Dr. Pies and Dr. Frances Make a Compelling Case that Their Profession is Doing Great Harm

Robert Whitaker
102
224

Over the past two months, Ronald Pies and Allen Frances, in response to a post I had written, wrote several blogs that were meant to serve as an “evidence-based” defense of the long-term use of antipsychotics. As I read their pieces, I initially focused on that core argument they were presenting, but second time through, the aha moment arrived for me.

Their blogs, when carefully parsed, make a compelling case that their profession, in their use of antipsychotics as a treatment for multiple psychotic disorders, has done great harm, and continues to do so today. Indeed, they make an argument for prescribing protocols that would mimic the selective use of antipsychotics by practitioners of Open Dialogue in Tornio, Finland.

Now, Pies and Frances would not see their blogs in this light. But it is easy to show that their posts, in their description of who benefits from antipsychotics and who does not, lead to that conclusion. In their defense of antipsychotics, Pies and Frances have—unwittingly, for sure—sounded the bell for radical change.

My January Blog 

This “dialogue” began several months ago when, in response to a challenge from Frances, I set forth my “opinion” on what the scientific literature has to say about the long-term effects of antipsychotics. I think there is a history of science, stretching back 50 years, that tells of drugs that worsen long-term outcomes for patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders (in the aggregate.) At the end of that post, I set forth what I believe—again, based on the scientific literature—would be a “best use” protocol for prescribing antipsychotics:

  • Try to avoid immediate use of neuroleptics in first episode psychotic patients, as there will be a significant percentage who will recover without the medications (but aided by other forms of treatment), and this is a good outcome for those patients.
  • Once the medications are used, there should be an effort to minimize their long-term use, with regular support for drug-tapering protocols.

.

From a conventional medical perspective, there is nothing radical about prescribing a class of drugs in that “selective use” manner, and that is so regardless of whether one thinks that the drugs worsen long-term outcomes. With any prescribed drug, it is important to figure out for whom the drugs provide a benefit, and for how long the drug should be prescribed. All drugs are understood to have risks, and thus, if you prescribe the drugs to patients that don’t receive a benefit, you are doing harm to those patients (and that is particularly true if the drug is an antipsychotic, which has so many known adverse effects.) Perhaps that means never prescribing the drug in the first place to certain patient groups, or prescribing the drug for a limited period of time. Not all patients with a given diagnosis are necessarily the same, and thus it is good medicine to try to develop prescribing protocols that incorporate “for whom” and “for how long” distinctions among patient groups.

The “radical” part of my blog is my belief that the scientific literature reveals that antipsychotics, on the whole, worsen long-term outcomes. That was the aspect that France and Pies were intent on countering, but in the course of doing so, they identified types of psychotic patients who could recover without antipsychotics. In doing so, they revealed that their profession’s prescribing habits, by failing to account for that fact, do great harm.

Their Response

Frances wrote three blogs in response to mine; one on February 1, a second on Feb. 16, and a third on Feb. 22. He begins his first blog with a declaration of his beliefs:

  • Antipsychotics medications are used far too often in people who don’t need them.
  • Even when necessary, doses are often too high and polypharmacy too common.
  • Antipsychotics are neither all good, nor all bad. Used selectively, they are necessary and helpful. They are harmful when used carelessly and excessively.

.

Frances then sets forth this principle for distinguishing patients who don’t need long-term antipsychotics. “It is a truism throughout medicine,” he writes, that “good prognosis patients don’t need long term meds; poor prognosis [patients] do.” Next, he identifies some of the types of psychotic patients that fall into this “good-prognosis” category:

“Psychotic presentations vary greatly in cause, severity, chronicity, prognosis, and appropriate treatment. Many psychotic episodes are transient. Some are stress related—e.g., a soldier in combat, a college kid or traveller who becomes delusional when away from home. Some are a transient part of mood disorder and remain quiescent if the mood disorder is successfully treated. Some are related to substance intoxication or withdrawal. Some are caused by head trauma or medical illness. And some normal people have hallucinatory experiences that cause no impairment and have no clinical significance. Transient psychotic symptoms in the above situations may require a short course of antipsychotics. Generally this can be done without much risk of return of psychosis—assuming the stressor, substance problem, mood disorder or medical problem has resolved. Bob and I would agree on short term or no antipsychotic treatment for such transient psychoses.”

Antipsychotics, Frances concludes, should be used over the long-term to treat “psychotic symptoms that are severe and impairing.” He writes:

“Antipsychotics have many grave disadvantages that make them a last resort. They suppress symptoms, rather than curing them. They can cause unpleasant side effects and dangerous medical complications. They contribute to shortened life expectancy. And they are subject to wide overuse even when there is no indication. We should be extremely cautious and selective in their use quite independent of Bob’s tenuous claim that they worsen psychosis.”

Putting aside the “tenuous claim” part of that sentence, I couldn’t agree more with the main point Frances is making. Prescribers should be “extremely cautious and selective in their use.”

Having set out this “best use” model in his first blog, Frances devotes his second blog to arguing that antipsychotics do not worsen psychotic symptoms over the long-term, and thus makes the case that “going off antipsychotic medication is usually a bad bet for the severe and chronically ill.” This is the patient group—those who are severely and chronically ill– that benefits from the drugs, he writes, and even “among those who previously had chronic psychotic symptoms, perhaps 20-30 percent will have improved enough over time that medication is no longer necessary.” He sums up his argument in this way:

“There is no ‘one size fits all’ in psychiatric treatment. Meds are not all good or all bad. Misapplied they are bad. Prescribed properly they are good. It is incorrect to generalize from any one person’s lived experience to everyone else’s lived experience. Meds that are harmful for someone who didn’t need them may be essential for someone who does.”

All of this—as the basis for a prescribing protocol–sounds quite reasonable. One-size doesn’t fit all, and thus the obligation for psychiatry as a medical specialty—if it agrees with Frances’ survey of the patient landscape—is clear. Psychiatry would need to adopt a three-step protocol:

  • Psychiatrists would need to inform first-episode patients that they might have a transient psychosis, and thus they would initially treat them without antipsychotics, and instead take a “watch and wait” approach to see if symptoms began to abate on their own. This delayed initial use of neuroleptics would be important because once a person is on an antipsychotic, his or her brain goes through a series of compensatory adaptations, and that can make it difficult to go off the drug.
  • If, after a watch-and-wait period, an antipsychotic was prescribed and the patient got better, psychiatrists would then try to taper them from the medication, since it was understood that “good prognosis” patients don’t need “long-term meds.”
  • Psychiatrists would reserve continual antipsychotic use for those patients who, after some period had elapsed, had developed severe and chronic symptoms.

.
Pies’ does not make as clear a case as Frances for selective use of antipsychotics. But start with his title: “Long-term antipsychotic treatment: effective and often necessary, with caveats.” Often necessary also means “often not necessary,” and thus, once again, there is a need to develop a selective-use model that distinguishes between the two groups. Indeed, as Pies’ mounts his defense of antipsychotics, he repeatedly emphasizes that he is writing about their effectiveness as a treatment for schizophrenia, and of the need to distinguish this group from other psychotic patients.

“It is important to understand that only a portion of people with a first psychotic episode have schizophrenia, which is usually a very chronic illness. Many have quite brief bouts of psychosis that never return, making long-term antipsychotic treatment unnecessary.”

Thus, Frances and Pies make a case for selective-use protocols that would consist of prescribing the drugs over the long-term to chronic patients, or, in Pies’ case, to patients with “schizophrenia.” But then Pies and Frances fail to follow their argument to its obvious conclusion: Prescribing antipsychotics long-term to other types of psychotic patients who don’t need them is doing great harm to them. These drugs, as everyone acknowledges, have many adverse effects.

And here is the reason for the harm done: American psychiatry long ago adopted a one-size-fits-all approach to prescribing antipsychotics for psychotic disorders. Patients diagnosed with a psychotic disorder are regularly told they need to stay on these drugs for life. Furthermore, psychiatry’s “evidence base” for antipsychotics naturally leads to that prescribing practice.

The “Evidence-Based” Path to Prescribing Failure

The basis for the best use of a medicine begins with diagnosis. A diagnostic manual is supposed to provide both reliability and validity, and thus enable physicians to distinguish between different discrete diseases. Even if presenting symptoms of two diseases are similar, the underlying pathology may differ, and thus the prescription may be different for each disease.

Pies writes as though schizophrenia is a discrete illness, which can be readily diagnosed as different from other psychotic disorders. Psychiatry does often speak of schizophrenia in this way, and treat it as such in its research, but most in the field, when pressed at all, will acknowledge that this diagnosis is a catchall term. Instead, they will say there are a “group of schizophrenias,” which may have many different biological causes. Thus, even within the “schizophrenia” category, there may be many different types, with differing long-term outcomes.

In addition, there are many other diagnoses for psychotic patients (other than schizophrenia). The universe of psychotic patients includes both the “group of schizophrenias,” and those with psychotic disorders of milder types. The one element that is supposedly common to all these patient groups is psychosis, but psychosis is a catchall terms for a lot of different symptoms—paranoid thoughts, hearing voices, disordered thinking, and so forth. So you have disparate symptoms piled atop disparate diagnoses, and yet as psychiatry tests the efficacy of antipsychotics, both as a treatment for an acute episode of psychosis, and for reducing the risk of relapse once a patient in on the drug, it lumps all these disparate types into one group, and declares its drugs effective for treating psychotic episodes and preventing relapse.

That is deficiency number one in psychiatry’s evidence base for antipsychotics. The field developed a one-size-fits-all method of using the drugs, based on studies that lump many different patients into one category. That research, which lumps different patient types together, can’t possibly provide an evidence base for the selective-use model that Frances and Pies are advocating.

