A prospective study of 2,422 children from 2004 to 2012 found that children whose parents reported Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and depressive symptoms were 4x more likely to have a diagnosis of ADHD, even after adjusting for other variables. Children of parents who reported depressive symptoms alone were 2x more likely to have been prescribed medication.
Bauer, N., Gilbert, A., Carroll, A., Associations of Early Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Parental Depression With Subsequent Mental Health Outcomes. JAMA Pediatrics. Online February 4, 2013
Of further interest:
Parents’ Depression, Violence Tied to ADHD in Kids (WebMD)