A state’s rate of job losses is linked to its rates of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and suicide plans in young people of African American descent and in young women, according to research published in the American Journal of Public Health. “Job losses among 1% of a state’s working-age population increased the probability of girls and Blacks reporting suicide-related behaviors by 2 to 3 percentage points,” wrote the researchers.
A press release summarized that, “The study investigated self-reported data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey from 1997 through 2009, reviewing a sample of 403,457 adolescents from 45 states. The survey responses were reviewed alongside the data from the Mass Layoff Statistics program, which captures the number of people who lost their jobs due to mass closings or layoffs from all states and the District of Columbia.”
The reseachers concluded in their abstract, “Our findings show that statewide job loss increases adolescent girls’ and non-Hispanic Blacks’ suicide-related behaviors.” The same correlations were not seen among boys, non-Hispanic Whites, or Hispanics.
Effects of Statewide Job Losses on Adolescent Suicide-Related Behaviors (Gassman-Pines, Anna et al. American Journal of Public Health. Published online ahead of print August 14, 2014. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302081)
Job Losses and Teen Suicide-Related Behaviors, Online Weight Loss Sites, LGB Students and At-School Adult Connections (American Public Health Association Press Release on Newswise, August 14, 2014)