Thursday, October 17, 2019

Research News

A Social Psychiatry Manifesto that Takes Social Context Seriously

A re-visioned approach to social psychiatry aims to understand the broad influence of social life on mental health.

Smartphones, Loneliness, and Depression in Teens

New study finds that smartphone use may precede experiences of loneliness and depressive symptoms among older teens according to longitudinal analysis.

“Flimsy Evidence” for Esketamine as Depression Treatment

A new article documents the “flimsy evidence” behind the recent FDA approval of the party drug esketamine for the treatment of depression.

Reforming Schools to Prevent Mental Health Issues

New research explores the use of broad-based school-integrated resiliency and mindfulness interventions to prevent mental health concerns before they occur.

New Review Finds Lancet Global Mental Health Report Misguided

A new critical review of the latest Lancet global mental health report finds that while the movement claims to take a public health approach in its rhetoric it continues to focus on culturally inappropriate individual-level interventions.

Discrimination Leads to Mental Distress for Gender Diverse People

Researchers seek to identify adaptive coping responses to discrimination for the transgender and gender diverse community.

Non-Gender Affirmative Treatment Detrimental to Mental Health

Gender identity conversion efforts impact psychological distress and lifetime suicidality in transgender people.

Loneliness Increases Risk of Severe ‘Common Mental Disorders’

Loneliness was found to both predict and be reinforced by severe common mental disorders.

Humanizing Mental Healthcare by Reducing Coercive Practices

A review of the literature demonstrates that coercive practices lack empirical support and violate human rights.

Clinical Trials Show Antidepressants “Not Beneficial in the Long Term”

Clinical trials also consistently fail to measure and report long-term harmful effects.

Clinical Guidelines for Depression Need Urgent Revision

A coalition of 35 health organizations expressed serious concerns that the NICE guideline for adult depression may cause clinical harm—they demand “full and proper” revisions.

Researchers: “Antidepressants Should Not be Used for Adults with Major Depressive Disorder”

A new review, published in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine, concludes that antidepressants should not be used as the risks outweigh evidence for benefits.

A Biopsychosocial Model Beyond the Mind-Body Split

Can a renewed biopsychosocial approach, grounded in an updated philosophy, foster person-centered medicine, and psychiatry?

Time’s Up: Culture of Denial Impacts Mental Health of Sexual Abuse Survivors

Study finds that not believing sexual abuse survivors often leads to self-blame and mental health issues.

Decontextualized Depression and PTSD Diagnoses Fail Indigenous Communities

A case analysis of an American Indian woman illustrates how the DSM diagnostic criteria misrepresent the lives of indigenous people.

How Social Dynamics at School Impact Teen Suicide

Teen suicide risk is influenced by relationships with adults and teachers, perceived popularity, close friendships, and school connectedness.

Zoloft Does Not Improve Depression, Even in Severe Cases, Study Finds

Despite their finding, the researchers suggest that SSRIs be given to people who do not meet criteria for depression or anxiety.

Tensions in Mental Health Care in China: An Interview with Zhiying Ma

Anthropologist Zhiying Ma explores mental health care in China, including tensions between Western psychiatry and socially-oriented local frameworks.

Economic Deprivation and Social Fragmentation Drive Suicide Rates in US

Major study finds that economic deprivation and a lack of social capital are driving increasing rates of suicide in the U.S.

How to Involve Youth in Their Own Mental Health Care

Clinicians play a key role in empowering adolescents and their parents to make decisions about their mental health treatment.

Antidepressant Use Associated With More Violent Suicide Attempts

A new study found that taking an antidepressant medication was associated with a heightened risk of suicide using violent means.

Antidepressant Use Does Not Prevent Suicide, Study Finds

A new study has found that antidepressants are ineffective for reducing suicide attempts. Researchers report that the risk of suicide is particularly high in the first month after starting an antidepressant.

Therapy Gets More Effective Over Time While Antidepressants Decrease in Effectiveness

New review of long-term depression data finds psychotherapy more effective over time whereas antidepressants decrease in effectiveness.

Scaling Up Psychiatric Interventions Globally May Impede UN Goals

Peter Lehmann argues that administering psychiatric drugs in low-and-middle-income countries works at cross purposes with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

Psychiatrist Describes Role in Open Dialogue Model of Care

Psychiatrist outlines varying roles in Open Dialogue model, fostering service-user and family agency through meaningful conversations with a team of providers.

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