We believe that the dysfunction caused by illness is real no matter what the condition is called and that at times medications do help. However, the fragmentation and schisms that are so frequent with conditions like schizophrenia cannot probably be addressed by drugs alone. For a mental resynthesis to come about, considerable effort has to be expended in evaluating what the root cause of distress is. For this, an honest appraisal of what constitutes the self is likely as important as any diagnoses or medications. The debate of what the ‘I’ is has been going on for millenia. Centuries ago, there were no psychiatric diagnoses, however, there was dysfunction and illness which many attempted to address. ‘Emptiness’ was a radical way to look at existential angst as well as mental illness, and could be just as important in modern times: http://www.insightopen.com/2016/04/schizophrenia-and-the-notion-of-emptiness/ Thanks!