywhere whether they followed the Open Dialogue practice of holding back from using antipsychotic drugs until much, much later. (and then in low doses for a much smaller percentage of people). To me this is a very crucial part of the Open Dialogue format. I hope ‘collaberation with patients’ means an absence of ‘forced treatment’ and truly ‘informed’ consent when medication is used.

  • I have really appreciated your article and your comments here, particularly in this paragraph: “… it is not necessarily trauma and abuse that causes psychotic experiences/withdrawal. It can be stress of any kind, isolation, fear for any number of reasons. The potential causes are many and they all interact with each other. But I think there is always a set of reasons and a story behind why people are withdrawn and psychotic at a given time. Such experiences are not a meaningless brain disease.” Our family has been working very hard to try and provide the type of environment at home that will best support our loved one. It has been a few years now, but what I realize is that our loved one is at least no longer experiencing the type of ‘terror’ I used to see. I still see distress, and I worry very much about the limited communication and interaction with the world. Hearing stories like yours are vital for giving me the hope and the confidence I need. I believe as more people bravely come forward to tell their stories, the hope these stories provide will snowball and more and more families will feel empowered to stand up to the mental health system when their loved one needs them to stand with them.

  • Just wanted to let you know that I am with you Liz in both your response above to Harper West above, and this response here. What is happening in terms of the dx and medication of children with ADHD is truly horrifying. However I find that Dr. Berezin’s posts that explaind what he believes to be the causes of different conditions that get labelled as psychosis, scizophrenia, ADHD etc., (while containing a lot of good stuff), are full of simplifications and over generalizations. Why his posts are disturbing to me is that he is a professional – a psychiatrist- who presents his theories as if they are ‘facts’. Our community has suffered enough from the `over confidence’ (to put it politely) of psychiatrists who claim to know things to be true that they can not possibly know. I think it is sad as I think he could have so much to offer if he approach these topics with more humility and openness. I actually think MIA should put disclaimers or do something on posts (from professionals in positions of power) when they present theories as facts. In my opinion posts like these (and responses like Harper West’s response) can really undermine the credibility of MIA.

    Mr. Berezin could

  • Hi Truth in Psychiatry,
    Whenever I read your wonderful story, I worry that psychiatrists like Pies will dismiss your input by saying that your son had a “brief psychotic disorder” and that people with brief psychotic disorder do recover quickly, and that psychiatrists see this happening frequently after standard ‘best practice’ in the hospital.
    Indeed when my loved one was in the hospital and put on antipsychotics, we were told that being on antipsychotics would ‘hopefully just be for a couple of months’. The problem was that for our loved one, milder symptoms morphed into much more serious symptoms first after forced commitment, (what kind of logic is behind separating people from the people they know and trust at the time when they are experiencing troubling thoughts and confusion over reality!), and then again after drugs were introduced , withdrawn and changed. Of course the ‘narrative’ of psychiatry insist that all worsening symptoms are always due to ‘illness’ not ‘drugs’.
    I wish so much we had been able to give our loved one the type of support that you gave your son –and wonder if our story would be more similar to your story if we had.
    This is one of those many areas that psychiatry refuses to consider – does their “treatment’ (immediate use of antipsychotics, lack of ‘wrap around’ support from loved and trusted people etc.) change the trajectory of some people from having ‘a brief psychotic disorder’ (to use psychiatric terms) to something more severe and chronic. If psychiatrists believe in brief psychotic disorder (and they do) why on earth does their ‘best practice’ not, AT THE LEAST, include a ‘wait and see’ period of at least 6 months, before subjecting people to drugs which they know have such huge effects, when they themselves know many may recover quickly without them,
    This would all be figured out if ‘ethical’ studies for first episode psychosis, such as the one Robert Whitaker describes in his response below, (and similar to your son’s experience) were undertaken.

  • Alex – I found reading about your story and then your questions about why some people heal and others get trapped very interesting. This is the question most prominent on my mind as I try to support my loved one on the journey back to wellness.

  • “It rises to a level of groupthink that I have never before encountered in any societal institution.”

    Such a chilling comment and so accurate – this was our experience too. I join others who give you a big thank you for writing such a powerful post. Best wishes for your further recovery.

