Monday, September 24, 2018

Bias, Corruption & Accountability

Antidepressant Use Climbs as Patients Find it Difficult to Discontinue

Findings point to the role of withdrawal symptoms and prescriber practices in long-term antidepressant use.

New Review of Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia Questions Evidence for Long Term Use

A systematic review of the limited research available on the long-term effects of antipsychotics finds fewer symptoms in those off of the drugs.

Minimal Evidence for Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in Childhood

Researchers offer a critical take on the inclusion of the Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in the DSM-V.

Researcher Challenges Clinical Effectiveness of Antidepressants

A new article in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine addresses common misinterpretations of the efficacy research on antidepressants.

Researcher Critically Examines Movements for Global Mental Health

China Mills raises concerns that global mental health movements obscure social determinants of health and naturalize Western mental health concepts.

Review Examines Causes and Consequences of Overdiagnosis in Primary Care

A new review in BMJ investigates overdiagnosis in primary care settings, where the majority of mental health care is provided in the U.S.

SSRI Exposure in Pregnancy Alters Fetal Neurodevelopment

Alterations in gray matter and white matter development found in infants of mothers taking SSRI antidepressants during pregnancy.

Publication Bias Inflates Perceived Efficacy of Depression Treatments, Study Finds

Researchers report the cumulative effects of major biases on the apparent efficacy of antidepressant and psychotherapy treatments.

Sociologist Questions Effectiveness and Ethics of Mental Health Services

Medical sociologist David Pilgrim argues that mental health care is neither effective nor “kindly,” as it often relies on flawed research and ineffective treatments.

Call to Monitor Adverse Effects of Antipsychotics in Youth

Researchers point to the risks of using antipsychotics with youth and caution against the practice.

Digital Media Use Linked to Increase in ADHD Symptoms

Increased frequency of digital media use can increase symptoms of ADHD among adolescents, study finds.

New Study Investigates Negative Side Effects of Therapy

Researchers find that nearly half of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) patients experience treatment side effects.

Valproate Linked to Decreased Brain Volume in Children Diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder

Researchers find that valproate decreases brain volume in a region associated with emotion processing across all participants.

Researchers Can’t Predict Whether Childhood ADHD Will Impact Adult Functioning

New research has found that a childhood ADHD diagnosis is not predictive of adult functioning in boys.

Study Reduces Over-prescription of Antipsychotics in Older Adults

New intervention shows promise in reducing over-prescription of off-label antipsychotics in older adults.

Screening Instruments Do Not Reflect Individual Experiences of Depression

Researchers detect discrepancies between the language used to describe lived experiences of mental health and the language used in modern screening tools.

The Effect of Psychiatric Diagnosis on Young People’s Sense of Self and Social Identity

A new review highlights the effects that psychiatric diagnosis has on children and adolescents’ social relationships and views of self.

Mental Health Apps May Lead to Overdiagnosis, Study Finds

A new study finds that mental health apps promote a one-dimensional view of mental health.

What Are Best Practices For Psychosis And What Gets In The Way?

Research investigates clinicians’ perspectives on best care practices and the complicated realities of providing care in the face of agency limitations and mechanized interventions.

Unsafe Use of Sleep Drug Zolpidem is Common

Three out of four users of the sedative, zolpidem (brand name Ambien), do not follow FDA recommendations to reduce risk.

Most Psychology Research Does Not Generalize to the Individual

A new study claims that quantitative research in psychology is “worryingly imprecise” and that generalizations may be flawed and misleading.

“Diagnostic Dissent”: Experiences of Individuals Who Disagreed With Their Diagnosis

Researchers investigate the first-person experiences of people who disagreed with their psychiatric diagnosis of psychosis.

Social Adversity and Crime Victimization Increase Risk of Psychotic Experiences Five Fold

Researchers parse out factors within urbanicity that leads to risk for psychotic experiences.

Study Shows Poor Outcomes for the Treatment for Childhood Anxiety

New research identifies poor long-term outcomes for both CBT and medications for treating anxiety disorders in childhood.

Poor and Foster Care Children More Likely to be Diagnosed and Treated with Psychiatric...

Study details Medicaid-insured birth cohort’s exposure to psychiatric medications and mental health services.

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