Robert Whitaker’s Lecture at NAMI – A Parent’s Perspective


Robert Whitaker spoke to a full house at the NAMI Conference in San Antonio last month.  For many his message was a hard one to hear.  I was among them, a parent, whose son, Max, sat beside me.  He’s been on and off antipsychotics for more than ten years to treat the psychosis that comes with his bipolar episodes.  Whitaker was telling us that might have been a mistake.  His review of various research studies indicates that a significant percentage of those with schizophrenia who did not receive antipsychotics or took them for a very limited time had better long- term outcomes than those who took them on an ongoing basis.

We all know that for years antipsychotics have been prescribed by doctors as the medications of choice and that most of those with schizophrenia have been told they’d need to stay on them forever.  The research seemed to back that up.  Yet Whitaker’s review found that those studies were flawed.  Worse, he cites evidence that using antipsychotics long-term makes one more vulnerable to future psychosis.  It’s called “oppositional tolerance.”  While antipsychotics initially block the uptake of dopamine (the brain chemical believed to trigger psychosis), our brains eventually find ways to adjust, building new receptors and becoming even more sensitive to dopamine.  So what did I hear?  I heard that the medicine that was supposed to make those with psychosis better was making them worse.  Long-term use of antipsychotics wasn’t just ineffective, it was dangerous.

I wanted to believe Whitaker wrong and looked for flaws in every statement.   After all, my son and I had been told for years that antipsychotics were crucial to his recovery.  I’m pretty sure every parent, family member, and person with mental illness in the room was as upset and amazed as I and as resistant to Whitaker’s findings.  I’m not going to rehash those here.  You can find them on the NAMI site.

As a parent, I have many questions:

  • Does Whitaker’s review of the research tell the full story?  Are there gaps?  Is there contradictory evidence?
  • Does it apply to illnesses other than schizophrenia?
  • What particular antipsychotics were included in the studies?  Is it necessarily true that all have the same outcomes?
  • If there have in fact been brain changes as a result of the medication, can they be reversed?
  • If his findings are correct, then what do we do about it?
  • And how on earth do we treat people who are psychotic if not with antipsychotics?

But in the end, I found his research compelling.  Even more so when I heard several times during the conference that Finland, which adopted selective-use of antipsychotics in 1992, has the best-documented long-term results in the western world.

Whitaker’s findings, if true, would require a new paradigm of treatment, one that might require that someone who is psychotic be given “asylum,” or “refuge,” a place to rest and recover with limited or no antipsychotics, using other effective treatments that include more than just medication.  That seems impossible in our country, where the mental health care system is practically non-existent; where people are hospitalized for 3-5 days and released with a handful of prescriptions and a bag of samples; where insurance companies dictate release, arguing that recovery can take place outside of the hospital; and where too many psychiatric units are just holding tanks where little good treatment occurs and where patients are sometimes abused.  If Whitaker’s findings prove true, it will take decades to address them and it will take money.  How can that happen in a country where we don’t provide even minimal care and where funding continues to be cut?

By the time Whitaker concluded his talk, the room was heavy with anger, despair, and fear.   Some people were angry at Whitaker for presenting studies that could prove inaccurate or incomplete and yet could have such an impact on so many.  They were angry at psychiatrists and big pharma for promoting medication that could be harmful.  Most difficult for those with mental illness and their families, me included, was the fear that the medicine they had relied on was damaging and that they had put their trust in the wrong hands.

My son, who as you’ll remember was sitting right beside me during Whitaker’s talk, is angry, very angry about what he heard; angry at doctors and  hospitals who have prescribed and sometimes forced mediation on him, and the pharmaceutical industry that reaps tremendous financial benefit.   I’m scared that he will decide to quit taking his antipsychotic, and yet confused about whether he should.  He’s been stable, healthy, and happy for several years.  What will happen if he stops?  Will he fall back into the pit of mania and psychosis, end up on the streets as has happened so many times before?   Can he find better ways to stay healthy and continue his journey to fuller recovery?

Since that lecture,  my son and I have joined the conversations about the use of medication that are taking place on blogs and websites all over the web, including this one — Mad in America.  We’ve found reasonable responses from reasonable people as well as the inevitable extremes from both ends of the spectrum.   I’ve realized I’d been lazy, taking the word of doctors and other professionals and believing what has been general consensus, instead of doing the hard work of educating myself, knowing full well that when we educate ourselves we can make informed choices and take control.


Mad in America hosts blogs by a diverse group of writers. These posts are designed to serve as a public forum for a discussion—broadly speaking—of psychiatry and its treatments. The opinions expressed are the writers’ own.

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Kathy Brandt
Kathy Brandt is a vocal advocate for mental health and writes a blog about the issues on her website: That advocacy and her son’s willingness to speak about his illness resulted in a memoir that she and Max published, Walks on the Margins: A Story of Bipolar Illness (April, 2013).  It’s their honest yet painful story of their battle not only with illness but with a dysfunctional mental health care “system.” Kathy has served on the board of NAMI-Colorado Springs, most recently as president.


  1. Kathy,

    All this is good but, I am curious about what your next steps with respect to NAMI are going to be.

    As already mentioned in the other post by Claire Weber, NAMI publicly advocates for making it easier, not more difficult, to force psychiatric medications onto people, against their will if necessary. I see an intrinsic contradiction between Whitaker’s message, to which you seem sympathetic, and the policies that NAMI publicly advocates. There is no way around this.

    We could spend the rest of our lives talking, and dreaming of Kumbaya moments between survivors and NAMI but in the meanwhile, peoples’ health deteriorates because of NAMI’s current position with respect to the use of psychiatric drugs and peoples’ human rights are being abused in those states that have adopted NAMI’s policy prescriptions.

    If NAMI wants to be part of the solution, it will have to change, dramatically. Otherwise, I am afraid we are witnessing NAMI doing to Mad In America what Olga Runciman so eloquently described in his post “Colonization or Postpsychiatry?” about the attempts by mainstream psychiatry to infiltrate the Hearing Voices Movement .

  2. Kathy, thank you very much for this: for being open to hearing Whitaker’s message, for recognizing that it is the lazy way to rely on the word of doctors and pharmaceutical companies who don’t really know as much as they like to think they know about mental illness and the effects of their vaunted treatments. I know it is not easy dealing with someone with mental illness and I can tell you love your son very much and want the best for him, and it is tempting to accept what you are told by people who seem reasonable, intelligent, educated and in control of their relationship with reality more so than Max has seemed to be sometimes. So to realize and accept that, as confused and confusing as what patient-loved ones say about the effects of medication and why they may not want to stay on it is difficult and frightening. Please be reassured that even though the madness, I am convinced that patients know things about their illness that no doctor, no one outside of their skin, can know, and that knowledge must be listened to with more respect than has been common. (*through* the madness, that should say). I believe that some apparently bipolar symptoms can be and have been caused or exacerbated by some of the medication that has been popularly prescribed due to the iatrogenic metabolic dis regulation they can cause, which has been ignored as an unfortunate side effect by many professionals (some of the “mood stabilizing” drugs end up causing wild and rapid-cycling mood swings, in my observation and experience, as well as the brain changes caused by antipsychotics). In addition, bipolar disorder has been the trendy diagnosis for a wastebasket of various troubles, as schizophrenia was in prior generations. If Max (or anyone else) thinks they might want to taper off meds, I urge them to contactoneof the professionals who are open to working with that. Doing it suddenly and without professional support can be an extremely bumpy ride likely to lead to rehopitalizations and/or run-ins with the law. But if he is a good candidate for it and has proper support, it may be the best thing that ever happened to him, mentally.
    Again, thnk you for your caring, your involvement, your advocacy, nd your openness. The mental health community needs friends like you, and your involvement bodes well for your son’s future.

  3. Kathy,

    Thanks for your thoughtful response to Bob Whitaker’s presentation. Your questions are good ones. Can I suggest some possible resources that may help you sort things out?

    I think it’s Jaakko Seikkula (sp?)who developed Open Dialogue and wrote a good journal article about its outcomes, plus a book that gives the flavor of how Open Dialogue offers community support to those suffering with first episode psychosis, and to their families. It can seem meandering, but I think its pace and gentleness helps the reader experience a bit of Open Dialogue, as opposed to just describing it. I got the book on Amazon – entering his name should turn it up.

    Grace Jackson is an extremely smart and compassionate psychiatrist who can approach the drug issue from a scientific point of view. Her best known book is Rethinking Psychiatric Drugs.

    Joanna Moncreiff is a British psychiatrist who I think presents a detailed and persuasive evaluation of how psychiatric drugs do – and don’t – work.

    Check Amazon for Paris Williams, PhD – a clinical psychologist who himself has recovered from extreme emotional states. His book takes a close look at how those with “psychosis” recovered after years in the conventional psychiatric system by getting off drugs and finding other means of support. It is a very human and hopeful book.

    There are many others whose writing might help. Peter Breggin recently came out with a detailed book on how to withdraw from psychiatric drugs. Almost everyone who tries it goes way too fast and without enough support. David Healy’s book Pharmageddon is a scathing indictment of the evidence base of the current medical profession (including psychiatry). As harsh as it is, he is someone who speaks with authority – former secretary of the British Psychopharmalogical Society and author of the most comprehensive book on the history of psychopharmacology.

    And there is a LOT of important information out there from “survivors” who have so much to say that needs to be heard. There are so many compassionate and intelligent people among them who are willing to share their own experiences. Try this web site, as well as Mind Freedom International and ISEPP.

    A lot of people are thinking and working in this area, and there is so much reason for hope for your son. I wish him and you all the best in making up your own minds about what is right for both of you.

