Friday, August 14, 2020

Research News

Psychosocial Interventions Reduce Suicidality in Psychosis

A new meta-analysis finds that psychosocial interventions can significantly reduce and prevent suicide in people with psychosis.

Peer Support Reduces Disparities in Minority Youth Mental Health Treatment

Study suggests that peer support can help reduce racial disparities in mental health treatment for minority youth.

Social Inequalities Drive Increased Mental Distress Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

Researchers point out that mental distress in a post-COVID-19 world is related to social determinants and not the virus itself.

Genetics May Predict About 0.5% of “Schizophrenia”

Researchers find that genetic factors explain about 0.5% of whether a person will meet the criteria for the diagnosis of schizophrenia.

Four Strategies for COVID-19 Stigma Mitigation

Drawing on experiences treating HIV, researchers propose solutions for mitigating COVID-19 stigma.

The Dangers of Standardizing Mental Health Measures

Researchers warn that an initiative to standardize mental health measures may have unintended negative consequences.

Smartphone Apps for Mental Health Fall Short of Psychiatrists’ Lofty Expectations

A review of smartphone use in mental health care reveals a range of concerns ranging from over-optimism to a lack of ethical oversight.

Lancet Psychiatry Position Paper on COVID-19 Met With Criticism

In response to criticism of COVID-19 position paper, Lancet Psychiatry editors promise a new approach to global mental health.

Disproven Chemical Imbalance Theory Leads To Worse Depression Outcomes

A new study finds that biological explanations for depression, including the disproven “chemical imbalance” theory, lead to poor expectations of improvement and more depressive symptoms after treatment.

Conclusions From Brain Scan Studies are “Problematic if Not Unsubstantiated”

Experts on MRI brain scan technology chastise psychiatry and neuroscience journals for allowing unsubstantiated statements about MRI findings.

What Does a Common-Factors Approach Reveal About Psychedelic Therapy?

The unique challenges of studying psychedelic-assisted research may be better understood by examining the social conditions of learning that account for effectiveness across psychological treatments.

Short Term Psychodynamic Therapy Effective for Bipolar and Depression

Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP) was found to be effective for treating major depression, bipolar disorder, and so-called treatment-resistant affective disorders.

Strategies for Tapering and Discontinuing Antidepressants

A new review of strategies to support both patients and practitioners through the process of discontinuing antidepressants.

How to Know What We Don’t Know: An Interview with Psychologist and Novelist Jussi Valtonen

MIA's Gavin Crowell-Williamson interviews the neuropsychologist and novelist Jussi Valtonen about how novels can lead us to see the limits of our understanding.

Genetic Testing May Explain Less Than 1% of Mental Health Issues

Despite a lack of evidence for genetic causes of mental health issues, researchers told people that pathological genes caused their distress.

How Climate Change and Eco-Degradation Impact Our Genes and Mental Health

Medical anthropologist explores how the human genome responds to environmental changes and how climate change impacts mental health.

Pharma Influences Patient Groups in Sweden But Shows Less Interest in Mental Health Orgs

Research on pharma funding in Sweden shows comparatively less funding for mental health groups than in the US.

Professional Training Aims to Reduce Overprescription to Foster Children

A critical educational training targets mental health professional's beliefs about the overprescription of psychiatric drugs in foster care.

Understanding Psychology Through the Science of Complex Systems

Researchers use complex systems theory to trace how psychopathology emerges from different social and psychological interactions.

Mental Health Apps Rarely Evidence-Based

Mental health apps are rarely evidence-based, according to a new study published in JNCN in Advance.

Latest UN Report Calls for Global Paradigm Shift in Mental Health Care

UN representative Dainius Pūras argues that it is time to shift to a human rights-based approach to mental health.

Service-User Knowledge Helps Researchers Develop Psychiatric Drug Tapering Approaches

New strategies for tapering psychiatric drugs achieved by acknowledging withdrawal symptoms and valuing service-users’ first-hand knowledge.

The CRPD and the Need for New Model of Madness and Mental Distress

The full implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities requires a model created by those with first-hand knowledge of madness and distress.

Yoga Effective for Depressive Symptoms Across Diagnoses

A recent meta-analysis finds strong evidence that yoga reduces depressive symptoms in people diagnosed with a wide range of ‘mental disorders.’

Issues of Power Central to Understanding Psychological Distress

A new article explores the place of power in the experience of psychological distress according to the Power Threat Meaning Framework.

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