The second deficiency in psychiatry’s evidence base is rather stunning, as it flies in the face of conventional wisdom. Although antipsychotics have been used for more than fifty years, and there have been innumerable short-term trials, there still is a lack of evidence that these drugs are effective for the short-term treatment of a first or second episode of psychosis.

In a 2011 Cochrane review of this question, John Bola found that nearly all short-term trials of antipsychotics have been in patients previously exposed to antipsychotics (or in patients first withdrawn from antipsychotics and then randomized either to placebo or to drug.) He searched the scientific literature for randomized trials of antipsychotics in patients experiencing a first or second episode of schizophrenia (or psychosis), and could only find five studies that met his inclusion criteria, with a total of 998 patients. There was no clear result that emerged from those studies, leading Bola to conclude that  “data are too limited to assess the effects of initial antipsychotic medication treatment on outcomes for individuals with an early episode of schizophrenia.”

In other words, it may be that antipsychotics do not reduce psychotic symptoms better than placebo over the short term in newly diagnosed patients. This opens up the possibility of delaying initial use of the drugs, to see who can recover without them, and we can find evidence for the merits of that approach in a 1961 report by the California Department of Mental Hygiene. When the department studied discharge rates for all 1,413 first-episode schizophrenia patients hospitalized in California mental hospitals in 1956, a it found that 88 percent of those who weren’t prescribed a neuroleptic were discharged within eighteen months, whereas only 74% of those treated with a neuroleptic were discharged within that time period. This is the only large-scale study from the 1950s that compared discharge rates for first-episode patients treated with and without drugs, and the investigators concluded that “drug-treated patients tend to have longer periods of hospitalization. . . . The untreated patients consistently show a somewhat lower retention rate.”[1]

However, psychiatry’s evidence base for short-term use does not incorporate such findings. Instead, it looks to evidence collected from randomized trials in more chronic patients, with prior (or current) exposure to an antipsychotic. These studies do show the drugs to be superior to placebo for reducing symptoms over the short term. But then they are interpreted as showing that antipsychotics are an effective treatment for all psychotic episodes, and thus they are seen as providing evidence for treating all psychotic patients, including first-episode patients, with antipsychotics.

This is deficiency number two in psychiatry’s evidence base. The field has adopted a “one size fits all approach” for the acute treatment of psychotic episodes, without making a distinction between first episodes of psychosis and eruptions of psychosis in chronic patients.

Psychiatry’s evidence base for long-term use of antipsychotics comes from relapse studies, both in schizophrenia patients and in patients with other psychotic disorders. The relapse rate is regularly higher in the drug-withdrawn group, and this is seen as evidence that antipsychotics reduce the risk of relapse, and hence the need for continual use of antipsychotics. But even putting aside the many design flaws in those studies, the studies still don’t provide evidence that all patients should remain on antipsychotics forever. There are many in the placebo groups of those studies that don’t relapse, and thus the relapse studies actually provide a rationale for figuring out which patients could do okay off the drugs long-term.

Yet, once again, the relapse studies are cited as a one-size-fits-all finding, and psychiatry then adopts a protocol that leads, in real-world practice, to the recommendation (and insistence) that all patients with a psychotic disorder remain indefinitely on antipsychotics.

In sum, psychiatry has created an evidence base for prescribing antipsychotics that militates against the selective use of the drugs. It is an evidence base that leads to treating all psychotic patients with a “one-size-fits-all approach,” even though, as both Frances and Pies acknowledge, many psychotic patients have a transient disorder, or may have a “good prognosis” at outset, and thus do not need lifelong treatment with an antipsychotic. The harm that comes from this flawed one-size-fits-all evidence base is obvious: It leads to the lifelong drugging of many patients who, in the absence of such medication, could recover or at least do fairly well.

Quantifying the Harm Done

To quantify the harm done by psychiatry’s one-size-fits-all prescribing practice, it would be necessary to identify the percentage of all first-episode psychotic patients that would fall into the group described by Frances and Pies as not needing antipsychotics. Psychiatry really has never sought to answer that question, not in any robust way, and so the challenge is to pick through the existing research literature to identify long-term recovery rates for first-episode patients who weren’t initially treated with antipsychotics.

The first such data comes from research studies conducted between 1945 and 1955 (the decade before the arrival of antipsychotics.) As I wrote in Anatomy of an Epidemic, those studies found that 65% to 80% of all first-episode schizophrenia patients would be discharged within 12 to 18 months, and that at the end of five years, perhaps two-thirds of the initial cohort would be living in the community. This was before the federal government had established disability programs for the mentally ill, and so those discharged patients were, at the very least, living in the community without the aide of government subsidies. In a later retrospective study, Bockoven also found that roughly two-thirds of psychotics patients treated with psychosocial care in 1947 were living independently in the community five years later.

We see something like this—two-thirds doing fairly well over longer periods—in a handful of studies conducted in the 1970s by the NIMH that were designed to revisit the merits of antipsychotics. In Maurice Rappaport’s study, 24 of 41 first-episode schizophrenia patients randomized to the non-drug arm recovered and never needed to go on antipsychotics during the three-year study, and this never-exposed group had by far the best outcomes among all the patients.That suggests that a watch-and-wait period could serve as an escape valve for perhaps 60% of all first-episode psychotic patients.

frances blog(1)

At Soteria House, 40% of the first-episode schizophrenia patients never needed to go on antipsychotics at the end of two years, and another 40% needed them for only a time. Only 20% used the drugs continuously.

The results from Open Dialogue Therapy in Tornio, Finland also suggest that, with the proper initial care, 80% of first-episode patients can do well without antipsychotics, with most of this group never needing to go on the drugs in the first place. Indeed, perhaps this is the actual brilliance of Open Dialogue therapy. It incorporates a drug-use protocol that allows patients to sort themselves out by type. It first identifies one group of psychotic patients that never need to go on the drugs (65%); a second group that may find such treatment helpful over the short term, but doesn’t need the drugs long-term (15%), and finally a third group—20% of the initial cohort of first-episode patients—that may benefit from the drugs over the long-term. At outset, the Open Dialogue team doesn’t know which of the first-episode patients will fall into these three different medication-use categories; it has developed a method for keeping people safe until patients reveal their varying medications needs.

In his blog, Frances stated that he supported the “Open Dialogue” approach in Finland, but without discussing its selective-use drug protocol. But Open Dialogue does not just point to a better way, it also points out the harm done by psychiatry’s one-size-fits-all drug protocols. Eighty percent of first-episode patients may have the potential to do well without the drugs, but American psychiatry’s “evidence-based” protocols expose that group to long-term antipsychotic use, and thus to long-term harm.

We can see the extent of this harm quite clearly in Martin Harrow’s long-term study of psychotic patients. At the end of 15 years, there were 81 people in the study who, at baseline, had milder psychotic disorders. The majority of people in this milder category stopped taking antipsychotic drugs early on, and as a group were doing quite well—their collective scores fell into the recovered category. But those with milder psychotic disorders at baseline who continued taking antipsychotics were more impaired in their functioning at 15 years than those diagnosed with schizophrenia who subsequently stopped taking antipsychotics. (See graphic.) This is a result that tells of how psychiatry “evidence base” for antipsychotics can transform a person with a milder initial illness into a chronic, seriously impaired mental patient over the long term.

frances blog(2)

It is easy to imagine what Frances and Pies might say in response to this blog. They would likely argue that most psychiatrists are able to distinguish between those who need the drugs and those who do not, and regularly taper many of their psychotic patients from antipsychotics. Indeed, here is what Frances wrote in his third blog: “Most psychiatrists do a good job of diagnosis, prescribing meds, and providing support . . . Results overall for psychiatric treatment are good. The majority of patients improve at rates equal to, or above, those achieved by doctors treating medical illness.”

But, as was seen above, psychiatry’s evidence base for antipsychotics, which states that the drugs are effective over the short term for curbing psychosis and effective for reducing the risk of relapse, does not promote such selective-use prescribing, and, indeed, any survey of 100 people diagnosed with a psychotic disorder in the past 25 years would find that most had been told they needed to take the drugs for life. Frances and Pies, in their blogs, were seeking to defend psychiatry’s prescribing practices and the long-term effectiveness of antipsychotics, but the caveat they expressed—that the drugs are effective for a certain subset of psychotic patients—naturally focuses attention on the drugs’ effects on those who don’t need them long-term, and that leads to a finding of great harm done.

And that finding, in turn, supports a demand, based on Frances and Pies own writings, for a radical rethinking of psychiatry’s use of antipsychotics.

In a follow-up blog, I will respond to their review of the “evidence” for the long-term effects of antipsychotics. That provides another an opportunity to watch their minds at work as they sift through the evidence. What studies do they dismiss? What studies do they embrace? This is a review that ultimately leads to this question: Do we see, in their assessment of the scientific literature, evidence of the critical thinking that we want to see present in a medical specialty that has such a large impact on our lives? And if not, what shall we do?

[1]L. Epstein, “An approach to the effect of ataraxic drugs on hospital release rates,” 
American Journal of Psychiatry 119 (1962): 246–61.

Support MIA

Enjoyed what you just read? Consider a donation to help us continue to produce content, provide up-to-date research news, offer continuing education courses, and continue building a community for exploring alternatives to the current paradigm of mental health. All donations are tax deductible.

$
Select Payment Method
Loading...
Personal Info

Credit Card Info
This is a secure SSL encrypted payment.

