Monday, September 24, 2018

In the News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

What Does Social Justice Really Mean for Psychologists?

Without clarity and consensus around what social justice means, psychologists risk perpetuating injustices that undermine their stated mission.

Antidepressant Use Climbs as Patients Find it Difficult to Discontinue

Findings point to the role of withdrawal symptoms and prescriber practices in long-term antidepressant use.

New Review of Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia Questions Evidence for Long Term Use

A systematic review of the limited research available on the long-term effects of antipsychotics finds fewer symptoms in those off of the drugs.

Minimal Evidence for Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in Childhood

Researchers offer a critical take on the inclusion of the Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in the DSM-V.

Are Drug Side Effects Driving Depression Rates?

A new study finds that more than a third of Americans are taking prescription drugs that can cause depressive symptoms as a side-effect.

New Research on Patient-Centered Deprescribing for Antipsychotics

Researchers review the risks and benefits of deprescribing from antipsychotic drugs and advocate for a patient-centered approach to tapering.

Out-of-home Placements for Children Increase Odds of Psychiatric Issues

When controlling for social and family characteristics, separating children from parents into out-of-home care increases psychiatric issues, prescriptions, and criminal activity.

Improving the Efficacy of Mindfulness in Schools

New research examines factors that make mindfulness interventions in school most effective for adolescent’s mental health outcomes.

Study Finds Greening Urban Land Improves Mental Health

Remediating dilapidated physical environments in urban settings can contribute to better mental health.

Researcher Challenges Clinical Effectiveness of Antidepressants

A new article in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine addresses common misinterpretations of the efficacy research on antidepressants.

Challenging Resilience as a Buzzword: Toward a Contextualized Resilience Model

Researcher Dr. Silke Schwarz highlights how Western psychology’s construction of individual resilience deflects emphasized individual pathology and deflects efforts at structural change.

Study Finds First-Episode Psychosis Patients Fare Better with Vitamin D

Researchers examine the relationship between vitamin D and clinical and cognitive symptoms in first-episode psychosis.

Exploring the Tension Between Educational Psychology and Child Psychiatry

Researchers explore efforts to integrate educational psychology and child psychiatry.

Hallucinations Reported as Side Effect of ADHD Medication

Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms have been reported after methylphenidate (Ritalin) treatment for ADHD.

Researcher Critically Examines Movements for Global Mental Health

China Mills raises concerns that global mental health movements obscure social determinants of health and naturalize Western mental health concepts.

Research Emphasizes Association Between Inflammation, Diet, and Depression

Study finds adults with a pro-inflammatory diet have a greater incidence of depression.

What Stops People From Using Exercise to Treat Depression?

New research examines important factors of adherence when prescribing exercise to treat depression.

Review Examines Causes and Consequences of Overdiagnosis in Primary Care

A new review in BMJ investigates overdiagnosis in primary care settings, where the majority of mental health care is provided in the U.S.

Large Increase in Poison Control Calls for Children Taking ADHD Drugs

New data shows that calls to US poison control centers have increased significantly for children taking stimulant ADHD drugs.

Prolonged Exposure Reduces Dropout Rates and Symptoms for Individuals with Complex Trauma

New study finds that intensive prolonged exposure is a promising treatment option for individuals with multiple trauma experiences.

SSRI Exposure in Pregnancy Alters Fetal Neurodevelopment

Alterations in gray matter and white matter development found in infants of mothers taking SSRI antidepressants during pregnancy.

Publication Bias Inflates Perceived Efficacy of Depression Treatments, Study Finds

Researchers report the cumulative effects of major biases on the apparent efficacy of antidepressant and psychotherapy treatments.

Can Education Level Predict Prescription Drug Misuse in Young Adults?

A new study examines the extent to which patterns in prescription drug misuse and substance use disorder symptoms can be predicted by education level

Sociologist Questions Effectiveness and Ethics of Mental Health Services

Medical sociologist David Pilgrim argues that mental health care is neither effective nor “kindly,” as it often relies on flawed research and ineffective treatments.

Peer Support Reduces Chances of Psychiatric Readmission

A randomized control trial finds that receiving peer support from individuals with similar lived experiences reduces one’s risk of readmission to an acute crisis unit.

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