The Phenomenon of Medicalization in Brazilian Higher Education

From Mad in Brazil: School, in turn, is a space where, from the beginning of life, people are evaluated individually based on their performance. Based on difficulties in academic development, such as reading and writing, the student is referred for a medical evaluation in order to discover a disability. Once the diagnosis is in hand, this student will be treated differently, generating a double exclusion: the difference is pathologized and the student is discriminated against accordingly.

Read the full article here and the English translation here. 


  1. The refered article review doesn’t mention the performance enhancement seeking behaviour that might drive some seekers of the ADHD diagnosis. Getting amphetamines or methylphenidate could be an inducement for being diagnosed, particularly if the school work is too “tough”, or there is an expectation from the discourse than it can make things “easier”.

    I don’t know if it’s because it is non-existant, like a myth, not common in Brasil, the authors are either unaware or dismissive of one of their pivotal diagnoses, and the drivers to be diagnosed with it, at least in some other countries, as per the mainstream newspapers..

    Concerning academically being a review of a published paper, and curia o city inducing.

    Am I to be medicalized or pathologized for my mispellings?

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