  4. The medications and the way they are prescribed “keep you sick”.

    They are all in a way like drinking alcohol when feeling nervous, in the short term it works but if you keep drinking it all the time and then quit you get so nervous your shaking and hallucinating. Until you have that next drink and it goes away.

    The same sort of thing happens if you take an antipsychotics or other drugs for “mania” in the short term they work. But then try and quit cause of side effects like sexual dysfunction or cognitive impairment ‘zombie’ , the same thing happens like with using alcohol for nerves. THE ORIGINAL PROBLEM BECOMES WORSE and you need more to ‘treat’ it.

    I don’t think we need the words “may” or “can” this does and will happen to most anyone who takes them, just like it did to me.

    Drugs don’t have to cause any kind of ‘high’ to cause dependence and horrible withdrawal reactions, no way, that’s not how it works.

  5. I tried to explain how using the medication to prevent the problem actually causes it by comparing it to using alcohol “as needed” vs all the time steady state to prevent nervousness or stress.

    Here is a link to “The Latest Mania: Selling Bipolar Disorder”

    Its very educational.

    My mother believed all the bipolar hype as I was the one in the hospital being forced to take pills myself after they labeled the withdrawal reactions from the pills I was on before them symptoms of bipolar mania.

    I would yell at her on the hospital phone when she called what they were doing to me “help”.

    How dare you call this help !!!

    She read “bipolar for dummies” the book that ruined millions of lives.

    My story was a nightmare and I got better. I finally figured it out , psychiatry was keeping me sick and one of my wishes came true my mother said “you were right”.

    But how can I blame her for anything ? A doctor said her son was sick and needed medicine…

  6. Thank you so much for posting this, Kathy; there’s so much to comment on what you say. I would just encourage you to keep on doing your own research and questioning what you’re told – be it by a doctor, be it by Robert W. (I’m sure he wouldn’t want it any other way!)
    Doing your own research might feel overwhelming at first but remember that the only thing that separates you from an expert is a few years’ worth of reading – through your son you already have access to first-hand information most experts don’t have. So keep reading and, more importantly, keep talking to your son, keep listening to him.

    And one more thing: perhaps it would help you to stop calling drugs currently prescribed for psychosis “antipsychotics” (as in “And how on earth do we treat people who are psychotic if not with antipsychotics?”). In doing that you are already assuming that they work in the way they say they do, but that is precisely the question, isn’t it? Are these drugs really “antipsychotics”, or are they just drugs, as Copy_cat says above? Yes, they seem of work, but do they work like antihistamines work or do they work like alcohol or heroine works? Perhaps we should start calling them “the drugs formerly known as antipsychotics” as a first step to question what they really do.

  7. Hi Kathy-your story is very moving. I’m wondering whether your son’s diagnosis is BPI or BPII. The story on BPII is that the drug industry made up the diagnosis because too many people were being sent into manic episodes by anti-depressants. BPI and BPII share nothing except the common label. Allen Frances, the Chairperson for the DSM IV, documents this story in an article published in 2012 in Bipolar Disorders. I’ve published articles on Bipolar which are downloadable from the digital archives at Georgia State University. Google Jill Littrell and digital archives gsu. With regard to BPI, the Rennie research of 1940 documents that persons with BPI went 20 years between episodes. I have a friend with a strong family history of bipolar I. Her mother refused meds and experienced episodes every 20 years. The mother died a very competent woman. My friend is a physician and dutifully took her meds as directed. She is now 67. She had a kidney transplant several years ago attributable to the lithium. She now looks like an Alzheimer’s patient. She can no longer find the words to construct simple sentences. What is really tragic for me is that she never had a life. The drugs made her gain a terrible amount of weight. Because of the osteoporosis, her body is twisted. In the years prior to her extreme cognitive decline, I never saw her upset or manic, but I also never saw her laugh. Do what you can to get into the Open Dialog or Sortiria project.

    • “With regard to BPI, the Rennie research of 1940 documents that persons with BPI went 20 years between episodes. I have a friend with a strong family history of bipolar I. Her mother refused meds and experienced episodes every 20 years.”


      This comment of mine (as follows) regards my view of the “Bipolar 1” label (which, in your comment, above, you’re referring to, as, “Bipolar I” and “BPI”).

      I’m concerned by your presentation of this subject.

      You write about “Bipolar 1” in a way that suggests, apparently, everyone who’s been tagged with that label is going to have multiple “episodes” of a perceived ‘mania’.

      Indeed, you seem to suggest that all who’ve been tagged that way (“BPI”) will, at least every twenty years, experience renewed “episodes”.

      Yet, the ‘official’ definers of supposed “mental disorders” (and, of supposed “affective disorders”) explain that a person need only experience *one* period of what is reportedly a ‘full blown’ “mania,” in order to be tagged, with that label.

      Just one.

      I.e., whoever is, just once, formally ‘treated’ by psychiatry, as someone experiencing “a manic psychosis” will be tagged “BPI” (at least, as long as s/he’s not seen as experiencing a ‘drug-induced episode’ of such).

      Frankly, I believe that “BPI” (“bipolar 1”) is largely a fiction, created by medical-coercive psychiatry — just like (I know you well realize) “bipolar 2” is, too.

      That I call ‘it’ a fiction is not to say that no such sufferings exist; but, they are sufferings created largely in a social context; and, that social context is one where belief in ‘bipolar disorder’ (or, “manic-depression’) exists, necessarily, as a kind of “illness,” which most people believe ‘must’ be ‘treated’ — by ‘medical’ captivity and psychiatric ‘treatments’ (i.e., mind-altering prescription drugs and, perhaps, even ECT).

      Now, note, before I go on, here, I feel I must praise you for acknowledging that fact, that “bipolar 2” is a fabrication of psychiatrists — and, moreover, for writing well about it.

      After all, in my comments responding to your most recent blog (“A Close Look at Andreasen et al.’s Advice to Increase the Dosage of Antipsychotics to Prevent Brain Volume Reduction”), I offered a number of points, strongly critiquing your way of addressing the “schizophrenia” label (and associated so-called “symptomology”).

      To one of your comments (which now stands as the last comment you offered there), I did reply, remarking on your excellent ability to convey your views in writing.

      Here, now, again, because I’ve just finished reading the first half of a paper of yours (which can be found at the following link ), again, I feel compelled to commend you on your writing skills — but, moreover, feel I must commend you on the content of that paper (at least, as far as I’ve read into it, thus far), as I see you’ve done well, in it, writing on the subject of psychiatry’s “Bipolar 2” label.

      You do a great job of presenting fine reasons to *eschew* that “bipolar 2” so-called “diagnosis”; and, really, that’s great, IMO, as our society must be led to realize the vast harms done (especially, to children) by way of accepting that label and considering it to be supposedly useful and meaningful.

      (I appreciate, especially, your intended defense of foster children who’ve garnered that label.)

      Now, with respect to the label of “Bipolar 1” (which is considered to be separate from “Bipolar 2,” by the implication that one has, indeed, reportedly experienced at least one period of a supposedly ‘full blown’ “mania”), I commend you for pointing out, that: Historically speaking, prior to the advent of psychopharmaceutical ‘treatment’ for perceived ‘mania,’ the outcomes for ‘mania’ were actually much better than they are today; overall, pharmacological ‘treatments’ are actually worsening long-term outcomes, in general.

      On page 13, of your 2012 paper titled, “Is there Evidence for the Bipolar Spectrum and the Safety of Pharmaceutical Interventions?” (which I found, as as a result of reading, in your comment, above, that you’ve published writings available through the GSU digital archives), you explain,

      Zarate, Tohen, Land, and Cavanagh (2000) have also noted the contrast between earlier and current outcomes: “In the era prior to pharmacotherapy, poor outcome in mania was considered a relatively rare occurrence. However, modern outcome studies have found that a majority of bipolar patients evidence high rates of functional impairment” (p. 309).

      Just prior to making that point, you exlain,

      Examining outcomes for those with Bipolar II, Judd et al. (2003) concluded that Bipolar II is an even more chronic condition than Bipolar I.

      Jill, the notion that, “Bipolar II is an even more chronic condition than Bipolar I” is questionable — considering its construction implies it’s widely considered a life-long condition. (All of the ‘official’ literature concurs, on that point — just as it does when discussing those who are tagged with the “SZ” label.)

      Hence, in a study published in 2007 (in “Schizophrenia Bulletin” online), we can find these lines,

      “In bipolar disorder, bipolar I is more stable than bipolar II just because bipolar II may switch to bipolar I, but not vice versa. The stability of bipolar disorder has generally been reported to be high, ranging from 70% to 91%.”

      The authors are referring, there, to the this presumed fact, that: Once someone has been tagged “bipolar 1,” s/he will be “bipolar 1” forevermore.

      Simply, according to its ‘official’ definition, “BPI” is *always* a life-long affliction (completely despite this other fact, that one may experience only a single period of being supposedly ‘manic’).

      (Naturally, being a staunch non-believer in psychiatry’s medical model, I’d argue that, their defining ‘it’ as ‘life-long,’ is just a way to keep the psychiatrists, who tend to “patients” with that “bipolar” tag, in business.)

      That above-mentioned study is titled, “Deconstructing Bipolar Disorder: A Critical Review of its Diagnostic Validity and a Proposal for DSM-V and ICD-11.” Its authors are Eduard Vieta and Mary L. Phillips. You can find it at the following link:

      That study, like many studies (including studies which you cite in your above-mentioned article), suggests that “bipolar 1” is an “illness” — somewhat ‘genetic’ in origin.

      I do not buy that ‘it’ is an illness; and, I do not see ‘it’ as a genetic issue, but most ‘official’ sources do view it that way — based always on speculation. Quite often, those who write about “BP” that certain underlying mysteries are yet to be uncovered (just like we read that about “SZ”).

