Monday, February 18, 2019

Research News

New Book Deconstructs Ideology of Cognitive Therapy

CBT forwards a hyper-rational perspective of human suffering that complements a managerialist culture of efficiency and institutionalization in the Western world.

Exploring Alternate Pathways to Voice-Hearing

Authors propose various pathways to the phenomena of voice-hearing in clinical and nonclinical populations.

New Study Investigates Cannabidiol (CBD) for Psychosis

A new study examines the effects of CBD as an adjunct therapy to antipsychotic medication for patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

New Study Finds Limited Effectiveness for Antidepressants After Stroke

The researchers found that although antidepressants had a slight short-term effect on reducing the likelihood of depression diagnosis, there was no long-term improvement, nor any improvement in motor functioning.

Meta-Analysis Finds Asking About Suicidal Thoughts Does Not Predict Suicide

A recent meta-analysis finds that the association between reported suicidal ideation and later suicide is low.

Non-Pharmacological Interventions More Effective For Health in Schizophrenia

Review compares the effectiveness of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for improving physical health outcomes in people diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Racial Discrimination a Clear Contributor to Youth Mental Health Disparities

Greater perceptions of discrimination during adolescence are linked to more depressive and internalizing symptoms.

More Evidence for the Lasting Psychological Impact of Lead Exposure in Childhood

New research points to numerous harmful effects of high-level lead exposure in childhood on adult mental health and personality characteristics.

Opioids May Cause Depression and Worsen Chronic Pain

“Converging lines of evidence now suggest that depression—a common comorbidity in the setting of chronic pain—may in some patients represent an unrecognized yet potentially reversible harm of opioid therapy.”

Peer Providers of Mental Health Services Use Personal Narratives to Help

Interviews with peer providers indicate that they strategically use their personal illness and recovery story in order to assist others.

Researchers Challenge Interpretation of Antidepressant Meta-analysis

Researchers question the overstated results of a large antidepressant meta-analysis and point to cultural pressures to turn to these drugs for a quick fix.

5 Steps to Personalize Deprescribing Practices

Researchers identify simple ways for clinicians to begin deprescribing conversations.

Technology Not a Strong Factor in Adolescent Well-being, New Study Claims

A new study suggests digital media use among adolescents has a smaller negative effect on well-being than bullying or smoking marijuana.

Treatment Guidelines Should Not Be Written by Professional Societies and Insiders

John Ioannidis, a leading expert on research methods, takes a critical look at the way professional societies write treatment guidelines.

Critical Psychologist On How Scientific Research Can Influence Public Policy

Critical participatory action research conducted on the higher education programs offered in prison leads to mobilized advocacy and shifts in public policy.

Developing Alternatives to the DSM for Psychotherapists

A new article suggests counselors and psychotherapists are dissatisfied with current diagnostic systems and outlines some potential alternatives.

Climate Change Negatively Impacts Mental Health, Study Finds

Climate change-related extreme weather and increasing temperatures associated with higher rates of mental health challenges.

Polypharmacy Associated with Cognitive Decline in Elderly Patients

Study finds that elderly patients taking at least 5 medications were at increased risk of mild cognitive impairment and dementia.

United Nations Rep Brings Attention to Human Rights Violations in Psychiatry

Dr. Dainius Pūras argues that the status quo in mental health treatment is no longer acceptable and demands political action to promote human rights.

Better Outcomes Off Medication for Those Recovered from First-Episode Schizophrenia

A new study has found that of 10 people who were fully recovered from their first episode of schizophrenia (FES), those not taking antipsychotics did better in terms of cognitive, social, and role functioning—and reached full recovery more quickly.

Psychologists Advise How to Help and Minimize Harm Working With Migrants and Refugees

While well intentioned, providers and volunteers can do more harm than good at the border. The Global Psychosocial Network issues guidelines on how to work for the benefit of migrants and refugees.

Study Identifies Psychiatric Patients at Greatest Risk of Coercion

In an effort to reduce coercion, researchers isolate associated factors including age, relationship status, location, and diagnosis.

Flexible Treatment Planning Improves Depression Outcomes in Youth

Researchers explore the effects of augmented treatment at various points in interpersonal psychotherapy for adolescents diagnosed with depression, highlighting previously unidentified critical decision points (i.e., relatively early in the treatment sequence).

Prenatal Valproate Exposure Linked with ADHD Diagnosis in Children

Children who were exposed to anti-seizure drug valproate in utero were 48% more likely to develop ADHD, according to a new study.

Study Links Antidepressants and Decreased Coping Behaviors Across Generations

Biologists found that exposure to antidepressants suppresses important survival behaviors in zebrafish, an effect that persisted across three generations and was found to be more severe for males.

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