Thursday, November 21, 2019

Research News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

How Does the Soteria House Heal?

The alternative treatment model of Soteria helps individuals suffering from schizophrenia without relying on medication or coercion.

Guidelines Recommending Antidepressants “in Contradiction with the Current Evidence”

Researchers critique the German S3 guidelines for depression promoting antidepressants.

Connectedness at School Related to Students’ Emotional Health

New research highlights differences in levels of school connectedness among students diagnosed with emotional and behavioral disorders,

Belgian Guidelines Recommend “DSM Categories Not be at the Centre of Care Planning”

The Superior Health Council of Belgium documents numerous problems with the evidence base in the manuals used to diagnose “mental illness” and cautions against their use.

Service-Users Who Found CBT Unhelpful Offer Their Perspectives

Counseling clients in the UK who found CBT unhelpful were interviewed about their experiences.

Effective Therapists’ Skills May be Rooted in Personal Histories

Systematic review differentiates the qualities of effective therapists from those that are less effective and finds that successful therapists’ professional skills are connected to their personal lives.

How Do We Test the Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Antipsychotics?

A new attempt to study the neurological effects of long-term exposure to antipsychotics uses healthy volunteers on minimal doses for 15 days.

School-Based Mindfulness Leads to Stress Reduction, Study Finds

Researchers find improvements in stress-related outcomes among middle school students exposed to a school-based mindfulness training program.

Explaining Depression Biologically Increases Prognostic Pessimism

Psychoeducation that explains depression in biological terms increases prognostic pessimism, perceived stability of depression, and openness to psychiatric medication.

Psychiatrist Offers Ecological Model for Psychotherapy

Insights from phenomenological philosophy can assist in understanding psychotherapy and psychopathology as ecological rather than individualistic.

Experiences of Bullying May Explain “Paranoia” in Sexual Minorities

Bullying leads to a feeling that people plan to harm you, which can be misconstrued as “paranoia” and considered a “psychotic symptom.”

Researchers Propose Mindfulness for Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

Researchers from Hong Kong test mindfulness interventions for people diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder.

How Exercise Can Help With First Episode Psychosis

New study examines the experiences of people utilizing an exercise program following a first-episode psychosis.

Substantial Spin Found in Leading Psychology and Psychiatry Journals

: A new review finds evidence of spin and the misrepresentation of clinical trials with non-significant results.

Risk of Depressive Relapse Three Times Higher After Previous Antidepressant Use

A new study found that having been prescribed an antidepressant previously was associated with an increased risk of depressive relapse.

Psychosocial Approaches to Schizophrenia with Limited Antipsychotic Use

Researchers review nine previously studied psychosocial approaches and call for more high-quality trials treating schizophrenia with minimal to no antipsychotics.

Disability and Decolonial Studies Disrupt the Medical Model

Critical disability studies and decolonial analyses take on structural oppression and challenge concepts of normality, mental health, and ability.

Neuroscientists Suggest That Social Inequalities Can Permanently Alter Our Brains

A recently published article illustrates how the concept of neuroplasticity has been used to explain social inequalities, like poverty, by linking them to biomarkers in the brain.

Addressing the Roots of Racial Trauma: An Interview with Psychologist Lillian Comas-Díaz

MIA’s Hannah Emerson interviews Comas-Díaz on the need for culturally competent care in a medicalized and individualistic society.

No Evidence for Brain Asymmetry in Depression

A new study debunks the theory that depression is associated with brain asymmetry.

Integrating Patient Voices in ICD-11 Development

First-of-its-kind study explores patient perspectives surrounding five major psychiatric diagnoses to inform revisions to clinical guidelines.

What is it Like to Experience a First Crisis in Psychosis?

Study explores the emotional and embodied experience of individuals undergoing a first crisis in psychosis.

Study Explores Service Users’ Views on Diagnostic Criteria

Researchers investigate service users' lived experiences and their views on mental disorder classifications.

How Biotechologies Preserve the Idea of the Disordered Brain

Social scientists explore how psychiatry’s use of biotechnology is being used to reinvent and secure the idea of the disordered brain

Risk of Cardiovascular Death Increased After Psychiatric Hospitalization

The rate of death due to heart-related problems is more than double the rate in the general population after psychiatric hospitalization.

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