Donation Total: $20.00

102 COMMENTS

  1. Frances and Pies LIES….and tell the truth too, at the same time!
    God Bless you, Robert Whitaker!
    Happy St. Patrick’s Day!
    I’ll tell my psych drugs horror stories here tomorrow!
    After all, I’m living proof of the lies of the pseudoscience drugs racket of psychiatry….
    PIES LIES, and Frances AIN’T NO SAINT!….

  2. Good post Robert. I find it interesting reading your analyses as they come from the mind of someone who is a journalist with a very analytical, investigative, logical mind… and I presume not someone who suffered from severe “mental illness” or treated those suffering from it… but someone whose distance from having or treating the problem gives them, to my mind, a certain objectivity that it might otherwise be difficult to have.

    Let me comment as I read through, from my perspective as someone who took antipsychotic drugs for years and was in extreme “psychotic-like” nonfunctional states as a young person…

    I would read these statements from Frances, “psychotic presentations vary greatly in cause, severity, chronicity, prognosis, and appropriate treatment”… as an admission that problems labeled schizophrenic are primarily non-medical and that his profession’s position on severe psychosis being a brain disease is a fabrication.

    It is ironic to hear this man, Allen Frances, who I call Janus (after the Roman two-faced god) because he first presided over the massive increase in medicalization/diagnosis, then once he had profited to the tune of millions, turned into a critic… it is ironic to hear this man admit that “antipsychotics… (are) a last resort”, and even admit that they shorten life expectancy, and yet he is so focused on defending them.

    The problem with the notion of “the severely and chronically ill” and “the good and bad prognosis patients” is that there is no reliable way of identifying who passes the boundary and qualifies as severely ill… and given certain interventions, some who are severely ill may move out of that area of the continuum and become moderately / mildly “ill”, to use the inappropriately medical language for emotional suffering. Thus “prescribing drugs properly” is going to be very difficult given the lack of precision or validity of psychiatric diagnosis. In fact, it is impossible.

    Prognosis is an inappropriate word for human emotional problems. Our struggles are too complex, individual, and modifiable to be split into “good and bad prognosis.” In this regard, Frances is thinking in a simplistic, split way reminiscent of borderline thinking…. this is the fantasy that psychiatry is an objective medical discipline. It is not, and it never will be.

    Meanwhile, Frances’ ideas do not consider very much what the client and their family want. The idea, as usual, is of doing what the psychiatrists consider best, as if their view should be valued more than the family and the experiencer.

    One should ask, about Pies’ title: “Effective and often necessary”…. Effective at what? The answer is effective at dulling down the person’s ability to feel so that they are progressively less able to deal with their emotional conflicts or to function.

    As for “schizophrenia”, Pies’ writing is already dead and buried at this point. The ignorance and stupidity of this assumption are incredible… There is no schizophrenia distinguishable from other psychoses: Here is Van Os’ manifesto again making this point – https://www.schizofreniebestaatniet.nl/english/

    Every young psychiatrist should be required to read Mary Boyle, Richard Bentall, Jeffrey Poland, Stuart Kirk, Jim Van Os, to understand that the notion of a discrete entity called schizophrenia is an illusion. It’s not there. A real continuum of psychosis does exist, and people at the severe end of it tend to get labeled schizophrenic. But there is no reliable way of determining when someone is or is not in that part of the continuum, and that part of the continuum is not a discrete disease. This paradigm of psychiatry is so last-century… is it too profitable to give up?

    Furthermore, Pies writes that many people labeled schizophrenia have a very chronic course… that is false, and is a borderline blatant lie on his part. He really should know better. The WHO studies and the Vermont study refuted this myth long ago… 70% of the people meeting criteria for so-called schizophrenia in Open Dialogue got completely well… 75% of those in the Gifric program in Quebec, who were all schizophrenic, got well… how does Pies not know this? Is he really an expert? I feel sorry for the people labeled schizophrenic that have to see Pies as their psychiatrist….

    Robert, you should have made the case that schizophrenia is not valid… Pies is very weak in his support for this fallen idol, schizophrenia. Challenging this diagnosis in America must eventually be done.

    Ok, now I read further… train of thought going while I read the article… and see that you did this! Wow… great. The “group of schizophrenias” is an acknowledgement of the continuum/spectrum-like nature of psychotic experience. This was known by psychiatrists like Bleuler/Kraepelin long before Pies… people who were wiser than him, apparently.

    It will be interesting to see if Frances or Pies acknowledges or addresses the diagnostic problem. They probably will not. It is their Achilles heel… Denial and avoidance must be used by them to protect the holy grail that does not exist… schizophrenia.

    You are right that a treatment based on unscientific diagnoses cannot be evidenced based… yep…

    Even if drugs do reduce psychotic symptoms more than placebo in the short term for newly diagnosed people… it does not mean that they are “better” than not having drugs. Psychotic experiences can be meaningful and voices/hallucinations can be useful cues about past relational trauma and what a person is terrified of. Terror is the core of psychosis… and if a person cannot face their fears with a supportive other, they will probably not get better. Thus even if drugs do damp down the “symptoms”… it doesn’t mean they’re “better” for the people they are given to. That is the judgment of the psychiatrists. It’s not our judgment.

    Again, relapse is not necessarily a bad thing to be terrified or avoided… a return of psychotic experience can indicate that very difficult emotions are being triggered, and this can be an opportunity to work things through in a different way. One must examine the assumptions behind what psychiatrists say and do… so often they are just bullshit.

    In this picture here – https://bpdtransformation.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/cam00157update2.png – “Autistic-presymbiotic schizophrenia” – is the “poor prognosis” group that they are talking about… the most severely disturbed people who have often been through the most horrendous abuse and neglect. These are the people considered by psychoanalysts of old to have “nuclear or process schizophrenia” and today considered as the most severely mentally ill. But their prognosis can actually become good given sufficient support over a long enough time. Rinsley and Searles wrote about this type of long-term work… rarely available today. You can see in the diagram that “schizophrenia” is not distinguishable from “borderline” which is in turn not distinguishable from “narcissistic/neurotic” etc… problems fade into one-another; there are no discrete illnesses in early emotional development.

    To add to the “no drugs, good outcomes list”… would be the data from Gottdiener’s meta-analysis available on psychrights, the 388/Gifric program’s results from French-speaking Quebec, the outcomes for people in Mauritius who were labeled schizophrenic before drugs reached the island… written about by Matt Irwin and available on psychrights, the results achieved by many ISPS therapists and written about in books by authors like Vamik Volkan, Bryce Boyer, Ira Steinman, Murray Jackson, and others…

    What Frances should admit is that American “schizophrenics” have a quality of life that – mostly sitting at home, watching TV, not working, or even on the streets and in prison – that is much worse than people in poor countries who are less often given drugs. The WHO results by Hopper supported this idea, and the recent international study by Haro confirmed that advanced-nation psychotic people are still doing worse, although now that more drugs are in poor countries they are doing worse too. Results overall for psychiatric treatment are not good. It sucks balls. People hate it…

    “What shall we do?” Great, provocative question.

    Thanks for encouraging dialogue with this article Robert…

    • Great analysis of Allen Frances! Agreed on almost everything you said. Although, not the parts that sort of had traces of the DSM. Although I agree, with all the points made.

      Mostly wanted to say that, but a side note, I believe Bob has a plan as far as the most effective points to critisize. Of course, he has a website that allows for different people to approach in different ways. I think that’s part of the plan as well. It would make sense, because it’s such a complex, and difficult situation. The problems, are deep and vast. The solution would take all of us contributing in the best way we can. Think this is important!

      • I think neither Allen Frances nor Ronald Pies are being completely sincere, that is, what they give, in terms of concessions, are a matter of fighting critics with their own words. Allen Frances can point to “the pathologizing of normal” and then separate that group from the “seriously sick”, and Ronald Pies can accuse critics of criticizing a non-issue with the “chemical imbalance theory” while extending a wink to colleagues overdosing patients. You’ve essentially got two defenders of, if not the orthodoxy, then the original mission, that is, promoting the medical profession as the answer to what are seen as afflictions of the mind. Wouldn’t it be nice if they’d take a serious look at those long-term studies that have been conducted? Right now, I think that’s a pipe-dream, however, there is certainly no reason we can’t use their words, in the same fashion in which they would try to use ours, against them. Somebody, after all, might be paying attention.

    • Here is an interesting chart to look at showing how abysmal the US sickcare system is:

      http://www-tc.pbs.org/prod-media/newshour/photos/2012/10/02/US_spends_much_more_on_health_than_what_might_be_expected_1_slideshow.jpg

      The US is spending an astounding 150% more than other advanced nations on average for its healthcare, and yet its people live less long than the average person in other advanced OECD nations.

      Antipsychotic drugs can be tied into this overall picture. They are just another area where corporations and their doctor-lackeys lie about the need for large-scale “treatment” (in this case, based on fabricated “disorders”), and then outrageously overprice the drug while bilking insurers/their clients, in order to gouge the middle and lower class people who are deluded into believing they need said treatment.

      It is strange to be a rare undrugged person living among so many ignorant, docile, drug-taking sheep.

      • This has been a big issue for the last several years to no avail. US healthcare has proven not worth the money.

        What isn’t talked about is the fact that psychiatry (the scam that it is) and health care are beholden to pharmaceutical companies. Together this trio generates so much revenue that the economy would tailspin out of control should any of the three “pillars” fall. So then it becomes an issue of the government to be beholden to the three and to be complacent and compliant (the FDA, congress, senate, etc) to prevent the collapse. However, this approach like so many others our system perpetuates and condones, are not sustainable. Eventually, the house of cards will fall. If for no other reason because there are not enough taxpayers who can afford to continue to support it, to pay for healthcare or to purchase legal drugs. At this point your most correct analysis of “ignorant, docile, drug-taking sheep” will speed the process up because they currently do not see with open eyes but also will not be able to work in the future. Your child drugged by psychiatry today does not seem to be your STEM employee of tomorrow if he/she is employable at all.

