Sunday, February 25, 2018

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry".

Race and Class Affect Teacher Perceptions of ADHD Medication Use

Study uncovers teachers’ attitudes surrounding ADHD medication use and examines the influence of race and social class on teacher beliefs.

Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Interventions Target Depressive Symptoms

A new study finds self-coldness predicts depressive symptoms and supports self-compassion as a buffer.

New Article Details Criticism of Psychiatric Diagnosis Through History

Researchers outline the criticisms of Kraepelin’s diagnostic paradigm, noting how similar issues reverberate in contemporary debates surrounding psychiatric diagnosis

Researchers Question Findings of Some Correlational Studies

In a new study, researchers argue that correlational studies may not sufficiently account for alternative explanations, and offer suggestions for mitigating this danger.

Study Confirms Higher Suicide Risk for Sexual Minority Adolescents

Researchers report that sexual minority adolescents have considered, planned, and attempted suicide substantially more than their heterosexual peers.

Experts Stress Importance of Social Networks for Psychosis and Bipolar Interventions

Researchers develop a novel approach to mapping personal well-being networks for those diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI) that incorporates social ties, connections to place, and meaningful activities.

New Study Challenges “Late-Onset ADHD”

Researchers found that 95% of adolescents and adults who screened positive for late-onset ADHD did not merit the actual diagnosis.

Training Program Decreases Police Force and Arrests for Mental Health Crisis Calls

Colorado police trained in crisis intervention infrequently use force or arrest individuals experiencing a mental health crisis and are likely to transfer individuals to a treatment facility.

Researchers Challenge Industry-Friendly Depression Guideline

Review of a new mixed depression guideline reveals financial bias of guideline developers and lack of evidence supporting recommendations for prescribing of antipsychotics.

Spending on Social Services Improves Health Outcomes

Canadian study finds that social service spending is associated with a decrease in mortality and increase in life expectancy.

Multisystemic Therapy No More Effective than Standard Care for Antisocial Behavior

Study counters previous evidence supporting multisystemic therapy, finding adolescents are just as likely to have out-of-home placements when receiving multisystemic therapy versus management as usual.

Study Finds Heavy Metal Music Beneficial to Mental Health

A new study highlights the role heavy metal music plays in the mental health of adolescents facing adversity.

CDC Reports Increased Psychostimulant Prescriptions in Women of Reproductive Age

Psychostimulant prescriptions have increased by 344% (from 2003 to 2015) for women of reproductive age (15-44 years old).

Problem Behaviors are Medicalized in White Children and Criminalized in Black Children

Race often determines whether school punishment or therapy and drugs will be used to address children’s problem behaviors.

Estimates of Depression Prevalence are Exaggerated, Study Finds

New research demonstrates that common methods for estimating depression prevalence lead to overestimation and exaggerated statistics.

Targeting Hypocrisy Reduces Islamophobia and Collective Blame of Muslims

Interventions calling attention to participants’ hypocrisy proved effective in reducing Islamophobia and collective blame of Muslims for individual acts of violence.

New Study Challenges Impartiality of Peer Review

New research shows that more connected and well-known researchers are more likely to be published, even when they receive negative reviews.

Cognitive Impairment from Long-Term Benzodiazepine Use Remains Even After Drug Withdrawal

Long-term benzodiazepine use shown to effect cognitive function during current use and for years after drug discontinuation.

Researchers Expose Pharmaceutical Industry Misconduct and Corruption

Corruption of pharmaceutical industry sponsored clinical trials identified as a “major obstacle” facing evidence-based medicine.

Connections Between Climate Change Concerns, Mental Health, and Pro-Environmental Actions

Concerns about the impact of climate change on animals and nature results in more effective coping to reduce hopelessness about climate change and promotes pro-environmental behaviors.

Should We Screen for Adverse Childhood Experiences?

One author outlines the foundations of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) research, addressing its dimensions, limitations, and potential future directions.

Large Study Finds Epigenetic Changes Associated with Trauma Explained by Smoking

A new study suggests that epigenetic changes that have been associated with trauma may actually be due to environmental toxins.

Underestimating Social Determinants of Health Linked to Right-Wing Authoritarianism

Social determinants have been seen to have an equal, if not greater, influence on health as individual behaviors, yet this evidence is largely ignored. Researchers investigate why this is the case.

Vitamin B6 Effective in Reducing Antipsychotic Induced Akathisia

A recent RCT showed that vitamin B6 is as effective as propranolol for the treatment of akathisia.

Trauma Resiliency Model: A New Somatic Therapy for Treating Trauma

Report presents new body-based therapeutic approach for shock and complex developmental trauma.

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