  • Eric,
    I don’t want to side track the conversation on this post, but it sounds from your comment that you are ‘out’ of the ward now. I sure hope that it is true and I wish you all the best.

  • Hi Selena and Reid,
    What a heart-breaking story and so terrifying and so mind numbing to try to live through such an unjust system.I can certainly support all you say about the crazy -making responses that come from ‘the psychiatric team’. From our experience with our loved one, everything you say resounds with truth.

    Two comments Reid made particularly resonate with me: “Be open. Be honest. Be transparent.” I’ve come to understand that this motto only applies to the patients, not to the hospital. The hospital is rarely held accountable for anything, and legally doesn’t have to be held accountable. “……We found this to be so very true and so very scary.

    The second quote really underlines what a caring and thoughtful person Reid seems to be:
    ” I’m not just writing for myself. Most of the patients here can’t speak up for themselves like I can, and therefore are utterly helpless to defend themselves against the lack of accountability.” It is so true that so many people that suffer are unable to write such a compelling post (or any post) Thank you, Reid, for thinking of them even as you are in the middle of your own terrifying experience. And Serena, as a mother, my heart goes out to you – it is obvious from this post what a great support you have been to your son.

  • My thanks to all who organized and participated in this Vigil, and my thanks to you Sera for your articles and your perseverance in keeping this issue in the spotlight. I believe this is exactly the type of tangible action that will eventually lead to change (even if it feels that noone is listening). Let’s hope for at least some small positive change on Sunday. At least the Globe reporters I am sure are now reading all of your articles .

  • As always – thanks so much for your caring and persistence. It has really helped as we try to support and help navigate the best course for our loved one.

    I think the reason why you feel like a ‘dog with a bone’ is because your critics either can’t or won’t really listen, consider and give the proper weight to your arguments.

  • Thank you Bonnie for a very insightful article.

    You say ” oppressed groups, harbour an inherent distrust of the establishment, have a standpoint which, while hardly foolproof, uniquely positions us to see through the official line”. This helps me realize how difficult and in some cases impossible it can be for people for whom ‘institutions’ have always provided a sense of safety and security, to really `see’ what is going on, and to understand what is the best way to go forward.

    Now that the ‘security blanket’ of ‘institutions we traditionally depended on have been ripped out from beneath us, our way forward to help our loved one, has been fraught with so much self doubt and continual reanalysis about what is the best way to promote recovery, and we have felt such a lack of support from our ‘traditional’ community (despite the best of intentions in some cases). Luckily we have been able to slowly forge a new community helped by people who have a much better understanding of how inadequate systems are for oppressed groups.

  • Thanks so much for this analysis and update.

    It make me so relieved to think that Garth is now at home with his family and being treated with empathy and compassion. However, it frightens me so much to think that if this could happen to someone who did not have the symptoms of ‘schizophrenia’, what chance would a person who did have more symptoms of ‘schizophrenia’ have had to escape from that type of torture. It is truly horrifying how fragile human rights are once someone is diagnosed with mental illness.

  • I also would love to have this very difficult discussion discussed more, and I would if both Dr. Breggin wrote more about their opinions and feelings on this issue. I often talk about differentiating between ‘forced safety’ and ‘forced treatment’ but I understand there are so many ways people can feel traumatized, and I am sure ‘forced safety’ would look very different depending on how much respect/understanding someone had towards the person.

    Based on our family’s situation, I would argue that forced treatment by antipsychotics should never happen even in the short term due to the lack of science behind the long term effects of even short term use; because of the potentially very severe side effects, but mostly because it is our belief that the introduction of antipsychotic medication set our family member on a much more severe course of illness.

  • Thank you Dr. Breggin,
    This particularly resonates with me:
    “Going to a psychiatrist, or to other healthcare providers, exposes the already distressed individual to the risk of incarceration and forced treatment with little or no due process…… People often avoid seeking help for fear of being locked up and/or forced to take drugs, when voluntary psychotherapeutic interventions can be lifesaving”.