        Psychiatry is a failure and those who defend it will eventually fall with it.

    • I don’t disagree, that’s one reason. A big reason, and probably also the root cause in the beginning. While, now it also makes quite a profit. Only, right now, they are claiming to be concerned with long term outcomes. So, as long as they are claiming this, and people are taking their word for it, it’s a basis we have to argue. Although, it rough, and my cynicism only get’s higher. Hopefully, something, somewhere will click for the better soon. At least I hope to see a chance of this.

      • As far as I know they measure whats a good and bad long term outcome with things like the number of arrests and hospitalizations.

        They have an advantage because if a people are lobotomized with Zyprexa and sit in front of the television in an anhedonic state all day long instead of doing life they absolutely will have fewer arrests and hospitalizations as a group.

        They gave me that Zyprexa for anxiety and insomnia, I think I was accused of “schizoaffective disorder” long story but I can tell you that anhedonic state resulting from a Zyprexa lobotomy is a fate similar I would Imagine to death because its like impossible to enjoy anything. I even went to the natural history museum and felt no awe and wonder. That anhedonic state is like living death maybe that’s how the slang became “zombie”.

        So anyway the debate of long term outcomes to me is over because I know what a “better” outcome on the drugs feels like and they don’t put that in the long term outcome judgement equations.

        And that stuff keeps you sick cause it GAVE me a wicked psychosis during withdrawal I never had BEFORE when I quit the stuff to get my feelings back.

        • “The_cat” speaks the TRUTH. details differ, but our story lines are the same…. I once spent 6 months in a State Prison, *pre-trial* – no conviction – on 1,000mg.s/day Thorazine, plus a few other types of pills….Prison is bad enough, but the akathisia, and other EFFECTS of the drugs made it a living hell. It still haunts me 30 years later. I didn’t know it was gonna turn into a sentence of LIFE WITHOUT possibility of parole…. “Schizo-affective” simple means, “it LOOKS LIKE schizophrenia, but isn’t, so we’ll call it “affective”, to sell more drugs, and keep the SCAM going”…. Now, I’m 20+years shrink-free…
          GOD BLESS YOU, Mr. Whitaker. Your work WILL SAVE LIVES….
          > meow < 😉

        • Well, you and I are in agreement, but my point was how can we get others to see? Like I said I’m growing cynical. However, the small chance I do see, makes this conversation seem unavoidable. However, perhaps something else will click first, and we can bypass this. However, for now getting people to see this, although daunting seems necessary, even if it seems never ending.

          • I think I know how you feel, Kayla…. For years I’ve said, “Psychiatry and its’ poison pills has done, and continues to do, far more harm than good.” I know that. You know that. We know that. But the “we” here on MIA isn’t the *WE* who needs to hear it. The pharmaceutical industry, and Gov’t, and Wall St., and even Global Traders, all all together in a big ball of $DRUG$ RACKET$. It makes money for rich and powerful people. We here think Pharma & the AMA, and APA actually *care**about*people, but they don’t. They only care about money and power. The more drugs they sell, the more money they make, and the more money they make, the more power they have, so they sell more drugs, to get more money, to have more power to sell more drugs, to have more power to sell more drugs, to get more money, to have more power, to sell more drugs, to get more power to sell more drugs to make more money to get more power to sell more drugs to get more money to sell more drugs to get more power, and are you getting the picture? The EVIL ONES won’t listen. Maybe we need a 2nd Amendment solution to the lies of the pseudoscience of psychiatry. Maybe Mr. Whitaker should get a Nobel Prize, or at least a Pulitzer. How do we nominate Whitaker for a PULITZER????….
            (I’m thinking I need to take a few days off, and not think about this stuff, to clear my head a bit! ….. Thank-you, Kayla, for all you do! I, for one, like your comments! Have you written a letter to your local newspaper?….

    • It’s also about keeping innocent child abuse victims, esspecially those abused by religious authorities, “doped up and quiet.” Particularly since, according to the medical evidence, 2/3’s of so called “schizophrenics” today are child abuse or ACEs survivors.

      http://psychcentral.com/news/2006/06/13/child-abuse-can-cause-schizophrenia/18.html

      Not to mention, keeping those who’ve dealt with prior easily recognized iatrogenesis and / or adverse drug reactions “doped up and quiet,” too. You know, to proactively prevent potential malpractice suits for the incompetent and / or ignorant or misinformed doctors.

      These are psychiatry’s primary functions, according to an ethical pastor of mine, who claimed this unethical behavior to be, “the dirty little secret of the two original educated professions.”

    • Yeah, but it doesn’t even work for that purpose. A certain percentage of the “doped up” are far more dangerous than they were before starting their “treatment.” But of course, it’s always easy to blame “the disease” for their outbursts of violence, rather than looking at the fact that the best “treatment” available appeared to be unable to prevent and may have caused the violent behavior psychiatry is charged with deleting out of existence.

  3. I was a chronic case myself in the early 1980s until I did stop taking “antipsychotics” and I was diagnosed as even more chronic as a result of the difficulty I had in stopping.

    The one thing that Open Dialogue substantiates is that the psychotherapy does work for “Schizophrenia” (so it should be the approach used).

    If Open Dialogue can deliver an 80% Full Recovery rate then the remaining 20% might gain from other “psychotherapies”.

    My own recovery came through the support of self help groups ( – these groups are specifically suitable for certain types of people).

  4. Excellent blog, Robert, and absolutely since the psychiatric industry has chosen a “one size fits all” approach. Which results in drugging everyone initially, and leaving all, including the 60-80% who do not respond well to their drugs, on the drugs for life. Supposedly to prevent what’s known as drug withdrawal induced super sensitivity manic psychosis. The psychiatric industry is absolutely doing more harm, than good. I look forward to your follow up blog.

  5. Can we please all keep in mind that these drugs are being used in countless numbers of CHILDREN, almost entirely for purposes of behavioral control. And what I mean by that, is that even if you believe in the whole “childhood bipolar/brain illness” fraud, much of child psychiatry’s use of these brain damaging drugs is ADMITTEDLY TO CONTROL BEHAVIOR. In their own words, “to reduce irritability in children with autism (or honestly any disorder)”, to break and prevent temper tantrums or “meltdowns”, and I kid you not, EVEN AS SLEEP AIDS!

    • Procedure:

      A rage outburst was defined as sufficient agitation and loss of control such that the child was unable to “time out” (i.e. sit in a chair for 10 minutes on being told to do so) or was a danger to himself or others and a higher level of intervention was needed. In order to compare the efficacy of medication against usual treatment (i.e. seclusion/restraint), a first rage outburst in the hospital was treated non-medically; that is, the child was placed in an isolation room. The door remained open if the child was able to regain control and take the time out in the room; otherwise the door was closed. If there was a second episode, the child was told “You need some medicine to help you get back in control. Take this medicine or we may have to give you a shot”. If agreeable, the child was given 0.015 mg/kg of liquid risperidone.

      Read the study done by threatening children with painful injection here http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2990969/

      A “rage outburst” was defined as (i.e. sit in a chair for 10 minutes on being told to do so…)

      They should be put on trail for crimes against humanity.

      • I was hospitalized several times in the years between about 91-92 to 97 before beidermans risperdal and “bipolar boom” had really eve taken off, before things were even nearly as bad as they’ve been in this millennium. My longest hospital stay was 4 and a half months in a state mental hospital at the age of 13. All of these hospitalizations were a result of coercion by the state amid custody battle over the fact that the schools insisted I be drugged (and later that I had to go to school, even after my parents arranged for me to be professionally home schooled) but soon after I began complaining about the drugs, my parents realized they were screwing me up and started to fight back.

        The state hospital was by and far the worst when it came to drugging (Hawthorn center in Northville / Livonia, still open and going) as EVERY child was put on haldol as a matter of course. I was on it within the first 20 minutes that I got there, at the time having had no outbursts or seen any sort of medical professional at all. While billing the tax payers what had to be at least several hundred dollars a day, the 4 and a half months I spent there were just a matter of putting me in a routine and keeping me drugged. Waking me up every morning, sending me to “class” (a sort of school simulation where you didn’t have to actually do any school work, just sit there while some guy pretended to be a teacher), three meals a day, an hour of quiet time (everyone in their rooms) some recreation time and then bedtime.

        They did nothing to try to help me with anything at all. They collected all that tax money just to keep me drugged while keeping me away from my family. At the time I did have serious social, psychological and emotional problems from the hell psychiatry and the schools had put me through up to that point, but they couldn’t have cared less about that. Not to mention all the drug-induced problems I had up to and beyond that point.

    • The amount of medication used in children, especially those with Autism to control behaviour never ceases to amaze me and it is now the norm. Even heard of peadiatricans given parents a script for Ritalin when the diagnosis is handed over, even when the parent has not had any concerns with behaviour, just his lack of talking and not interacting with others. The parent was told the kid would need to be on it for life. Then the other day I got this:
      Our 6yr old son was prescribed Lovan (Prozac) 20mg today by his pediatrician. His already on 2.5mg of risperdal, 72mg Concerta and 10-20mg of Ritalin in morning. .5 of Risperdal and 10mil of melatonin at night.

