Sunday, January 19, 2020

Research News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Hospital Website Health Care Information May Not Be Reliable

An investigation found that many US hospital websites were more like advertising outlets than educational portals.

Nursing Homes Shift Tactics on Dementia

As part of a series on the inappropriate use of antipsychotics in nursing homes, the Boston Globe explores alternative approaches, such as llama therapy,...

“How One Flawed Study Spawned a Decade of Lies”

Forbes magazine dives into the controversy swirling around former DSM task force chairman Robert Spitzer, and his recanted study of "reparative therapy," with an...

Global Survey: Do Antidepressants Work?

The Guardian and its partners in Europe - Le Monde, El Pais, La Stampa, Gazeta Wyborcza and Suddeutsche Zeitung - are conducting a global...

Drug Detailing More Influential than FDA Approval

FDA approvals are less influential on prescribing patterns than pharmaceutical sales marketers are, according to a study in Health Affairs. University of California and...

Migrants and Refugees Significantly More Likely to be Diagnosed as Psychotic

A team from Sweden's Karolinska Institute and Britain's University College of London found, in a study of 1.3 million people in Sweden's national register,...

Antipsychotics are Common for the Mechanically Ventilated

Annals of Pharmacotherapy reports in a study of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation that 39% were given antipsychotic medication to prevent or treat delirium despite...

Childhood Stress Alters Memory and Brain Structure

Researchers from the universities of Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Illinois and New Orleans collected MRI scans and assessments of executive functioning and stress exposure from 61...

FDA Adds Warnings to Celexa’s Label

Following up on last August's warning that high doses of Celexa can cause potentially fatal heart rhythm abnormalities, the FDA has added clarification to...

Stress Reduces Gene Activity Thought to Protect Against Depression

Researchers at Yale University found that stress in rats blocks the activity of a gene that promotes healthy neural connections in the brain. The...

FDA System for Recording Adverse Drug Effects Perilously Deficient

The system that the US FDA is using to gather and report on information about dangerous side effects from medications is extremely unreliable and...

Environmental Factors Drive Mania

Harvard researchers investigated 6,214 cases of major depression for factors that would predict transition to bipolar disorder.  Clinical characteristics such as age of onset...

Call For Psych Beds Surges

Debate abounds about the factors driving a nationwide "shortage" of psychiatric hospital beds. Article → 

Fear in Infants Predicts Guilt in Toddlers, Later Psychopathology

Researchers at Cardiff University in Wales find that fear in infants is a predictor of guilt in later life, and write in Development and...

Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews Finds Systematic Under-Reporting of Adverse Events

A systematic review by researchers from Canada, the U.K., and China finds that the 4,644 systematic reviews studied "compounded the poor reporting of harms...

Common Parkinson’s Drugs Linked to Pathological Gambling and Hypersexuality

"Pathological gambling, hypersexuality, compulsive shopping and other impulse control disorders were associated with the use of dopamine receptor agonists, often prescribed for Parkinson’s disease,...

Benzos May Increase Cancer Risk

Researchers in Taiwan found in a retrospective analysis of data from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance system concerning 59,647 patients from 1996 to 2000 that...

Long-Term Benzos do not Help Schizophrenia

Researchers in Germany, China and Australia teamed up to find, through a meta-analysis of research pertaining to 1045 patients receiving antipsychotics, that augmentation with...

Nightmares in Childhood Associated With Later Psychosis

Children who reported experiencing frequent nightmares between 2.5 and 9 years of age were significantly more likely to report psychotic experiences at age 12, regardless...

More Than 60% of Female Inmates in Canadian Prisons are Prescribed Psychiatric Medication

The average rate of female prisoners in Canada's prison system who receive psychiatric medication has jumped from 42% in 2001 to over 60% today,...

FDA Updating Guidelines on Pregnancy and Drug Use

The US FDA has launched a campaign to dispel the "myth" that women shouldn't be taking any medications while pregnant.

Study Deems Support, Not Drugs, Best for Youth at Risk of Psychosis

Research by five U.K. universities across multiple sites for up to two years divided 288 young adults (14-35 years) deemed at risk for psychosis...

Obstetric Complication, Cannabis Use: Strongest Predictors of Early Psychosis

According to data drawn from 608 patients of an early intervention program in Dublin, presented at the 3rd Biennial Schizophrenia International Research Society (SIRS)...

U.N. Calls for Investigation of Shocks at U.S. School for Autism

The U.N. special rapporteur on torture has opened discussions with the U.S. mission in Geneva as a first step toward investigating the Judge Rotenberg...

Antenatal Depression Associated w/Mom’s Childhood Maltreatment

Maternal antenatal depression is highly correlated with a history of the mother having been mistreated in childhood, and these two facts significantly increase the...

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