    As a family member trying to provide a healing environment outside of the traditional mental health system we found the ‘threat of involuntary treatment’ seriously impeded our efforts. We needed to be constantly vigilant that “helpful citizens” did not call for ambulance etc. that could put our loved one at risk of being forcibly medicated. The stress of this was enormous, not to mention that it seriously limited our ability to hire/find other people to help us in our efforts. Luckily we survived the ‘intense period’ and our loved one has moved away from that stage. Even now, though, his recovery process is limited by this ‘threat’ as we can’t encourage or support his independence as much as we would like to (going for walks alone, allowing him to express himself loudly and in whatever way he needs to at home for fear of others overhearing etc.etc.).

    In my responses I often make the distinction between ‘forced safety’ and ‘forced treatment’. I wonder what you think about having ‘Forced safety’ as an option for those very difficult situations? (to be used very carefully in situations such as helping someone avoid jail, or hurting themselves, or as a way to help more people support the end of involuntary treatment)

  • I am so glad you will try to get this piece into places like Huffington Post and Psychology today. I think it would be so valuable for the average citizen to be able to compare the pieces back and forth.
    I followed the blogs of Pies and Frances and tried to argue points and at times they seemed to be genuinely trying to listen to what responders were saying and trying to use logical arguments to back up their points. But as time passed it became too mind numbing to participate – I could clearly see what could only be described as this ‘cognitive dissonance’ you speak of, in action. Frances present studies that supported their position, and then Pies responded to points that had been made by critical studies only when they came up from commenters. A series of papers were written, each becoming more ‘sleek’ then the previous one in terms of presenting their case. Seeing that the whole discussion was initially prompted, I think, by an ‘overview of studies’ that had recently been published and that did NOT show that psychotic medications improved outcome, it was mind boggling to see the final article by Pie (in The Psychiatric Times) be given the title “Long Term use of antipsychotic treatment: Effective and often necessary with caveats” . How does “effective and often necessary “come from a review of studies that does not prove antipsychotic medication improves outcome?

    Frances and Pie have both spoken about how forced treatment is either a ‘paper tiger’ that rarely happens, or that ‘consent’ is important. Yet our experience with a very trusted and prestigious hospital showed us that forced treatment happens regularly, and very quickly, and neither of these men seem to either acknowledge or speak to this issue.

    The most compelling point for me is described when Whitaker writes the following:
    “At the same time, what does it mean to be on the drug and to not have relapsed? If 70% of the drug-maintained patients failed to improve or worsened, with only 5% of the hospitalized patients who stayed on medications discharged, what is the state of a “non-relapsed” patient? Is a patient who sits quietly on a ward in a subdued state judged to have been “non-relapsed”? If someone is still too dysfunctional to be released, how does that qualify as a “good outcome,” e.g., non-relapsed?”
    I feel like I have figuratively jumped up and down screaming about this issue, saying “what about ‘do no harm’ ” ; only to have ‘good’ psychiatrists reply “well that is how it works in medicine…you do your best judgement with what you know at the time”…..How can it possibly be in anyone’s best interest to be given medications (often without informed consent) that leaves them in such a subdued and dysfunctional state….for years!!!!!

    I remember Sandra Steingard’s describing how she felt after she read Anatomy of an Epidemic, and how it caused her to rethink Psychiatry. I wonder why more psychiatrists did not have responses like that. Perhaps they have, but perhaps many of them are afraid to voice their opinions as Sandra Steingard, just like Robert Whitaker, have been viciously criticized by prominent psychiatrists in the field, when they have tried to present alternatives to the current ‘narrative’ surrounding the use of antipsychotic medications.

  • Another article that is extremely helpful in a practical way for our family.

    You say:
    “Instead, we may find ourselves at war with ourselves, even long after the trauma is over. One part of ourselves may want to remember and focus on the trauma and being hypervigilant and distrusting, to avoid chances of the same thing happening again, while another part wants to forget the trauma, and to relax and start trusting again so we can go on with everyday life.”