      Risperidone is used so often as a self aid it is beyond me. Handed out as though it is candy. Well actually it seems to be seen as safer than candy, and all because no one can be bothered teaching a child HOW to go to sleep. Children need to learn how to settle themselves to sleep, as they are going to wake up during the night and cannot get themselves back to sleep if they do not know how to. They need to be put to bed AWAKE, but these days, we have kids falling asleep on the couch in front of the telly and being lifted to bed, then they wake up in the middle of the night, as everyone does but do not know how to get back to sleep, because their body only knows how to sleep in front of the TV. Equally you have parents who pat the child to sleep, and again, not a problem, providing you intend to sit by the bed all night and pat them back to sleep when they wake up, but it doesn’t happen. Most parents these days know nothing about basic child development and have never babysat, or even touched a baby prior to the one they give birth to, and most do not have extended family around to give them advice or even if they are they dismiss it as not relevant and out of touch with current parenting. Peadiatricans are not giving parents advice about how to teach the child to go to sleep, and even GP’s are handing out Resperidone when parents go complaining about their 18 month old not being able to sleep, saying it will teach the child to sleep.
      The medication does not have the desired effect, they become agitated as a result and all sorts of other problems develop, which are all side effects of the med’s, but never seen that way and then the poor kid just ends up on one med, after another med, after another med and it gets to the point that no one knows what the presenting problem was in the first place. Even when they are offered good therapeutic support, in terms of autism, best practice is speech therapy, occupational therapy and psychology, all three working together, the child is so doped up they have no hope of gaining from any of it, and the parents are so tried from the child still being so agitated and out of control that they are not able to listen to anything anyone says.
      I would estimate that by the age of 10, over 80% of those with a diagnosis of ASD are on some sort of psychotropic medication.
      The fact that 99% of parents of children with autism do not understand the difference between temper tantrums and meltdowns does not help either. They either see everything as a temper tantrum and want to control it all and punish the child, or they excuse everything as a meltdown and then wonder why the child’s behaviour gets more and more out of control. Equally so much of therapy done with children with autism is to make them look normal, so even just standing still and flapping arms, without touching or annoying anyone will result in some cases with the child being pulled to the ground and restrained and then they wonder why the child reacts to them.

  6. Yes Robert , you absolutely have shown me by your logical analysis how comprehensive are the dangers of “psychiatric professionals” and their “side effect laden chemical “drugs” delivered coercively, that cause a cut short lifetime of misery and dissatisfaction . People survive in spite of them (psychiatry, drugs, and the psychiatrists) not because of them. Anything that they do, perceived as being helpful by any human being , is better done by other means found outside the field of psychiatry which first do no harm . My confidence in writing this is strengthened by my own lived experience .
    Your question , “And if not , what shall we do ?” I would answer like this > We must come to the place where we progressively boycott coercive psychiatry . At the same time we must promote the numerous first do no harm strategies that work described comprehensively and recommended by psych- survivors . We ourselves along the way must become our own doctors learning from psych-survivors , Traditional Naturopathy , energy healing systems like http://www.YuenMethod.com Homeopathy and others like Christopher Shade Phd. and Dr. Rau and his 80 member team at the Paracelsus Klinic , and there are more others to learn from, many who Blog and /or comment right here at Mad In America.
    In this way a person can customize their own system to solve their own life problems without necessarily reinventing the wheel although sometimes creative invention will happen. Thank you for opening the floodgates of creative thinking . Fred

    • The IL-legitimacy of psychiatry is NOT in question! >grin<
      The pseudoscience of psychiatry is just as legitimate as any Mexican Drugs Cartel….
      Mexican Drugs Cartels sell illegal drugs for huge profit$$$$….
      Pharma & psychiatry sell *legal* drugs for HUGE profit$$$$….
      There is NO real difference between the 2/

  7. I LOVE this discussion, and haven’t even read Whitaker’s whole piece carefully!
    The LIES of the pseudoscience drug racket known as “psychiatry” are being quickly exposed.
    The DSM is at best a catalog of billing codes.
    We’re WINNING, people! KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK, ALL!…
    Pies LIES, and Frances ain’t no saint!….

  8. This is a very helpful analysis, thanks Bob.
    In the movie/book, the Big Short – Mark Twain is quoted; “It ain’t what you don’t know that gets you in trouble. It’s what you know for sure that just ain’t so”. The movie resonated w/ me in regards to this debate – the Big Short of Psychiatry. I hope to see the day when the willful blindness to evidence, the self-interested disinterest in facts will come crashing down. It’s interesting to me that Whitaker the journalist seems so much more engaged in true science than so many Psychiatrist/experts.
    One other bogus pillar that is used to prop up the biopsych approach of carpet bombing/medicating anything labeled psychotic is the Duration of Untreated Psychosis (DUP). It creates this urgent rush to “treat” i.e medicate, as if delay is allowing a virulent wildfire to spread unimpeded. (B4Stage4). The sacred DUP is a key impetus & rationale to medicate early & not ask questions later. This must be challenged as well.

  9. Sorry, but this article disturbs me. It’s more than just using DSM language, it’s the way RW engages Pies and Frances in lengthy detail on their own terms, challenging their logic on what amounts to trifles, given the larger context of psychiatry not only passing around drugs and fraudulently “treating” so-called “diseases” which do not exist, but redefining problems which originate in cultural/political/economic structures as individual rather than collective ones.

    At the end of that post, I set forth what I believe—again, based on the scientific literature—would be a “best use” protocol for prescribing antipsychotics:

    Bob, does this not indicate you are agreeing that using literal drugs for metaphorical “diseases” and calling them “medications” is sometimes acceptable, and it’s just a matter of figuring out the optimal way of doing so?

    I understand that some of this is probably meant as “devils advocate” type argumentation, i.e. saying “assuming what you say is correct…” then illustrating conflicts in the person’s own logic. But it’s hard to tell whether this is what is intended or not, as the bulk of the piece is written from the narrative of psychiatry, and seems more concerned with tweaking details than exposing the fraudulent underpinnings of psychiatric propaganda. The intended argument with Pies and Frances is unquestionably well-conducted, but seems as though it may have been written as a response to a challenge to “tell us what you would do,” when I think a better response would be not to engage them tit for tat on their terms and using their givens, but to expose such as a diversion from the bigger picture, which is not medical but political.

    • “Bob, does this not indicate you are agreeing that using literal drugs for metaphorical “diseases” and calling them “medications” is sometimes acceptable, and it’s just a matter of figuring out the optimal way of doing so?”

      I’m pretty sure he’s made it clear for a very long time that he’s done his best to separate his personal opinions from that of his interpretation of the scientific literature. If he were a guy just running around screaming his opinions through a bull-horn, nobody but his own would listen to him.

  10. As a ~45-year survivor of the lies of the pseudoscience drugs racket of psychiatry, I believe that I know EXACTLY what you’re doing here, Mr. Whitaker, and you have my deepest and profound respect, and support. And I’ve so far only SKIMMED your work, above. It deserves more time than I have, right now. And, “oldhead” is just that. An angry old pothead who would argue with his own Mother, if she used the wrong buzzword. But ya’ gotta love him. He means well. His heart’s in the right place, but God only knows where his head’s at. And me, I’m all over the place in my writings, but I’m CRYSTAL CLEAR in reading comprehension….YOU Da’ *MAN*, Mr. Whitaker! GO, MAN!, go!….

    • I know I shouldn’t respond to that but what the hell: 🙂

      — For the record, I certainly would and do argue with my mother on occasion, it keeps both of us alive and real;

      — The origin of my internet moniker is not what you assume (try google) (look up “irony” while you’re at it) (and maybe “projection”);

      — If you’re interested in where my head’s at try my comment history, it’s pretty voluminous;

      — Try to do more than skim the article and the responses and you might have more of a clue as to the issues and nuances being discussed.

      To all: I promise not to divert or threaten the integrity of this thread by responding further to any of the above.

      • *MOI*?……I feel like Miss Piggy…..”oldhead” actually responded to me?….Moi?…..
        > rotflmfao <
        OOoooo all: I promise not to divert or threaten the integrity of this thread by responding further to any of the above.
        ~aka: "medicinehorse179"/ Ditto/

        Makes ya' **THINK**, don't it?
        Moi luvs U 2, "oldhead"…..

      • Bradford, almost everyone here is in agreement. You often times make great points, and I hadn’t said before, but the sites you told me about were very helpful. I’m very impressed with you, and many others here. While, I think you are right, I think what Oldhead brings up is very important. I, know I’ve underestimated psychiatry. Even if I believe Bob knows what he is doing, and even seems like it may be the smartest way to go about. It certainly gives me comfort that there are stil people trying to make sure, we’re going in the direction we all agree on. That’s what counts, and think we all know that, however think people’s defensiveness for Bob, may make them unable to hear this message. Those of us concerned still, think he’s great, and I even have a feeling this may be the way to go. However, it’s still a good discussion to have. Besides, what we really should be focussed on is what Allen Frances, and Ronald Pies. Also some commenters who critisize his overall message.

        • @Kayla — Thing is, I don’t even see anything critical of RW in my above posts. I criticize the prevailing assumption by many that we are ignored by the system because we haven’t come up with the “right” arguments. I also question exactly what Bob means by some of his phraseology which is unclear to me and express some tactical reservations about engaging with “friendly” psychiatrists. All these issues go beyond Bob W. personally, and anyway I never accused him of being incorrect in his approach; there’s nothing to be “defensive” about on his behalf as there’s no attack in the first place.

          Those of us concerned still, think he’s great, and I even have a feeling this may be the way to go. However, it’s still a good discussion to have.

          I would just add that there’s more than one “way to go”; we all contribute to this struggle from different perspectives and have different skills to add to the mix. One doesn’t have to negate the other.

          • I didn’t see it as critism towards him, but I was trying to bring the attention somewhat to people who actually critisize. I was just trying to show that everyone who was questioning the terms is still on the same side.

