Common Air Pollutant Linked to Cognitive and Behavioral Impairments

Rob Wipond
1
24

Researchers at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles and Columbia University found a “powerful” dose-response relationship between young children’s exposures to a common air pollutant, measurable brain disturbances, and cognitive and behavioral problems. The study appeared in JAMA Psychiatry.

The researchers studied the brains of 40 minority youth that are part of a larger cohort they have been following for over nine years since birth. They focused on the impacts of exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during fetal development. PAHs are known neurotoxins that come from emissions from motor vehicles, oil and coal burning, fires, tobacco smoke and charred foods, according to a press release about the study. “PAH readily crosses the placenta and affects an unborn child’s brain; earlier animal studies showed that prenatal exposure impaired the development of behavior, learning and memory.”

“We detected a dose-response relationship between increased prenatal PAH exposure (measured in the third trimester but thought to index exposure for all of gestation) and reductions of the white matter surface in later childhood that were confined almost exclusively to the left hemisphere of the brain and that involved almost its entire surface,” wrote the researchers. “Reduced left hemisphere white matter was associated with slower information processing speed during intelligence testing and with more severe externalizing behavioral problems, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and conduct disorder problems.”

“This is the largest MRI study to date of how early life exposure to air pollutants, specifically PAH, affect the developing mind,” one of the authors said in the press release. “Our findings suggest that PAH are contributors to ADHD and other behavioral problems due to the pollutants’ disruptive effects on early brain development.”

Peterson BS, Rauh VA, Bansal R, and et al. “EFfects of Prenatal Exposure to Air Pollutants (polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) on the Development of Brain White Matter, Cognition, and Behavior in Later Childhood.” JAMA Psychiatry, March 25, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.57. (Abstract)

Prenatal exposure to common air pollution linked to cognitive, behavioral impairment (Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Saban Research Institute press release on ScienceDaily, March 25, 2015)

Previous articleHow Can Anyone Possibly Not Be Taking Abilify Anymore?
Next article“Pharmed Out” Conference 2015
Rob Wipond
Rob Wipond is a Victoria, British Columbia-based freelance journalist who has been writing on mental health issues for fifteen years. His research has particularly focused on the interfaces between psychiatry, the justice system, and civil rights. His articles have been nominated for three Canadian National Magazine Awards, six Western Magazine Awards, and four Jack Webster Awards for journalism. He can be contacted through his website.

Support MIA

Enjoyed what you just read? Consider a donation to help us continue to produce content, provide up-to-date research news, offer continuing education courses, and continue building a community for exploring alternatives to the current paradigm of mental health. All donations are tax deductible.

$
Select Payment Method
Loading...
Personal Info

Credit Card Info
This is a secure SSL encrypted payment.

Donation Total: $20.00

1 COMMENT

  1. But for sure! Something proven to be bad for us that is real must imply that psychiatrists are somehow right all along…. Once on NPR, I heard about exposure to pesticides culminating sometimes years and years later in problems with sudden outbursts and fits of aggravation discordant with persons situations, presumably in people with no other apparent mental problems. But it’s the same endemic regressive social pattern with trying to learn anything much significant to “good psychiatry” as trying to learn from semi-press releases like this one that speaks on orthodox psychiatries’ behalf. PBS with its ADHD brainscan nonsense, NPR sucking up to psychiatrists’ who pride themselves on deceiving their patients with the chemical imbalance theory of depression–no end is in sight yet with PBS and this credulous tomfoolery of theirs. So how do we extract the relevance for ourselves as potential clients of the behaviorarl healthcare profession and not fee back into the authority trips that take precedent over reliable information and beneficial services from them? We first of all think that medical facts that relate to problems in living afford no excuses to the nonsense promoted about ADHD or any other label, and second of all give up hoping that the straight story can come from anyone accepted by reformers working as insiders in these “caring” endeavors.