      Sometimes, “BP” is called “BD”.

      In a recent article, by Fran Lowry, titled, “DSM-5 Criteria for Bipolar Disorder May Further Cloud Diagnosis,” we read,

      BD researchers now need to follow up genetic studies with imaging and psychological studies to try to unravel the complex biological mechanisms involved in BP and bring biological understanding closer to the experience of the patient.

      “While several genes which increase a patient’s risk of acquiring bipolar disorder have been discovered to date, no clear biological mechanism to explain why these genes affect a person’s risk of developing bipolar has been elucidated,” the authors note.

      [I will not burden you with more links. That article is easily found at Medscape. It was posted May 14, 2013.]

      However, Jill, IMO, *anyone* can become seemingly ‘manic’ — for all kinds of reasons that are not going to be identified by the average psychiatrist.

      IMO (from personal observations, I’ve seen), many people become seemingly ‘manic’ because (little do they realize) they’ve been pushing the edges — i.e., the outer limits — of what they, personally, are capable of tolerating, in terms of sleep deprivation.

      What may have begun as a personal ‘experiment’ in disobeying certain ‘social conventions’ (in particular, shunning the usual advice of what ‘mental health experts sometimes call “sleep hygiene”), they begin to develop features of a seeming ‘psychosis’ …as a result of extended periods of sleep deprivation — and, perhaps, also based upon some measure of fasting, too (i.e., food deprivation); they begin to feel ‘lighter,’ being unburdened by the ‘same old, same old’; and, in the midst of this process, they wind up feeling increasingly uninhibited, socially; if they’ve been ‘depressed’ until recently, then they may have also been isolated and stewing over relational issues, in ways that others didn’t realize they were stewing; now, by ‘loosening the screws’ through sleep deprivation, etc., they’re inclined to become suddenly more vocal, including, perhaps, by articulating these issues which they were stewing over, in their ‘depressed’ state — and/or articulating tangential issues (e.g., perhaps, ‘spiritual’ issues, which now seem more compelling); and, all this activity, together, can easily lead to psycho-social conflicts — backlash from friends and family, who perceive the individual as ‘unwell’ …even “mentally ill”; suggestions of this can be surprisingly disorienting and/or threatening to that individual, who is in a somewhat ‘altered state’; a sense that family and friends are now turning on him/her, colluding to get him/her “hospitalized,” winds up creating fear (even an increasing sense of underlying panic), which leads to ‘pressured speech’ — and to an increased sense of crisis, generally.

      One can reflect on this process and imagine it to be the result of an underlying “psychiatric brain disorder” (a.k.a., “mental illness”), but that’s nonsense IMO.

      Everything in my experience and my observations of many others’ experiences tells me the “brain disorder” hypothesis is pure B.S..

      Because I successfully rejected psychiatry and its ‘treatments’ decades ago, and I know all the underlying causes which led to my crisis, I know it was a one-time deal; though, yes, there were a couple more crises, a couple of years later — because I rejected the ‘meds’ and was not prepared to reject psychiatry, too.

      I wound up thrown back into the “hospital” and forced back onto psych drugs.

      I ask you: Is it any wonder that individuals who have experienced such crises (as I did, at age 21.5) — and who wind up “rehospitalized” only because they rejected ‘meds’ — may, ultimately, come to *reject* the usual psychiatric explanations for what is called “mania”?

      Though I am not in perfect agreement with the authors of the study I’ve mentioned above (Eduard Vieta and Mary L. Phillips), I do appreciate much of what they say, at last,

      In conclusion, the validity of psychiatric diagnosis in general and bipolar disorder in particular deserves further research and alternative approaches. There is a clear need to improve and refine the current diagnostic criteria and to introduce dimensions not as an alternative but rather as a useful complement to categorical diagnosis. Laboratory, family, and treatment response data should also be systematically included in the diagnostic assessment when available. There is little chance that DSM-V or ICD-11 may represent a true step forward if these kinds of data are not included. We propose a modular system that may integrate categorical and dimensional issues, laboratory data, associated nonpsychiatric medical conditions, psychological assessment, and social issues in a comprehensive and nevertheless practical approach.

      IMO, as one comes to truly understand the complete dynamics (biological and psychosocial) which led to ones being viewed and treated as “manic,” there is no longer any reason to presume that s/he will ever be viewed and treated that way again.



      • Let’s be very careful about representation of others arguments. Your comments state what Jill’s words “seem to suggest” to you, which are not things she explicitly said. I hope we can assume, as per my recent blog post, that we don’t know what she truly means or thinks until she says it.

        One nuance I might add here is that the scenario you describe, which I agree with, of personal and social circumstances gradually colluding to create an episode that gets called, “mania.” This scenario does in fact include major shifts in a person’s physiology and brain activity. Not sleeping or eating, being shut-in for a time, and so forth make changes in our brain states. It seems from the research and my personal experience that any state of mind a person gets into, especially the very stressful ones, we then have a sort of template for, and can fall into it more easily than other possible states. This includes more common intense states like anger and anxiety.

        That is, my sense is that the chances of someone who has experienced a single “manic episode” having a second one are higher, due to both physiological and social forces, than somebody who has never experienced this style of extreme state. Thus creating the presentation or pattern that gets called a “brain disorder.” I don’t think there’s truly anything disordered about this, like you, I see it as a normal capacity of any brain. All I’m suggesting is that once we extreme extreme depression, or mania, or confusion, etc. we seem to become more entrained to those states, and it often takes some healing work to train ourselves to avoid them in the future.

    • Jill,

      Again, I think you provide a lot of valuable information and I appreciate that you speak out against the toxic effects of psych drugs for supposed bipolar and other DSM stigmas.

      But, I find it very offensive when you make claims that indicate bipolar is genetic or heritable when experts like Dr. Jay Joseph and now, even Dr. Thomas Insel, Head of NIMH, has exposed that such DSM stigmas including the infamous bipolar fad fraud are INVALID because they have no science, genes, chemical imbalances or any evidence to prove them. Dr. Joseph has debunked all the bogus studies of genes and heritability in his great books, THE GENE ILLUSION and THE MISSING GENE and many articles including some on this web site. Dr. Peter Breggin and others have debunked these false claims of genetic vulnerability based on bogus twin studies that failed to consider environmental factors enough along with many other errors. Dr. Joseph also points out the obvious like many others that it is much easier for those in power to blame the victims for having bad genes or using dangerous eugenics theories for toxic environmental/social stressors rather than absorbing the high cost of actually addressing the real problems like poverty, abuse, hunger, oppression, injustice, violence, crime and exploitation of the majority by the power elite. The eugenics theories of biopsychiatry also aid and abet the neoconservatives in power per Dr. Jay Joseph and promote their agenda.

      So, this supposed bipolar family of which you speak may have had immigrants in past generations trying to escape starvation by moving to the U.S. with nothing without knowing the language and struggling to survive. I have read that many of these immigrants have traumatic histories repeating through several generations. Families can suffer from other stressors that can impact several generations rather than being caused by genes. Families can be dysfunctional for these and other reasons as a result of trauma that causes more trauma per Dr. David Allen, Psychiatrist.

      The worst thing is that trauma, extreme emotional distress or stress breakdowns from abuse, bullying, racism, sexism and other injustice are routinely MISDIAGNOSED as bipolar disorder per Dr. Carole Warshaw, Dr. Heinz Leymann and many others (see THE ENCYLOPEDIA OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE) while they used to be stigmatized as borderline personality disorder, which was an insult diagnosis to dismiss the person suffering “Complex PTSD” per Dr. Judith Herman, trauma expert and author of the classic work on the topic, TRAUMA AND RECOVERY. Dr. Herman coined the term “Complex PTSD” to describe the massive trauma that results from repetitive abuse that occurs with domestic violence, war, concentration camps, school/work/community bullying and mobbing, etc.

      It’s not surprising that biological psychiatry with its DSM III to 5 that refuses to acknowledge any context or environmental/social stressors BY DEFINITION IN THE DSM (Robert Spitzer, creator of the original “biological” DSM III, admitted that if it allowed for any acknowledgement of environmental, social factors or context, the whole DSM house of cards would fall apart).

      Given that the supposed symptoms of PTSD, borderline and bipolar are just about identical, I think the whole bipolar fraud fad to push the latest lethal drugs on patent or bipolar babble/mythology per Dr. David Healy in his book, MANIA: A SHORT HISTORY OF BIPOLAR DISORDER, was/is a despicable scam to cover up and deny all the abuse, war and other trauma suffered by millions of victims to deny them any justice, compensation or validation as is happening now with war veterans, victims of domestic, work and school violence/bullying and other injustice.

      It is well known and a literal joke at APA meetings that bipolar is the latest FAD and wildly overdiagnosed and updiagnosed to exploit the victims’ insurance and get more coverage, compensation while allowing lucrative but toxic drugs to be prescribed more freely to enrich the mental health profession while making global billions for BIG PHARMA while destroying countless lives. There are also many articles and studies showing the massive overdiagnosis of bipolar that is bogus per studies like those of Zimmerman and others who acknowledge that those suffering anxiety or PTSD are routinely misdiagnosed as bipolar. Such misdiagnosis in itself proves that there is not a shred of genetic or other evidence that bipolar exists or any tests whatever to prove anyone has it as is true for all DSM stigmas. I have no doubt that the so called neuroscientists can come up with evidence of stressors or what you call inflammation in the body or measure excess cortisol and make the bogus claim that it proves bipolar and any other bogus claim they wish to make as they’ve been doing all along.

