Friday, June 22, 2018

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Researcher Critiques Misleading Media Coverage of Lancet Antidepressant Meta-Analysis

The BMJ’s clinical editor takes issue with uncritical media coverage of antidepressant network meta-analysis, outlining reporting missteps.

Psychotherapists Reflect on Lack of Improvement in Therapy

Qualitative research examines the experiences of psychoanalytic therapists in their work with patients whose symptoms either failed to improve or worsened.

Despite the Evidence, Overprescription of Stimulants Continues

A new study finds that stimulant prescribing rates to children continue to rise despite the well-established evidence documenting overdiagnosis of ADHD and overprescription of stimulants.

Massive Reforms for Pharmaceutical System Proposed

The US/Canadian Pharmaceutical Policy Reform Working Group proposes universal drug coverage and ambitious reforms to the pharmaceutical system.

Psychologist Debunks Common Misconceptions of Maslow’s Hierarchy

Utilizing Maslow’s published books and essays, psychologist William Compton delineates common myths and attempts to respond to them.

Are Students Benefiting From the Growth Mindset Model?

Results from two meta-analyses reveal shortcomings with the growth mindset theory as applied in schools.

Antidepressants Are Not More Effective for Severe Depression, Study Finds

A new study, published in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, found that antidepressant efficacy was not dependent on severity.

Researchers Explore Sexuality and Gender in the Context of Psychosis

Nev Jones and a team of researchers examine how sex, sexuality, and gender-related content are underexplored in contemporary research on psychosis.

Psychotherapy is Less Effective and Less Accessible for Those in Poverty

A special issue explores the connection between poverty, mental health, and psychotherapy.

Study of Online Antidepressant Forums Reveals Long Lasting Withdrawal Effects

Effects of discontinuing SSRIs and SNRIs reported on an online forum indicate significant and long-lasting withdrawal symptoms.

Review of Pediatric Antidepressant Studies Finds Evidence of Benefit Lacking

Review of pediatric antidepressant studies finds the vast majority are negative on primary outcomes and an increased risk for suicidality.

Experts Question the Benefits of Brain Imaging Research for OCD

Two experts—a leading neuroscientist studying OCD, and a psychiatrist specializing in OCD treatment—question whether expensive brain imaging research has added anything to the treatment of OCD.

Prominent Researcher and Psychotherapist Questions “Evidence-Based Therapy”

Dr. Johnathan Shedler recently published a paper critiquing how the term “evidence-based” is being used in the field of psychotherapy.

High Job Strain Increases Risk of Mental Health Challenges

High job demands, low job control, and high job strain are associated with the development of a mental health issue at age 50.

New Clinical Guidelines on Deprescribing Benzodiazepines

New guidelines recommend deprescribing benzodiazepine receptor agonists for adults.

Time for a Paradigm Shift in School Psychology Interventions

Why do ineffective classification and intervention processes linger in school psychology, and what’s the alternative?

Review Finds Lack of Evidence for Antidepressants in Treatment of Insomnia

Results from a Cochrane meta-analysis find that the common practice of prescribing antidepressants to treat insomnia is not supported by current evidence.

More Evidence That Physical Activity Prevents Depression

Higher levels of physical activity serve as a protective factor for the future development of depression.

Intimate Partner Violence Doubles Risk for Postnatal Depression in Malaysian Women

Women in Malaysia exposed to intimate partner violence are twice as likely to experience postnatal depression.

Tapering Strips Help People Discontinue Antidepressants

A new study by Peter Groot and Jim van Os has found that tapering strips help people successfully discontinue antidepressant medications.

Traditional South African Healers Use Connection in Suicide Prevention

Study finds that traditional healers in South Africa, whose services are widely used by the country’s population, perform important suicide prevention work.

Increasing Antidepressant Dose Does Not Improve Outcomes

A systematic review of literature and meta-analysis indicates that there is no clinically or statistically significant effect of antidepressant dose increase after nonresponse to initial treatment.

Differing Depression Diagnostic Tools May Influence Research Findings

The type of diagnostic assessment used in research settings, either fully structured or semi-structured interview, may affect which participants in receive a diagnosis of major depression.

Study Explores Impact of Urban vs. Rural Upbringing on Stress Response

A new study investigates the relationships between early-home environmental factors and later-life physiological response to psychosocial stressors.

Pain Increases Later Risk for Anxiety and Depression

Experiencing moderate to severe pain, or having at least moderate life interference from pain, doubles risk for anxiety or depression.

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