            Deffinatley, agreed. I was trying to say that when I said, it’s such a complex, and difficult situation. The problems, are deep and vast. The solution would take all of us contributing in the best way we can. Think this is important. Also I meant the discussion to be around that, so instead of butting heads, and people deffending Bob, when I think he knows we agree with what matters. We could discuss how we can best out our unique takes on this , in the most effective way, and maybe avoid time spent on misunderstandings like these.

            I mentioned in that post that Bob’s website already allowed this, and I felt like it was part of the plan. He’d responded, but won’t go into it, as it’s easy to locate, and I think most will know which one I’m talking about. However, it confirms my thoughts.

            I think we should discuss, our concerns, and chances are it’s best for Bob to continue like this. Although, we can still voice our concern. In the mean time I think there should be a discussion of sorts, and a plan. Not “one voice”, but how each of ours can contribute, the best way in a collaborative sense.

          • I might argue with you, sometimes, “oldhead”, and even use some, uh, oh, I don’t know – “dirty words”, – or something – but you know I love you. I promise not to make you read MY comment history, if you’ll forgive me for thinking I don’t need to read yours…. I know where you’re coming from, by reading the words you write where you’re at,….Right? >*grin*<~B./

  11. Two points, one hypothetical, one per experience:

    1. Hypothetical, I would bet Ronald Pies belongs to the APA and is one of their “emeritus” academicians, thus he can’t and won’t buck the APA bylines of “drugs are us” by those who belong to that corrupt and derelict organization. I don’t know about Allen Frances, but sense he does not belong. I don’t, left it in 1995, never looked back, and my blog is constantly critical of the APA. Don’t go there, other commenters…

    2. You, Dr Whitaker, seem to frame issues in black-white/polarized terms, well, it defines who and what you are until proven otherwise. Every drug has a place, and every drug runs a risk of misuse. At the risk of outrage, yes, some second generation antipsychotic medications have saved and improved some peoples’ lives, and usually in limited and reduced dosage use over time.

    Cue the 4 Ps of pharmacology that applies to every single medication that has been on the market throughout life, until extreme exceptions show up, and such exceptions are counted on 2 hands at best:

    Promise, Panacea, Placebo, and Poison. Med A comes out for indication A, seems to have a legitimate impact, and gets approved. Then, per Panacea, the company with Dollar Signs as pupils sees multiple indications and overshoots the needs recklessly and cluelessly. Thus the following “Placebo” is not always solely about a sugar pill, but, older and more established meds that their pros and cons have been responsibly clarified, and then wonder why this new med A trumps the use of older drugs.

    Finally, we all know the poison conclusions. Which this blog seems to solely focus on, ignoring there are legitimate needs for medications. Makes you wonder why so many here still ignore my analogy to penicillin and opiates. Doesn’t fit the narrative, honestly, Dr Whitaker?

    Mad In America wants a place in the debate about Psychiatry, and mental health care more in general, and yet zealotry and extremism is the message at the end of the day. All this site does is cancel out the extremism and zealotry of the APA and their ilk.

    Umm, like the rhetoric this country has to endure from Democrats and Republicans these past 15 years or so??? Who really wins at the end of the day?

    Not the public…

    the comment is fair and reasonable, sorry it does not fit the agenda though. Maybe if the blog editors really want honest and fair debate, comments like this would be included. I am used to being censored, and those who have come here and then related their experiences to me as moderate and reasonable readers and attempted commenters seem to echo my same impression.

    But, at least your “In the news” section has been educational at times.

    Respectfully submitted:

    Joel Hassman, MD
    board certified psychiatrist
    http://www.cantmedicatelife.com

    • When have you been “censored” here???

      Makes you wonder why so many here still ignore my analogy to penicillin and opiates.

      Maybe it makes you wonder. First, there is no such analogy in your post. But if you’re making an analogy between penicillin and psychiatric drugs probably people ignore it because it’s so hackneyed and lame.

      So are you just feeling hostile today or something? Want to talk about it?

    • Come on dude… “all this site does is cancel out the zealotry and extremism of the APA”… even you know that’s bullshit.

      A lot of people on this site are honestly sharing about their experiences from different angles, as service users, as people developing new ways to help those suffering… some of them are even people who take and benefit from psych drugs.

      No one will take you seriously if you come on here and accuse Whitaker of putting things in “black and white/polarized terms”, but then you make a comment like that.

      Did you not hear the part where Whitaker acknowledges there are at least some people who need and benefit from psych drugs? He has said that many times. It seems you are unable to hear it.

      Also, Hassman, how do you justify writing on your own blog that MIA is run by “personality disordered folk” (people you don’t even know)? That’s just childish, and ridiculous, because you can’t diagnose people from a distance and be taken seriously…

      Other readers, I hope MIA will leave Hassman’s comment on here as a good example of a very narrow-minded and judgmental psychiatrist.

    • Joel

      Once again I point out how your comment just smacks of elitism and arrogance, exactly what we who post here abhor. You set yourself up for the very kind of psychiatrist that most of us have had to deal with and turn our backs against. You need a great big dose of humility.

  12. There are definite limits to the amount of flack I think anybody should take off arrogant psychiatric big wigs, to use the nicer term. There are even more limits to the amount of energy I would put into pretending to reason with them.

    In Allen Frances last blog post he’s arguing for a different sort of director for the NIMH than you got with Thomas Insel. I agree with him on that one, but Frances goes all sorts of places with his thinking, except where you can put your finger for any length of time. In his previous blog post, he is going after the DSM-5…again. The DSM-5 that owed so much to the DSM-IV that owed so much to Allen Frances. I’m still waiting for an abject confession to all that remorse that Robert Whitaker suggests Allen Frances may have experienced.

    One thing I know about Frances, and I imagine the same is true for Ronald Pies, and that is that any suggestion that biology doesn’t belong in your diagnosis is seen as extreme. In other words, bio is always at the heart of bio-psycho-social. This is theory, it isn’t science. I would challenge them to prove their case because I know that it can’t be done.

    I’ve been in the clinical situation a number of times, but on none of these occasions was I allowed to refuse, even decline, if that’s too strong a word, neuroleptic drugs. I don’t think either Frances nor Pies would go very far towards changing this situation. E. Fuller Torrey would simply assume that any lesions found in his collections of brains were the result of “disease”. Either way, bias wins and science loses.

    Allen Frances and Ronald Pies don’t see eye to eye with Bob Whitaker with whom they see eye to eye. Okay. Have it your way.

    • Wouldn’t you agree, that really, (bio)psychiatry *IS* Big Pharma, and Big Pharma *IS* (bio)psychiatry?. Big Pharma would still be “Big” without the pseudoscience lies of biopsychiatry, but psychiatry would have gone the way of phrenology, without Big Pharma….
      Please think about my brief, but VERY carefully crafted & written comment, BEFORE you reply…. I am, after all, agreeing with you, “s1w2f3”!….

  13. I will let the intellectuals argue over the wording in Roberts article. I have all the proof I need sitting right in front of me concerning prescribing psychiatric drugs to babies, children, teenagers, and adults. Included in these clinical studies, with much of the critical information redacted, are for all of the above ages. The findings are horrendous: Intuniv (age 0-16) – deadly, Saphris (10-17yrs) – there are NO studies to assess drug abuse potential, rebound, or withdrawal in pediatric patients with bipolar 1 disorder (why?), 2 – Post Abilfy studies for irritability in a autistic children completely Failed, Celexa (7-11 yrs) could not find any efficacy between Celxa and placebo, Provigal (6 -16 yrs) – Failed efficacy, Risperdal again for irritability in autistic children states: no efficacy above 3 mg plus, , there are no controlled data to support longer term use of beyond 8 weeks which is a far cry from the multiple years we are prescribed Risperdal, Zoloft (6-17 yrs) redacted 12 pages of this study from the public eye, Effexor XR – “non approvable” – Failure – Failure, Seroquel (10 – 17 yrs) – efficacy was NOT established, Seroquel XR (13 -17 yrs) efficacy was NOT established, and the list for dangerous side effects, adverse effects and toxic effects is so long for all of these drugs that it would fill a volume. So I’ll let you intellectuals haggle over the ‘correct’ wording in this article. No psychiatric drugs are safe for children or adults for long-term use. Plain and simple. We psychiatric drug survivors who have been drugged for decades can easily attest to this. Those of us that lived… Thank you Robert for another amazing article.

    • Correct me if I’m off base, but it sounds like you are hinting that we stop discussing aspects of Bob’s work. It’s interesting, because part of what makes him such a great writer is his attention to wording, and openness to people’s opinions. With all due respect I think it’s truly amazing that for you to get off these drugs after being on them for years, don’t think you want to make sure that is extended to as much people as possible? All of us are really doing the best we can to make that happen. You sound alsmot as if you are defending Bob. However, I those of us, who have tried to reason with directory, psychiatry, and/or indirectly by correct the misconceptions it creates, realize the importance of wording. Bob even expresses this. On top of that, I think it was made pretty clear, that we all not only think Bob’s heart is in the right place, but he’s gotten so much right. We just want to make sure we are covering all bases. I also think it’s important to note, that Bob’s writing is also great, because of how he puts emphasis on accurately portraying the voice of those he represents. While, I actually agree in some respects, with what you are saying. The reasoning, is different. I wish you would listen, to some of what we “intellectuals” are saying, because we are trying hard to make a difficult situation right. Bob, emphasizes so much on giving space to those who have been wronged by psychiatry. You have no idea, how we wish that the information you listed put out was enough. However, there are laws stacked against people, and those who deny them. They are covered up. So many don’t even have a choice, already have such deep seated beliefs, or haven’t even heard of them. Also, like I was saying before, this is a complex situation, but either way I think there still needs to be a discussion of some sorts, to get us on the same page. Lastly I can’t help, because I find very ironic. Listed with the intellectuals, after being labeled “intellectually disabled”, after being labeled, “Aspergers”, who are stereotypically “gifted” in that respect. Found it funny, even if it sounded a bit off handed. In fact may’ve made it funnier.

