Sunday, July 21, 2019

Research News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Researchers Find Bias in Industry-Funded Continuing Medical Education

Industry-funded continuing medical education (CME) influences physicians to prescribe more opioids, focus less on the consequences.

Sodium Nitroprusside Shows No Efficacy in Schizophrenia Treatment

Researchers question biases of preliminary trials that found that sodium nitroprusside, an antihypertensive drug, has positive effects on schizophrenia symptoms.

The Power Threat Meaning Framework One Year On

The team that developed the Power Threat Meaning framework as a diagnostic alternative reflects on the response to the framework after one year.

The Role of Racial Bias in the Overdiagnosis of Schizophrenia

Researchers detect disparity between white and African American patients diagnosed with schizophrenia when symptoms of a mood disorder are present.

The Role of Intergenerational Trauma in the Perpetuation of Childhood Maltreatment

A new study examines the role parent borderline pathology plays in the perpetuation of childhood maltreatment.

Researchers Fail to Replicate Evidence for “Biotypes” of Depression

A new study casts doubt on whether such biotypes for depression exist.

Valuing Posttraumatic Growth in Psychosis

Individuals who experience psychosis can also experience posttraumatic growth, which can be a central component of the recovery paradigm.

Antidepressant Use Linked to Longer, More Frequent Psychiatric Rehospitalization

New study finds that antidepressants may negatively impact recovery after psychiatric hospitalization.

More Physical Activity-Based Mental Health Interventions Needed in Schools

What physical activity-based programs are being implemented in schools, how are they being researched, and what kind of impact have they made?

The Impact of Regression to the Mean in Psychiatric Drug Studies

Could the statistical phenomenon of regression to the mean be responsible for the dramatic effects of placebo—as well as the supposed effectiveness of some psychiatric drugs?

Psychosocially Oriented Psychologists Struggle Against the Medical Model

Interviews with psychosocially oriented psychologists demonstrate their experiences of discomfort with the hegemony of the medical model in their place of work and the conflicts that arise when they attempt to provide alternatives.

Mental Health Recovery Narratives Play Central Role in Trauma-Informed Care

New research synthesizes insights from 45 studies to construct a conceptual framework relating different elements of recovery narratives to trauma-informed approaches to care.

More Psychological Supports Needed to Manage Antidepressant Discontinuation

Study reviews psychological interventions for antidepressant discontinuation.

Withdrawal Symptoms Routinely Confound Findings of Psychiatric Drug Studies

Researchers examine how rapid discontinuation can mimic the relapse of mental health symptoms and confound psychiatric drug studies.

Psychiatrists View Drug-Free Programs for Psychosis as “Unscientific,” Study Finds

A new study provides an insider’s look into how psychiatrists view the establishment of drug-free programs in Norway.

Higher Minimum Wage May Result in Fewer Suicide Deaths, Study Finds

New research suggests that minimum wage laws provide financial security that may help prevent suicide.

International Research Team Proposes a New Taxonomy of Mental Disorders

New data interpreted to suggest a hierarchical, dimensional system of mental disorders will aid future research efforts and improve mental health care.

The Effects of Antidepressant Exposure Across Generations: An Interview with Dr. Vance Trudeau

Dr. Vance Trudeau discusses his study's finding that antidepressants may have far-reaching, adverse effects that last up to three generations.

No Brain Connectivity Differences Between Autism, ADHD, and “Typical Development”

Neuroscience researchers find no differences in brain connectivity between children with diagnoses of autism, ADHD, and those with no diagnoses.

Debate Ensues Over Rights-Based Approach to Mental Health

Debate ensues as scholars and policymakers discuss how to bring a rights-based approach to mental health policy.

There is More to Mindfulness than the Brain

According to Lifshitz and Thompson, mindfulness is best understood as “complex orchestration of cognitive skills embodied in a particular social context.”

When Does it Help to Have Background Information in Child-Centered Play Therapy?

Knowing the client’s history can help foster genuine empathic responding, a key component to child-centered play therapy.

Adderall Use Associated with Increased Risk of Psychosis

Twice as many teenagers with ADHD experienced severe psychosis when taking Adderall, as compared to Ritalin, according to a new study.

Combining Mirtazapine with Existing SSRI or SNRI Does Not Improve Depressive Symptoms

Study finds combining mirtazapine with an SSRI or SNRI is not clinically effective for improving depression in primary care patients who remained depressed after taking an SSRI or SNRI.

Does Active Placebo Response Explain Antidepressant Results?

A new study investigated whether participants guessing if they have an antidepressant or placebo affects response rates.

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