      Given the crimes of those like Joseph Biederman, please forgive me if I get upset when you keep indicating that this bipolar scandal has any validity let alone genes or any science to prove it or back it up.

  8. Dear Kathy,
    Thank you for your heartfelt post. As a person who once believed she was “Bipolar”, and who took psychiatric “medications” for over ten years because I’d been told I had an “illness” that needed “treatment”, I can say that I very much resonate with the pain you feel at discovering that the story you’ve been told about psychotropic drugs isn’t true. I remember when I had my “aha moment” back in 2010, after accidentally stumbling upon Anatomy of an Epidemic. It blew my mind, and I went through a period of intense shock, followed by denial, followed by rage and anger, and now, years later, deep gratitude and peace of mind. I remember looking back at my own timeline after reading the book and seeing that my life truly began to fall apart (hospitalizations, thoughts of suicide, intense highs and lows, suicide attempt, total loss of social connection, inability to hold down jobs… essentially, an inability to function in the world) at the age of eighteen… At the age of eighteen, I also willingly began to take “meds”. One became two, became three, became four, became five. And, at the age of twenty-seven, diagnosed with “treatment-resistant Bipolar disorder”, “Borderline personality disorder”, “Anxiety disorder NOS”, “Substance abuse disorder”, and who knows what else, the only thing I was, was “mentally ill.” When I saw this, I realized that only after being medicated had I acquired a “severe and persistent mental illness”. This discovery was the most painful, and most beautiful moment of my life. I am so grateful to have made it.

    A short time after reading Anatomy, I was off the five psychotropic drugs I’d been on (lithium, Lamictal, Effexor, Ativan, Abilify, plus a PRN of Seroquel was my “regimen” at the end), and some time after that, I was completely out of the mental health system. While tapering off psych drugs was an incredibly difficult process for me, one that I still find myself healing from, I can say today that I am more connected to myself, the world, and to a place of acceptance, inner peace, and joie de vivre (well, perhaps since being a young child). I know that coming off of psychotropic drugs was utterly essential for this new gift of an authentic life that I have. But there was another piece that was essential, as well. I’ll get to that in a minute…

    My parents, of course, went through their own period of shock that everything they’d been told about me and my fate (life-long “mental illness”) wasn’t true. I have never blamed them for their decision to take me to Psychiatry (even though at the age of fourteen, when they first took me, I was angry and combative, understandably so), because they did what nearly all parents do in today’s day and age— when a child is suffering, they want to help her, and Psychiatry has certainly monopolized the emotional “helping” industry. They did what they thought was best for me; I harbor no ill will towards them, and only feel gratitude that they stuck by my side the whole way, which I can see you’ve done with your son, which is such a wonderful thing. I know I wouldn’t be alive without my family today.

    I am also curious to know what your son thinks, as he is the person taking these drugs. Perhaps he could write a post at MIA?

    Now that I’ve gone along my meandering writing path, I’ve finally reached the main reason why I’m writing to you here, which is also getting back to what I said was the second essential piece of my journey back to a sense of authentic self and inner peace: I’m curious to get a better sense of your understanding of “Bipolar disorder”. You talk about it as an “illness”— again, this is a paradigm I can totally relate to, as I thought about my own experiences as “symptoms” of “illness” for a very, very long time— and I am curious to know where you’ve acquired the knowledge about your son’s “illness.” Who told you this, and where did they get their information from? This is something I never asked myself during my thirteen-year relationship to the mental health system; I’m glad that in 2010, I finally began to do so. Likely, you’ve read about the fact that there is currently no evidence out there supporting the claim that these intense and often excruciating emotional/thinking experiences are actually biological “conditions.” When I first heard this news back in 2010, it was almost impossible to grasp, for my entire sense of self was wrapped up in “my illness”, and the lens through which I saw the world was filtered through a “Bipolar” understanding of myself. I’ve slowly, over the last three years, awoken from this indoctrination (because this is how I’ve come to understand my experiences with Psychiatry), and it has been far from easy. But it has been nothing short of miraculous, and exquisitely beautiful, to have an understanding of myself today, and of my emotional and existential experiences of the world, that lies completely separate from a medicalized framework. It is a beautiful thing to see that my emotions are part of the spectrum of human experience, not “symptoms” of an “illness.”

    What I’ve also found is that internalizing a “Bipolar” identity, for me, became a self-fulfilling prophecy. I was told that I was a person who would always (literally, forever) be going through cycles of “manias” and “depressions”; I certainly went through many years of those cycles. Today, I no longer do. I have a healthier relationship to my emotions than I’ve ever had before. I believe this is because I stopped seeing my emotions as pathology, as medical symptoms beyond my control (and only controllable by inanimate pills and medical “experts”). I stopped seeing myself as a passive victim of “my disease”, and instead, I began the difficult but rewarding process of learning how to feel my feelings instead of medicate them, or lock myself up on a psych ward because of them, or go to an extra therapy session a week because of them. Today, I no longer need an answer to my emotional pain— I no longer need to say to myself, “Oh, I’m feeling this way because I’m Bipolar”, or “I’m doing this because I’m Borderline”, or whatever else it may be. This is liberating, and it has completely transformed the way I feel, think, and am in the world.

    I would love to learn more about your understandings of “Bipolar disorder”. As I said before, I resonate tremendously with your experiences, and can relate to so much of what you said, from who I used to be in my past. I would love to dialogue with you further about the construction of “mental illness”, because to me, in addition to challenging the role that psychotropic drugs play in people’s lives (and raising issues about their potential for harm), I believe we need to have extensive conversations about the way we as a society make meaning of our human experiences.

    With love and in solidarity,

    • When confronted with the difficulty of dealing with unconscious responses that are programmed rather than authentic or instinctive, and not being given the space to gain perspective, and then to be told that you have a biological disease, this is in no ways encouraging. Especially when there is no proof it is a biological disease, although the treatment has been proven to cause a biological disease and this propaganda is largely disseminated and believed. And this is what you hear about yourself. And this is how people treat you. And I have found they often make you out to be a danger you could never be. This is how you make a person disturbed. What Laura is saying here, in her beautiful opoignant post, about it being self fulfilling prophesy to have a diagnosis is very true, very pertinent to what’s going on.
      Instead of seeing yourself as having a disease, but seeing you have a very fulfilling challenge to face, a challenge to find out who you are, and how life is already waiting there for you, this is by no means a dangerous idea.
      I had to learn how to let go of what was getting in the way of me seeing what the trauma was I could let go of. That basically was that I didn’t have to go along with the world’s way of judging, of seeing offenses. That it was OK for me to not seek some sort of justice. Then I could let go of the initial trauma, and it wasn’t controlling me. Then I didn’t see that as trauma anymore, but as a challenge, a learning experience. And the people that had “traumatized” me were off the hook as well. I didn’t feel I needed to perpetuate suffering by wanting to traumatize them to discipline them. They were also free to become themselves. And then really, the humanity of everyone was allowed to emerge. And healing occurred on all sides rather than everyone was being controlled by fear to “fit in.” I think you can compare it with entanglement in quantum physics. All the different particles are connected beyond time and space as we know it. And we aren’t separate from what we’re observing.
      And I’ll tell you, when one is supposedly “psychotic” you do a lot of observing. You take a lot in. You find people behaving in extremely phobic ways towards you. It’s really up for grabs which is worse, the initial trauma, or how you are treated when ostracized because you can’t fit in anymore because of it. And it’s a big struggle to let go of all of that, when coming out of such a state, remembering all of it. But it is how I healed. And it is possible. And it is worth it.

    • Laura:

      I love your questions. I myself had the same question because as the mother of a psychiatric consumer/survivor I bristle at the word ‘illness’ and better you than me, because I am not feeling as diplomatic as you today

      I do not feel so diplomatic with representatives of NAMI because that organization will not use its’ considerable weight to take a strong national stand against forced commitment and forced medication, nor offer parents like me any support for helping my loved one safely taper off harmful medications or help families like ours find the services of an alternative practitioner who will honor our daughter’s right to choice of treatment.

      But I am inclined to read Karen’s memoir after visiting her site. We may have some shared language. Not sure until I read the book.

      I own my anger over labels such as ‘illness’. The very language we have constructed to describe the symptoms of ‘mental illness’ make me upset, combative, angry and aggressive because they always point back to a meaningless one size fits all approach to ‘mental illness’: a biologically based disease that has no scientific proof and no relevancy to my daughter’s situation.

      These labels have become the cultural ‘norm’ through commercial marketing, and a multitude of well intended blogs and ‘memoirs’ of consumers/survivors, and their loved ones. These bloggers and celebrities who come out of the closet to speak of their lived experiences usually fall into two categories: 1) Those who have already drunk the poisoned kool-aid and they always include a link to NAMI, rarely, if ever to consumer run organizations like MindFreedom or:

      2) Their blogs and self help books are actually purchased because the author is receiving a ‘fellowship’ from Jansen, Bristol Myers Squibb,Pfizer, etc.

      It’s a free country where corporations are human beings and artists and self claimed ‘advocates’ are free to speak as they choose. The manner of their lifestyle and their opinions are molded by the level of support that they receive from ‘patrons’. It’s perfectly legal in our system.

      While we struggle to protect our daughter from psychiatric harm, abuse, and neglect our society is fighting a cultural war and the playing field is not level because one side has all the power and money. What do we do? Tirelessly educate everyone in our personal support network (middle class family members, everyone at our place of worship, our friends, etc.) or say f**k it. We will never be able to fight this battle and create a safe refuge in our community for our daughter free from stigma and labels. Let’s move to another country!

