Tuesday, March 20, 2018

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Meta-analysis Links Childhood Trauma to Psychosis Symptoms

The study results suggest that experiences of childhood trauma impact the development of symptoms associated with psychosis.

Female Researchers Still Less Likely to be Published in High-Impact Psychiatry and Psychology Journals

Even as overall female authorship increases, imbalances remain in high-impact psychiatry and clinical psychology journals.

Psychosocial Explanations of Psychosis Reduce Stigma, Study Finds

A review of mental health anti-stigma campaigns finds psychosocial models are effective in reducing stigma, while biogenetic models often worsen attitudes.

Childhood Trauma May Alter Immune Function

A new study finds an important link between childhood trauma, immune activation, and the development of psychiatric disorders.

New Study Concludes that Antidepressants are “Largely Ineffective and Potentially Harmful”

A new study published in Frontiers in Psychiatry concludes that “antidepressants are largely ineffective and potentially harmful.”

Psychiatrists Warn Policymakers Benzodiazepine Overuse Could Lead to Next Epidemic

Although opioid addiction and overuse have garnered significant national attention, similar trends in benzodiazepine overprescription and overuse continue to go unnoticed.

World Psychiatric Association Statement Bans Psychiatrists from Participating in Torture

World Psychiatric Association reiterates the position that psychiatrists should not participate in or assist the torture of any person for any reason.

Outdoor Education Tied to Psychological and Academic Benefits

How the satisfaction of basic psychological needs (BPN) in outdoor education environments can peak student interest and boost intrinsic motivation.

Transcranial Electrical Stimulation Can’t Directly Alter Brain Patterns, Researchers Find

Due to the thickness of the scalp and skull, transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) is incapable of targeting networks of neurons in the brain.

How Relational Therapy Enhances a Sense of Self and Relationships

Relational therapy can be informed by the intersubjective dynamics observed in early childhood to facilitate the development of healthy relational patterns and a strong sense of self.

Depression Test May be Inaccurate for Black Adolescents, Study Finds

Researchers find that psychometric properties in the CES-D, developed for White adults, may not adequately measure the lived experience for Black adolescents.

Majority of Counselors Lack Training to Treat Racial Trauma, Study Finds

The percentage of clients who have experienced racial trauma far exceeds the percentage of counselors who are trained to identify and treat it.

ADHD More Severe in Children Exposed to Pollution and Economic Deprivation

ADHD behaviors were linked to the presence of both high levels of pollutants and persistent economic deprivation at birth and through childhood.

Study Explores Meanings of Bipolar Disorder to Those Diagnosed

The narratives about Bipolar Disorder promoted by drug companies may influence how those diagnosed understand themselves.

Race and Class Affect Teacher Perceptions of ADHD Medication Use

Study uncovers teachers’ attitudes surrounding ADHD medication use and examines the influence of race and social class on teacher beliefs.

Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Interventions Target Depressive Symptoms

A new study finds self-coldness predicts depressive symptoms and supports self-compassion as a buffer.

New Article Details Criticism of Psychiatric Diagnosis Through History

Researchers outline the criticisms of Kraepelin’s diagnostic paradigm, noting how similar issues reverberate in contemporary debates surrounding psychiatric diagnosis

Researchers Question Findings of Some Correlational Studies

In a new study, researchers argue that correlational studies may not sufficiently account for alternative explanations, and offer suggestions for mitigating this danger.

Study Confirms Higher Suicide Risk for Sexual Minority Adolescents

Researchers report that sexual minority adolescents have considered, planned, and attempted suicide substantially more than their heterosexual peers.

Experts Stress Importance of Social Networks for Psychosis and Bipolar Interventions

Researchers develop a novel approach to mapping personal well-being networks for those diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI) that incorporates social ties, connections to place, and meaningful activities.

New Study Challenges “Late-Onset ADHD”

Researchers found that 95% of adolescents and adults who screened positive for late-onset ADHD did not merit the actual diagnosis.

Training Program Decreases Police Force and Arrests for Mental Health Crisis Calls

Colorado police trained in crisis intervention infrequently use force or arrest individuals experiencing a mental health crisis and are likely to transfer individuals to a treatment facility.

Researchers Challenge Industry-Friendly Depression Guideline

Review of a new mixed depression guideline reveals financial bias of guideline developers and lack of evidence supporting recommendations for prescribing of antipsychotics.

Spending on Social Services Improves Health Outcomes

Canadian study finds that social service spending is associated with a decrease in mortality and increase in life expectancy.

Multisystemic Therapy No More Effective than Standard Care for Antisocial Behavior

Study counters previous evidence supporting multisystemic therapy, finding adolescents are just as likely to have out-of-home placements when receiving multisystemic therapy versus management as usual.

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