From Science Magazine: After studying over 1,100 individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder for 12 years, a University of Michigan research team has found that no one genetic change, chemical imbalance, or life event can be said to cause bipolar disorder. Rather, every patient’s experience with bipolar varies from that of others diagnosed with the condition.
I left a comment, although it will likely never be approved. Here it is:
I’d recommend you look into the extremely high percentage of people diagnosed with “bipolar,” and the other “psychotic” disorders, who are actually child abuse victims. Today, “the prevalence of childhood trauma exposure within borderline personality disorder patients has been evidenced to be as high as 92% (Yen et al., 2002). Within individuals diagnosed with psychotic or affective disorders, it reaches 82% (Larsson et al., 2012).”
It is possible many of the “bipolar” diagnoses are actually given by psychologists and psychiatrists who do not actually want to discuss or address this unspeakable, so now staggering in scope, societal problem.
Especially given the reality that the current DSM “bipolar” drug cocktail recommendations, which call for combining the antidepressants and/or antipsychotics (aka neuroleptics), can create symptoms that mirror both the negative and positive symptoms of “bipolar” or “schizophrenia.”
The negative symptoms of “schizophrenia,” or what appears to be “depression,” can actually be created via neuroleptic induced deficit syndrome.
And the positive symptoms of “schizophrenia” or “bipolar,” including “psychosis” or “mania,” can be created via antidepressant and/or antipsychotic induced anticholinergic toxidrome.
Which means it is actually highly likely that most “bipolar” and “schizophrenia” are primarily iatrogenic illnesses, as opposed to “genetic” etiology based illnesses. Since the treatments do create the symptoms of the theorized, but confessed to be scientifically invalid illnesses, by the head of the National Institute of Mental Health himself.
I do so hope the universities do wake up to the staggering in scope scientific fraud of the psycho/pharmaceutical industries some day soon.
It is amazing how they manage to retain the fiction of “bipolar disorder” while clearly indicating that people so diagnosed don’t have all that much in common with each other, and probably have different causal factors involved.
Additionally, I noticed how they talked about genes conferring “vulnerability to bipolar disorder,” but make no mention of what percentage of variability is attributable to these ostensible genetic causes. Given the history of such reports, a 10% concordance would be amazing, and I’d guess more like 2-5% tops. It’s probably nothing to boast about or they’d tell us the numbers. Sleazy.
They should rename it “Pseudo-Science Magazine”…..
They’d get more readers if they applied the same level of “science” to the study of muggles….
As everybody knows, muggles have a very high “bi-polar” rate.
We humans live on a planet that is LITERALLY bi-polar.
North Pole, South Pole.