Friday, July 10, 2020

Research News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Randomized Controlled Trial Confirms That Antipsychotics Damage the Brain

A new study published in JAMA Psychiatry connects antipsychotics with damage to the brain in multiple areas.

Bridging Critical and Conceptual Psychiatry: An Interview with Awais Aftab

MIA’s Justin Karter interviews psychiatrist Awais Aftab about how “conceptual competence” uses philosophy to transform psychiatry.

Exercise for Youth Mental Health in the Lockdown: Interview with Psychologist Scott Greenspan

School Psychologist Scott Greenspan discusses how to promote exercise and mental wellbeing for adolescents stuck indoors during the pandemic.

Bringing Human Rights to Mental Health Care: An Interview with UN Envoy Dainius Pūras

MIA's Ana Florence interviews United Nations Special Rapporteur Dainius Pūras about his own journey as a psychiatrist and the future of rights-based approaches to mental health.

No Good Evidence That Antidepressants Prevent Relapse

Trials of antidepressants for relapse prevention are confounded by withdrawal effects caused by the drugs.

When Psychology Speaks for You, Without You: Sunil Bhatia on Decolonizing Psychology

MIA’s Ayurdhi Dhar interviews Sunil Bhatia about decolonizing psychology, confronting the field’s racist past, colonial foundations, and neoliberal present.

Neuropsychological Tests Reveal Consequences of Polypharmacy

Neuropsychological assessments reveal the cognitive, occupational, and social impact of polypharmacy in psychiatry.

Antipsychotic Trials Show Increasing Placebo Response and Declining Drug Response

A new review of antipsychotic trials conducted over the last 24 years finds that the placebo response rate is steadily increasing, and drug response is decreasing.

Antidepressant Use Continues to Climb Among Youth on Medicaid

New study finds that Medicaid enrolled youth were 14 times more likely to be on an antidepressant in 2014 than in 1987.

Researchers Find Paroxetine Harms Developing Brain

Researchers at Johns Hopkins test paroxetine on developing brain cells and discover numerous neurotoxic effects.

Does Longer Duration of Untreated Psychosis Cause Worse Outcomes?

New research counters the long-held assumption that a longer duration of untreated psychosis is associated with worse outcomes.

Benzodiazepines Linked to More Emergency Department Visits

Recent research implicates benzodiazepines as being involved in a high rate of emergency department visits in the US.

Suicide Warning on Antidepressant Label is Justified, Researchers Say

Researchers confirm that the suicide warning for antidepressants is justified by the evidence and that claims that the warning is harmful lack support.

Largest Survey of Antipsychotic Experiences Reveals Negative Results

A new survey exploring antipsychotic user experience finds that more than half of the participants report only negative experiences.

Review Explores First-Person Experiences of People Taking Antipsychotics

A new systematic review finds that patients report reduced symptoms but also loss of self and agency while taking antipsychotics.

Building an Intersectional Psychology of Economic Class

Innovative research methods and interventions could address socioeconomic disparities in academic achievement.

How Does Mindfulness Work?

A new study explores how mindfulness impacts self-compassion and meaning in life to increase mental health and wellbeing.

Hearing Veteran Narratives is Key to Suicide Prevention

Current suicide assessment practices of the VA are reductive and do not allow for the individual’s narrative to be heard.

The P-Value Problem in Psychiatry

Stanford researcher writes that readers should check the effect size of results instead of looking at the p-value.

Can a Conceptual Competence Curriculum Bring Humility to Psychiatry?

Training for conceptual competence in psychiatry provides a new way forward to address theoretical and philosophical issues in mental health research and practice.

How Dissenting Voices are Silenced in Medicine

Researcher criticizes the many ways opposing viewpoints and dissenting voices are squashed in the field of medicine.

Nuanced History of Asylums Shows Context Matters

A bottom-up approach to understanding the history of asylums allows us to learn from past successes and failures in the mental health system.

School Discipline is Racially Biased and Increases Misbehavior

School discipline that punishes minor misbehavior may increase adolescents’ misconduct and lead to racial inequalities in school discipline.

Transgender Children Development Consistent with Current Gender, Not Sex Assigned at Birth

Transgender children show strong identification and preferences stereotypically associated with their current gender identities, not their sex assigned at birth.

Researchers: Antidepressant Withdrawal, Not “Discontinuation Syndrome”

Researchers suggest that the pharmaceutical industry had a vested interest in using the term “discontinuation” in order to hide the severity of physical dependence and withdrawal reactions many people experience from antidepressants.

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