A study by researchers at North Carolina State University, the Research Triangle Institute and the University of South Florida followed 4,056 people for seven years who had been hospitalized for mental illness during the period from 2004 to 2005, finding that routine government-subsidized outpatient treatment reduced the likelihood of arrest. Criminal justice and behavioral health system costs were significantly higher, the study found, for those who entered the justice system, indicating a significant savings as a product of investment in behavioral healthcare. Results were published in Psychiatric Services on May 15, 2013.
Van Dorn, R., Desmaris, S., Petrila, J., Haynes, M., Singh, J; Effects of Outpatient Treatment on Risk of Arrest of Adults With Serious Mental Illness and Associated Costs. Psychiatric Services. Online May 15, 2013
Of Further Interest:
Study: Treating mental illness prevents crime, saves taxpayers money (Salon)
Treatment of Mental Illness Lowers Arrest Rates, Saves Money (Science Daily)