    I wonder if this is exactly what we are hearing when we listen to our loved one have arguments with himself about whether or not he is allowed to “be okay”. (I would love to write more details but can’t for privacy reasons as it is not my story to tell……)

    It is funny how long it takes (at least for me) to really understand new ideas that are different to my set way of thinking. I don’t know how many times I have watched Eleanor Longden’s video about “Stuart and his Voices” and how much I have thought about compassionate based therapy and yet still didn’t put it together that the ‘arguments’ we are hearing might be related to feelings of lack of self compassion rather than anger towards others or situations, (regardless of how/where the difficulties arose in the first place), and how further developing a compassionate self seems to be so crucial to ultimately solving difficulties.

    I try to not say too much in response to my loved one, just make assurances that I am listening and trying to understand, but sometimes when I have made comments back along the lines of recognizing the need for self compassion (…about not blaming oneself etc.), the resulting calmness has been amazing.

  • I couldn’t agree more about the ridiculous nature of the term’ ‘treatment resistant’ depression. It joins a long list of comments made to us by psychiatrists in the hospital that involved some form of circular reasoning.

    Thank you for your article Christopher. What impressed me the most is how carefully you write about your experience, acknowledging the uncertainty of what caused what etc. Thank you

  • I think it must have taken great courage for you to write this piece. I wonder if you realise how much comfort, relief, and understanding this will bring not only to the people who have suffered in this way, but also to their families, friends and loved ones. Thank you

  • I find what you and your family are being forced to suffer through unbelievably horrific. Is there no way of legally arguing to have the court document changed so you could support your daughter at home? Although we dont have a lot, I would certainly (annoyomously) contribute to a fund supporting legal fees for your daughter’s case and I bet a lot of other people would too.

  • Thanks so much for sharing that! That was such an amazing integration of information – one could speculate how all sorts of factors might contribute to either increasing or decreasing how anxiety and stress affect the brain to more or less degrees – from childhood adversity or abuse, from all types of adversity, to nutrition, neurological suseptibility from toxins or genes, from accidents and head injuries, from having more developed sensibilities towards justice, adversity from peers, family crisis or dysfunction, from having more imagination, from hormonal changes etc, etc. etc….and makes it glaringly obvious how inadequate neuroleptic medication is as a solution.

  • ….still can’t stopping thinking about this article and about Allen Frances and Ronald Pies ‘responses’ over on psychology today….I guess God never granted me with the serenity to accept the things I cannot change…….

    So what I am now wondering is, is Pete Earley going to post this piece by you as he said he would ? – You do indeed talk about the selective use of antipsychotics in this piece:

    “Instead, I think the scientific literature argues for a dramatic rethinking of their use, organized around two principles:
    Try to avoid immediate use of neuroleptics in first episode patients, as there will be a significant percentage who will recover without the medications (but aided by other forms of treatment), and this is a good outcome for those patients.
    Once the medications are used, there should be an effort to minimize their long-term use, with regular support for drug-tapering protocols.”

    (The one thing I wish you had also added in this summary is that another reason to avoid immediate use of neuroleptics is because some of the people who may have recovered without medication (but aided with other forms of treatment) , become worse AFTER medication is given, which may mean that the medication initiates a more chronic course of illness in some people. – I know you have written about this and why this might happen extensively, but I think it belongs in the summary.)

    I guess I know the answer is probably no, that Pete Earley did not publish the piece but I wonder what he would say if asked to publish a piece by Sandra Steingard that was endorsed by you? At the very least I would like families to become more aware that they should at least support their loved one by taking `time’ to research and figure out the best course of action (e.g. months rather than the hours or days that usually occur in inpatient units) before starting on such a risky path as taking antipsychotic medications. (…My apologies if suggesting that Pete Earley might publish such a piece sounds very naive!)

