Wednesday, October 20, 2021

Research News

Questioning the Underpinnings of Psychiatric Classification Systems

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A new review of psychiatric nosology by Aftab and Ryznar highlights how diagnoses emerge from particular conceptual frameworks.

More Exercise and Less Screen Time Improves Teen Mental Health

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A new international study explores the connections between adolescent wellbeing, physical activity, and screen time.

Alzheimer’s Drug Controversy Continues

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What can we learn from the FDA’s controversial approval of aducanumab, the Alzheimer’s drug that failed its clinical trials?

Meta-Analysis Finds No Support for Dopamine Hypothesis of Schizophrenia

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A new meta-analysis of data from individuals at high risk for schizophrenia finds no evidence for the dopamine hypothesis.

Political Conservatism Linked to Increased Bullying and Mental Health Concerns for LGBTQ+ Students

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Research finds less teacher intervention for bullying and greater psychological distress for LGBTQ+ students in conservative districts.

Coercion and Dehumanization in Mental Healthcare

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Researchers discuss how experiences with psychiatric coercion influence the patient/provider relationship and involuntary psychiatric care.

Screening for Depression in Primary Care Does Not Improve Outcomes

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Research fails to show that screening primary care patients for depression leads to improvements in patient outcomes.

Climate Anxiety and Government Distrust Pervasive Among Young People Worldwide

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Young people worldwide experience negative emotions over climate change and their government’s refusal to take steps to address the crisis.

Psychiatry Concerned it Will be ‘Marginalized’ in Push for Rights-Based Mental Health

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A new report responds to psychiatrists who are concerned that their field will be 'marginalized' within the new WHO QualityRights initiative.

The Imposition of Western Psychology as Colonialism

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New scholarship explores how eurocentric ideas inherent in western psychology reproduce colonialism and impact the Global South.

Has the Internet Led to a Rise in Mental Disorders?

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Prominent researcher suggests that the internet led to new mental disorders and exacerbated others without increasing their total prevalence.

Manufacturer of Tardive Dyskinesia (TD) Drugs Finds TD Emotionally Devastating

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“Patients expressed feeling unaccepted by society or uncomfortable in their own skin… A few indicated that they would rather be dead than have tardive dyskinesia.”

Antipsychotics Linked to Increased Breast Cancer Risk

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Long-term exposure to prolactin-increasing antipsychotics increases the odds of developing breast cancer.

Regulations Needed to Protect Privacy and Autonomy from Digitalized Psychiatric Tools

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Researchers bring attention to the threats posed by neuromarketing and digital phenotyping in psychiatric systems worldwide.

New Rating Tool for Tapering Antidepressants and Antipsychotics

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Researchers developed a rating scale to better assess service users’ experiences tapering antidepressant and/or antipsychotic medication.

Antidepressant Effects on Serotonin Plateau at the Minimum Recommended Dose

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Brain imaging studies show little benefit to increasing antidepressant doses and support hyperbolic tapering for discontinuation.

Selective Reporting Inflates Effectiveness for Psychotherapy Depression Treatments

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Researchers find that lack of pre-registration combined with selective data reporting bias the research literature on psychotherapy.

Psychosis Associated with Childhood and Health Care-Related Traumas

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A new study finds that people with psychosis connect the onset of their symptoms with trauma in childhood and in treatment settings.

New Leaders in American Psychiatry Embrace Social Determinants Approach to Mental Illness

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The editors of The Lancet highlight a shift in American psychiatry toward a more thorough appreciation of the social determinants approach.

Antipsychotics Increase Risk of Dementia; New Research Illuminates Why

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In JAMA psychiatry, researchers outline new theories connecting antipsychotic use in people with schizophrenia and increased dementia risk.

A Zero Suicide Goal Requires a Reimagining of Inpatient Care

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A new article suggests that the goal of Zero Suicide calls for a radical reimagining of inpatient care to ensure privacy and autonomy.

Incorporating Indigenous Medicine into Global Mental Health

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International health researchers reflect on the role of traditional healing in addressing the global mental health treatment gap.

Conflicts of Interest in Medical Commentaries Undermine Credibility of Major Journals

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Researchers note that clinical trial sponsors and authors of trial commentaries often have financial associations.

How Pharma Pushes New, Less Effective Drugs on the Market

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Researchers lay out the tactics pharma companies use to push "lemons" through regulators and onto the market.

Conflicts of Interest Linked to “Unduly Favorable” Editorials

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A new study looks at biased editorials in top medical journals and the conflicts of interest held by their authors.

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