In my opinion, there are several difficulties in overcoming the medical model of schizophrenia and psychotic disorders. First, antipsychotic medication is effective in arresting psychosis which gives the impression that psychotic disorders are analogous to genuinely physiological diseases like diabetes treated with insulin is effective in controlling its symptoms. Of course that’s only because it literally tranquilizes the mind of the psychotic patient rather than correcting some deficiency in the brain. Second, parents of schizophrenics are likely to resist (again) explanations that inculpate their parenting in their children’s developing schizophrenia. NAMI itself was, of course, founded by two mothers of schizophrenics, Harriet Shelter and Beverly Young. The irony and tragedy in their efforts to overcome psychological explanations for schizophrenia in favor of physiological explanations is that it prevented genuinely effective treatment from being delivered to their own children and to future schizophrenics through psychotherapy. Third and possibly most importantly, schizophrenics, like all who have been reared in dysfunctional families, usually do not have insight into the dysfunction of their families. However, the Achilles’ heel in psychiatry is that the symptoms of psychosis in psychotic disorders are metaphorical expressions of past trauma. Most anyone would admit that this precludes the possibility that psychotic disorders are physiological and that their symptoms are random errors in perception. This should be the point that’s emphasized in reaching the truth of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders along with the success in treating patients that’s been achieved by psychotherapists who understand them.