      Big Pharma has so much marketing money they can safely move away from purchasing ‘thought leaders’ and funding organizations like NAMI. They will continue to shape our culture by purchasing movie rights (The producers of A Beautiful Mind already conveniently rewrote John Nash’s life by tweaking the script right before release, making it appear that John Nash continues to take medications to control his ‘illness’ and when John Nash himself tried to retroactively expose this fabrication in front of a large audience at a Gala NAMI event, the microphone was literally taken from his hand (!!) mid-sentence. Shame on NAMI! Look it up if you don’t believe me!

      Words like illness or disease are pretty meaningless. Words like withdrawal syndrome and iatrogenic illness are targeted words that have more relevance to our situation. But words still can hurt. Words like Bi-polar or schizophrenia or disease can impede a person’s recovery because they separate ‘us’ from ‘them’. Words have power, period. Words can put people into hypnotic spells. Words can harm. Words can be used to bind people, oppress them, and keep them in a class.

      Once, in a ‘meeting’ with a pompous but likeable psychiatrist, my husband and I sat through the usual lecture. The psychiatrist clearly relished the role of sole authority on my daughter’s condition and enjoyed the power of picking and choosing who would speak, when and for how long. he enjoyed the power of his words and how they revealed his mastery of neurobiological
      ‘facts’ accumulated through many years of medical training and clinical practice. I respected his dedication to his craft and it was usually not hard to be patient with his humanness because you could tell his intentions were good and he did read my daughter’s medical records, to the last detail which many psychiatrists fail to do.

      One of the things he was pathologizing was my daughter’s silence. I think he was categorizing it as catatonic or something. I had tried in vain to explain to him that she was on a ‘strike’ When workers go on strike, they stop working; Involuntarily committed patients must use more creative means of non-cooperation. He was calling her non-cooperation a symptom of her ‘illness’! Whoa! This doctor revealed his cards. This medication and labeling thing is more about social control and deep down, he and everyone in his field knows its less about healing and more about law and order.

      Non co-operation with unjust systems is a time honored form of social change used by Ghandi and Martin Luther King. I couldn’t believe I had to explain this to a person with a college degree! Don’t doctors have to take history before getting into medical school?

      My daughter was using codes, written language and even grunts over the phone to communicate with those she trusted. She’d been doing it for weeks and I was OK with that. It had taken my husband and me countless silent visits and experimentation to find this out and even more hours to arrive a mutally agreed on form of communication. This is simple, respectful boundaries 101. Should have been old hat for someone with even minimal training in psychotherapy.

      My daughter broke through the psychiatrist’s lecture babble with a beautiful verbal remark. I had been fascinated by observing this utterly pompous but humorous, likeable person talk and his obvious pleasure in listening to himself, but I was stunned by his reaction to my daughter’s first words in weeks. Instead of expressing “I guess I was wrong! She does have the power to communicate!” Must not have been catatonic like I thought!”

      He utterly failed to hear or acknowledge what my daughter said even though it was insightful, syntactically perfect, relevant, elegant, and even poetic, it nearly moved me to tears and the meeting should have ended joyfully but instead the doctor’s reaction was strange. He became angry. The meaning of my daughter’s remark was so clearly affirmational that a three year old could understand the goodwill behind it and that was all that was important to me. But I felt lingering sadness that a valuable opportunity for a ‘team’ effort had been lost. Another potential ally down the drain, and why? Because of vanity?

      There were many times when communication and language became a barrier in treatment settings and many times when it revealed truths about those in power and truths about those who are so-called disabled. Any time you grapple to understand someone with a speech impediment, don’t give up on the person, give up on the language. Create a different language, play a game of cards, blow bubbles, but don’t try to medicate someone into conforming to your language: that is plain wrong

      Instead of creating a dialogue between patient, treatment provider, and family, the meetings we were invited to usually went something like this: Everyone must listen to me because I am the authority. Your daughter has Blah blah blah. label, label label, blah, blah blah, (a few medical terms to show that I passed neuroscience 101) and cite a few examples of your loved one’s past behavior that is consistent with DSM 5 categories. To conclude this meeting, throw in some recovery words to show how politically correct I am even though I can’t open up this dialogue and question you or your daughter about how you/she define recovery, no that would be too dangerous and filled with risk of conflict. And god knows I didn’t learn any conflict resolution skills in medical school.

      I can bear all the clinical language in a clinical setting. But when the language of illness and the clinical labels and terms sneak into our household and the psycho babble from the incessant drug commercials are picked up and used by allies and family members and friends, I can barely contain my anger and despair. I want to shout ‘traitor!’ That is my daughter you are talking about!! Can we find no better ways to describe our loved ones without using hurtful labels that separate us into two groups, sane and insane? If it is ‘normal’ to label people than I would rather be insane.

      Plus, I don’t want my daughter to be normal! Normal is killing the planet! Normal is over rated. Normal is the ability to work in a cubicle and purchase sweat shop items at Walmart without a pang of guilt.

      I want my daughter to simply be herself and I’m convinced that the labels and the forced medication is inhibiting her from being herself and finding her place in the world. In these blogs people have spoken a great deal about how medications harm but what about labels? Paula Kaplan is one of the few treatment providers who consistently brings up this issue.

      NAMI hasn’t even begun to address its use of hurtful language. How can they? They use the word biologically based on their national website over 700 times! The national NAMI website is a giant commercial for medications! They actually cut and paste language from pharmaceutical websites directly onto their site. So much for being a so called ‘information’ and ‘referral’ site for parents. The sad thing is that parents are so exhausted by the process of keeping their loved ones out of jail, out of the hospitals, and off the streets, holding down their jobs, etc. that they simply don’t have the time or energy to do what their inner voice tells them: think critically, be aware, do your own research, resist normality, organize a revolution in mental health care!!

      It is also dangerous to rebel or resist because its easier to accept the labels and the existing standard of care when there are no other parent support groups out there if you live in Nebraska, or Utah, etc. MBCAN is starting up in NC and emphasizing building an online community (YEAH!!) and there are some peer led groups that are open to parents but NAMI is the only group specifically for loved ones and allies with an established nationwide foothold, and parents are so desperate they will accept any kind of support over nothing. Even the most educated, amazing parents will willingly abide by the soul crushing conformity and allegiance to the biological model of ‘mental illness’ required to sit through NAMI’s so called ‘Family to Family’ ‘educational’ sessions.

      Where is the language that can describe the fullness of what my daughter is experiencing, as opposed to the half lived lives of millions of so-called sane people who work in cubicles, vote for morons, call their insecticide laden grass lawn ‘nature’, purchase wasteful appliances that save time and labor so they can do what? Watch reality television?

      Laura, I am not as forgiving as you.

      When people use stigmatizing words or clinical labels to describe my daughter’s precious and unique experiences, or use their loved one’s experiences to be ‘advocates’ and influence families to potentially overly medicate or harm their children, I have to find an outlet for my anger. Even a new language emphasizing recovery and hope may be presumptuous and fall short of describing my daughter’s experiences. What she is experiencing may be beyond words. It is her soul’s journey. It may be none of my business to describe. It may not be my privilege to enter in her world. It may be out of my league.

      It is her journey and her mystery and what she deserves is privacy and space while still being afforded to live in a supportive community that respects her choices and rights.

          • Hey, I’m not a mom, but as a survivor I totally applaud every last word that you posted here! You’ve expressed everything so eloquently and so well. I’m printing it off so I can save it and share it with others.

            Thank goodness your daughter has a mother who truly cares about her and will not blindly accept the stupid babblings of the “system” that wants to destroy her with its so-called “treatment!”

            Thanks for posting.

          • Madmom, Thanks! I will email you ASAP. Unfortunately, that will not be as soon as I’d like, as I am away from home with sketchy Internet access. Thank you so much for speaking from your passion/anger. You rock, mama!

      • I applaud you for standing by your daughter as well as standing up for her!! They say that children who have traumatic, invalidated childhoods can survive and even thrive if even only ONE PERSON VALIDATES THEM, loves them, is there for them and makes them feel special by giving them unconditional love. You are making a great difference just by validating and being there for your daughter!!

        • I wish I had stood up for her earlier and better. I failed to protect her when she was the most vulnerable and its a humbling experience when the children lead the way instead of the other way around, but what can I say? My daughter with her soul’s journey is teaching me about grace, dignity, forgiveness, and resiliency. I’m the one with the issues!

      • MadMom,

        Can you provide a link to this? Thanks!

        “when John Nash himself tried to retroactively expose this fabrication in front of a large audience at a Gala NAMI event, the microphone was literally taken from his hand (!!) mid-sentence. Shame on NAMI! Look it up if you don’t believe me!”

      • Hi madmom,
        Thank you SO much for showing us your truly beautiful, human, humble understandings of your daughter and the way she lives in the world. I was incredibly moved, and so encouraged. Knowing that you’re out there in the world supporting your daughter in the way you are is incredibly inspiring to me. When you recounted the interaction with your daughter’s psychiatrist, it was as though you were describing several of my old shrinks, and in particular, one of the last I ever saw. Not until the very end did I see what you see when I’d sit in hour after hour of “treatment”—my psychiatrist was a man completely power-hungry, completely closed off to any understanding of me as person besides the one he’d decided for me, which was, of course, entirely medicalized. I know my parents used to sit in our family meetings, completely controlled by him, their voices silenced when he felt like it, their words warped into whatever he needed them to be to justify the way I was being “treated.” You are a true gift to your daughter; I had tears in my eyes when I read about the language your daughter developed to communicate, which you took the time to learn.

        A woman a couple years younger than me who’s a friend of mine experiences the world in a way that has gotten her labeled “schizophrenic”. I wish her parents could read your post, because they see her as a walking disease, as a “poor girl who’s being devastated by the progression of this debilitating illness that doesn’t seem to get better even when she agrees to stay on these new medications.” When I was with them months ago, I’d watch as they cringed when she spoke about her beliefs, which they would immediately say weren’t real. They’d say, “If only you could have insight into your disease, you’d be able to recover.” By “recovery”, of course, they meant “stay on meds.”

