Monday, October 3, 2022

Research News

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How Do We Define Recovery? An Exploration of Co-Option, Normalization, and Universalism Within Recovery Literature

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Former service-user and researcher Diana Rose intertwines personal reflection and critical discourse analysis to shed light on dominant discourses within recovery literature.

Reducing Over-Prescription of Antipsychotic Drugs for Foster Youth

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Policy changes in California reduced antipsychotic prescriptions for foster youth by 56.3%, but 82.5% of newly prescribed youth did not receive screening for metabolic harms, despite it being required by the policy.
Blue light flasher atop of a police car. City lights on the background.

Police Say They Are Willing to Help the “Mentally Ill”—But Still Seek to Avoid Them and View Them as “Dangerous”

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Police in Spain report more feelings of sympathy and willingness to help those with a mental health diagnosis, but still seek to avoid them, associate them with more danger, and endorse isolation and involuntary treatment.
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Exercise Just as Good as Antidepressants for Moderate Depression

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A new meta-analysis found exercise to be just as good as antidepressants for treating mild-to-moderate depression.
Four African-American young adults on a couch. In the center, a woman wearing yellow and looking sad is being comforted by a man and a woman on either side.

Social Support Reduces Thoughts of Suicide Among Black and Latinx New Yorkers

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Suicide rates for Black and Latinx Americans have been increasing. A new study finds that having more social support decreased suicide ideation for Black and Latinx New York City residents.
A map of the world constructed entirely out of pills, on a blue background.

Academics in the Global South, This Is Your Sign to Decolonize Psychology

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“Radical alternatives that question the dominant paradigm on issues of power dynamics, exploitation and subordination, politics and inequalities are encouraged for interrogating the underlying assumptions of mainstream research in psychology,” writes psychologist Mvikeli Ncube.
Photo of a number of empty and full pill bottles with a colorful variety of pills piled all over

Strategies to Enhance Deprescribing in Long-Term Care Facilities

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Researchers conducted group forums with relevant stakeholders to discover strategies to enhance deprescribing practices in long-term care facilities.
Close-up of the wood top of a desk. On it: money (bills), a calculator, a notebook, and prominently featured, a black business card reading in white text, underlined, "copayment."

Eliminating Copayments Doubles Psychologist Visits, Decreases Suicide in Young Adults

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Abolishing co-payments doubles the amount of 18- to 21-year-olds receiving psychotherapy. This was also associated with a 25% reduction in suicide attempts.
A boy and a girl, about 5 years old, sit on a couch, slightly out of focus. On the right, two hands enter frame: one holds a tall glass full of water; the other holds a bunch of colorful pills.

No Evidence for Long-Term Safety or Efficacy of Mental Health Treatment in Children

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"There is no convincing evidence that interventions for the most common childhood disorders are beneficial in the long term," the researchers write.
Young African Man Sitting On Chair Near Female Psychologist With Clipboard

Some Therapists Are Better at Forming Alliances with Clients Than Others

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Researchers find that some therapists are better at establishing a good alliance with their clients, which ultimately leads to better treatment outcomes.
Young Black girl wearing a backpack sitting against a brick wall, looking sad

Worsening Student-Teacher Relationships and Bullying Increase Suicidality for Adolescents after Hospitalization

1
Adolescents who are hospitalized are at increased risk of suicidal ideation and attempts. Worsening relationships with teachers and being victims of bullying increase the risk.
Black-and-white photo depicting protestor holding sign reading "BLACK LIVES MATTER"

Decolonizing the Medical Model Approach to Trauma

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A new article explores the gaps left by White, Western understandings of trauma, and offers alternative pathways to understanding and treating trauma.
Brain scan, mostly purple and black with a big green spot

Researchers Find No Brain Differences in Depression

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In contrast, the social-environmental variables “social support” and “childhood maltreatment” were significantly linked with depression, and each predicted with greater than 70% accuracy.
Social identity abstract diversity design as a fingerprint and population symbol for personal identification and security in a 3D illustration style.

Ethnic Identity Important for Recovery

1
A stronger and more developed ethnic identity is associated with a greater sense of personal recovery among young adults.
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Lived Experience Protects Against Workplace Burnout for Community Mental Health Workers

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A survey conducted at a community mental health organization in Australia suggests that lived experience of mental health problems buffers staff against burnout.
Brick wall texture. Painted with the Indian flag on left, rainbow on the right

The Mainstream Psychiatric System in India Continues to Pathologize LGBTQIA+ People

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"The mainstream Indian mental health community has been silent about the need to bring an LGBTQIA+ anti-discrimination law and a ban on conversion therapy."
Photo of a man, a veteran in a military uniform speaking with a therapist

Substance Use and Externalizing Behaviors Predict Suicide Attempts in Veterans, Not “Serious Mental Illness”

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Externalizing behavior and substance use disorder increased risk of severe suicide attempts far more than "serious mental illness" diagnoses, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder diagnoses.
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Influential Neuroscientist Reviews Decades of Failure

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Influential neuroscientist Raymond Dolan: "Psychiatry’s most fundamental characteristic is its ignorance, that it cannot successfully define the object of its attention, while its attempts to lay bare the etiology of its disorders have been a litany of failures."
Digital illustration of robotic arms modifying DNA helix.

Genetic Embryo Screening for Psychiatric Risk Not Supported by Evidence, Ethically Questionable

4
Genetic embryo screening tests are “being marketed with limited empirical data behind them and virtually no scientific or ethical discussion,” researchers write.
A therapist and client, both Black women

Effective Therapy for Youth of Color Requires Conversations about Racial Violence

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Researchers give seven suggestions to clinicians for skillfully conversing about race in therapy as exposure to racial violence increases for youth.
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Federal Initiatives Needed to Affirm Lived Experience in Academia

3
Ableism, stigma, and prejudice can be insurmountable barriers for psychosocially disabled people in academia, but the federal government could help fix this problem.
A photograph of an ear breaking through a crumbling white wall

Believing Threatening Voices Is Associated with Distress in Voice Hearers

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Disengaging from listening to and believing derogatory and threatening voices could reduce distress for voice hearers, according to the researchers.
A pill bottle with a question mark on its label in front of other bottles.

Are Antidepressants Better Than Placebo for Some? Not So Fast, Researchers Caution

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Researchers argue that the recent study finding antidepressants beat placebo for about 15% of people doesn’t account for study unblinding and includes only extremely short-term data.
A photo of an Asian woman sitting on the floor, covering her face in sadness

Gendered Racial Microaggressions Increase Suicide Risk Threefold for Asian-American Women

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Experiences of gendered racial microaggressions predicted a threefold increase in suicidal ideation for Asian-American women, while internalized racism in the form of self-negativity heightened this connection.
Illustration depicting a woman lifting a cage to free a sitting man in a suit

Reducing Involuntary Psychiatric Admissions in Norway

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An interdisciplinary team in Norway, including individuals with lived experience, co-designed an approach to reduce coercive and forced psychiatric interventions.

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