Friday, May 24, 2019

Study Links Antidepressants and Decreased Coping Behaviors Across Generations

Biologists found that exposure to antidepressants suppresses important survival behaviors in zebrafish, an effect that persisted across three generations and was found to be more severe for males.

Can Cultural Engagement Protect Against Depression?

A new study examines the preventative effects of cultural engagement has on depression among older adults.

Individuals with Psychosis Symptoms More Likely to be Victimized

Individuals diagnosed with a psychotic disorder are 4-6 times more likely than the general population to experience victimization.

More Research Needed on Climate Change-Related Ecological Grief

Researchers outline the concept of ecologically driven grief due to climate change and recommend future research to better understand the psychological impact of climate change.

What is Contributory Injustice in Psychiatry?

An article on contributory injustice describes the clinical and ethical imperative that clinicians listen to service users experiences.

Philosophers Challenge Psychiatry and its Search for Mechanisms of Disorder

Attempting to locate the mechanisms of psychiatric disorder is a step in the wrong direction and fails to challenge potentially unjust social practices.

Dementia Screening Tools Often Misdiagnose Patients

A new study has found that the three most commonly-used dementia screening measures often misdiagnose patients.

Researchers Recommend Diagnosing Social Adversity Rather than Individual Disorders

Already-existing ICD codes provide a diagnostic alternative to biomedical models of health by contextualizing suffering within psychosocial conditions, yet these codes are underutilized.

Researchers Call for Transparency About Limits of Psychiatric Knowledge

A new paper explores how the disputed nature of psychiatric knowledge influences public perceptions and debates within the field of mental health.

Increasing Physical Activity in Schools May Improve Mental Health

A new article suggests integrating physical activity throughout the day may help to address the mental health of students.

What is Loneliness And How Can it be Addressed?

As an increasing amount of research seeks to address the epidemic of loneliness, conceptual clarity is needed.
humanity at the dawn of posthumanism

Reclaiming Humanity at the Dawn of Posthumanism: Conversation with Darcia Narvaez

The postmodern zeitgeist of the past few decades encourages us to believe that we can endlessly reinvent ourselves untethered to our human biology. But the explosion of research on the microbiome reminds us that we are deeply embedded in an ecosystem that lives within us and around us, without which we cannot survive.

When International Psychiatric Aid Gets it Wrong: Street Children in Cairo

Study questions how international psychiatric treatment of street children in Cairo could be reinforcing their marginality and vulnerability.

Growing Evidence for the Link Between ADHD Diagnosis and Age at School Admission

Researchers detect a striking relationship between the month of school enrollment relative to peers and patterns of ADHD diagnoses in a large sample of elementary school students throughout the US.

Researchers Ask, ‘Why Do Antidepressants Stop Working?’

An international group of researchers, including several with financial ties to manufacturers of antidepressants, explore possible explanations for why long-term users of antidepressants become chronically depressed.

Large Rigorous Study Debunks Popular Gene-Environment Theory of Depression

A large and rigorous meta-analysis fails to find support for the gene-environment interaction theory of depression.

Belongingness Can Protect Against Impact of Trauma, Study Suggests

A new study explores feelings of belongingness as a protective factor for childhood trauma and adult mental health outcomes.

Treated Infections in Childhood Linked with Later Mental Health Service Use

Severe infections requiring hospitalizations increased the risk of hospital contacts due to mental disorders by 84% and the risk of psychotropic medication use by 42%.

Early Intervention Can Change the Trajectory of Foster Care Children

Study highlights the importance of early interventions for institutionalized children.

Integrating Indigenous Healing Practices and Psychotherapy for Global Mental Health

As the Global Mental Health Movement attempts to address cross-cultural mental health disparities, a new article encourages integrating traditional healing practices with psychotherapy.

Benzodiazepine Prescriptions in Older Adults Used in Rural and Low Income Areas

Benzodiazepine prescription practices may be in response to an epidemic of distress, rather than being used to treat specific mental health diagnoses.

Prazosin Ineffective for Preventing Suicidal Thoughts — May Worsen Nightmares

A new study found that prazosin was associated with increased insomnia and nightmares, and did not reduce suicidal thoughts.

Study Highlights Mental Health Consequences of Parent Emotion Suppression

New research suggests that when parents model emotion suppression strategies in social interactions, their children’s approaches to social engagement may suffer.

Researchers Suggest Traumatic Experiences May Cause Psychotic Symptoms

A new study in JAMA Psychiatry investigates the relationship between trauma and psychotic experiences.

Exploring the Role of Community Engagement in School Psychology

New research emphasizes the impact of school connectedness and community engagement interventions on students' mental health.

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