Tuesday, January 17, 2017

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry".

Treating Metabolic Conditions May Resolve Some Depressive Symptoms

New research suggests that treatable metabolic abnormalities underlie some treatment-resistant cases of depression—and treating the metabolic condition has the possibility of dramatically reducing depressive symptoms

Length of Stay in Emergency Departments Longer for Mental Health Emergencies

Statewide study finds patients with mental health emergencies and who are uninsured face longer waits in emergency departments.

Medical Interventions Are Overused Worldwide

Lack of “right care” causes physical, psychological and financial harm to patients

Study Finds Phone Apps Effective for Reducing Mental Health Symptoms

Researchers found that participants using coach-assisted apps designed for depression and anxiety experienced symptom reductions in both conditions

Importance of Physical Symptoms in Mental Health Evals

Researchers at Harvard Medical School highlight the need for mental health clinicians to explore the meaning of physical symptoms and pain

Studies Suggest that Paraprofessionals Effectively Treat Depression in India

The researchers suggest that this brief treatment, provided by community members who receive only a short training, is an effective and financially feasible method of delivering psychological care to those who might not otherwise receive it.

Relationship Between Mental Health Diagnoses and Physical Diseases in Adolescents

The results of the national cohort study, with data from the United States, indicate that some mental health diagnoses may be risk factors for certain physical diseases. Results also suggest that some physical diseases may put adolescents at risk for mental health issues.

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated with Incarceration

A new study, published in CMAJ Open, investigates the association between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and incarceration.

Use of Cognitive Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder

Results showed that individuals in the CT group noted significantly greater improvements than those in the paroxetine group, the placebo group, and the combined group; an effect that was sustained in the long-term (12 months post-treatment).

Sauna Bathing Reduces Risk of Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease

A new study, published online in the journal Age and Ageing, found a strikingly large protective effect for regular sauna bathing. Researchers found that men who regularly used the sauna were far less likely to develop dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.

Access to Green and Blue Spaces May Improve Mental Health

A new study, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry Open, examines the association between mental health and access to green or blue spaces near one’s residence.

Non-Pharmacological Treatments (NPTs) for Depression Are Effective

A group of researchers, most with affiliations to the Mayo Clinic, recently published an “overview of systematic reviews” to examine the literature on the efficacy of non-pharmacological treatments (NPTs) for depression.

Antipsychotics Linked to Mortality Risks in Alzheimer’s Patients

In a new study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, researchers analyzed and compared the risk of mortality between commonly prescribed antipsychotic drugs amongst community-dwelling individuals with Alzheimer’s Disease.

Prescribing Benzodiazepines As-Needed Leads to Abuse

A new study reported on in Medscape, examined risk factors for misuse of benzodiazepines (drugs such as Xanax, Ativan, and Klonopin). The researchers found that patients who had been prescribed the medication on an as-needed basis were more likely to end up abusing it than those who had been prescribed a standing dose.

Industry Funded Trials Favor Drugs Over Psychotherapy

The researchers conclude that industry funding appears to bias studies towards pharmacotherapy over psychotherapy for the treatment of depression.

Mental Health Nurses Do Not Routinely Assess for Effects of Antipsychotic Medications

Researchers believe that side-effect monitoring is critical because of the increase in the use of antipsychotics

Study Finds Excess Pills Prescribed for Post-Operative Pain

Researchers find that patients are prescribed more pills than necessary after common surgical procedures

Pets Play Central Role in Management of Mental Health Problems

Individuals with long-term mental health conditions identify pets as valuable supports in their daily lives.

Better Mental Health Care Needed for Pilots

A new study shows that airline pilots are at elevated risk for depression, yet encounter barriers to accessing mental health services.

Study Suggests Long-Term Antipsychotic Use May Result in Poorer Cognitive Functioning

Association found between long-term antipsychotic use and poorer performance on cognitive tasks in adults diagnosed with ‘schizophrenia.’

1 in 6 Adults in the US Takes a Psychiatric Drug

Overall, 16.7% of 242 million US adults reported filling 1 or more prescriptions for psychiatric drugs in 2013.

Tai Chi as a Potential Treatment for Vets with PTSD

Authors of a new study published in the journal BMJ Open examined the feasibility of a Tai Chi introductory group for veterans diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Certain Antihypertensive Drugs Linked to Mood Disorders

A new study suggests that some antihypertensive drugs are associated with increased risk of bipolar disorder and depression, while other antihypertensive drugs are actually associated with decreased risk.

Increase in ED Visits Due to Drug Related Adverse Events

A recently published article in the Journal of the American Medical Association highlights an increase in emergency department (ED) visits due to drug-related adverse or negative events.

Stigma May Increase Distress in Individuals Who Hear Voices

Review finds that stigma around voice hearing is connected to isolation, secrecy, and poorer functioning.

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Why Few Patients Benefit from Psychiatric Medications

Peter C. Gøtzsche is a Danish physician, medical researcher, and leader of the Nordic Cochrane Center at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark. He co-founded and has written numerous reviews within the Cochrane collaboration. In this course, he reviews unbiased research on the risks vs. benefits of prescribing psychiatric medications.