        I don’t see them anymore, since I left my job a few months back, but I think about them all the time. I’d given them info about this website, and about Anatomy, a year or so ago, but it’s likely they never explored these venues.

        All I can do is remind myself that there are parents out there like you, staying present with their children without judging, labeling, pathologizing, incarcerating, and drugging. Of course, you’re in a horribly tough place in that you are witnessing others do that to your child instead; what a beautiful thing that you’ve hung in there and stayed with her through all of this. I have no doubt that there’s light on the other side of the tunnel for her, in large part thanks to her family sticking by her. 🙂

        In solidarity,

      • Great comment madmom, thanks! Much to consider. As a mother of sons who’ve been through the system and mad myself I can identify with what you’re saying. I agree that the psychiatric labelling stigmatises and discriminates, and in my family’s case put us in a cul-de-sac of ‘severe and enduring mental illness’ where talking therapies couldn’t be found.

        And thanks Kathy for speaking out your doubts and concerns about the pros and cons of psychiatric ‘medication’. Many of my family members have been through the psychiatric system. Some chose to stay on anti-psychotics, others of us tapered and came off them. I preferred coming off, and did so on 3 occasions after psychotic episodes.

    • Hi Laura,

      Thanks for your great article and sharing. You are a great inspiration to all.

      Like madmom, I can’t be as mellow as you about the bipolar scam that has harmed so many people including so many children. But, I must say I’ve learned the most from the education I very reluctantly obtained with much pain and effort at SCREW U, that great university of life with all its joys, pains, mistakes and challenges. As a result of this great education, I have saved many family members from dangerous drugs and treatments from mainstream medicine in general after my great learning experience of TOXIC PYSCHIATRY with loved ones I managed to rescue thanks to Dr. Peter Breggin as well as tons of other reserach.

      I can say that one of the great benefits of learning about the so called mental health system and others is that I am no longer the trusting fool I used to be with medical or other so called experts. Dr. Thomas Szasz, Psychiatrist, ticked me off at one point when he said we have a responsibility to learn about our social institutions like the biopsychiatric establishment when I was licking my wounds, but I sure learned he was absolutely right. The same is true for the so called legal system, educational system and government in general. If we don’t educate ourselves about the perils of these very powerful groups, we run the risk of being run over by them if not destroyed by them all in the guise of democracy and social welfare.

      Anyway, you are a great light and source of wisdom on this web site and I’m so glad you are here.



    • Thank you for sharing Duane. I have really learned a lot from this vigorous exchange and appreciate everyone’s honesty and courage.

      Kathy, I appreciate your willingness to question long-held beliefs and what sounds like your willingness to support your son in taking the lead in his recovery choices. As a fellow mom, I know that can be scary territory.

      Good luck to you both in your family recovery journey!

  9. I am the mother of a son diagnosed by psychiatrists as “severely mentally ill”. Luckily I never believed any of it. “Leave it to the experts” said the doctors. They sent my son home incapable of thinking clearly, shuffling instead of walking, depressed and totally traumatised. I took him off the medication behind doctors’ backs following Dr Breggin’s advice in one of his books. He is back to his normal happy, healthy self now but it took 5 years for him to get over the trauma caused by his experience and 2 years to get rid of the physical side-effects caused by the antipsychotic medication he was forced to take in hospital. The most shocking thing is that his doctors genuinely believed that they were doing their best to help him because they are blinkered by what they have been taught at medical school.

  10. Kathy,

    I truly hope the best for you and your son, and meant what I said in the previous comments.

    Regarding your apparent involvement with NAMI, in a position of leadership….

    This gets so frustrating for a several reasons for me personally. How are people like myself suppose to dismiss the *actions* of NAMI? If we speak up, we are seen as polarizing, unwilling to have dialogue, close-minded, etc…

    There are *many* things NAMI does that IMO are non-negotiable, not the least of which is involvement in forced treatment. This comment was left on the NAMI post by Claire Weber. –

    From an online newsletter from the NAMI, Western Carolina:

    … “If a family member/caregiver is concerned about a loved one, they must attempt to encourage the loved one to accept a call and/or visit from the MCU. If the loved one refuses and the family member/caregiver is concerned, the other option is to call law enforcement and request that a CIT officer visit the person.
    So how often does a visit from the MCU end with Involuntary Commitment to treatment? MCU reports that of the 91 cases they worked in the month of November 2012, six ended with Involuntary Commitment, four went to Crisis Stabilization Units, one went to detox, one went to jail and the rest of the people stayed in their community and got connected to other services.”

    Full article (page 2):

    IMO, there is simply no room for compromise on some of these issues.

    NAMI works tirelessly at the state level to promote more drugging, particularly in Medicaid, foster care and juvenile justice systems. Kids need our protection.

    NAMI promotes forced treatment. We need to uphold the constitution. We need to allow for options, and work on making those options available.

    Duane Sherry, M.S.
    Retired Counselor

  11. Kathy,

    Hello, from one more parent trying to figure out how to be supportive and not cause any more harm. Thanks for jumping into the fray.

    There will be a public series of special events with Laura Delano at the end of July up here in Vancouver, BC, which is a hop, skip and a jump from Colorado. On Monday night, July 29th, she will be leading a Q&A after a screening of Daniel Mackler’s documentary film “Coming off Psych Drugs: A Meeting of the Minds.” The next day, she will be leading a workshop, “Is it Me, or My Meds?” Finding Self Beyond Psychiatry and Reconnecting to Our Human Spirit.” Perhaps your son would like to join us for these events. And if he doesn’t mind, you too.

    You have been offered an overwhelming wealth of resources above. When I started exploring this information and experience rich world of critical thinking about the medical model, the archives of interviews introduced me to Robert Whitaker and several of the authors mentioned above. Through the archive list you can find interviews with authors, researchers, survivors and doctors looking critically at the pharma/psy industry ( For example, you can listen, for free, right now, to an hour long interview with Laura Delano.

    Peter Breggin also has a radio interview archive from which you can download an hour of Paris Williams, now, for free (

    Enjoy exploring this fascinating world of intelligent, compassionate and innovative people.

  12. To Kathy, Donna, Madmom ,
    As the Mom’s who have seen our beautiful children as young adults suddenly spiral into an altered mood state given the title “rule out bipolar and /or psychosis NOS ( not otherwise specified)” which as we know from RW’s Anatomy of an Epidemic used to be a rare and episodic disorder to now so commonplace. It is just widely accepted in society. For any parent whose young, adult offspring has been sucked into the mental health care system yet whose toxicology screen was positive for cannabis ( also many other ” recreational” drugs can lead to altered mental states) ) shouldn’t we unite? My son admitted to us just after turning 23, getting married, and other stressors, the night he was having a breakdown ( I still call it a nervous breakdown) he had been using cannabis “often” for about four months. Since my husband and I had not known our son to indulge in illicit drugs before, we were shocked. But now realize far too many teens and young adults are using today’s potent THC with increasing psychoactive properties as the natural buffer against the psychoactive properties in the cannabis plant itself, cannabidiols (CBD) are being bred out which creates a ” double whammy” to the young maturing brain < age 25. Emergency visits are significantly increasing for cannabis related issues. See pg 180 of RW's Anatomy…Epidemic for first time psychosis related to cannabis. In the locked psych unit, we took our son to that hellish night we drove around helplessly trying to find the most caring place to get help, trust me we opened up the door to Dante's Inferno once we were forced to leave that facility as our son " voluntarily" agreed to enter the hospital, not realizing what HELL he would be subjected to inside. Since I knew " bipolar" was highly genetically related, I kept asking " how can this dx be possible given both family lines back to the Mayflower and have longevity, great health and NO severe mental disease?" Lies, rush to judgement, deception followed just to make a buck or two at these facilities and especially the authoritarian p- docs( out-pt ones just as bad or worse). Sadly, I had NO idea the system is so flawed, actually broken, and that no-one we encountered was truly concerned what caused my son's break, whether it be too many stressors ( and there were plenty) or even tried to educate us that his drug use ( mostly cannabis) has ties as far back as 1987 with the big study out of Sweden linking psychosis and pot use. The hospital told us pot is " virtually harmless" one p- doc even suggested a " little pot" can be good! Really, if one has the wrong brain for cannabis and just do a search to find the answers globally, the truth will set us all free. I fear the HELL many other teens, and young adults will face as the perception in. 2013 is marijuana has no negative effects, for anyone.
    Yes, let's start looking at the ROOT causes why bipolar (especially bp one) and other mental dysfunctional disorders are increasing…let's connect the dots. A fascinating study done in the UK last yr has shown some credible data about those who use cannabis on a " regular" basis who have a certain genetic underpinning and developed a 7 fold increase in psychosis-

    • As a past teen cannabis user, and the twin of a heavy cannabis user, and I ran around with many cannabis users I really really question connecting its use to the cause of psychosis. Legal synthetic drugs/cannabis is another story since it can contain amphetamine like substances, and is often passed off as the illegal substance. It can and does often cause psychosis. Major problem!

      A few years ago I gathered my son up from his spiritual emergency, that include full blown psychosis, he suffered while attending MIT in Cambridge MA. 6 or more pdocs and we quickly fell into the medication trap. The story is much longer than I care to post, but thanks to Robert Whitaker’s books we quickly learned that maybe there were other options. I even emailed Mr. Whitaker with our short story and he emailed me back with a “he will be fine response” refering to our son.

