Researcher Michele Tine of Dartmouth College’s Poverty and Learning Lab reports in the journal Frontiers in Psychology that 12 minutes of aerobic exercise caused a “particularly large” improvement in the selective visual attention and reading comprehension abilities of low-income adolescents. The effects lasted for about 45 minutes after the exercise. The effects, however, were negligible in higher-income adolescents in the 85-person group. Tine suggested that the stress of living in poverty could be inducing “higher levels of chronic stress” and “more severely deregulated physiological systems”, and these factors might in part explain why the biological effects of exercise had more significant positive impacts on the low-income group.
12 minutes of exercise improves attention, reading comprehension in low-income adolescents (Press Release, Dartmouth College)
Acute aerobic exercise: an intervention for the selective visual attention and reading comprehension of low-income adolescents (Tine, M.. Front. Psychol., 11 June 2014 | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00575)