Friday, March 24, 2017

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry".

Nutrient Supplementation Improves Outcomes for Patients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia

A review article and meta-analysis of 18 articles published in the journal of Psychological Medicine reported effects of vitamin and/or mineral supplements on psychiatric symptoms in people diagnosed with schizophrenia. The study provides evidence of the beneficial effects of taking certain vitamins and minerals for improving symptoms associated with schizophrenia.

‘Do Antidepressants Work?’ is the Wrong Question

“This research points to the inadequacy of asking the simple question: ‘Do antidepressants work?’ Instead, the value or otherwise of antidepressants needs to be understood in the context of the diversity of experience and the particular meaning they hold in people’s lives.”

Yoga Intervention Effective in Reducing Depressive Symptoms

Researchers find that yoga and controlled breathing reduced symptoms in individuals diagnosed with depression.

Animal Study Supports Influence of Probiotics on Resilience to Stress

Researchers experimenting on mice found that Lactobacillus—the probiotic commonly found in yogurt—may help reduce depressive symptoms in reaction to chronic stressors. But human studies have found mixed results.

Patients More Likely to Refuse Drug-Only Treatment, Study Finds

The American Psychological Association (APA) recently published a study finding that patients assigned to drug-only treatments were more likely to refuse treatment, and more likely to drop out before treatment completion, than patients assigned to psychotherapy only.

Antipsychotic Users Discuss Limitations of Drugs in New Study

Qualitative research explores the experience of taking antipsychotics for those with first episode psychosis.

An Alternative Perspective on Psychotherapy: It is Not a ‘Cure’

Kev Harding argues against conceptualizations of therapy as a ‘cure’ to an ‘illness’ and instead offers alternative approaches.

Collaborative Care Effective for Older Adults with Depressive Symptoms

A new study suggests that depressive symptoms in older adults can be improved with non-invasive behavioral activation techniques. These approaches appear to have a preventative effect, serving to prevent further depressive symptoms from developing.

Conflicts of Interest Found in Psychotherapy Research

Research highlights the need for conflict of interest transparency and management in systemic reviews of psychological therapies.

Most Off-Label Prescribing of Antidepressants Lacks Strong Scientific Evidence

A new study, published in the British Medical Journal, investigates the prevalence of off-label prescribing for antidepressant medication in primary care settings.

Despite Increase in Treatments, Prevalence of Mental Health Issues Climbs

Findings show that despite increases in treatment availability, the prevalence of mental health issues has not decreased.

Pro-LGBT Policies Reduce Teen Suicide

A study demonstrates a 7% reduction in suicide attempts for teens in states that had legalized same-sex marriage.

Experts Concerned That Depression Screening Will Lead to Overdiagnosis

Behind the U.S. task force recommendation to screen all children and adults for depression.

Transition into Poverty May Worsen Child and Maternal Mental Health

Transitioning into poverty linked to behavioral issues in children, but may be mitigated by mother’s mental health.

New Data Show Lack of Efficacy for Antidepressants

An article published this month in the journal BMC Psychiatry suggests that there is a lack of efficacy for SSRIs and that they significantly increase the risk of serious side effects.

Benzodiazepines Continue to be Prescribed Without Psychotherapy to Older Adults

Researchers call for shift toward proven alternatives like psychotherapy in face of continued evidence of safety risks of benzodiazepines.

Interpersonal Therapy May Prevent Postpartum Depression

Interpersonal therapy reduces the risk of postpartum depression in mothers on public assistance during first 6 months after giving birth.

Individuals With Low Incomes More Likely to Have Chronic Pain

Findings show that participants with lower levels of education and SES suffer from more chronic pain.

Study Finds No Correlation between Personality at 14 and 77

This result calls into question popular notions about the correlations between personality and later-life achievement and health outcomes.

Patient Race Associated with Varied Psychiatric Treatment Experiences

Findings point to association between race and the mental health care experiences of African-American and White veterans.

Trials Comparing Treatments for Depression Favor Pharmacotherapy when Statisticians Involved

A meta-analysis looks at the effects of researcher background on study findings for trials comparing pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy for depression.

Research Shows Mindfulness can Decrease Anxiety

A new study explores the impact of a Mindfulness-Based intervention on stress-related biomarkers in individuals diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD).

New Medications Fail to Show Efficacy for Alzheimer’s Disease

Three phase III clinical trials assessing the efficacy of Lundbeck’s investigational drug idalopirdine for Alzheimer’s disease have failed

Alternative Therapies for Adolescent Depression as Effective as CBT, Study Finds

Brief psychodynamic and psychosocial interventions help maintain reduced depressive symptoms

Youngest Children in Class More Likely to get ‘ADHD’ Drugs

The researchers suggest that developmental immaturity is mislabelled as a mental disorder and unnecessarily treated with stimulant medication

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Nutrition and Mental Health

Drs. Kaplan and Rucklidge provide critical research-based information on the role of nutrition in preventing and treating mental health challenges, augmenting their presentation with a brief review of changes in nutrition over the past several centuries and an introduction to the potential mechanisms of action in micronutrient treatments.