Tuesday, December 6, 2022

Teacher Wellbeing Matters for Student Mental Health

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Teacher’s personal wellbeing plays a role in students’ mental health outcomes, suggests a new study.

More Physical Activity-Based Mental Health Interventions Needed in Schools

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What physical activity-based programs are being implemented in schools, how are they being researched, and what kind of impact have they made?

Poor and Foster Care Children More Likely to be Diagnosed and Treated with Psychiatric...

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Study details Medicaid-insured birth cohort’s exposure to psychiatric medications and mental health services.

Experts Question the Benefits of Brain Imaging Research for OCD

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Two experts—a leading neuroscientist studying OCD, and a psychiatrist specializing in OCD treatment—question whether expensive brain imaging research has added anything to the treatment of OCD.

Air Pollution Linked to Mental Health Problems in Children

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A new study, published in BMJ Open-Access this week, found a significant link between the level of air pollution in a community and the mental health of the children living there. After controlling for socio-economic status and other potential variables, researchers in Sweden discovered a strong association between the concentration of air pollution in a neighborhood and the amount of ‘antipsychotic’ and psychiatric drugs prescribed to children. The link remained strong even at pollution levels well below half of what is considered acceptable by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Researchers Find that Textbooks Include Biased Information About ADHD

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A review of academic textbooks finds that they often leave out effect sizes and molecular genetics findings, both of which suggest minimal impact of genetics on ADHD. Instead, textbooks focus on overblown conclusions from behavioral studies.

“Neurofeedback and ADHD”

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The Mental Health Review blog discusses several studies comparing neurofeedback to placebo for ‘ADHD.’ “Many parents are being told that neurofeedback will ‘cure’ ‘ADHD’...

Racial Discrimination a Clear Contributor to Youth Mental Health Disparities

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Greater perceptions of discrimination during adolescence are linked to more depressive and internalizing symptoms.

The ADHD Diagnosis is a War of Semantics, Waged on Children

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Since I am new on Mad in America, I will tell you; my mission is to debunk the ADHD diagnosis. My goal is to add common sense to a world where drugging kids for acting like kids is all the rage. When discussing ADHD with concerned adults I share how little is required to earn a diagnosis of ADHD. Learning just how non-scientific the diagnosis actually is, for many, is a shocking discovery.

First Systematic Review of Leading School-Based Mental Health Programs

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Results reflect moderate to strong evidence in support of the non-pharmacological school-based interventions reviewed in the study.

“No Evidence Ritalin Makes a Difference Long Term for ADHD Kids”

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The Sydney Morning Herald reports that, three years into an Australian study that is following 178 children with ADHD and 212 children without ADHD, the...

Study Reveals Inconsistency in ADHD Diagnostic Determinations

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Researchers compare differences between research and clinical diagnoses of ADHD and explore the consistency of clinical determinations over time

The Presumption of Incompetence: Why Traditional ADHD Treatments Fail 

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The two most popular interventions for ADHD are drugs and stringent control. Those who believe in the traditional biological determinist view assert that others must provide the control that people diagnosed with ADHD lack. In this treatment protocol, diagnosed individuals are remanded into treatment that mimics institutional care (i.e., others control their access to resources and their behavior is restrained with drugs). While both of these impositions can yield some short-term benefits, they can also produce unwanted side effects much like what happens when there is incarceration

Study Investigates Long-Term Effects of Social and Emotional Learning Programs

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Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) programs have gained popularity in U.S. schools in recent years. A new study examines the nature and longevity of their impact on students.

Poor Evidence and Substantial Bias in Ritalin Studies

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The authors of a large scale well-conducted systematic review of methylphenidate, also known as Ritalin, conclude that there is a lack of quality evidence for the drug’s effectiveness. Their research also revealed that Ritalin can cause sleep problems and decreased appetite in children.

Researchers Can’t Predict Whether Childhood ADHD Will Impact Adult Functioning

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New research has found that a childhood ADHD diagnosis is not predictive of adult functioning in boys.

Large Increase in Poison Control Calls for Children Taking ADHD Drugs

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New data shows that calls to US poison control centers have increased significantly for children taking stimulant ADHD drugs.

Despite Claims, EPA Supplement Does Not Improve ADHD Symptoms in Youth

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A new study reports that the supplement EPA improved ADHD symptoms but a closer look calls these results into question.

“The Decline of Play in Preschoolers and the Rise in Sensory Issues”

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“We are consistently seeing sensory, motor, and cognitive issues pop up more and more in later childhood, partly because of inadequate opportunities to move and play at an early age,” writes Angela Hanscom in The Washington Post.

Race and Class Affect Teacher Perceptions of ADHD Medication Use

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Study uncovers teachers’ attitudes surrounding ADHD medication use and examines the influence of race and social class on teacher beliefs.

Youngest Children in Class More Likely to get ‘ADHD’ Drugs

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The researchers suggest that developmental immaturity is mislabelled as a mental disorder and unnecessarily treated with stimulant medication

African American and Hispanic Youth Discontinue ADHD Treatment at Higher Rates than White Youth

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Study examines racial and ethnic disparities in the quality of care for Medicaid-enrolled children starting ADHD medication.

Germany Rejects New ADHD Drug

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Finding that Shire's study of its successor to Adderall XR, Vyvanse, (lisdexamfetamine; known in Germany as Elvanse) was too short and did not look at the drug...

The Connection Between Sleep, Exercise, Screen Time and Cognition in Childhood

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Can current guidelines for sleep, exercise, and screen time in childhood be linked to positive cognitive outcomes?

Risperdal for a 2-year-old? Turning the Tide, One Interaction at a Time

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Amidst a reported leveling in medication usage among young children, a disturbing side trend has emerged. Antipsychotic medication use in preschoolers has soared over the past decade, to the upwards tale of a two- to five- fold increase despite lack of FDA approval in almost all of these medications for this age group and little to no information about long-term side effects. In addition, researchers have noted that most antipsychotic medications were being used off-label, and increasingly for the treatment of behavioral issues that many argue are both developmentally inherent and often a product of significant environmental dysfunction.

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