Sunday, May 28, 2017

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry".

In Patients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia, Depression Linked to More Accurate Assessments

Participants diagnosed with schizophrenia with higher levels of self-reported depression have more accurate assessments of abilities.

PTSD and Psychiatric Medication Linked to Dementia in Older Veterans

Veterans diagnosed with PTSD and taking SSRIs, novel antidepressants, or atypical antipsychotics are more likely to develop dementia.

Sense of Purpose Reduces Negative Effects of Social Media Use

New research shows that having a strong sense of personal meaning and purpose can reduce the negative effects of social media use.

How Feedback Can Improve Psychotherapy Treatment

Researcher examines the impact of client feedback and progress assessment on improvement in outcomes.

Physical Inactivity Associated with Worse Cognitive Functioning in Psychosis

Higher levels of sedentary behavior are associated with poorer cognitive functioning in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Music Therapy Interventions Reduce Depression Symptoms in Dementia

Therapists can use music to meet the emotional and social needs of individuals with dementia.

Restricting Pharma Reps Contact with Docs Decreases Prescriptions

Implementing policies that regulate pharmaceutical sales representatives’ interaction with physicians may reduce prescription of promoted drugs.

Lancet Psychiatry’s Controversial ADHD Study: Errors, Criticism, and Responses

Amid calls for a retraction, Lancet Psychiatry publishes articles criticizing the original finding and a response from the authors.

Psychiatric Medications Heighten Risk for Major Bone Fractures

Important assessment tool found to underestimate the risk for fracture in patients on psychiatric medication.

Study Highlights Importance of Social Interactions in Psychosis Recovery

Study finds frequency of social interactions predicts long-term remission in first-episode psychosis.

Racism Linked to Poor Health Outcomes in Children

New study finds children who have been exposed to discrimination show higher likelihood of anxiety, depression, and ADHD.

Food Insecurity Linked to Mental Health Globally

Global analysis of 149 countries finds food insecurity is associated with poorer mental health.

Researchers Search for Subgroups Where Antidepressants Are More Effective

The researchers theorized that this increased effectiveness was due not to “antidepressant” properties, but rather to the drug’s side effects, which include insomnia, drowsiness, and nausea.

Brain Stimulation Research Lacking in Reproducibility and Scientific Integrity

Questionable research practices and poor reproducibility in electrical brain stimulation (EBS) studies.

Minimal Exercise Protects Against Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults

Study of older adults shows those who consistently exercised as little as 15 minutes, 3 times/week are less likely to develop depressive symptoms.

Childhood Adversity May Increase Risk of Suicide

Swedish study suggests experiencing adversity in childhood is linked to dying by suicide as an adolescent or young adult.

Training Nursing Home Staff in Understanding Needs Can Reduce Antipsychotic Use

A new study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, the largest study of its kind, has shown it is possible to reduce the use of antipsychotics in nursing homes, by engaging their staff in a training program designed to target residents’ strengths and their unmet needs.

New Review Highlights Dangers of Electroconvulsive Therapy

Data shows that over a third of users experience permanent memory loss and that approximately half report not receiving adequate information about the risks from their doctors.

Anticonvulsant Implicated in Birth Defects in up to 4,100 Children, French Study Finds

Between 2,150 and 4,100 children suffered from severe malformations connected to valproate prescription.

Psychosis Diagnosis Linked With Lower Rates of Exercise

A new study finds that for those experiencing symptoms associated with psychosis, a low-level of physical activity is associated with receiving a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder.

Providing Trauma Informed Brief Counseling to College Students

Recommendations on how to provide trauma-informed, short-term counseling to college students who have experienced sexual assault and interpersonal violence.

Researchers Fail to Predict Criminal Intent with Brain Scans

A new study in the journal PNAS explores whether brain scans are ineffective at identifying criminal intent in carefully designed situations.

“Psychiatry Unlocked” Researchers Discuss Movements Against Involuntary Hospitalization

A Lancet editorial covers the growing movement aspiring to dismantle compulsory admission and forced treatment .

Study Explores Cognitive Effects of Antipsychotics

Reduced usage of antipsychotics in first-episode psychosis was associated with improved executive functioning.

Could ‘Treatment Resistance’ be an Effect of Antidepressants?

Previously taking antidepressants could make individuals less likely to respond to treatment for bipolar II depression.

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