It is a placebo device. As a placebo device , I think it is better than the psychiatric drugs that do damage to the brain. The amount of voltage/current electricity used in these devices can not reach the brain. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/04/cadaver-study-casts-doubts-how-zapping-brain-may-boost-mood-relieve-pain If you do have a high enough voltage/current to reach the brain, it becomes painful and you have to use anesthesia. It is all quackery to say people and children’s choices are not their choices.