Saturday, December 7, 2019

Research News

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to "rethink psychiatry."

Exporting Psychological Concepts Associated With Gender May Have Unintended Consequences

New qualitative research finds a shift in the meaning of gender as it enters the local lexicon of people in rural Malawi, in turn having negative ramifications for those it is meant to help.

Social Relationships Integral to Recovery in First Episode Psychosis

Research finds patients of first-episode psychosis report benefits from social relationships where their personhood is respected.

How to Integrate Culture into Mental Health Care

Researchers explore how culturally responsive services can create greater equity in mental health care.

Very Slow Tapering Best For Antidepressant Withdrawal

A new article in Lancet Psychiatry finds that slower tapering of SSRIs is better for preventing antidepressant withdrawal effects.

“Flimsy Evidence” for Esketamine as Depression Treatment

A new article documents the “flimsy evidence” behind the recent FDA approval of the party drug esketamine for the treatment of depression.

Stopping SSRI Antidepressants Can Cause Long, Intense Withdrawal Problems

In the first systematic review of withdrawal problems that patients experience when trying to get off SSRI antidepressant medications, researchers found that withdrawing from SSRIs was comparable to trying to quit addictive benzodiazepines.

People Diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder at Increased Risk for Parkinson’s

Increased Parkinson's risk could be related to lithium, antipsychotic, and antiepileptic drug use.

Therapy Gets More Effective Over Time While Antidepressants Decrease in Effectiveness

New review of long-term depression data finds psychotherapy more effective over time whereas antidepressants decrease in effectiveness.

Gender Affirming Interventions Reduce Mental Health Issues, Study Suggests

Transgender individuals who underwent gender-affirming surgeries demonstrated significant reductions in mental health concerns.

Toward a Critical Self-Reflective Psychiatry: An Interview with Pat Bracken

MIA’s Justin Karter interviews critical psychiatrist and philosopher Pat Bracken about the necessity of challenging received wisdom.

Non-Medical Treatments for PTSD Effective, Study Suggests

Group-based MBSR and PCGT therapies effective as a complementary treatment for PTSD.

New Study Investigates Negative Side Effects of Therapy

Researchers find that nearly half of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) patients experience treatment side effects.

Study Finds Mixed Results for Peer-Supported Open Dialogue in the UK

New qualitative study seeks to examine the implementation of the Open Dialogue approach in the UK.

Zoloft Does Not Improve Depression, Even in Severe Cases, Study Finds

Despite their finding, the researchers suggest that SSRIs be given to people who do not meet criteria for depression or anxiety.

Substantial Spin Found in Leading Psychology and Psychiatry Journals

: A new review finds evidence of spin and the misrepresentation of clinical trials with non-significant results.

Antidepressant Use Leads to Worse Long Term Outcomes, Study Finds

Results from a 30-year prospective study demonstrated worse outcomes for people who took antidepressants, even after controlling for gender, education level, marriage, baseline severity, other affective disorders, suicidality, and family history of depression.

Professionals Push Back on Psychiatric Diagnostic Manual, Propose Alternatives

Criticisms of the DSM-5 spark alternative proposals and calls to reform diagnostic systems in the mental health field.

Training Health Workers in Therapy Leads to Improvements and Less Medication Use

A Nigerian study finds that more than three-quarters of patients improved, even when only 13% were prescribed medication.

Parent Marijuana Use Associated With Substance Use in Children

A new study examines longitudinal, intergenerational patterns associated with marijuana use.

The Effects of Practicing Psychotherapy on Therapists’ Personal Lives

A new study, published in Psychotherapy Research, explores how having a career in psychotherapy affects therapists’ personal lives.

Gradual Tapering is Most Successful for Withdrawal from Antipsychotics

Mixed-Methods study explores the experiences of antipsychotic discontinuation among service users.

Researchers: “Antidepressants Should Not be Used for Adults with Major Depressive Disorder”

A new review, published in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine, concludes that antidepressants should not be used as the risks outweigh evidence for benefits.

Service-Users Who Found CBT Unhelpful Offer Their Perspectives

Counseling clients in the UK who found CBT unhelpful were interviewed about their experiences.

Lithium May Cause Sexual Dysfunction — More Research Needed

Lithium appears to reduce libido and sexual function, and more research into the problem is needed.

Belgian Guidelines Recommend “DSM Categories Not be at the Centre of Care Planning”

The Superior Health Council of Belgium documents numerous problems with the evidence base in the manuals used to diagnose “mental illness” and cautions against their use.

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