  • I know I have already responded to this post, but I can’t stop thinking about it, and the more I think about it, the more upset I become. I can’t believe there has not been a huge response to the recent study by epidemiologists at Columbia University and City College of New York. Does it make any sense at all that ’thought leaders’ would spend their time criticizing Mr. Whitaker’s response to that study, rather than discussing the study and what the findings might mean to ‘evidence-based’ practice? I had a similar strange experience when I asked for opinions about the study from local ‘thought leaders’. What resulted was a tirade against Robert Whitaker, despite my protest that Robert Whitaker did not participate in this review. The reaction was certainly one of ‘shooting the messenger’, and no one was paying any attention at all to the ‘message’. I guess the reason people do this (consciously or unconsciously) must be because they are unable or unwilling to deal with the information. It is so unfair to Mr. Whitaker, although I must say, I have never seen such an example of ‘grace under fire’ as he displays in the face of so many untrue insults.
    Like Mr. Whitaker, I believed in the mental health system until we had a personal encounter with it. Our experience was very recent, was at a top notch center and the things that happened to our family were considered ‘best standard’ practice. I believe the professionals involved in our situation truly wanted to see our family member recover, and a few of the many professionals involved even were truly empathetic and honest. Yet the treatment was very wrong for our family member. I believe the treatment greatly worsened our family member’s symptoms, and put our family member on a much more severe (even life-threatening) path. When we started to question the ‘narrative’, the change in attitude of many of the professionals was remarkable. The only way our family was able to piece together how to best help our family member, was by gaining access to the type of information that Mr. Whitaker has brought to light: We found our answers in what many here would call the ‘true narrative’ of psychiatry. We think the ‘faulty narrative’ of psychiatry changed our family member from having (likely temporary) significant difficulties, to having very severe, chronic difficulties. The ‘faulty narrative of psychiatry’ which does not allow people to view coercive treatment or psych medications as potentially harmful to some people, (even in the short term), prevented our caring professionals from hearing our concerns, and from figuring out what was making our family member sicker. Thanks in a large part to Robert Whitaker’s investigative journalism and to the information, education, people and ideas we have accessed through MIA and the recovery movement, our loved is now on the road to recovery rather than remaining in a chronic state.

  • Robert Whitaker,

    You must be so exhausted trying to present this information over and over and over, in response to critics who twist what you say, accuse you of things you haven’t said, and NEVER< NEVER<NEVER actually talk to the points you make. There must be so many psychiatrists reading this post – but I wager not one would be able to write a logical summary as to why or how this carefully worded, extremely thought out presentation of research could possibly be thought of as 'simplistic' or 'categorical'.

    Thank you for being `the messenger' and having the courage to put up with all the `shooting' that comes with that role.

  • Fiachra,

    So much of what you write resonates with our situation. I agree wholeheartedly that … ” when stressed the mind doesn’t have access to ‘higher reasoning’” … and thus that …”Extreme anxiety can be classed as psychosis’… (and as ‘catatonia’). By any chance are you going to, or have you already written a ‘personal story of your journey through and out of the Mental Health System?

    …The illogical reasoning some doctors use is truly incredible….. I am keeping a list that I will post someday. Here is an example – one doctor said after my loved one got much. much worse IN the hospital… “your child does NOT have depression…..but IF your child DOES have depression it started before your child came into the hospital” (how is that for covering one’s ‘behind’ LOL) .

  • Steve,

    I just wanted to say that I appreciated your comment, and your distinction between ‘taking responsibility’ and ‘blaming ‘ . Another important distinction between the two words is that ‘taking responsibility’ sounds to me more like ‘self evaluation’ which is so important and as you say often painful; whereas ‘blame’ sounds more to me like ‘outsiders’ looking in and deciding what the problem is, which may often be inaccurate or too simplistic. This relates to my comment above.

  • Hi Alex,
    I think why there is a the big problem with the ‘blame’ issue is not about the question of whether or not parents should take responsibility.

    The problem seems to me more to do with outsiders looking at a person in extreme distress and then deciding that THEY KNOW what is the root cause of the problem for their particular situation. (In other words ‘too simplistic’ or ‘inaccurate’ blaming) It is the looking at “symptoms to determine the cause” problem which we all know so well from traditional psychiatry. (A professional on this site have even gone so far as to equate ‘severity’ of ‘psychiatric disorders’ as a way of determining the extent and timing of trauma from parents- These are things someone can not possibly know, yet their opinion on this matter could carry a lot of weight due to their position )

    I, too, love Steve’s points about taking responsibility and I believe it applies to all parents and indeed to all people. As Steve says parenting is hard, kids are complex, but why some people and not other people “go mad when they encounter key life issues, …etc”(to quote Ron) is not known and could be due to a myriad of factors. One thing you say is that ” Parents have got to know that they are the universe for their children until a certain age.” I agree with you, but remember that it usually when people are young adults that they experience extreme distress, and at that time, children do not believe their parents are the universe but rather are trying to find their own reality in the world (so many influencing factors to consider at that point,,,,)