      We only see our son a couple of times a year (we live in IA and he stayed in MA) and today just ended his recent visit. He is fine and drug free and most importantly we are better prepared for the next spiritual emergency should one occur.

      Time heals and patience prevails!

      • Just do the research as suggested. Then return with more current factual info. Check out pg 180 of RW’s book, Anatomy.. Epidemic since you mention him or better yet, ask RW his opinion on what the research and findings about TODAY’S MJ are. It’s just so sad me that in the 21st century, opinion about cannabis can not include the studies that show this link to mental changes in certain brains. I only wish I had found MIA in time for my son who did not survive what the mental health system did to him. I totally believe the ” spiritual experience” as our son did initially, but then the massive amount of neuroleptics just added more injury to his poor brain that should have been helped to get sleep so his brain could reset but instead was massively drugged, warehoused and brainwashed.
        The horror we watched our son endure by the mental health system will never be forgotten. Hindsight is 20/20 and sadly, there are no do overs for our son and our family is forever broken. I’m so happy your son survived his spiritual awakening, just know not every story ends so happily.

        • I’ve done the research. I’ve read the books. I’ve walked the talk as well. Legalize cannabis (POT) and you wouldn’t have the legal synthetic drugs that are devastating our youth. Please reread and listen! The same rightious people hand their kids amphetamines every day then turn their heads to the incarceration of a harmless POT smoker. Both ruin lives. We cannot afford to point a finger in the wrong direction and pass the blame.

          Psychosis from cannabis is an interesting study for sure. I have to believe that psychosis from cannabis is very rare. Can POT use lead to other drugs? Sure it can and does. How about the benefits of cannabis over the cruel man made drugs?

          The point I was trying to make is that the focus should be on the legal drugs that are being handed out like candy. The legal substances that our youth can buy at the local tobacco outlet.

          I feel deeply for your loss. Love and gratitude will prevail over time.

          • @Duane,

            With your reply you want me to believe that if cannabis were eliminated from this earth that 1/3 of bipolar cases would be cured or never would have occured at all.

            Wishful thinking at best!

          • It could be that the cannibas use comes from a need to relieve anxiety or deal with emotional pain.

            I don’t think there are simple answers in most cases. However, I’ve come to understand that in some cases there are simple (not always easy) answers.

            Every individual is unique.


          • I think that medical marijuana advocates minimize the potential risks of abusing pot and the dangers of using
            tainted stuff that is available on the streets, while prohibitionists exaggerate the risks.

          • Madmom

            I agree with you. I have worked over 20 years in community mental health with a focus on addictions.

            My research and anecdotal experience tells me that some people are very sensitive to pot, and when the use of this drug is combined with other life stressors it can be a “trigger” or a “catalyst” for psychotic like symptoms or paranoia.

            If fact most people have an evolving relationship with this drug. Many who eventually quit using pot will often refer to it creating a “paranoid edge” to their thought process that makes them uncomfortable and more anxious. I have interviewed hundreds of people who have told me this.

            I would speculate that with today’s youth most young people who have experienced a first time “psychotic break” not only have some trauma in their life experience but also considerable pot use as well.

            Just one more reason to NOT refer to these problems as a brain disease.


          • Marijuana in larger doses did eventually start making me paranoid (though it only started after an incident where someone had slipped me another hallucinogenic drug). I have heard this from other users as well. I think it is very possible marijuana can trigger psychosis, especially if used long-term or with other drugs (including legal psych drugs).

            That being said, I agree with you, the legal drugs are far more likely to cause psychosis and other problems than marijuana ever could. In fact, marijuana in low dosages is probably a more effective “antidepressant” or “anti-anxiety” drug than anything on the market, and it certainly has a much milder side effect profile! The problem, of course, is dosage control, but as we see with the incredible rise in prescription drug abuse, that problem exists with almost any psychoactive drug.

            So I agree, it makes no sense to give kids amphetamines and then be worried when some of them smoke pot. I’m a lot more worried about the speed!

            —- Steve

          • Thanks for the responses. I bow to all of your good works. It is important to understand the symptoms of these drug interactions. Psychosis brought on from amphetamines is real and takes a long time to recover fully from. Much different from the pot use or even being a heavy pot user. The “paranoid edge” is real when using pot but it is short lived and I believe different from the paranoia experienced during psychosis.

            Pot is like playing with a match that remains unlit or is never lit. I believe pot may even help to heal the mind. Amphetamines are like lighting the match and starting a fire and getting burnt, and the more often you use fire the more burnt you get and maybe even scarred. Psychosis occurs when you run from the fire after you are burnt. You have all probably been up close to a big bonfire and felt the heat and the intense light, then turned away and felt that rush of coolness, and your eyes had to adjust to the darkness, and you see nothing but brightness for a period of time. In psychosis you are stuck in the brightness.

            I agree with you Richard that it is
            “Just one more reason to NOT refer to these problems as a brain disease”

            Our thoughts and feelings are more our conditions in time and should we push or pull away from the cause of our condition (the fire) our mind and body will naturally refocus and heal.

            Sure there are chronic conditions that will take a long “time” for healing.

            Gratitude and time heals all.

            No time to continue this post…

    • larmac,

      First, I am thrilled about the latest op-ed on so called bipolar exposing the fraud that this stigma represents a biological cause in the victim so stigmatized.

      I would like to say that I did point out to Kathy here that many experts claim that substance abuse including binge drinking and/or pot CAN contribute to extreme states of emotional distress, but I made it clear that this is also COMBINED with many other stressors young adults suffer when having to leave home and function as an independent adult in a stressful, very competitive college environment that is even worse now with the economic meltdown. Of course, vaccines, toxic junk food and tons of other pollutants can impact our health and minds in very negative ways with bogus DSM stigmas always a convenient coverup while they remain unproven pseudoscience as in the book, PSEUDOSCIENCE IN BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY by Dr. Colin Ross et al.

      And to show the Catch 22 of biopsychiatry, Jill Littell in her articles at MIA and elsewhere on bipolar I and II shows that anyone engaging in any substance abuse today including alcohol is routinely and automatically given the junk science bipolar II stigma, which was also being done routinely for bipolar I when the symptoms often were iagrogenic effects of other psych drugs like SSRI’s and Ritalin for so called ADHD and depression, known to be gateway stigmas/drugs for bipolar contributing to the mass epidemic of bipolar for adults and then children to expand this horrible “market.” Also, Dr. Healy exposes that corrupt BIG PHARMA hacks came up with the brilliant ploy of always blaming the victims’ so called “mental illness” for all the lethal effects of psych drugs including mania, aggression, irritability, suicide, worse depression, akathasia, etc. Dr. Healy and Robert Whitaker expose that those with so called “manic depression” (supposedly former bipolar) used to fully recover and live productive lives for the most part before the advent of biopsychiatry and its lethal stigmas and toxic drugs forced on people for life along with many other horrific human rights violations per many studies.

      In all of my posts I have pointed out that based on my extensive research and experience that so called bipolar is a total fraud in terms of any biomedical cause to cover up social stressors, abuse related trauma and other problems. I have made it all too clear that bipolar and other VOTED IN DSM stigmas are totally bogus with no scientific, biological or other evidence, reliability or validity with no tests to prove anyone has it or known genes/causes underlying it. The recent extensive flak over the obviously junk science DSM V debacle and Head of the NIMH, Dr. Insel’s admission of the lack of validity of the DSM and bipolar by extension validates my own reality and claims I’ve made for a very long time as have many others including many experts/psychiatrists/psychologists, etc.

      So, when I say that excess recreational drugs to cope with an already overstressed young adult body may cause extreme emotional distress, I am in no way agreeing that this combined social/physical state is what is known as bipolar disorder invented to pad psychiatry’s pockets in bed with BIG PHARMA to sell the latest lethal drugs on patent including so called mood stabilizers like Depakote and atypical antipsychotics as exposed by Dr. David Healy in his great book, MANIA: A SHORT HISTORY OF BIPOLAR DISORDER, and his many good articles on bipolar mania/mythology/babble.

      Therefore, my personal experience with loved ones was with those suffering great distress from domestic/work/school/community abuse related trauma who were in NO WAY PSYCHOTIC, CRAZY, MANIC, DELUSIONAL or exhibiting any of the usual symptoms that psychiatry falsely accuses those they wish to target with their life destroying stigmas like bipolar and toxic drugs to create another permanent patient or life annuity to profit from another human being’s suffering. People should bear in mind that it has been common for the mental health profession to UPDIAGNOSE to qualify for more extensive and longer “treatment” payments and bipolar is one of the most lucrative stigmas today. Bipolar is most used to justify long expensive hospitalizations and life long predation by biopsychiatry and our fascist therapeutic state on normal people in crisis forced into the permanent patient role in the guise of mental health while being forcibly subjected to what Dr. Peter Breggin exposes as psychiatry’s barbaric brain damaging/disabling torture treatments including neuroleptics and ECT (TOXIC PSYCHIATRY, YOUR DRUG MAY BE YOUR PROBLEM, 2nd ed.). So, biopsychiatry does create a self fulfilling prophecy in that their brain damaging/disabling toxic treatments do create chemical imbalances in the brain, brain shrinkage and other brain damage/reactions that may become permanent and cause the very symptoms of their bogus stigmas that have resulted in an epidemic of illness, disability and other suffering resulting in more corporate welfare for the biopsychiatry/BIG PHARMA industrial cartel.

      So, I hope everyone here and elsewhere understands that so called bipolar is now what Dr. Thomas Szasz called psychiatry’s “sacred symbol” or a justification of its existence that used to be psychosis/schizophrenia with all the supposed symptoms of that now incorporated into bipolar created by committee with huge drug company ties to justify biopsychiatry’s alliance with BIG PHARMA and others in power wishing to blame the victims of all social/domestic/school/community abuse, oppression, injustice, exploitation, etc. so that the power elite can avoid addressing the real social crises and suffering that exist and/or they create.

