Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Research News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Why Precision Psychiatry is Not a Paradigm Shift

A letter just published in JAMA Psychiatry suggests that “precision psychiatry” is not the paradigm shift it’s purported to be by the psychiatric establishment.

Does Psychotherapy Reproduce or Disrupt Neoliberal Capitalism?

Researchers explore neoliberal influences on interactions in psychotherapy and question whether the radical potential of psychotherapy can counter prevailing social systems.

The Psychological Effects of the Zero-Tolerance Immigration Policy

Journal releases a compilation of articles detailing how zero-tolerance policy may impact mental health.

New Study Explores Approaches to Discontinuing Antidepressants

Psychiatrist and psychologist outline pharmacological and psychotherapeutic strategies for discontinuing antidepressants.

Linking Screen Time, Smartphones, and Stress Among Young Adults

New review ties increased screen time to increasing anxiety and depression among young adults throughout the United States.

Multiple Researchers Examining the Same Data Find Very Different Results

A new study demonstrates how the choice of statistical techniques when examining data plays a large role in scientific outcomes.

Sociologists Interrogate Neurobiological Explanations in Criminology

A discourse analysis conducted by sociologists finds problematic assumptions and practices in the field of neurocriminology.

Childhood Emotional Abuse Associated with Internal Eating Disorder Voice

Many individuals diagnosed with eating disorders describe and internal ‘voice,’ which may be linked to experiences of childhood trauma and dissociation.

How Stigma and Social Factors Drive the Negative Health Outcomes Associated with Autism

A new study explores the interplay between social stress and quality of life for individuals self-identified with high-functioning autism.

New Study Finds That Lavender Extract Eases Anxiety

A new study in Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience has found that the smell of lavender extract has an anxiolytic effect.

Correcting Misconceptions of Trauma-informed Care with Survivor Perspectives

Trauma-informed approaches have the potential to promote recovery but must involve survivors and service-users to prevent the experience of retraumatization within psychiatric and mental health services.

Are Depression Guidelines Missing the Evidence for Exercise?

A recent review suggests that depression guidelines do not incorporate evidence for exercise within a stepped-care approach and may be over-reliant on pharmacological treatments.

Current Immigration Policies Create Mental Health Vulnerabilities for Families

Researchers investigate the impact of immigration policies on the mental health of arriving Mexican and Central American immigrants.

The Impact of Mindfulness on Mental Health Stigma Resistance

A new study examines the association of mindfulness and stigma resistance among individuals with a psychiatric diagnosis.

About 1 in 100 Children Treated with Ritalin Experience a Serious Adverse Event

A recent Cochrane review has found that serious adverse events occur for about 1% of children and adolescents treated with Ritalin.

New Report Points to Gaps in the Evidence for Pediatric Bipolar Disorder

A new report on pediatric bipolar critically examines the current evidence base and calls for more research before the diagnosis is used.

Gradual Tapering is Most Successful for Withdrawal from Antipsychotics

Mixed-Methods study explores the experiences of antipsychotic discontinuation among service users.

Do Family Interventions for Psychosis Translate in China?

Researchers explore how family interventions for psychosis might be adapted to China’s emerging integrated mental health care landscape.

The Conflicts That Result From Globalizing Euro-American Psychology in India

Researchers examine the transformation of work, life, and identity in India as a result of Western corporate and psychological culture.

Pooling Data May Hide Negative Outcomes for Antidepressants

A new study, published in Psychological Medicine, found evidence for a specific type of publication bias distorting the evidence about antidepressant efficacy.

The Connection Between Sleep, Exercise, Screen Time and Cognition in Childhood

Can current guidelines for sleep, exercise, and screen time in childhood be linked to positive cognitive outcomes?

Community-Driven Healthcare for the Homeless Reduces Hospital Costs

Direct access to care in safe locations is key in reducing healthcare costs and increasing quality of life for homeless populations.

SNRIs Added to the List of Drugs with Potential Withdrawal Symptoms

New research suggests that clinicians should exercise caution prescribing SNRIs as first-line treatment for mood and anxiety disorders.

School Personnel Can Help Prevent Mental Health Issues in Children

A new study examines the preventative effects of school-based mental health care when delivered by school personnel.

Two-Thirds of Schizophrenia Patients Do Not Remit on Antipsychotics

A new analysis of antipsychotic treatment of schizophrenia (published in Schizophrenia Bulletin) has found that two-thirds of patients treated this way do not experience symptom remission.

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