    I believe that approaches that do not make ‘assumptions’ (such as open dialogue) are the approaches that has the least potential for harm and the best chance of supporting the community of a person in extreme distress. In the context of a person’s own community, ‘real”individualized’ ‘problems can be met with (as Ron says) “humanistic, complex, and individually tailored solutions that might really fit particular people and families.” Of course there could be many situations when abuse or family dysfunction would mean that a person would not even choose their ‘original ‘family’ to be part of the community that supports them -but that is why individual solutions are necessary. And of course there could be huge or less huge changes that any or all ‘community members’ of the distressed person need to make to provide a healing community.

    The reason why this is issue is so important to me revolves around the issue of ‘forced treatment’ which I know you also feel strongly about. If families are made into ‘scapegoats’ by being blamed for things that might not apply to them , then it becomes harder for families to stand up against the treatment recommendations of traditional psychiatry that they feel (and their loved one feels) are harmful to their loved ones. If families are ‘blamed in an ‘inaccurate’ way, it is sometimes impossible, and is certainly made much more difficult to be advocates for their loved one. If we did not live in a world where ‘forced treatment’ was allowed, I might feel a little sad about some of the broad sweeping generalizations I have read that I do not believe apply to our family – but I certainly would not be taking the time to write about it while I am in the midst of such intensive family recovery.

    I hope nothing I have said has offended – I certainly do not want to get into a ‘war of words’ with you as I am sure you would win 🙂 I am just hoping you will (or do) understand how important ‘inaccurate’ blaming can be extremely damaging to families just as it is extremely damaging to individuals suffering from emotional distress.

  • Yes I agree with that also. I know we have had to adapt so much in our thinking and responding in order to rebuild our relationship with our loved one. (Mostly learning how to ‘be with’ rather than to try and ‘solve’ what is going on). It is an extremely humbling experience.

    However, when I have worried too much about whether or not my responses have been helpful or harmful in any certain circumstance, our therapist has really helped us keep things in perspective. Our therapist might say to us something like ‘don’t imagine you have that much power to effect how your loved one is processing, thinking and figuring things out for him/herself’.

  • Thank you Ron, As usual I find your writing extremely thoughtful and spot on.

    I love the Menken quote: “There is always an easy solution to every human problem — neat, plausible, and wrong.” It seems like such a human characteristic to want to not only reduce problems to simple solutions (categorize them, label them etc, ) but also to generalize a solution to be one that ‘fits’ everyone. I believe that this kind of reduction and over-generalization has caused great harm in traditional psychiatry, and have therefore felt very saddened at times when I have heard some professionals on this site fall into the same trap of oversimplification and over generalization when it comes to their theories or ideas about the cause of mental distress. I think professionals and anyone helping people in extreme distress cannot be too careful about expressing the limitations of how their own knowledge and experience (personal or observed) may or may not relate to others.

    What our family has searched for, in terms of people to guide the recovery of our family and our loved one, is for people like you who believe one should “search together for the humanistic, complex, and individually tailored solutions that might really fit particular people and families”. It is hard to see how any helper could go wrong if they approached people with compassion, humility and an open mind, and then really listening to what they are saying ( like open dialogue). This quote of yours particularly resonated with me in terms of what happens to families during extreme distress: “So, at all levels, even well-intentioned efforts can become part of a “storm” of madness, and while this storm often appears centered as a “disorder” in one person, really the confusion of many can be playing a part in the chaos.”

    I also want to say that we found Krista Mckinnon’s (?I hope I got the facilitator’s name correct) ‘Recovering our families’ course an extremely valuable course for helping families. I know other commenters have also spoke highly of this course in other posts.

    ( I haven’t read the comment thread for this post yet so my apologies if I am repeating things that have already been said.)

  • Rossa and Sandra,

    When I read this it reminds me that people have very different experiences with how medication effects someone’s state. (e.g. reinforcing Sandra’s position that we must all listen to each other 🙂 For us, we did not see any drastic improvement, but rather a slow creep up of functioning We saw this similar response to both the medicated and non medicated state. but the medicated state added more symptoms than we had seen before., and seem to put our loved one on a much more serious course.