  14. Robert, or someone, please write an article bringing to light information on Best Pharmaceuticals for Childrens Act (BPCA) – (children for God’s sake) on the FDA website: 17,000 reported adverse events from Paxil including 9 completed suicides. Celexa had 6,000 adverse events reported <5 pediatric (although I don't believe this low number) Citalipram adverse events – Psychiatric Labeled: Cognitive impairment, Aggression, Agitation, mania, and delusions, Suicidality and Psychotic reactions. Unlabeled: Violent behavior/homicidal behavior.

    How in the world can doctors still presume that the benefits out weigh the risks for children or adults for that matter? Until one has actually experienced these horrific 'side effects' as those of us prescribed these drugs have, no one knows just how truly disabling, crippling, devastating these drug-induced mental illnesses are not only to our own lives but to our families as well. To other people, these listed 'side effects' are mere words. Simple benign words. To those of us prescribed these drugs having to endure this type of torture, it's pure absolute hell. And why are people still not listening? Why do they still not care? Why don't we seem to matter anymore? To anyone??? And this is how America treats it's very own children. What a shame…

      • The drug companies are marketing drugs so fast, and so some shrinks have realized things might be amiss. I don’t imagine Frances or Pies are going to touch the problem to any great depth. It would be nice to think that this polarizing of attitudes was going to give, but I don’t think it’s going to do so so much any time soon. There is this disjuncture between what goes on in private practice and what goes on in the ward. I think it’s going to take a lot longer for any progress to reach the psych-wards than it will for it to reach private practice, and then if it comes, it’s not going to be universal. We’re fighting Wall Street, for one thing, and Wall Street owns the politicians. It’s monetary figures that are the problem, the value of stock at the stock exchange, and it’s going to prevent some people from seeing the damage for some time to come. It pays, in other words, to minimize the problem. Making a lasting impact is going to require more than crossed fingers. I’d like to be optimistic, but I know there are many forces at work within the conventional mental health system to make any lasting change something a long way down the road. As for Frances, PIes, and Whitaker being in agreement, Frances and Pies might want to eat their own words right about now.

        • Exactly. They will always stay with the drugs in the locked wards that they refer to as “hospitals” because those are places to warehouse people so that their behavior can be controlled. They are not interested in really helping people to find healing and well-being, that would take actual hard work and time, neither of which the clinical staff want to indulge or engage in. And I’m saying this as someone who works in one of those so-called “hospitals”.

          • Hi Stephen,

            That’s exactly it.

            The medical approach is ridiculous because with the right kind of help a person can get back on their feet fairly quickly.

            I can identify where my problems were -and how I resolved them.

  15. “Do we see, in their assessment of the scientific literature, evidence of the critical thinking that we want to see present in a medical specialty that has such a large impact on our lives? And if not, what shall we do?”

    What I don’t see is evidence of is the humanity that brings these issues to the forefront, but more so simply a game of “you’re wrong and I’m right.” Perhaps the issue is one of interpersonal dynamics and clashes of cultures not allowing for copacetic communication, which is what leads people to the system–and to the corresponding psych drugs–to begin with. Walking our talk is where we find clarity and solutions, and that seems to be sorely missing here. Practicing integrity would be a good start to healing this mess.

  16. What I was trying to do in blog is this: Okay, Dr. Pies and Dr. Frances, let’s agree you are “right” about your categorization of when the drugs should be used. But then does psychiatry have an “evidence base” for the use of antipsychotics that would support their categorization of when the drugs should be used? It does not . . .that is the point. Based on their own thinking.

    That’s what I was attempting to clarify earlier when I said “I understand that some of this is probably meant as ‘devils advocate’ type argumentation, i.e. saying ‘assuming what you say is correct…’ then illustrating conflicts in the person’s own logic.”

    • Yes, the devil advocacy approach is reasonable in its challenge and can fruitfully result in clarity with continued fair and reasonable dialogue, non-avoidant of anyone’s personal truth which may surface in the dialogue. That’s one way by integrity to reach truly inclusive realities to grow our awareness around these issues in favor of finding solutions that would be most relevant to those affected by the mental health system and its tangents.

      As an example of what I’m saying, however, in what would more than likely progress rather than regress a dialogue, how Bob reframes and illustrates the intent of his approach is open to further dialogue.

      “Okay, let’s say you are right. What are the implications of what you are saying?”

      “Okay, Dr. Pies and Dr. Frances, let’s agree you are ‘right’ about your categorization of when the drugs should be used. But then does psychiatry have an ‘evidence base’ for the use of antipsychotics that would support their categorization of when the drugs should be used?”

      The questions, based on what they, themselves—the Drs.–have said, are clear and fair, and one would, hopefully, be able to expect a direct and clear response, that would be for the benefit of the greater good; rather than avoiding the question because of what they might imply, which would be an example of ego over the greater good, (illustrated by avoidance or purposely muddling the arguments being made) which would be a wrong turn, imo, if we want clarity.

      Although any clear answer would continue the dialogue, whether acceptable or not, initially. But overall, the fruitfulness of the dialogue would depend on the openness of the responses, at each step.

      With all respect, frankly, I do think that when you focus on “illustrating conflicts in the person’s own logic,” then the focus is no longer on the issue at hand but on that person’s process. You are bound to put someone on the defensive, even simply from picking up that intention–that’s intuitive–regardless of whether or not they can provide a persuasive rebuttal. Right there is the risk of it becoming personal.

      How Bob phrases it are examples of reaching out sincerely for a response, not to make them feel attacked or defensive—at least that would be my read and intention.

      Emotion is bound to come up when we get to the truth of the matter, we all get triggered around this, it’s human. But how we own, navigate, and project that is, I believe, key to determining the ability of a community to achieve clarity on a more universal level.

      Logic varies from person to person, everyone has their sense of it because different frameworks of thinking dictate a variety of logical processes in how blanks are filled in. Not everything can be explained with intellectual logic–at least not past a certain point, that would be unnatural.

      Everyone has their own information, moment by moment, they connect the dots their own way, this is not universal. This is exactly what we are trying to communicate to psychiatrists and other clinical types–“you are wrong about people, you are projecting your own crap onto others, and this is what you are observing and on which you make your judgments.” At least, that is my message, along with the fact that if they were to own this, it would free them.

      When we know all the facts of another person (which we never really can unless we live with that person day and day out for years, growing together), then they are logical, we see this on the most profound level. You are logical to you and I am logical to me. We are not always logical to others, and we really don’t owe it to anyone to be so, only to ourselves.

      To me, that translates to peace of mind. And when we are at peace with ourselves, then we can get the clearest and best information for all concerned, rather than to get perpetually side-tracked by personal issues (either via conflict or complete and total avoidance, there is a middle ground here) as seems to be the nature of the beast in these discussions, and I believe that is a core issue. This is relevant on a clinical level and on an academic level, there is just too much suppressed there that matters, in the end, which creates a very tiny box in which no one can really fit without compromising themselves a great deal, that translates to ‘social acceptability.’ I believe the lines are being blurred here, as per the social revolution that is occurring. That’s the big change, as I see it, and it will shift the power in many ways.

      A non-conflicted mind is clear and leads to solutions.

  17. From the psychiatry , psychiatrists , pharma- executives, & biggest profiting big wigs end , they could care less about what logic or subterfuge underpins their power. It is more about shock and awe people control , growing acquisition of money and power , eliminating competition , addicting or brain damaging their growing numbers of “customers” into compliance (slavery). There is much precedent for houses of cards built on lies controlling populations for periods of over 50 or 100 years or much more. And there is the tobacco company playbook and the 4 dog defense .
    living lies.wordpress.com/2015/08/04/the-4-dog-defense-bank-pr-at-its-most-pernicious/
    Isn’t it obvious that this kind of stuff is what anybody who chooses to dialog with psychopharm-industrial-complex thought leaders must surmount . It’s been quite a discussion . Maybe we can all write an open source book about how to save as many actual human beings as possible from the ravages of psychiatry etc. as work facilitating the ever too slow crumbling of psychiatry and its support systems goes on.

  18. In this otherwise interesting and important article, what is not mentioned is that Allen Frances was the driving force behind probably the most stunning conflict of interest and story of corruption in the modern mental health system…and it involved his creating a marketing plan for a dangerous antipsychotic drug. That information is in “Diagnosisgate: Conflict of interest at the top of the psychiatric apparatus.” APORIA:The Nursing Journal 7(1), 30-41. The article is at http://www.oa.uottawa.ca/…/articles/2015_01/commentary.pdf To clarify some other bits of the history: Frances started trashing DSM-5, on whose Task Force he did not serve, while simultaneously making false claims that his own DSM-IV was “scrupulously scientific.” It most certainly was not, as I know from serving on two of his DSM-IV committees for two years before resigning after seeing how resistant he and his colleagues were to accurately reporting the findings of high-quality research, how they regularly based decisions on appallingly poor research, and how they ignored and even denied the harm done by psychiatric diagnoses. Furthermore, the grounds on which he trashed DSM-5 — that it is unscientific, that many of the Task Force’s deliberations were carried out secretly, that they were expanding the boundaries of abnormality — were the very grounds on which his DSM editions had been accurately criticized, but he never mentioned that. What has been fascinating, though bizarre, has been to see how he tries to position himself as the White Knight who warns people about the harm that diagnoses and drugs can do (and astonishingly, he has some people believing that he is a true critic, that he has somehow totally switched sides) while claiming that many people who need drugs are not getting them. And what class of drugs is he pushing in this way? Anti-psychotics. Think there might be a connection between that and what Johnson & Johnson paid him to help them market their anti-psychotic drug Risperdal?

