Monday, February 27, 2017

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry".

Benzodiazepines Continue to be Prescribed Without Psychotherapy to Older Adults

Researchers call for shift toward proven alternatives like psychotherapy in face of continued evidence of safety risks of benzodiazepines.

Interpersonal Therapy May Prevent Postpartum Depression

Interpersonal therapy reduces the risk of postpartum depression in mothers on public assistance during first 6 months after giving birth.

Individuals With Low Incomes More Likely to Have Chronic Pain

Findings show that participants with lower levels of education and SES suffer from more chronic pain.

Study Finds No Correlation between Personality at 14 and 77

This result calls into question popular notions about the correlations between personality and later-life achievement and health outcomes.

Patient Race Associated with Varied Psychiatric Treatment Experiences

Findings point to association between race and the mental health care experiences of African-American and White veterans.

Trials Comparing Treatments for Depression Favor Pharmacotherapy when Statisticians Involved

A meta-analysis looks at the effects of researcher background on study findings for trials comparing pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy for depression.

Research Shows Mindfulness can Decrease Anxiety

A new study explores the impact of a Mindfulness-Based intervention on stress-related biomarkers in individuals diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD).

New Medications Fail to Show Efficacy for Alzheimer’s Disease

Three phase III clinical trials assessing the efficacy of Lundbeck’s investigational drug idalopirdine for Alzheimer’s disease have failed

Alternative Therapies for Adolescent Depression as Effective as CBT, Study Finds

Brief psychodynamic and psychosocial interventions help maintain reduced depressive symptoms

Youngest Children in Class More Likely to get ‘ADHD’ Drugs

The researchers suggest that developmental immaturity is mislabelled as a mental disorder and unnecessarily treated with stimulant medication

Quitting Smoking May Help with Depression

A new study suggests that smoking cessation is related to depressive symptom improvement, but that depression may also make it harder to quit.

New Data Supports Acupuncture as a Treatment for Depression

Researchers found acupuncture effective in the treatment of chronic pain and depression

Physicians Underestimate Harms and Overestimate Benefits of Treatment

A new study analyzed over 13,000 doctors and found that physicians had a poor understanding of risks and benefits in every field, including psychopharmaceutical prescription, to CT scans, and cancer screening.

Neuroscience-based Treatment Program Proposed for Adolescent Depression

A study published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience proposes a new model for the treatment of adolescents diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD).

Taking Break from Facebook Has Positive Effects on Well-Being

Experimental study finds that a one-week break from Facebook leads to increased life satisfaction and more positive emotions.

Children with ‘ADHD’ Commonly Prescribed Antipsychotics

Despite little evidence for benefit, and substantial risk of harm, antipsychotics are commonly prescribed to children diagnosed with ADHD

Researcher Acknowledges His Mistakes in Understanding Schizophrenia

Sir Robin Murray, a professor at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience in London, states that he ignored social factors that contribute to ‘schizophrenia’ for too long. He also reports that he neglected the negative effects antipsychotic medication has on the brain.

Many Patient Advocacy Organizations Are Funded By Industry

New research investigates the financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) of patient advocacy organizations (PAOs) in the United States.

Antidepressant use During Pregnancy may Increase Risk of Birth Defects

Use of antidepressants increased the risk of organ-specific malformations in women with depression

Brain Scans Cannot Differentiate Between Mental Health Conditions

A new study analyzing over 21,000 participants found that differences in activation of brain regions in different psychological “disorders” may have been overestimated, and confirms that there is still no brain scan capable of diagnosing a mental health concern.

Antidepressant Use May Increase Risk of Hip Fractures in Older Adults

Study finds antidepressant use is linked to increase in hip fractures in community-dwelling older adults with and without Alzheimer’s disease.

BPS Releases Review of Alternatives to Antipsychotics

BPS releases report encouraging behavioral interventions for people with dementia, rather than antipsychotics

Acute Respiratory Failure More Likely in COPD Patients Prescribed Antipsychotics

Researchers recommend that healthcare professionals be vigilant regarding the signs of respiratory failure among patients with COPD who are receiving antipsychotics, especially during the initial treatment phase.

Lay Health Worker Intervention Effective at Decreasing Symptoms

Compared with standard care, results of a lay health worker intervention in Zimbabwe suggest that this is effective for reduction of common mental health symptoms

Treating Metabolic Conditions May Resolve Some Depressive Symptoms

New research suggests that treatable metabolic abnormalities underlie some treatment-resistant cases of depression—and treating the metabolic condition has the possibility of dramatically reducing depressive symptoms

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