    I think this is where the problems with DSM diagnosis really can hurt people. Even if you use the medical model definitions, it is unbelievable that people with such different symptoms and history fall under the same umbrella term. (Take ‘schizophrenia’ for example – how could all the different `subtypes (‘paranoid, delusional catatonic, ‘mixed’ etc, , early onset, late onset etc.) all be considered the same condition that is clearly defined from things like ‘PTSD`, trauma, bi polar, psychotic depression, borderline etc.)

  • “……accusing Whitaker of “cherry-picking.” I was left wondering, if he picked the cherries, can someone point me towards the branches and the tree?”
    I just have to say this is one of the best quotes I have read on MIA…where indeed are the branches and the trees?

    Thank you, as always, Sandra, for your very thoughtful and honest reflections.

    I completely agree that we need to listen to people’s fears and concerns about extreme states. As a family member who has tried (and is trying) to create a healing home, I believe I understand exactly what you are saying about the fear over what will happen to one’s loved one.

    Extreme states are incredibly scary to watch, but for us, this fear was confounded by a lack of real knowledge about extreme states, a lack of support , a very tenuous grip on hope, and mostly, by the ‘fear’ of our loved one being subjected to coercive treatment. (We had never seen the same kind of ‘terror’ state before our loved one was medicated so we always wonder if the intensity of extreme state was related to ‘supersensitivity’ or ‘withdrawal’ ). I do not like to go into very much specific detail, (it is not my story after all), but I will give one fairly benign example to explain what I mean: as painful and distressing as it was to listen to intense screaming, it was absolutely terrifying to know the neighbours might call the police and that our loved one would end up on an inpatient ward again.
    As time passed we learned more about extreme states both from our experiences, guidance from family therapy, and from the brave souls who post their stories here. We started to believe that the terror would eventually subside (and it has) . Our brilliant therapist needed to teach us that we did not need to fear our loved one, and indeed helped us realize that our loved one also needed to realize he was not a dangerous person. (Looking back I can see how the `fear’ of psychosis took on a life of its own, spiraling out of control and interfering with efforts to promote recovery). However, our main fear about how society responds to extreme states remains (e.g. worries about keeping one’s loved one safe, and helping our loved one go back out into the community without the worry of coercive treatment) . I wonder how often attempts at ‘alternative’ approaches fail because other families like ours, find that it is ‘almost’ impossible to provide an ‘alternate’ healing environment given the ‘narrative’ that exist in our society.

    Listening to each other is so important but listening is easier when you don’t live in fear. That is why I feel If we could separate ‘forced safety’ from ‘forced treatment’, it would result in people being able to listen to each other more.

    Thanks again, Sandra, for all you do.

  • Thank you for sharing your story.

    It is unbelievable what some psychiatrists will say to patients. I found it particularly upsetting that your diagnosis was not considered strong enough for you to participate in a research study, whereas at any other time – as you say- it seems impossible to get rid of a diagnosis

    I just wanted to say that when I read this site (and also M0nica Cassani’s Beyond Meds site), I see enormous hope for complete recovery. People seemed to be recovering from the most terrible states. You seem to me to already have so much that is well functioning (e.g. you are writing thoughtful blogs, acting as a support person to your mother in time of crisis, etc. etc.)

    I look forward to future blogs from you describing your continual recovery.

  • Thank you for this very insightful analogy.

    The image of someone rushing in with duct tape and chemical solutions in a short-sighted effort to repair damaged pages is very powerful. It makes me think about how much more time and effort is needed to try and gently peel off the effects of a shoddy repair, before real healing can happen.

    ‘Like with like’ is a very helpful way to think about how to ‘be’ with someone when trying to provide a healing environment.

  • Thank you for all the work you do!

    I know this is a bit off topic but I wondered what you thought about “transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)”.

    Is this the same kind of thing as ECT or is it a gentler procedure? It seems to be something coming up a lot now in new research and I wasn’t sure if it was an old wolf in new sheep’s clothing, or something less invasive.