    • Exactly where the discussion following any mention of Allen Frances should go!!

      Thanks again, Paula.

      To Jeffrey, above, who pointed out the scourge aimed at children, Biederman followed Allen Frances, repeating the formula for pushing drugs to control children’s behavior– under the illusion of *sever mental illness*– early intervention.. LOL.

      Crimes? Oh yes– and gotta add that these guys ARE bad apples. They weren’t corrupted by a *bad system* THEY are without integrity, medical knowledge and conscience.

      I appreciate Bob has a different seat in this arena– and a formidable one, BUT, the focus had better change to prosecuting crimes against humanity– because the more we indulge these crooks by engaging in their obfuscating BS, thousands more of our precious children are being drugged into oblivion!!

      Notable Women of the 21st century award definitely goes to Dr. Paula Caplan!!!

    • Paula

      I remember this from something that you wrote. What surprises me is how Frances acts as if he never did any such thing, he acts as if it never happened and he’s allowed to get away with it. Why has he never been held accountable for what he did? I watch him in videos and wonder to myself how he looks himself in the eye every morning in the mirror but then I realize that so many psychiatrists seem to have no conscience at all. Makes me wonder who the really “sick” people are in all of this.

  19. Addendum to my response to Paula’s comment above.

    What really bothers me about engaging with Allen Frances and Ronald Pies is the agenda that is served– to keep the focus OFF of the ongoing crimes against humanity.

    The TMAP guidelines, that are for all intents and purposes, carved in a stone tablet, guarantee that brain damaging drugs will be the first line *treatment* for anyone who presents to an ER in a severe mental state. The fact that this inhumane way of *dealing with* someone experiencing a severe mental state, has escaped the attention of our learned medical doctors– and so, time and again they are engaged in creating the *patient* who is the mainstay of their *business*.

    What I mean to convey here, is that no matter how brazen Dr. Frances appears for *railing against pharma*, the fact is, so long as their is no retraction of the bogus paradigm he helped to pen 30 yeas ago, and no end to the probation of this crap– CME courses, direct to consumer ads, etc., Pharm loses very little of their absence profits.

    I have repeated called for confrontation and exposure of *best care*–practice, or *standards of care* for psychiatry’s golden patient (cash cows)–. Absolutely no scientific evidence to administer these anti=human thought process drugs– and equally every reason to have established respite type centers for those STILL condemned to being traumatized in an ER. IF psychiatry were a true medical specialty, BOTH of these aspects of *care*, that reflect thoughtful consideration for the voices of psych survivors and respect for real science, would have replaced the *commandments* of Dr. Allen Frances and his band of profiteers’ TMAP guidelines– years ago.

    So long as the net is still large, and the strings are pulled immediately, the profits of Pharma and their golden KOLs are secure. They seem to enjoy the psychobabble banter– the taunting of their critics and the confusion amongst the public, who really has no choice anyway, but to adhere to their ill-begotten *standards of care*.

    Not to say I disparage Bob or his efforts– . I don’t fault Bob for what he cannot possible know — because it is not possible to know certain things unless one has been in close quarters, elbow to elbow with the likes of Allen France, Joseph Biederman– etc.– or at the mercy of one of their minions. However, thanks to the folks who are on our national stage, competing for the job of POTUS, it is possible to get a taste of the rhetoric of ultimate authority based on wealth and the worship of collective power.

    Now, just imagine Donald Trump deciding YOUR personal fate based on his critique of your flaws. Imagine the *diagnosis* he gives you. It will just be a matter of his superior assessment, which he uses to insult and defame anyone who challenges him. No challenge permitted. No discussion needed. HE has spoken.

    But, don’t forget, there is absolutely no democratic process involved in the administration of psychiatry –.
    You have no vote. You have no other viable choice.

    Focusing on the TMAP guidelines and the medical ER/to locked unit *standard of care*– that keeps the conveyor belt moving and keeps Frances & Pharma living large–. Frances, Pies, et al– have nothing but time and energy to keep the *debate going*–

    • Allen Frances head of the team that gave you the DSM-IV, or Allen Frances chief critic of the DSM-5? He can chuck the official looking cap. I’m not buying it. Allen Frances is still Allen Frances, and he’s still in favor of over-diagnosing and over-drugging when it comes to what are taken to be “serious” conditions. That the media took to it, well, the media, the drug company owned media, would.

      Ronald Pies, too. Isn’t he the editor of Psychiatric Times? Aren’t all sorts of people having to weather those times? Generally you know what to expect from your conventional psychiatrists, and Ronald Pies is no exception. At this point, it’s the exceptions you can work with, and that exceptional category includes neither Frances nor Pies.

      If Allen Frances or Ronald Pies has shown a little indication of life here or there, I really don’t expect that blimp to ever surge into a real heart beat. We’ve got a massive early mortality problem that the likes of Frances and Pies must bear much of the credit for manufacturing. When it comes to remorse on their parts it’s always going to be way too little, way too late.

    • Agree with this comment Katie. The whole dialogue around discussing “severe mental illness” with its presumption that such people are fundamentally different from those “without severe mental illness:”… with their trauma/deprivation mostly ignored… it is a different universe these people like Pies are living in. The projections they make onto clients make any real dialogue or understanding virtually impossible… Psychotic and severely depressed rarely get truly well when the diagnose and drug approach is used. The focus is always on maintaining power/authority of psychiatrists and raking in profits for their masters the drug companies. People need to identify individuals like Pies as what they are – predators seeking to define vulnerable people according to their fraudulent mostly-biological model of human distress – and act accordingly, i.e. avoid/free oneself from “treatment” if at all possible.

        • Yes I agree Fiachra and it’s amazing how almost any proactive option for dealing with emotional suffering – exercise, meditation, joining a social club, going to psychotherapy, getting more sleep, buying a pet – is both less harmful than psychiatric treatment (due to less side effects and pessimism) and at least as good if not much more effective at helping over the long run.

  20. Bob,
    I posted a comment looking for a response from you (or others) a few weeks ago, I think after the March 22 date of the last comment listed. I checked a day or two later and found no response. Now it has disappeared. Maybe you clear out comments after a certain date?

    I said that I think Psychiatry Under the Influence is a groundbreaking book. It is so tightly and thoroughly argued. Why isn’t it getting more exposure? It seems like no none of my mental health worker colleagues have seen it. Admittedly it is less popularized in it’s style and more fully packed with research references than Anatomy of an Epidemic, which seemed to receive widespread exposure. But I just wonder if you are getting more resistance to it from publishers, distributers, etc. because of it’s radical nature?

    Bill Cahalan
    Clinical Psychologist

    • Let me try an answer, “BillC”. First, this website does have a comments guidelines. Before I more fully understood those guidelines, I sometimes wrote comments which violated the guidelines, and those comments were “moderated” away. So, that’s possibly what happened to your comment, but not likely. More likely, I’d say, would be an actual “tech glitch” of some kind, which caused your comment to disappear. While I can’t speak for the website admins., I think ALL comments are allowed to stand as posted, and are also visible in the “comment history” , which I just now clicked on and checked. Is your comment here, above, your *2nd* comment on madinamerica? Maybe that’s the comment you’re referring to. And, I don’t want to let myself get all “paranoid conspiracy theory”, but there really ARE rich and powerful – and blatantly evil – folks out there in the world, who ARE suppressing, repressing, and oppressing all kinds of speech, thoughts, ideas, and words which THEY find threatening or objectionable in some way. Recently, I was seeing an MD with ~35 years experience. He’d never heard of Dr. Peter Breggin’s “Toxic Psychiatry”! That’s almost old enough to be a *classic*! So, given today’s media environment, with only *6* major corporations controlling about 95% of media, it’s reasonable to assume that most people really have NOT heard of some books, ideas, etc. Also, there’s a lot of blatant propaganda. The local newspaper here has run large “op-ed” columns from the State NAMI head in the past 2 months, and one was co-authored by a retired State Suprem Court judge. The lies of the pseudoscience of biopsychiatry and the drug racket of PhRMa,
      and the “medical model” of so-called “mental illnesses” have so insinuated themselves into society, that we’re facing an uphill battle. Even a local cop who coaches high school sports has been a *fund-raiser* for both NAMI, and the local CMHC. What I’m trying to explain, is that I think the problem is much bigger, more entrenched, pernicious and pervasive than you might realize. Globally we’re talking literally $Billion$ per year. That’s a LOT of industrial inertia. And, even the FDA was recently seriously considering “down-classifying” Electro-Cution Torture (“ECT”) devices from “unproven/experimental”, to “safe and effective”. There was pretty much ONLY industry support for the change, but LOTS of VICTIMS of ECT spoke against the change…. I’m so glad you’re here, and commenting. But please don’t be naive about the scope of the beached-whale-carcass leviathan which the “mental illness” industry is, and the power it represents. They love their money, power, and control, more than they love people. That’s sobering, to me….

    • Hi Bill. I’m the comment moderator on MIA. It looks like you may have posted your comment on a different page — is this the one you mean? https://www.madinamerica.com/2013/11/about-mad-in-america/#comment-85267

      I’ll give Bob a heads up that you’re looking for a reply. You can also contact him or other staff via the contact page: https://www.madinamerica.com/contact.

      Thanks for your work in helping get these ideas out there! The Holistic Mental Health Network you mentioned sounds very promising.