Sunday, July 23, 2017

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry".

Review Finds Income Inequality Associated with Mental Health Difficulties

Review of 27 studies demonstrates mixed results and meta-analysis of 9 shows a small but significant association between income inequality and mental distress.

Study Finds Hearing Voices Groups Improve Social and Emotional Wellbeing

Hearing Voices Network self-help groups are an important resource for coping with voice hearing, study finds.

Researchers Identify Patterns in Antidepressant and Long-Term Benzodiazepine Use

The researchers found that, of those who were initially prescribed both antidepressants and benzodiazepines, approximately 12% went on to engage in long-term benzodiazepine use.

Over 1,000 Antidepressant Users Describe how Their Personal Life has Been Affected

Survey examines adverse personal and interpersonal effects of antidepressants and the impact of polypharmacy

Large Study Confirms Elevated Risk of Diabetes When Prescribed Antipsychotics

A large longitudinal study finds once more that being prescribed antipsychotics significantly increases the risk of diabetes.

The Need for Empathy-Based Medicine

A new article, published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, encourages more empathy in healthcare.

Research Suggests that Forensic Psychological Examinations are Unreliable and Biased

Concerns have been raised about inconsistent and unreliable results, which may lead to injustices in sentencing or even wrongful convictions.

Researchers Discuss the Strengths of Children who Face Adversity

Experiencing adversity may result in the development of unique strengths and abilities that are often overlooked.

When Switching Antipsychotics, No Difference Between Immediate and Gradual Discontinuation

Review study compares outcomes of gradual vs. immediate antipsychotic discontinuation when switching from one drug to another.

Problem-Solving Intervention May Prevent Maternal Depression

Delivering a cognitive behavioral program through Head Start may prevent increases in depressive symptoms for at risk, low-income mothers.

Researchers Find Brief Intervention for Preventing Self-Harm Ineffective

“These interventions also have the potential to increase rumination and negative affect, and potentially self-harm repetition, by serving as unhelpful reminders of negative experiences in the lead-up to the index self-harm event or during hospital treatment.”

What Transgender Actors can Teach Medical Residents

A new training program teaches medical residents how to provide appropriate care and services to transgender clients.

Study Shows Clozapine Can Result in Serious Gastrointestinal Complications

A large observational study published in CNS Drugs sheds light on serious adverse effects of the ‘gold standard’ antipsychotic Clozapine.

African American and Hispanic Youth Discontinue ADHD Treatment at Higher Rates than White Youth

Study examines racial and ethnic disparities in the quality of care for Medicaid-enrolled children starting ADHD medication.

Unanswered Questions in New Mental Health Screening Program for Children

An article presents new screening tools for pediatric depression and anxiety—but fails to answer its own questions about efficacy.

Psychological Research Fails to Capture Human Diversity, Researchers Call for Action

Data demonstrate an overreliance of non-representative and non-diverse sampling biases in psychological research.

Study Explores Correlates of Low-Level Physical Activity and Psychosis

A study examines the variables correlated with low levels of physical activity in persons diagnosed with psychosis in low and middle-income countries

Barriers to Engaging in Self-Help CBT for Voice Hearing

Individuals with lived experience and clinicians share about barriers and facilitators to guided self-help CBT for voice hearing.

Researchers Question the Utility of an ADHD Diagnosis

A new article examines the usefulness of the ADHD diagnosis and suggests alternatives

How Helpers Empathize may Affect Their Personal Well-being

Researchers distinguish between two different forms of perspective taking and examine their impact on helpers’ wellbeing.

Study Investigates Physicians’ Beliefs About Placebo and Nocebo Effects of Antidepressants

Surveyed doctors overestimate pharmacological effects of antidepressants and underestimate placebo effects.

Those at High Risk for Psychosis More Likely From Deprived Neighborhoods

A recent study published in Schizophrenia Research examines the incidence individuals deemed “Ultra High-Risk” (UHR) for psychosis and their neighborhood of residence

‘Salami Slicing’ Found in Analyses of Antipsychotic Trials

Evidence of duplicate publishing in articles analyzing data from clinical trials testing second-generation antipsychotics for depression

New Data on the Adverse Effects of Meditation and Mindfulness

Study reports on the less-examined findings of difficult and painful meditation-related experiences.

Research Finds Ketamine Does Not Reduce Delirium or Pain After Surgery

Contrary to widely-held belief, a new rigorous trial finds that ketamine is ineffective for delirium and pain associated with surgery, and the drug carries harmful side effects.

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