Saturday, January 25, 2020

Research News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Improving the Efficacy of Mindfulness in Schools

New research examines factors that make mindfulness interventions in school most effective for adolescent’s mental health outcomes.

Family Oriented, Home-Based Treatment Best for Youth with Symptoms of Psychosis

A pathbreaking new study out of Finland suggests that early intervention programs for youth experiencing psychotic-like symptoms may see the greatest improvement when treatment works within the home rather than in a hospital setting. The research, to be published in next month’s issue of Psychiatry Research, found greater improvement in functioning, depression, and hopelessness among teens in a new need-adapted Family and Community oriented Integrative Treatment Model (FCTM) program.

Review Finds Little Evidence that Electroconvulsive Therapy is Effective for Depression

Researchers examined the dearth of support for Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depressive symptoms in light of studies detailing the associated risks.

Study Reduces Over-prescription of Antipsychotics in Older Adults

New intervention shows promise in reducing over-prescription of off-label antipsychotics in older adults.

US House Committee Votes to Defund Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality

The primary agency responsible for investigating and reporting on the quality of health care delivery in the US is a step closer to being completely shut down.

School-Based Mindfulness Leads to Stress Reduction, Study Finds

Researchers find improvements in stress-related outcomes among middle school students exposed to a school-based mindfulness training program.

Antidepressants Have No Effect On Bipolar Depression

In a review of 68 articles published between 2005 and 2011, Israeli researchers found that most well-controlled studies failed to show a significant effect of...

Review Links Antipsychotics with Risk for Heart Attacks

A systematic review published this week in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found that patients taking antipsychotic drugs were at nearly twice the risk...

How Does the Soteria House Heal?

The alternative treatment model of Soteria helps individuals suffering from schizophrenia without relying on medication or coercion.

Reducing Antipsychotic Use May Improve Health for People with Mental Health Diagnoses

A new study offers radical solutions for improving the cardiovascular health of people with mental health diagnoses: reducing antipsychotic prescriptions..

Childhood Trauma Linked to Bipolar Diagnosis, Symptoms

Research on a sample of 587 patients with DSM-IV defined bipolar disorder finds that an earlier age at onset of bipolar illness - along...

Garbage In–Garbage Out: Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses can tell us a Flawed Story

Well known Stanford University researcher John Ioannidis published a new paper this week criticizing the use and production of systematic reviews and meta-analyses, often...

Prescribing Benzodiazepines As-Needed Leads to Abuse

A new study reported on in Medscape, examined risk factors for misuse of benzodiazepines (drugs such as Xanax, Ativan, and Klonopin). The researchers found that patients who had been prescribed the medication on an as-needed basis were more likely to end up abusing it than those who had been prescribed a standing dose.

Direct-to-Consumer Advertising Increases Public Stigma

People who saw an advertisement for Cymbalta were less likely to offer help, endorse recovery, and have positive attitudes regarding self-determination towards people identified with...

Clinical Trials Show Antidepressants “Not Beneficial in the Long Term”

Clinical trials also consistently fail to measure and report long-term harmful effects.

Alan Dershowitz Will Work With Justina Pelletier’s Family on “Broader Constitutional Issues”

Harvard Law professor (emeritus) Alan Dershowitz will represent Justina Pelletier in her family's fight to regain custody from the state of Massachusetts and Boston...
Yellow sign reading "Cognitive Hazard"

Discontinuation of Antipsychotics Improves Cognitive Functioning

A study, recently published in Psychological Medicine, examined the cognitive functioning of individuals with schizophrenia who discontinued antipsychotics, and those who maintained their antipsychotic...

Major Canadian Health Institute Calls For More Psychotherapy Instead of Drugs

An independent health research organization created to advise the Quebec government on best-evidence guidelines has called for psychotherapy to become the "front-line treatment choice in the mental-health system."

Smoking in Pregnancy Linked to Risk of Schizophrenia Diagnosis in Later Life

In the first study of its kind, researchers from Finland found the “most definitive evidence to date” that smoking during pregnancy is associated with the eventual diagnosis of schizophrenia in offspring. After controlling for other potential variables, the study, published ahead of print in The American Journal of Psychiatry, revealed a 38% increased odds of developing symptoms diagnosed as schizophrenia in young adults who were exposed to high levels of nicotine in utero.

Robert Reich Blogs on the Glaxo Penalty

Robert Reich, professor of public policy at Berkeley and former secretary of labor in the Clinton administration, analyzes the impact of the $3 billion...

Study Finds Racial Differences in Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment

Black patients are almost twice as likely as their white counterparts to be diagnosed with schizophrenia while whites are significantly more likely to receive a diagnosis of anxiety or depression, according to a recent study published in the journal Psychiatric Services. The researchers also found that the likelihood of receiving psychotherapy for any diagnosis (34%), regardless of race or ethnicity, was much lower than the likelihood of receiving a psychotropic medication (73%).

Study Deems Support, Not Drugs, Best for Youth at Risk of Psychosis

Research by five U.K. universities across multiple sites for up to two years divided 288 young adults (14-35 years) deemed at risk for psychosis...

Children on Antipsychotics 50% More Likely to Develop Diabetes

Antipsychotic drugs increased the risk of children developing diabetes by 50%, and with an antidepressant added, their risk doubled.

ADHD Advocate Says ADHD Diagnosis Rates are a “Disaster”

The New York Times quotes Keith Connors, an early advocate to legitimize Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, as saying that current rates of diagnosis and...

Leading Researchers Critique Current Paradigm for Studying ‘Schizophrenia’ Risk

Re-conceptualizing the Clinical-High-Risk/Ultra-High-Risk Paradigm: A critique and reappraisal

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