There have been some wonderful points on this blog and in the comments- points about trauma and the impact of a society oriented around money and material possessions, among other issues. My concern in reading all of this are for the many people who have bipolar disorder and need medication to get back to themselves and who would be very discouraged from seeking treatment because of all the comments that make it appear that medication is essentially poison and that bipolar disorder is really not a medical condition. The truth is that sometimes medication is the only thing that helps. I know because I have been there with my own family. I tried many nontraditional forms of treatment for my daughter who suffers from bipolar disorder-none of which worked one tiny iota. My daughter has not suffered from trauma or abuse. She is a wonderful person who is unfortunately genetically loaded. After all the non traditional treatment approaches failed to work, it was my job as a loving parent to begin the quest for the right medication combination to work for her. We found it and now she has herself and her life back. I would like to see more research focus that looks at the biological underpinnings of bipolar disorder, such as genetics, the mechanisms by which the brain is affected , and ultimately what medications truly work. At present the state of the research is such that it can take months or years or never- to find the right medication. It took our family almost a year of what was basically a nightmare for my daughter and for our family. Before this she was alternately severely depressed with suicidal ideation and cutting, and manic with hallucinations, delusions, enormous amounts of energy and no judgment call whatsoever. I can’t tell you how grateful we are to her NP who finally prescribed the right medication combination and has gotten her life back. I am convinced that without medication she would have suffered terribly, possibly even dead by now. Medication is not the enemy for someone who truly has bipolar disorder. Indeed, it is the only savior.