Please read Bruno Bettelheims book Freud and Mans Soul. He was from Vienna and says that Freud is /was mistranslated from German, and that he was trying to understand the soul. I saw psychiatry dump Freud in the 1950s, and turn to toxic drugs to suppress the symptoms of mental pain that were coming from the soul, or the unconscious. I had a 50 year career as a psychotherapist and am writing an essay now for Robert Whittaker, which I hope he’ll publish. No one else will. I found that psychotic patients became the most challenging and hardworking of my career, as they struggled to escape from their agony. It was wonderful to see them able to transform into happy people who loved to help others. One can understand why psychiatry wanted to think that emotional disorders were caused by brain defects; we’ve had such phenomenal success in understanding the physical world that our psychological world , our souls, have been neglected, leading to the pandemic of mental illnesses and addictions that we see today. But emotional disorders are only secondarily physical. They are primarily experiential and psychological.