Monday, September 25, 2017

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry".

Review Finds Little Evidence that Electroconvulsive Therapy is Effective for Depression

Researchers examined the dearth of support for Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depressive symptoms in light of studies detailing the associated risks.

Leading Researchers Critique Current Paradigm for Studying ‘Schizophrenia’ Risk

Re-conceptualizing the Clinical-High-Risk/Ultra-High-Risk Paradigm: A critique and reappraisal

More Follow Up Needed for Drugs Granted Accelerated FDA Approval

Drugs to treat serious or life-threatening conditions can receive accelerated FDA approval, but may expose patients to increased safety risks and reduced efficacy.

Replacing Pain with Pain: Hazards of Antidepressant Use for Chronic Pain Relief

The paradox of relieving chronic pain with an antidepressant (and a new set of symptoms).

Mental Health Diagnoses May be Based on Context, Not Symptoms

A new study published in the journal Clinical Psychological Science examines the biasing effect of irrelevant contextual information on mental health diagnoses.

The Most Promoted Drugs are Those with Little Therapeutic Value, Study Finds

Majority of top-selling and most promoted drugs in Canada are rated as having very limited safety and efficacy.

Belief in a Favorable Future May Undermine that Future

People who are more likely to believe that others’ views will change to match their own over time are less likely to engage in actions to facilitate that change

Researchers Question Add-On Treatment for ‘Schizophrenia’

A common practice when antipsychotics are found to be ineffective for schizophrenia is to prescribe a second, additional psychoactive medication. Now, a new study suggests that this practice is not supported by the research.

Inappropriate Use of Antipsychotics on Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

One-third of adults with an intellectual or developmental disability are dispensed antipsychotics, despite having no existing psychiatric diagnosis.

Hope, Hopelessness and Hearing Voices Groups

A personal account on hearing voices groups from Akiko Hart published in the journal Psychosis.

First Systematic Review of Leading School-Based Mental Health Programs

Results reflect moderate to strong evidence in support of the non-pharmacological school-based interventions reviewed in the study.

Criticism of Coercion and Forced Treatment in Psychiatry

A recent editorial, published in BMJ, argues there is an increase in coercive measures in psychiatry that are damaging to individuals diagnosed with mental illness.

Researchers Question the “Adequacy and Legitimacy” of ADHD Diagnosis

A new article, just published online in the journal Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, presents research suggesting that the diagnosis of ADHD is philosophically inadequate.

Does Understanding the Brain Help us to Understand Ourselves?

Philosopher examines myths about neuroscience and self-understanding.

Loneliness as Lethal: Researchers Name Social Isolation a ‘Public Health Threat’

Researchers present loneliness as a health threat facing a growing number of Americans.

Ethical Failings in Experimental Drug Safety Trials

Leading human subjects ethics researcher questions exploitation of uninsured minorities in experimental drug trials.

ADHD Diagnosis Based on “Illogical Rhetoric,” Analysis Claims

In a philosophically rigorous article, Spanish researcher Marino Pérez-Álvarez examines the logic of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

More to Happiness Than Feeling Good, Study Finds

Cross-cultural data suggest that happiness involves feeling the emotions one deems as right, in accordance with personal and cultural values.

Study Finds Recalling Experiences of Violence Impairs Cognitive Functioning

Recalling past exposure to violence worsens short-term memory and cognitive control.

Increased Risk of Movement Disorders From Antipsychotics in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities

Large cohort study demonstrates that those with an intellectual disability are at an increased risk for movement disorder side effects of antipsychotics.

Researchers Argue that ‘ADHD’ Doesn’t Meet DSM Definition of a Disorder

New research questions whether the diagnosis of ADHD even meets the criteria for a disorder, as set out in the manuals used by the medical and psychiatric fields.

Researchers Challenge Popular Beliefs About Adolescent Risk Taking

Adolescent risk taking is explored contextually, beyond models of brain imbalances and adverse consequences.

Married Individuals with Schizophrenia Show Better Outcomes, Study Finds

14-year study of a rural sample in China shows those who were married had higher rates of remission from schizophrenia.

Social Prescribing May Improve Self-Esteem and Mental Well-Being

Systematic review suggests social prescribing benefits individuals with mental and physical health issues, but more program evaluations are needed.

Patients With Schizophrenia Show Better Work Functioning Off Antipsychotics

20-year follow-up study finds that after four years, patients not prescribed antipsychotics have significantly better work functioning.

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