If you are interested in this look at Connell’s ‘Southern Theory’ – which is about the social sciences being dominated by the Northern theories, which frankly don’t work when applied to many indigenous cultures. Another very good broad overview, but a bit lengthy to read, is Joseph Henrich’s ‘The Weirdest People in the World’ – where ‘WEIRD’ is an acronym for Western, educated, industrialised, rich, and democratic) besides the usual implication of being peculiar. He plays out the origins of this in the Roman Catholic church, and later the protestants, forbidding cousin marriages, with increased rigidity (4th 5th and even 6th cousins not being able to marry each other), which had the effect of mobilising this european populace, and making them more individualistic. He tends to kill the book with too much detail. Then you can also blame Cartesianism for individuating the European mind – most westerners believe they have a mind (as a thing) inside their heads, which allows them to stand apart from the world and manipulate it (and their fellow travellers); but a new philosophy of mind has arisen this century that puts Descartes in his place. Its called enactivism – and it doesn’t think of ‘mind’ as a thing (noun) but more as a process (a verb); and as you have more (motor) nerves going to the senses than coming in, you can think of yourself as like a blind man with a cane – using your senses to stay in tune with the world. This is far closer to the way (many) indigenous people see the world. When it comes to psychotherapy, I think solution focused brief therapy comes closer to this new philosophy of mind – as it doesn’t even bother with the problem Hope this makes sense and I hope its not too late..