Thank you, Ashley. Hanna Pickard’s research is profound, and really demonstrates a sensitive and non-judgmental way to view addiction. Substance misusers are at the very bottom in all societies, viewed with disgust, fear, anger and constantly scapegoated, often by better off individuals/groups who have the same addiction, but can misuse in the comfort of their own homes. I’m thinking here of middle class, heavy drinkers. (I used to be one, so a declaration here.) We are great hypocrities! Eric, my younger brother became addicted to drugs from 14 onwards, a very sad and slow decline from depression, and then to rehab just after his 16th birthday. He had periods of clarity and employment when he had unconditional love: my mother after our father had died, and then a dear friend for 4 years. They were great company for one another. During these times, he succeeded in harm reduction (methadone.) He also used to visit many other substance misusers in hospital, whose families had given up on them. I used to phone him and take him out for meals regularly. He was still my younger brother, although a shell of the man he could have been. It took me a long time to accept his addiction, but after I did, our relationship was rock solid. He sadly took his life in 2009, after his dear friend had suddenly died. He was desperately lonely and applied to a charity for some volunteer work. They rather sniffily rejected his application and that was the last straw (I found the letter when clearing out his flat after his suicide.) I had an alcohol problem, but also solid, long term roles as wife, mother, friend and communications professional: so much more than addict. Quitting drinking 5 1/2 years ago took everything I had though: 45 years of drinking. Today, I have a very meaningful life and help others to quit drinking. Addiction is universal, but it’s not really who we are. Like long-term mental illness, people need a lot of help recreating a new identity, which includes friendship, meals, many conversations (not judgment) and encouraging them to grow. I talk openly about addiction and Eric and what he taught me. Despite everything, he was a gentle man and I always hope that being loving towards him enabled him to help others.