Lucie, Sorry that I am responding to this after so much time. I don’t know if you have read Anatomy of an Epidemic. If you haven’t, you probably should. Both Loren Mosher’s Soteria House and John Weir Perry’s Diabasis house are mentioned. With regard to your question about “delusional thinking,” I can only speak from my severe breakdown / spiritual awakening back in 1998. I finally “woke up” to my toxic codependence in the abusive systems all around me. While I thought I was letting major sources of stress roll off my back, I was actually stuffing that stress into a glass ball, and one event (a moral injury of sorts) put a kachink in that glass ball and all of that energy was released. The mental process I went through was very violent and painful, but I knew that it would lead me to a better place (and it did). I was misdiagnosed as bipolar and efforts by my employer to threaten and manipulate me to behave as they wanted me to only traumatized me much worse than the initial experience. I was breaking out of authoritarian dynamics, so to try and “treat” me in an authoritarian manner was absurd to me. I have recently been researching the relationships between what is labeled schizophrenia and bipolar. I came across this article which is quite interesting. (Ignore the German title, the rest of the article is in English.) https://alex-sk.jimdofree.com/john-weir-perry-when-the-dream-becomes-real/ Here is an excerpt: MICHAEL O’CALLAGHAN: Did Jung really see this (schizophrenia) as a healing process? JOHN WEIR PERRY: He did indeed! He believed that “schizophrenia” is a self-healing process – one in which, specifically, the pathological complexes dissolve themselves. The whole schizophrenic turmoil is really a self-organising, healing experience. It’s like a molten state. Everything seems to be made of free energy, an inner free play of imagery through which the alienated psyche spontaneously re-organises itself – in such a way that the conscious ego is brought back into communication with the unconscious again. ————- Another concept that I wish I had come across years ago is that of the Hero’s Journey by Joseph Campbell. The hero is called to adventure, and though he / she may initially reject the call, they have to make that journey. The person goes from the known realm to an unknown realm (what you would call the “delusional thinking”) and goes through a series of events. Ultimately, the hero returns to the known realm with a greater understanding. Obviously, you want your son to come back to the “known world” as soon as possible. However, as Perry indicates, there is a process to go through and what you perceive to be helpful, may push him further into that unknown realm which is traumatizing. Tim Read, who is a psychiatrist in the UK has a book that also touches on archetypes (which Jung also did). https://www.amazon.com/Walking-Shadows-Archetype-Psyche-Muswell/dp/1908995092 I wanted to include a couple of references that might reframe your son’s experience so that the language involved can also be reframed to be less stigmatizing. The process is exceptionally complex. Hopefully, these resources can help you and your son through a very difficult period.