A review of programs used to prevent depression in children and youth found that none of them have sufficient evidence to support their use, according to a study in the Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology.
Vanderbilt University psychologists used the Society for Prevention Research’s Standards of Evidence to evaluate “the degree to which existing depression prevention programs have established intervention efficacy, effectiveness, and readiness for dissemination.”
According to their abstract, they “reviewed all depression prevention programs for youth that have been evaluated in at least two published, randomized controlled trials in which the intervention was compared to a no-intervention control group.”
The researchers identified and reviewed 37 studies evaluating 11 different programs. They concluded: “Several programs have demonstrated promise in terms of efficacy, but no depression prevention program for children or adolescents as yet has garnered sufficient evidence of effectiveness under real-world conditions to warrant widespread dissemination at this time.”
Brunwasser, Steven M., and Judy Garber. “Programs for the Prevention of Youth Depression: Evaluation of Efficacy, Effectiveness, and Readiness for Dissemination.” Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 0, no. 0 (May 1, 2015): 1–21. doi:10.1080/15374416.2015.1020541. (Abstract)