      Therefore, when anyone speaks of bipolar, I hope you understand that you cannot assume people are speaking of the same thing. Dr. Carole Warshaw, Psychiatrist and Domestic Violence Expert, along with many others expose that women and children victims of domestic and other abuse/violence are routinely MISDIAGNOSED or falsely accused of being bipolar, paranoid, delusional, ADHD and other bogus stigmas while not bothering to ask about the abuse/violence and/or deliberately covering it up to create a cowardly gang of misogynist bullies/mobbers/oppressors against lone, vulnerable abused women and children to aid and abet the original abusers/bullies/mobbers. After all, the DSM by definition refuses to acknowledge any causes of the alleged bipolar and other stigmas making it a pathetic, sadistic joke once this unbelievable con job and life destroying fraud is understood and exposed to its many shocked victims. This also causes retraumatization when abuse victims learn that most if not all from whom they seek help including the so called mental health, legal, medical and other systems mostly blame the victims and aid and abet their fellow abusers in power. This too can drive the victims “crazy” if the victims don’t learn to do their own homework and become totally self reliant by necessity while avoiding the DSM mental death system like the plague it has become along with other oppressive patriarchal systems.

      Dr. Allen Frances, Chairman of the DSM IV, acknowledges in a WIRED article by Gary Greenberg that “defining mental disorders diagnosis is bullshit…there is no way to define it…or tell who’s normal and who’s not.” Dr. Frances also makes the horrifying statement that the “collective fantasy of science behind the DSM was good for psychiatry and patients.” For Dr. Frances and Dr. Robert Spitzer, editor of the DSM III, to maintain this delusional belief despite the millions of lives destroyed including children by the fascist, fraudulent DSM paradigm globally boggles my mind. Gary Greenberg’s enlightening new book, THE BOOK OF WOE, includes many interviews with Dr. Allen Frances, DSM IV ed., and exposes more of the history and fraud of the DSM biopsychiatry paradigm and why he believes that this harmful, dishonest, fictitious junk science should be abolished.

      So, though I appreciate your including me among those whose loved ones have been harmed by what I now call the mental death profession, we in no way share the exact same experiences because they are totally unique and diverse just as every precious human being is unique and precious making biopsychiatry’s one size fits all book of insults/abuse or DSM life destroying stigmas used to unleash a literal barrage of human rights abuses and violations all the more pernicious and deadly. See Dr. Joanna Moncrieff’s articles like “Psychiatric Imperialism” and “Psychiatric Diagnosis As A Political Device,” along with the book, DE-MEDICALIZING MISERY to see how psychiatry functions as an agent of fascist social control in the guise of medicine to coverup its illegal, coercive practices.

  13. To all the moms and parents who have been actively involved with your child’s treatment what you have done is trying to have your child’s back which is wonderful. The system is so messed up that it is hard to distinguish which is the best way to go. You try to do the right thing and the then have to deal with horror when you find out how badly the system cares for its patients at times. I have found this out in regular medicine as well. It is so confusing to meander the current state of affairs that is modern medicine today. The polarization and fear are great. One wrong word and things fall apart. There is no good place of dialogue at times.
    I applaud those parents who express outrage at the inpatient system. I have been there and it is hell. I wish I had a spouse,children, or friend who have been behind me as the mothers here have been with their children and young adult children. Even those there have been different pathways the love is apparent. I also send congrats out to those who have realized their parents tried to help them but ended up harmed by the system. I thought as a professional I knew what and where to go and was I wrong. The current state of affairs is so different than twenty or thirty years ago. It is not cool to be angry and outraged these days. It is not what some professionals want to hear. This was not always so. I remember when some docs did tolerate anger from their patients. I always did. Anger is a human emotion. Coping with it can be hard and not being heard goes way beyond frustration.
    I realize I came close to getting my son in the system and I am so glad it didn’t happen. Less is more I think is the lesson. There are no medical gods just human beings imperfect and if you are lucky caring and able to listen and see and understand all the nuances of Mental Health.

  14. Kathy, I read the free chapters on Amazon and teared up for sure. We traveled from Iowa to Boston MA for what appears to be similar reasons. I got the same rush of thoughts as well. I often thought that if we had convinced our son to stay in Iowa things may have been different. Your story covered that doubt for me.

    Great read that i too will add to my Amazon wishlist. Thanks to you and Max for sharing.

  15. Kathy,

    I’m confused.

    You sounded outraged with the words you chose in your post:

    “Most difficult for those with mental illness and their families, me included, was the fear that the medicine they had relied on was damaging and that they had put their trust in the wrong hands.”

    “My son, who as you’ll remember was sitting right beside me during Whitaker’s talk, is angry, very angry about what he heard; angry at doctors and hospitals who have prescribed and sometimes forced mediation on him, and the pharmaceutical industry that reaps tremendous financial benefit.”

    And there seemed to be a sense of urgency:

    “I’ve realized I’d been lazy, taking the word of doctors and other professionals and believing what has been general consensus, instead of doing the hard work of educating myself, knowing full well that when we educate ourselves we can make informed choices and take control.”

    Now your comments are about a big book signing.

    And once again, I find it very hard to trust anyone in NAMI leadership (past and present), for several reasons, not the least of which is any sense of urgency or commitment to change the status quo.

    I hope the best for you and your son.


    • AA,

      Thank you. It helps to know I’m not alone.

      IMO, a paradigm shift, unlike any in history is in the works, and it will not be NAMI that takes the lead.

      There may be a few NAMI folks who decide to join in (at the 11th hour), but it will be after the fact. The others will remain busy with their NAMI walks, fundraisers, propaganda efforts, etc, while the tide turns – like a tidal wave, a tsunami!


  16. Duane, I can understand that if she has written a book, she wants to promote it as any author would. But the reason I am critical is I see no statement at all from her indicating attempts to continue to understand what the MIA movement is all about. This also concerns me because she hasn’t addressed any of the concerns we have about NAMI cohersive practices.

    As I previously mentioned, I am not even in the mental health system but if god forbid, I don’t say the right things in describing my condition to my doctor, I very easily could be. And we have NAMI to thank for that in my opinion.

    I sadly have to agree with you about many NAMI folks being joiners after the fact.

  17. Whatever personal opinion one may hold of NAMI and Pete Earley, there is a lot to cheer about re NAMI’s shifting focus. (See quote from Pete Earley below). Why not put our money where our collective mouths are and make a positive statement by responding to Robert Whitaker’s plea for MIA funding. Shocking that the site has raised so little money for a site that has such a loyal following. There are 228,148 unique visitors to this site. How about $1 from each one to make a positive contribution to change? (Put $1, a pound note, etc. into an envelope and mail it!) Why waste precious time and drain our energies constantly trashing an organization like NAMI (and people within it who are struggling to come to grips with the new reality) when there are family based recovery networks and educational programs like Mother Bear, Family Outreach & Response, and Practice Recovery that are not tied to the pharmaceutical industry. I dug out this quote from the Pete Earley blog that Kathy references.

    Pete Earley: For me, this shift away from Dr. Torrey’s views and the welcoming of Robert Whitaker as a NAMI speaker reflects how NAMI’s membership — or at least its board of directors – has moved away from its traditional parental based roots. I would not be surprised if NAMI soon drops its long-standing support of Assisted Outpatient Treatment. Whether you consider this shift a good or bad thing clearly depends on your individual views about such issues as AOT, medication, involuntary treatment, Dr. Torrey and Whitaker. The point of this blog is simply this: NAMI’s views are shifting.

    • Rossa:

      How exciting to think that NAMI may drop its stand on forced commitment and distance itself from Dr. Torrey. I hope you are right. I will make a donation to MIA in the meantime. Thanks to your reminder about the importance of this.

  18. Hi Rossa,

    You make some good points and as an FYI, I just made a contribution. To digress, I plead with folks to make one who haven’t yet done do. This site cannot die.

    I apologize for my negative attitude. I think I was a little discouraged at some of the discussions on Linkin that I know you were a part of. So I guess I was thinking, “Ok, Bob spoke, now what are you going to do NAMI?” And when Kathy wasn’t addressing the concerns about AOT and other negative points about NAMI and changed the subject, I think that fueled my negativity.

    Again, my apologies.

    • A NAMI discussion group on LINKED IN? I find that to engage in a discussion with older members of NAMI is a traumatizing experience in itself. I would rather listen to Rush Limbaugh for five hours. Never have I heard such dispiriting,, hopeless nonsense as in a roomful of NAMI moms all talking about their loved ones. Gads! I leave such activities to the more stalwart members of the moms movement.

      • I admit, I always start laughing when I hear people refer to their “loved ones.” Like, are they funeral directors? Paris Williams urged people here at MIA to join the NAMI LinkedIn discussions in order to present a more critical view of the biochemical model, etc. There are lots of MIA people who have taken up his challenge, including me. And, there is no content control so people can post all kinds of articles. There’s the usual fluff and biochemical beliefs, but there is quite a lot of coverage of the important issues, and lots of discussion is generated.

      • LOL madmom as one who is not a fan of Limbaugh’s in the all time understatement. All jokes aside, I think it is important to know what arguments are being used for the opposite points of what most of us on MIA believe so we can effectively counter them. I just picked a bad day to visit the discussions.

        And in all fairness, when I deeply believed in meds for myself, I was like alot of those NAMI moms. I greatly resented anyone who implied that I could be drug free. It was just hard to believe that anything I had tried to make so hard to work was a total failure.