Saturday, October 20, 2018

Research News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Gradual Tapering is Most Successful for Withdrawal from Antipsychotics

Mixed-Methods study explores the experiences of antipsychotic discontinuation among service users.

Do Family Interventions for Psychosis Translate in China?

Researchers explore how family interventions for psychosis might be adapted to China’s emerging integrated mental health care landscape.

The Conflicts That Result From Globalizing Euro-American Psychology in India

Researchers examine the transformation of work, life, and identity in India as a result of Western corporate and psychological culture.

Pooling Data May Hide Negative Outcomes for Antidepressants

A new study, published in Psychological Medicine, found evidence for a specific type of publication bias distorting the evidence about antidepressant efficacy.

The Connection Between Sleep, Exercise, Screen Time and Cognition in Childhood

Can current guidelines for sleep, exercise, and screen time in childhood be linked to positive cognitive outcomes?

Community-Driven Healthcare for the Homeless Reduces Hospital Costs

Direct access to care in safe locations is key in reducing healthcare costs and increasing quality of life for homeless populations.

SNRIs Added to the List of Drugs with Potential Withdrawal Symptoms

New research suggests that clinicians should exercise caution prescribing SNRIs as first-line treatment for mood and anxiety disorders.

School Personnel Can Help Prevent Mental Health Issues in Children

A new study examines the preventative effects of school-based mental health care when delivered by school personnel.

Two-Thirds of Schizophrenia Patients Do Not Remit on Antipsychotics

A new analysis of antipsychotic treatment of schizophrenia (published in Schizophrenia Bulletin) has found that two-thirds of patients treated this way do not experience symptom remission.

Systematic Review Finds Antidepressant Withdrawal Common and Potentially Long-lasting

Prominent researchers conduct a review of antidepressant withdrawal incidence, duration, and severity. Results lead to call for new clinical guidelines.

Nonclinical Factors are Associated with Long-Term Benzodiazepine Use in Older Adults

White race and size of initial prescription, along with poor sleep quality, are associated with long-term benzodiazepine use in older adults.

Study Examines Voice Hearing Accounts of 499 Nonclinical Individuals

Researchers look at voice hearing experiences shared by nonclinical samples, exploring these experiences in the general population.

Less Than Half of Clinical Trials Comply with Legislation to Accurately Report Results

A new study finds that sponsors of clinical trials in the EU continue to fail at reporting their results as required by recent legislation.

Reanalysis of STAR*D Study Suggests Overestimation of Antidepressant Efficacy

Reanalysis of the original primary outcome measure in the STAR*D study suggests STAR*D findings inflate improvement on antidepressant medication and exclusion criteria in conventional clinical trials results in overestimation of antidepressant efficacy.

DACA has “Immediate and Positive” Impact on Lives of Immigrant Students, Study Finds

New research demonstrates the benefits and complexities for immigrants transitioning from undocumented to DACA status.

Is There an Optimal Sleep Duration for Adolescents?

A new study finds ideal sleep duration differs in adolescents for peak mental health and academic outcomes.

International Study Documents Widespread Distress in College Students

An international study of college students reveals ubiquitous social and emotional challenges faced by young adults.

Rates of ADHD Diagnosis and Prescription of Stimulants Continue to Rise

Two new articles find that rates of ADHD diagnosis and stimulant prescription continue to rise all over the world.

What Does Social Justice Really Mean for Psychologists?

Without clarity and consensus around what social justice means, psychologists risk perpetuating injustices that undermine their stated mission.

Antidepressant Use Climbs as Patients Find it Difficult to Discontinue

Findings point to the role of withdrawal symptoms and prescriber practices in long-term antidepressant use.

New Review of Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia Questions Evidence for Long Term Use

A systematic review of the limited research available on the long-term effects of antipsychotics finds fewer symptoms in those off of the drugs.

Minimal Evidence for Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in Childhood

Researchers offer a critical take on the inclusion of the Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in the DSM-V.

Are Drug Side Effects Driving Depression Rates?

A new study finds that more than a third of Americans are taking prescription drugs that can cause depressive symptoms as a side-effect.

New Research on Patient-Centered Deprescribing for Antipsychotics

Researchers review the risks and benefits of deprescribing from antipsychotic drugs and advocate for a patient-centered approach to tapering.

Out-of-home Placements for Children Increase Odds of Psychiatric Issues

When controlling for social and family characteristics, separating children from parents into out-of-home care increases psychiatric issues, prescriptions, and criminal activity.

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